Abnormal Behavior

In: Social Issues

Submitted By zb041462
Words 1387
Pages 6
Abnormal Behavior-1

Abnormal Behavior in the Media
Donna Scott
Ashford University
August 27, 20122012
Learning and Assessment for the 21st Century

Abnormal Behavior-2 In today’s word Psychologists apply several criteria, individually or in combination, to determine if behavior is abnormal. Based on behavior which is: unusual, socially unacceptable or a violation of a social norm, faulty in the perception or construal of reality, significantly distressing to the individual. Psychological disorders are exhibited throughout all genres of the media industry that is used to store and deliver information or data. For audiences, disturbances of psychological functioning and behavior are so common in the media word today that a disassociation of a serious problem or, an overstatement of facts that occur. In the familiar movie, PSYCHO, the main character, Norman Bates, is a classic example of Hollywood’s description of mental illness. He epitomizes the worst in all that we fear about the mentally ill. Norman exhibits traits that positively match all of the criteria, determining abnormality; although some of his actions could be considered outside of the norm, with regard to several of the said criteria. Explaining these criteria, and how Norman is characterized within the spectrum of this generalization, will describe the positive and negative qualities of the films’ portrayal of mental illness. If I had to choose the mistakes in perceptual psychology between the nature aspect of perceptual psychology and the empirical side is a matter of how you see how humans acquire their perception. The nature aspect believes that humans are born with their perception intact. The empirical side believes that humans learn this behavior from their environment and background. There is no correct answer to the debate as experiments for both sides have considerable…...

Similar Documents

Abnormal Behaviour

...Abnormal Behavior Abnormal psychology is a branch of psychology that studies behaviors, thoughts, and moods that are outside the bounds of what is widely considered as normal in a certain culture. The concept of abnormality is defined differently in different cultures as behaviors of a particular culture may be abnormal to another culture. In order to clearly understand what abnormal psychology is, it is very imperative to first understand what is defined as abnormal. The concept of abnormality is defined in relation to norms of a particular group or culture and hence anything (behavior, thought, or emotion) that is outside the norms of a particular group of people, gender, or age is considered as abnormal. Many people can follow under the normal curve where many human beings are clustered around the highest point of the curve called the average point. Any person who follows far from the average point in the normal curve is considered as abnormal. Different elements of abnormal psychology have brought about differences in definition, approaches, and treatment. These elements include; suffering, adaptation failure, incomprehensibility, vividness, violation of moral and ideal standards, unpredictability and loss of control, and incomprehensibility as well as irrationality. This study indicates how these elements bring about differences in definitions, approaches, and treatment of abnormality. Suffering is generally defined as the aspect of feeling pain or......

Words: 1916 - Pages: 8

Chapter 1 - Abnormal Behavior in Historical Context

...Chapter 1 - Abnormal Behavior in Historical Context Abnormal Psychology (PS265) Class Notes Guide Shoshana Sloman DEFINING "PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDER" A psychological dysfunction within an individual associated with distress or impairment in functioning and a resonse that is not typical or culturally expected. Each criterion contributes something to the definition. Any one element, alone, would not constitute a psychological disorder. Criteria: (Standard for judging) Psychological Dysfunction: Breakdown of cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning. (Examples?) Where do we draw the line? Considered a continuum or dimension, rather than being present or absent. (dys = Greek for bad, abnormal, difficult) (ab = Latin for off, away from; norma = rule -- abnormal = deviating from the norm, from the rule) Personal Distress or Impairment: Distress: The individual is usually extremely upset about the dysfunction. This is not ALWAYS the case, however, as is often true with mania. Impairment: Interferes with normal activities, with achieving things that the person wants to. But not always. Depends on the severity. (Some simple phobias, for example.) Illustrates how most psychological disorders are extreme expressions of otherwise normal behavior. Atypical or Not Culturally Expected: Deviates from the average, the greater the deviation, the more abnormal, but that doesn’t automatically imply a disorder. (Pro athletes, talented artists.) More productive...

