Article Reviews Short

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Stoi
Words 2310
Pages 10
Introduction Page 3
Article 1 What a Difference a Pool Makes: Making Choice a Reality. Page 4
Article 2 Randomised Control Trial of Labouring in Water Compared with Standard of Augmentation for Management of Dystocia in First Stage of Labour. Page 5
Article 3 Immersion in Water in Labour and Birth. Page 6
Article 4 Equipment for Birth. Page 7
Article 5 Immersion in Water: use of a pool by women in labour. Page 8
Article 6 In The Literature: Challenging Waterbirth. Page 9
Article 7 Effects of Waterbirths and Traditional Bedbirths on Outcomes for Neonates. Page 10
Conclusion Page 11
References Annotated entries (7) Page 12
Bibliography Non annotated entries (13) Page 13
Appendix CINAHL search screen grab Page 14
Midwives must care for women using evidence based practice; research is essential in guiding practice and developing knowledge. My chosen topic is the use of water for labouring and/or birthing. The level of interest and enquiry of the subject I’ve witnessed on placement and my own personal experience fuelled my professional interest. This assignment will critique 7 of the 20 articles using a critical analysis tool. CINAHL and Cochrane databases were used to for the search.

BAXTER, A. (2006). What a Difference a Pool Makes: making choice a reality. British Journal of Midwifery. 14(6), pp. 368-372.
This article was written by a birth centre midwife, suggesting a vested interest in supporting waterbirth. It was published in the British Journal of Midwifery with midwives and student midwives being the intended audience.
The article’s main focus compares the benefits of using a birth pool to labour against the benefits of remaining in the pool to give birth, including an assessment of women’s’ pain perception and analgesia, estimated blood loss and perineal trauma incidence after using water in labour and/or birth.
An audit…...

Similar Documents

Article Review

...Article Review: McDonald and Leppard (1993) The Marketing Audit The Marketing Audit Model Any marketing plan will only be as good as the information on which it is based, and the marketing audit is the means by which information for planning is organised. A marketing audit is a systematic, critical and unbiased review and appraisal of all the external and internal factors that have affected an organisation’s commercial performance over a defined period. By providing an understanding of how the organisation relates to the environment in which it operates, the marketing audit enables management to select a position within that environment based on known factors. Any organisation carrying out an audit will be faced with two kinds of variable: those over which if has no direct control and those over which it has complete control. The former include economic and market factors, while the latter usually concern the organisation’s resources, or operational variables. This suggests that the marketing audit should be structured in two parts: * External audit—the uncontrollable variables (business and economic environment, the market, the competition). * Internal audit—the controllable variables (organisation’s strengths and weaknesses, operations and resources in relation to the environment and competitors). Chapters 1—6 McDonald and Leppard’s The Marketing Audit Model is a comprehensive set of exercises that a company can go through to develop insight into all......

Words: 2357 - Pages: 10

Article Review

...BINDURA UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY NAME MATAIRE MUNYARADZI COURSE TITLE DEVELOPMENT POLICIES AND PLANNING COURSE CODE DG 420 PROGRAMME BACHELOR OF SCIENCE HONOURS IN DEGREE IN DEVELOPMENT STUDIES LECTURER DR I MBERENGWA ASSIGNMENT TITLE ARTICLE REVIEW: AN ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF THE FAST TRACK LAND REFORM PROGRAMME ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN ZIMBABWE: A CASE OF VUNGU RURAL DISTRICT (2000-2009) BY: CHIEDZA KIMBERLEY CHABHONGORA, CRISPEN HAHLANI AND PERCYSLAGE CHIGORA (2010) TITLE: An analysis of the impact of the fast track land reform programme on disaster management in Zimbabwe: A case of Vungu rural district (2000-2009). PROBLEM: The fast track land reform program (FTLRP) in Zimbabwe did not adequately address disaster management and environmental sustainability. The process was chaotic and failed to meet the real needs of the people but in fact strived to achieve political agendas. The FTLRP was poorly planned because there was no supportive infrastructure and systems that were meant to assist the newly resettled famers. As such production on the farms dropped significantly leading to the farmers engaging in other livelihood activities which were detrimental to the environment and which increased the vulnerability of the people to drought. OBJECTIVES: • To analyze the......

