Agriculture

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Agriculture’s Environmental Impact Human beings have used our earth’s natural resources to further our evolution and sustain global society. Throughout history, our relationship with agriculture has influenced our ability to cultivate crops and thus influencing the success of survival, evolution and our global community. With the basic essentials, water, soil and seeds we are able to produce food, through agriculture to maintain our society. Agriculture is a relatively new human innovative rapidly spreading across the world only 10,000 to 12,000 years ago, during the agricultural revolution (Diamond 1999, Montgomery 2007, Price & Gebauer 1995, Smith 1995). We have become completely reliable on our watersoil systems to produce vegetation for human beings as well as livestock. As society has developed into an agriculturally dependent society in the last ten millennia so has the complexity of urban civilization with increasing intellectual achievements and new advances. Its evident that agriculture defines our modern society but it also has negative impacts on our natural resources, some of these factors include: deforestation, soil degradation and climate change. Our human population in growing rapidly and with this there has been an increasing food demand. To meet this nutritional requirement, terrain has been altered to be suitable for agricultural use. Every year forests are cleared on a mass scale, often resulting in damage to the quality of the land. In fact, “ agriculture is the leading cause of some 75 percent of global deforestation. If rates of deforestation continue as projected, forests will diminish dramatically by 2100” (Strassbourg et al., 2012; Blaser and Robledo, 2007). Deforestation has severe negative impacts on the environment; the most

Agriculture’s Environmental Impact 2 significant being the loss of habitat for numerous animals and plants.…...

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