Words: 1547 - Pages: 7


...that the children would be safer in the school until the towers fell. Paul was found under a filing cabinet and is possibly what saved his fragile life (Meyer, Chapman, & Weaver, 2009). He escaped with burns on his legs and a few broken ribs. His parents were not that lucky. Out of the 3,000 people lost that day, 200 of them were firefighters, including his father. His mother’s remains were never found throughout the debris (Meyer, Chapman, & Weaver, 2009). From that day forward, Paul became a different little boy. His life was saved but he lost his heart the day that his parents did not return home. Children and adults react differently to trauma. His grandparents eventually returned back to normal reality. Even Tom’s behavior was different; more protective as in holding a degree of guilt (Meyer, Chapman, & Weaver, 2009). No one was more damaged than Paul. Paul was different. He no longer found joy in the things that he had once enjoyed with his family. Activities that would entertain most youth his age, he found no interest in. He lost his appetite and never returned to the activities that he had once enjoyed with his dad in the tree house (Meyer, Chapman, & Weaver, 2009). Not only did he lose his parents from this horrendous tragedy, but also he had to adapt to a new way of life, now living with his grandparents in their home. Paul began to seem detached from his reality and had extreme nightmares at night. He would reenact the chaos from......

Words: 922 - Pages: 4

Abnormal Psychology

...Abnormal Psychology Roshaun Hatchett PSY/410 April 25, 2012 Dr. Christopher Daub Abnormal Psychology Abnormal psychology has been in existence for more than a century. Mental illness was approached from a spiritual point of view. Individuals of certain beliefs would misdiagnose others from the spiritual perspective and would assume that evil spirits controlled his or her’s physical, mental, and observable world (Tyrer, 2010). The following will be covered in this document: the origins of abnormal psychology, classification of normal and abnormal behaviors, how abnormal psychology evolved into a scientific discipline, and the theoretical models related to the development of abnormal psychology. The practice of trephination, a procedure that bore holes in a individuals skull to release evil spirits, was taken place in 3000 B.C. in Peru and Bolivia (Tyrer, 2010). Hippocrates was the first to approach abnormal behaviors from a biological perspective. He believed, “When the fluids were out of balance, this was the cause of mental illness” (Tyrer, 2010, para. 6). His theory was considered and almost close to the truth, in time his theory was proven to be inaccurate. Years later, Freud suggested the idea of conscious and subconscious processes to be the explanation of odd behaviors. He continued to suggest ideas from a psychodynamic perspective, but in the end lacked evidence in his theory. Freud’s theory inspired Wilhelm Wundt to elaborate on his theory. He...

Words: 979 - Pages: 4

Abnormal Behavior

...Abnormal behavior is behavior that deviates from what’s accepted. There are certain disorders that are more common among certain parts of the population. Social factors like gender, race, and culture influence mental health. Social conditions such as poverty, discrimination, and environmental stressors must also be looked at when evaluating abnormal behavior. Anxiety disorder is a disorder marked by excessive apprehension that seriously interferes with a person’s ability to function. Anxiety disorders can be characterized by four components: physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral. A physical component of anxiety is dizziness. A cognitive component would be the fear of losing control. An emotional component would be a sense of terror or panic. Coping with abnormal anxiety may include behaviors such as escaping a situation. We all experience anxiety from time to time. People with anxiety disorders have concerns that are unrealistic and out of proportion to the amount of harm that could occur. Approximately 19% of Americans over 18 years of age are diagnosed with an anxiety disorder in a given year. Women have consistently higher rates of anxiety disorders than men do. African Americans have a lower lifetime risk of anxiety disorders than European Americans and Hispanic Americans. Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by intense fear and anxiety in the absence of danger that is accompanied by strong symptoms. It is estimated that between 1.5% and 5% of......

