Biological

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|[pic] |Course Syllabus |
| |College of Natural Sciences |
| |BIO/315 Version 2 |
| |Ecology and Evolution |

Copyright © 2011, 2009 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.

Course Description

This course provides the fundamental principles of ecology and evolution. Students will focus on populations and communities, adaptation, and other factors that affect organisms.

Policies

Faculty and students/learners will be held responsible for understanding and adhering to all policies contained within the following two documents:

• University policies: You must be logged into the student website to view this document. • Instructor policies: This document is posted in the Course Materials forum.

University policies are subject to change. Be sure to read the policies at the beginning of each class. Policies may be slightly different depending on the modality in which you attend class. If you have recently changed modalities, read the policies governing your current class modality.

Course Materials

Smith, T. M., & Smith, R. L. (2009). Elements of ecology (7th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Benjamin Cummings/Pearson.

All electronic materials are available on the student website.

|Week One: The Basics of Ecology |
| |Details…...

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Biological Approcach

...The aim of phychosurgery is to use physical procedures to treat mental disorders such as depression by destroying sections of the brain or by severing nerve connections that connect the frontal lobe to the rest of the brain. In the past it was belived that these would re-generate into healthy connections, however this idea was later proven to be invalid. As well as depression, psychosurgery has also been used for people with severe OCD, bi-polar disorder and schizophrenia. This first assumption of the biological approach is that behaviour is caused by physical structures in the body ( i.e, the brain, hormones, neurotransmitters). It therefore follws that biological psychologists belive that mental illness have a physical cause and so psychosurgery links to this as it aims to treat mental illness by physically altering brain structure. The biological approach also assumes that different parts of the brain have different functions (i.e., localisation of function) and so psychosurgery links to this as surgery on a specific area will affect a certain behaviour/function (i.e damage to the frontal lobe will affect personality and emotions). This idea underlies psychosurgery as the intention is to disrupt a particular brain function in order to suppress the symptoms of mental illness. The historical basis for psychosurgery came from the case of Phieas Gage which highlighted that the frontal lobes are linked to personality (but not intelligence or memory). Furthermore, Moinz......

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Biological Treatment

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Biological Bases

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Biological

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Biological Warfare

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