Words: 860 - Pages: 4

Article Review

...Article Review HCS/457 June 13, 2013 Article Review A leading community health concern throughout the Upper Cumberland of Tennessee is diabetes. The Diabetes Center at Cookeville Regional Medical Center offers informative education about diabetes. The background provides the ability to educate patients and family with the skills needed to self-manage his or her health. Patients with diabetes can expect to live a full and productive life, however; changes in lifestyle and diet are necessary. The Diabetes Center focuses on teaching patients the proper ways of making the alterations easier so as to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Community Health Issue for Nashville Diabetes has and always will come into the general category of a serious health issue throughout the United States. However, the disease is particularly problematic in Tennessee (Sanders, n.d.). The state holds the sixth highest position in the country that pertains to what percentage of individuals suffering with diabetes compare to that of the general population (Sanders, n.d.). As a result of the mortality rate brought on by diabetes-related deaths, Tennessee ranks the 10th highest in the United States. In 2007, statistics showed signs that 11.9% of the entire adult population living in Tennessee has developed and is living with diabetes (Sanders, n.d.). Affects on Community The residents of Tennessee are progressively sensing, and experiencing the effects of diabetes. A......

Words: 879 - Pages: 4

Article Review

...Article Review HRM 599-Benefits The article I have researched for this article review was written according to the New York Times was about “how a small business owners have problems with unemployment claims and one owner who was surprised when an unemployment claim came across her desk by an employee who had quit more than a year before (Mount, 2011)”. Her company who had hired the employee after the employee’s company had went out of business then that owner rehired the employee after his business became booming again then he went out of business which left that employee unemployed so the owner of the company was responsible for the unemployment claim. Since the owner’s account was put into deficit that threatened her unemployment insurance tax rate even though the employee had voluntarily left her company. The owner felt that this claim shouldn’t be right and that she would be afraid to hire anyone else. Another employer unknowing of the law hired and then fired an employee without proper documentation leading to the employee obtaining unemployment benefits in which they learned their lesson and had no trouble since they filed the proper documentation. With the current economy in the condition it is in and at the unemployment rate at the time of the article at 9 percent which is really high, smaller businesses don’t understand how the unemployment insurance premiums are computed. With the system it varies by state to state but the owner’s should understand......

Words: 1108 - Pages: 5

Article Review

...Article Review University of Phoenix MGT/426 Managing Change in the Workplace May 13, 2013 Article Review The article titled “Putting the positive in change creates an inspired work team” discusses the steps needed to take in order to implement change. For example the article discusses the benefits to realizing the need for change, the benefits of setting goals when implementing change as well explaining why change is good and the positive values which both businesses as well as individuals will gain when undergoing change. The article utilizes an example of using preregistration techniques in order to cut back on customer feedback within the United states. The author of this article discusses the importance of team leaders and managers being proactive within the workplace. The author explains that in order to effectively manage the change within a business or organization managers and leaders’ need to remain active within the process. Remaining active and honest with all employee’s will help in ensuring that all individuals within that particular area within the organization are on the same page and provides the individuals with a sense of accomplishment. The author makes it a point to explain to the readers as to why change is positive and how presenting the correct attitude when contemplating or implementing change will have the ability to either create a smooth running change process......

Words: 511 - Pages: 3

Article Review

...Article Review Samantha ******* HCS/457 March 29, 2014 Jean Ha Article Review Obesity is a common disease now in the United States, but it is one of the main diseases here in the Coweta County communities. The Piedmont Newnan Hospital has conducted an assessment which addresses these needs and ways to help the people in the community to get healthier. Obesity problems within the community has been going on well over ten years, but with the new technology and community leaders, plans have been put into place to gather information and start making changes happen. A main concern that leaders have in the community is the ability to make people continue to live a healthy lifestyle rather than going back to their old ways. After a yearlong of research along with two-way meetings the Piedmont Newnan Hospital that is located in Newnan, GA completed a community health needs assessment. After the assessment was conducted, the team created implementation plans in the Coweta County community. Sarah Langly, CEO of community benefits at Piedmont Newnan Healthcare, stated “What we found was not surprising and is similar for many communities. Each community is dissimilar as far as prioritizing those needs and where Piedmont can have the most impact by working alongside existing community groups.” Health facts on the public and collaboration between community stakeholders, leaders, and district council permitted Piedmont management to determine the main......

Words: 526 - Pages: 3

Article Review

...Week 2 Article Review: Dopaminergic mechanisms of individual differences in human effort-based decision-making Scot Joslin Averett University Organizational Behavior BSA 319 / B2147 Dr. J. Scott Frampton, Ph.D. January 17, 2013 Week 2 Article Review: Dopaminergic mechanisms of individual differences in human effort-based decision-making The authors examined individual cost and benefit valuation in regards to human economic behavior. “Variability in decisions about how much to work, how much to risk, or how long to wait for a given reward” (Treadway et al., 2012, p. 6170). In short, how long or hard are humans willing to work, and how long are we willing to wait for a desired reward/result. The answer appears to be that it depends on the individual. While not a surprising result, why that is appears to be scientific. The authors conducted a study of 25 individuals. Individuals were given the option of performing a task with a higher likelihood of completion but lower possible award. As well, participants were given the option of performing a task that was more difficult to complete but a higher possible award. The tests were administered with varying degrees of the possible awards actually being given. At the time participants were performing the tasks, they were also completed a PET scan to monitor dopamine to “evaluate how variability in DA function as associated with individual differences in cost/benefit decision-making preferences” (Treadway et al.,......