Words: 526 - Pages: 3

Abnormal Behavior

...DKarnsM1_A1.doc. May 12, 2014 Since the industrial revolution many things have changed in our world, from polluted waters, global warming to birth defects. Now with hydro-fracking and methane getting into our water things are only getting worse. With the polluted waters, we now have to resort to fish farming so we know the fish is healthy, even this is questionable because the fish are given antibiotics, and growth hormones in order to enhance and speed up the breeding and growth. That intern we consume with ill effects. Is this something we really want for our children, let alone with ourselves? Global warming has taken one a whole new term all itself. This past winter was the coldest I have ever felt, and even still the nights are seasonably cold. NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ) has issued many storm warning throughout the winter, and even now that spring is here;…..here in upstate NY we have had three major thunder storms. Indiana was severely hit last summer with tornados. One hit three miles away from my aunt Gloria in Kokomo. If we don’t cut down on air pollution or find a way to eliminate it, we may be looking at another event such as the one that killed the dinosaurs thousands of years ago. To cut down on the pollution we can take the public transit, ride a bike, walk, or if you must have a car, purchase a smart car such as a VW Volt. My......

Words: 442 - Pages: 2

Abnormal Behavior

...Olajuwon Floyd Stacy Mann PSY 101 7/22/2013 Abnormal Behavior I think this study supports Rosenhan’s beliefs, that psychiatrists cannot be reliable in telling the differences between the sane and mentally insane. In this study all of the Pseudopatients arrived at the mental hospitals complaining about hearing voices. The voice, that they heard was unfamiliar and the same sex as themselves. Words like ‘empty’, ‘hollow’, ‘thud’ were used to raise apprehensions about how worthless their life where. Other details they gave were real general ups and downs in life. All but one was admitted and diagnosis with schizophrenia. After they were admitted to the psychiatric ward, the Pseudopatients stopped simulating any symptoms of abnormality. Inside the psychiatric ward Pseudopatients felt invisible and depressed. None of the staff at any of the 12 different hospitals in five different states in the USA noticed that all of the Pseudopatients stopped showing any symptoms of abnormality. I think behaviors from patients inside the psychiatric ward sometimes get misinterpreted by staff and psychiatrists. Their normal behaviors were often seen as part of their supposed illness. Some of the other patients suspect the Pseudopatients to be sain and even expressed their suspicions yelling “You’re not crazy”, “You’re a journalist”, or “a professor”. The patients were more reliably then the psychiatrists on telling the difference between people who are sane and those who are insane. All......

Words: 382 - Pages: 2

Abnormal Behaviors

...1) In regard to the issues of the extent of abnormal behavior, explain the following terms: (Ch1.Pg12) a. Epidemiology: the study of the distribution of diseases, disorders, or health-related behaviors in a given population. b. Prevalence: refers to the number of active cases in a population during any given period of time. c. Lifetime Prevalence: an estimate of the number of people who have had a particular disorder at any time in their lives (even if they are now recovered). 2) What are some of the biological causal factors of abnormal behavior?(Ch3.Pg61) a. Some of the biological causal factors of abnormal behavior are: i. Neurotransmitter and hormonal abnormalities in neurotransmitter systems ii. Genetic vulnerabilities iii. Temperament iv. Brain dysfunction and neural plasticity 3) Briefly describe the psychodynamic, humanistic, and cognitive-behavioral perspectives. a. (Ch3.Pg80) Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective: Generally focuses on how thoughts and information processing can become distorted and lead to maladaptive emotions and behavior. One central construct for this perspective is the concept of a schema, which was adapted from cognitive psychology by Aaron Beck, another pioneering cognitive theorist. b. (Ch3.Pg78)Humanistic Perspective: Views human nature as basically “good.” Paying less attention to unconscious processes and past causes, it emphasizes present conscious processes and places strong emphasis on people’s inherent capacity for......

