Adoption

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Adoption
Jean Garton once said that adoption is the only thing that has served women, children and the society well. The decision to adopt a child is a serious and huge one. Families are increasingly becoming pro-adoption with some even crossing borders and continents for the sake of adoption. Adoption is the process whereby a child or children are brought together to form a family by adults, who are not their biological parents. Adoption is not a new practice in society, in fact it has been practiced for a long time, though mostly through informal processes. The adoption process in the US today involved a lot of legal processes mostly for the sake of protecting the welfare of the children. This is important due to the inability of their biological parents to care for them.
The active history of adoption dates back to the period between 1945 to 1974.This period was named the baby scoop era because of rapid acceptance of adoption as a way of family building. The World War II brought about a rise in the number of illegitimate births. The option of adoption therefore became a remedy for the unmarried mothers and couples who had fertility problems (Conn 45)
These occurrences promoted adoption in the American setting making adoption legal with its main aim being to ensure the best interest of the child. It is also worth noting that the first American adoption law began in Massachusetts. This law also upheld the secrecy of the adoption process especially by sealing the adoption and birth records of the adopted children. Secrecy during adoption was meant to prevent the children from being reclaimed by their parents or from returning back to the orphanages. The secrecy of adoption has been carried forward and used in making of many American adoption laws.
There are several types of adoption in the society today, from domestic,…...

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