Words: 459 - Pages: 2

Article Review

...Consumer Psychology Article Review Annie Pettigrew PSY322 May 10, 2014 Chawn Williams Consumer Psychology Article Review “Consumer psychology is a specialty area that studies how our thoughts, beliefs, feelings and perceptions influence how people buy and relate to goods and services. One formal definition of the field describes it as "the study of individuals, groups, or organizations and the processes they use to select, secure, use, and dispose of products, services, experiences, or ideas to satisfy needs and the impacts that these processes have on the consumer and society"." Professionals in this field look at things like the decision making-process, social persuasion and motivation to help understand why shoppers buy some things but not others. In this overview of the profession, learn more about what consumer psychologists do and where they work (, 2014).” In the article, The Consumer Psychology of Brands, the consumer judgment of brands is discussed. The article shows a model of brands that includes practical studies such as brand categorization, brand affect, brand personality, brand symbolism and brand attachment. “The model below shows the difference between three levels of how a consumer engages (object centered, self-centered, and social) and five process (identifying, experiencing, integrating, signifying and connecting). The article concludes with research ideas to test the model using both standard and consumer-neuroscience methods.......

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

Article Review

... The Use of Prayer and Scripture in CBT Article Review Liberty University Summary The article entitled “Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy” discusses the use of prayer and scripture in a Christian view of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Tan, S. 2007). The article also discusses the expansion of cognitive Behavior Therapy to include Mindfulness Based Cognitive Behavioral therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Dialectical Behavior Therapy (Tan, S. 2007). The article also discusses implicit and explicit integration in therapy (Tan, S. 2007). The article begins by discussing the research behind Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Tan, S. 2007) . The article states that it is the most empirically supported therapy treatments(Tan, S. 2007) . Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is used to treat many psychological illnesses (Tan, S. 2007). The author points out that that empirically supported therapy relationships and empirically supported principles of therapeutic change have also played an important role in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy research (Tan, S. 2007). The article goes on to discuss the history of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Tan, S. 2007). The history can be divided into three generations (Tan, S. 2007). The first generation included traditional behavioral therapy (Tan, S. 2007). The second generation included Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Tan, S. 2007). The third generation includes relatively contextual approaches (Tan, S. 2007). These......

Words: 2272 - Pages: 10

Article Review

...Ligia Porter MAN 6601 Article Review: Barron, “International Communication 101: Staying on the right side of culture” Jacob Barron, in his article “International Communication 101: Staying on the right side of culture” helps us identify ways to effectively communicate internationally considering the cultural differences across societies. The author claims is it important to identify the particularities of every culture in order to effectively in order to develop professional relationships with other countries. It is necessary that one carries soft skills when communicating but companies can also provide developmental tools to ease the process. One of the tools that can be used prior to communicating with different cultures is the use of research; research of the culture and acceptable communication principles in order for one to become adaptable. When researching different cultures, it is important to consider the two types of communications styles perceived across the countries: high contextual or low contextual. In high contextual societies, situations are usually established and communication is understood through a mutual implication of context; less direct communication is needed. As for companies, communication is considered to be vague with an implied understanding of meanings are interpretations; Asian and Arab societies are considered to be high contextual. On the contrary, low context societies use direct communication with less room for interpretation.......

Words: 472 - Pages: 2

Article Review

...ARTICLE REVIEW Annual AAFPRS Survey Finds ‘Selfie’ Trend Increases Demand for Facial Plastic Surgery Urbana University BSG 506: Marketing May 18, 2014 ARTICLE REVIEW In this paper, I summarize the article and offer comments about selected aspects, identify some information in the article, and suggest areas where additional research findings would assist in the understanding the current state of medical care in regard to the issues raised. Article Summary In March 2014, the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (AAFPRS) released an article where they inform the reader about the relationship between the ‘selfie’ trend and the increase demand for facial plastic surgery. Methodology Behind The Study For this study the AAFPRS studied a “select group of the organization’s 2,700 members to uncover the latest trends in facial plastic surgery.” Findings “The study revealed that one in three facial plastic surgeons surveyes saw an increase in requests for procedures due to patients being more self aware of looks in social media.” The members that completed the survey stated that they noted an increase of 10% during 2013 when compared to 2012 of patients getting rhinoplasty; a 7% increase in hair transplant and a 6% increase in eyelid surgery. It was also reported by the surgeons that they saw an increase in patients under the age of 30 getting procedures done. Critical Reflections It is not...