Words: 535 - Pages: 3

Abnormal Behavior

...Case Study-Abnormal Behavior Case Study in Abnormal Behavior Valvita Isaac PSY/410 April 4, 2011 Dr. Melda Jones CERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY: I certify that the attached paper, which was produced for the class identified above, is my original work and has not previously been submitted by me or by anyone else for any class. I further declare that I have cited all sources from which I used language, ideas and information, whether quoted verbatim or paraphrased, and that any and all assistance of any kind, which I received while producing this paper, has been acknowledged in the References section. This paper includes no trademarked material, logos, or images from the Internet, which I do not have written permission to include. I further agree that my name typed on the line below is intended to have, and shall have the same validity as my handwritten signature. Student's signature (name typed here is equivalent to a signature): ____Valvita___Isaac____________________ ___ Case Study in Abnormal Is this essay helpful? Join OPPapers to read more and access more than 470,000 just like it! GET BETTER GRADES Behavior Psychological is very important in making criminal decisions. Criminal responsibility depends on the related disciplines that are found in the field of psychology. Abnormality differs depending upon what is considered to be typical within a culture. What is typical lies on the surface of cultural morality. Culture is considered to be...

Words: 323 - Pages: 2

Personality and Abnormal Behavior

...I have always been sure of myself. Since I was a young child my parents instilled in my brother and I that we always are sure of whom we are and be confident in that as well. Knowing that I was taught to always be sure of myself, I developed a sense of confidence about my self. Something like an aura, when I would walk into a room. With that sense of pride there also came a sense of entitlement. I felt as though I was very special and that I should be praised for the things I did growing up because I was so original and so unique. I remember in pre-school I got an award at our graduation for being the bossiest person in the classroom. Some people would have been offended by that, however, I was so proud that I got that award. Even today, when someone says I’m bossy I should be offended but often times I’m not because I have accepted the fact that it is who I am regardless if I like it or not. So after that introduction it should be no surprise that Narcissistic Personality Disorder was the highest rank personality disorder that I ranked for. Understanding that I narcissism is something that could easily be seen in me it is almost a most that I keep myself in check, meaning I maintain my humility while in therapy. Not to think too highly of myself and ensure that I will continue to have empathy and sympathy towards to clients that I will see in therapy. However there are some pros and cons to having a tad bit NPD. I could easily become a role model because I think high of......

Words: 1728 - Pages: 7

Abnormal Psy

...Brandi Blankenbeckler Abnormal Psychology February 14, 2015 Childhood Disorders ADHD Professor Marcia Koelndorfer Have you ever sat and wondered why a child has trouble sitting still or focusing on what you are saying as well as not being able to follow direction as well as you want them too? There are many children that are diagnosed with ADHD also known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, which is a chronic condition that includes attention difficulty, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. ADHD affects children and adolescents and can follow them into adulthood as well. It is estimated that 3% to 5% of children are diagnosed with this and 8% to 10% are diagnosed as a school aged child for example kindergarten and up. (WebMD) There are symptoms in which can be noticed and seen as out of range and not normal for their age range such as, distracted easily, unable to follow directions, does not have the ability to focus for long periods of time, fidgets with hands and cannot sit still, loses personal items, always on the go such as running or climbing on items. There are other symptoms such as not being able to concentrate or becoming bored with academics in a short period of time, and as well a social factor that can make it difficult to be involved with peers. Children that are most likely to be diagnosed with ADHD can be as young as 5 and up there is not a certain age limit that one can be tested but waiting until a child has the ability to interact......

Words: 1998 - Pages: 8


...feeling that people experience as a result of taking drugs may be so profound that they neglect other normal activities in favour of taking the drug The pharmacological mechanisms for each class of drug is different The activation of the reward system is similar across substances in producing feelings of pleasure or euphoria – “high” DSM-5 includes Gambling Disorder under the heading “Non-Substance-Related Disorders” * Gambling behavior activates reward system similar to those activated by substance abuse and produce behavioural symptoms that appear comparable to those produced by the Substance Use disorders DSM-5 recognises that people are not all automatically or equally vulnerable to developing Substance-Related Disorders Some people have lower levels of self-control, which may be brain based, which predispose them to developing problems if exposed to drugs DEFINITIONS: Psychoactive Substance: Substance that alters mood, thought processes, or other psychological states Addiction: Compulsive drug seeking behavior and a loss of control over drug use Tolerance: Decreases in the effects of a substance that occur after chronic use Withdrawal: Adverse physical and psychological symptoms that occur after reducing or ceasing intake of a substance Physiological dependence: State of adaptation that occurs after chronic exposure to a substance; can result in craving and withdrawal symptoms Depressant: Substance that causes a slowing of......

