Architectural Design Process

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Architectural Design Process
Programming Phase -Programming is the activity of determining the "program", or set of needs that a building needs to fulfill.
Any project should begin with a thorough examination of these needs, goals and constraints, to form as complete as possible an understanding of these issues.
This includes an examination of who the users of the building will be, what use they will make of the building, what rooms/spaces they need, what mood the building should create, and any other goals of the project. It also includes an examination of constraints, such as cost, zoning and building code restrictions, and locally available materials.
During the programming phase, it is normal to identify what rooms/spaces are needed. For each space, consider at least the following requirements: * Who will use the space * Use(s) of the space; what activities will take place there * How private or public should the space be * Which other spaces should be adjacent or most accessible from that space * What type of mood should the space create * How large should the space be
Schematic Design Phase After establishing the program for a project, the focus in the architectural design process shifts from what the problems are to how to solve those problems. During schematic design, the focus is on the "scheme", or overall high-level design. Here, minor details should be ignored to instead focus on creating a coherent solution that encompasis the project as a whole. A major focus of this phase is the relationship between rooms and spaces. Consider which spaces should be adjacent to one another and gradients of public vs private spaces when sketching out the layout of spaces.
Design Development Phase
During the design development phase of the architectural design process, the scheme is refined into the final design. In previous phases,…...

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