Words: 521 - Pages: 3

Article Review

...Journal Article Review: Use of prayer and scripture in therapy Liberty University Use of prayer and scripture in therapy Summary Effectively integrating psychology and theology has been an ongoing endeavor for many Christian therapists who wish to be ethically sound in their therapeutic practices and yet honor the use of the Holy Spirit as the ultimate Counselor and Comforter. Use of prayer and scripture in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is a study that focuses specifically on the efficacy of the use of prayer and scripture within the Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) model. While CBT is more than 30 years old (Tan, 2007, pg. 101), it has been “expanded to include mindfulness and acceptance-based therapies” (Tan, 2007, pg. 101). The author bases his article on the findings that there are a minimum of 10 outcome studies providing empirical support regarding the efficacy of “religiously-oriented or spiritually-oriented CBT with religious clients” (Tan, 2007, pg. 102). The article describes the author’s development and use of an ethical and appropriate approach to utilizing prayer and scripture within a Christian modality of CBT. The author has used this approach in a variety of settings including hospital, college, and private practice. The key points to his Christian approach to CBT very briefly include the emphasis of agape love, dealing adequately with past issues, the possibility of demonic involvement, use of alignment with God’s word, focusing on problems......

Words: 1638 - Pages: 7

Article Review

...Article Review Silvia Arambula MGT 426 December 7, 2015 Robert Sell Article Review Learning Organization is an organization that acquires knowledge and innovates fast enough to survive and thrive in a rapidly changing environment. Learning organizations (1) create a culture that encourages and supports continuous employee learning, critical thinking, and risk taking with new ideas, (2) allow mistakes, and value employee contributions, (3) learn from experience and experiment, and (4) disseminate the new knowledge throughout the organization for incorporation into day-to-day activities (, 2014). The main difference is that organizational learning has focused on observation and analysis of the processes of individual and collective learning within organizations, whereas the literature on learning organizations is action oriented and geared towards applying specific diagnostic and evaluative methodological tools that can contribute to identifying, promoting and assessing the quality of learning processes in the organization (Wathne, 2012). Article Summary There are many significant factors of an efficacious business organization at the currently evolving, shifting and vigorous global business setting, one of these significant factors are organizational learning and institutionalization of the learning organization. It is worth taking that one of the crucial components of an organization is its employees and the commitment and loyalty of its......

Words: 844 - Pages: 4

Article Review

...Week 2 Assignment Business Week Article German Unemployment Falls as Export Surge Brings Jobs HR 599 Professor Carlos Jon By Meisha Barnard September 12, 2010 The Business Week article I choose talks about the falling unemployment rate in Germany. The unemployment rate in Germany has dropped significantly in the past few months and is lower than the unemployment rate in 2008. This drop in unemployment has cause the Euro to go up .13 cent which is a good to help boost the economy and make the Euro stronger against other foreign currency. This article is significant in our time because we here in the United States are going through a tough time with our ever increasing unemployment rate. Even though Germany is a much smaller country than the U.S. we could possible learn something from their recent success in dropping their unemployment rate. Germany’s success is based on the adding more short term jobs and reducing the work week to help reduce unemployment during the recession. This was a government sponsored program to help reduce the cost on employers and the government paid the rest of the cost for the reduction in work. Companies like BMW and Heidelberg Cement AG were able to increase the number of temporary jobs to help stimulate the economy which proved successful in their financial 2nd quarters. This relates to a lot of discussions that we have in class that were based on unemployment. Even though it is a totally different country......

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

Article Review

...The overall purpose of the article is to gain a better understanding behind the attitudes and personal opinions of having a smoke-free campus. It continues to go into more specific depth regarding a smoke-free campus such as the most effective way to initiate and retain a smoke-free campus. Within this pool of knowledge, it will show some of the main reasoning behind why people that smoke want to keep a campus from becoming smoke-free and will also show people urges behind wanting a campus to become smoke-free. This will give two fully biased views from both complete opposites (a smoke-free campus versus a smoking campus.) Some of the bigger issues that Cho and DeVaney wanted to evaluate the motives behind the college students. This includes the variety of thinking and learning methods, reasons behind their actions, and meanings that give the students their urges towards these actions. By doing so, it will assist in understanding the motives, attitudes, and urges on a deeper level by evaluating “why” they want what they want, and “why” they did what they did. Another issue that the authors wanted to acknowledge is the college students’ reactions as well as their actions. They wanted to understand how the students would react to a change in the smoking policy at their college and what they would do to fix it if they did not like it or how they would help enforce the policy if they did like it. Cho and DeVaney conducted their research in two types of methods: field......

Words: 1118 - Pages: 5

Nu Kopen | Descenders Update 29 11 2018 rar | Corruption Essay