Words: 4777 - Pages: 20

Abnormal Psychology

...abnormal psycology Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology Jessica University of Phoenix PSY/410 Facilitator: Maria Neely; MA; M.ed. 19 December 2011 Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology * There is a fine line when comparing normal and abnormal behavior. What appears to be abnormal is considered normal by others. Abnormal behaviors are defined as psychopathology, which relates to abnormal behavior that can be defined, classified, explains, and treated (Hansell & Damour, 2008). This paper will examine the origins of abnormal psychology, include challenges to defining and classifying normal and abnormal behavior, provide a brief overview of how abnormal psychology has evolved into a scientific discipline, and the last part will analyze the psychosocial, biological/medical, and socio-cultural theoretical models related to the development of abnormal psychology. When assessing a person with a mental health problems looking at factors such as feelings, thoughts, and behaviors can play a very important role. The origins of abnormal behavior......

Words: 743 - Pages: 3

Abnormal Psychology

...Abnormal Psychology Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. It seeks to comprehend people by understanding mental functions and social behavior. It also explores neurobiological and physiological processes that can drive cognitive functions and behaviors. It is this drive to understand mental processes that pushes psychologists to want to learn about what is normal and abnormal behavior. People have tried for thousands of years to understand and define abnormal behavior. In the past 100 years it has undergone “tremendous change, progress, and controversy”(Hansell, J & Damour, L., 2009, p.3). Throughout the modifications certain principles have remained which are known as the core concepts. These core concepts are what define abnormal behavior. There is no clear precise definition for abnormal, which gives rise to challenges in classifying abnormal and normal behavior. Abnormal psychology is a scientific discipline, in which a person acquires information on a person’s behavior and then measures the behavior to hypothesize a cause and treatment. There is a core concept that says that there are multiple causes to abnormal behavior, understanding this can lead to learning about and treating abnormal behavior. These multiple causes can be comprehended by learning about the psychosocial, biological, and sociocultural theoretical models related to the development of abnormal behavior. Abnormal The study of abnormal behavior began early in time when people tried to......

Words: 1597 - Pages: 7

Abnormal Behavior

...History and Overview of Abnormal Psychology Gary D. Neer PSY/410 March 9th, 2012 Analu Sing History and Overview of Abnormal Psychology The science of abnormal psychology or known as psychopathology tends to be a controversial science. Within this science, there is no simple or direct answer, nor any precise definitions. As with the origin and still today, identifying normal from abnormal behavior is still challenging. However, to understand this science of mystery, one should look into the origin of abnormal psychology; including the challenges in defining what is abnormal psychology and categorizing normal and abnormal behavior, how abnormal psychology evolved, and analyze the psychosocial, biological, and socio-cultural theoretical models related to the development of abnormal psychology to come to a better understanding of abnormal psychology as a discipline. Origin of Abnormal Psychology Abnormal psychology has been a continuous debate throughout history. Psychologists have development many theories trying to explain psychological instability. Generally, history has place abnormal psychology (psychopathology) into three diverse explanations (Barlow & Durand, 2004).The mystical view regards abnormal behavior as a direct result of supernatural possession. Between 1800 B.C. and 1700 B.C, the Hammurabi’s, in the Mesopotamian region, viewed abnormal behavior as the self-possession of gods, ghosts, and spirits, which caused disease in a person’s body or mind......

Words: 1127 - Pages: 5

Tale of Fairy Ice Trail - Koori no Kiseki 11 | Wretched | Watch movie