Borrachero Plant

In: English and Literature

Submitted By chiefquief
Words 1024
Pages 5
Imagine a drug that can transform you into a zombie slave. A machine that loses all free will, is very compliant, but still appears to be alert and coherent. The drug is easily removed from a very common plant. It’s tasteless, odorless, and can be quickly mixed into drinks, food, and cigarettes. This demon drug is called borrachero.
Ask any Colombian resident about borrachero, also known as burundanga. They’re sure to tell you some horror story about the drug. They’ll tell stories of victims who willingly handed over their wallets and PINs, or visit the bank with their captors and withdraw huge amounts of cash. They also take the thieves to their home and casually help them load all their possessions into a truck. Sound scary? That’s because it’s supposed to.
The borrachero is real and dangerous. The active substance is scopolamine and is extracted from the Bugmansia plant, also known as Angel’s Trumpet, which grows wild throughout the Andes. The stories about criminals chemically making people compliant are an urban myth. There’s plenty of mystery surrounding scopolamine and it’s ability to create submission.
Nazi doctor Joseph Mengele, known as the “Angel of Death”, supposedly experimented with the drug as an questioning aid. The CIA had a similar idea and investigated it as a truth serum, but it was unsuccessful.
It’s mentioned in a number of Hollywood movies, including “Where Eagles Dare”, “The Guns of Navarone” and “Robocop 2”. So it’s not surprising that scopolamine pops up in the international press every once in a while. There are stories of politicians forced into smuggling suitcases of cocaine; men who handed over all their money to prostitutes; or the jeweler who gave away all his stock because of a scopolamine-laced business card.
They’re the kind of stories you’d definitely pass on to other travelers to warn someone about the dangers of people who…...

Similar Documents

Plant and Equipment

...Course Name: Principles of Accounting Course Code: F-103 |PLANT AND EQUIPMENT | University of Dhaka Plant and Equipment Submitted to: Ms. Nusrat Khan Lecturer Department of Finance University of Dhaka Submitted by: Group No. 09 Section “A” BBA 18th Batch Department of Finance University of Dhaka Date of Submission: April 23, 2012 GROUP PROFILE Group No. 09 Section “A” BBA 18th Batch Department of Finance University of Dhaka |SL No. |Name |Roll | |01. |Farhana Islam Ajanta | 18-045 | |02. |Khandakar Fazle Rabbi | 18-067 | |03. |Farid Molla | 18-115 | |04. |Sadia Sharmin Bristy | 18-123 | |05. |Md. Nowshad Molla | 18-133 | |06. |Sirazum Munira Haque ...

Words: 6614 - Pages: 27

Concepcion Plant

...THE PROPOSED 200-megawatt coal-fired power plant in Concepcion, Iloilo is on track in time for calls to put up additional electricity sources in the light of the acute power shortage in Mindanao. Iloilo Provincial Administrator Raul N. Banias said he met with top officials of Palm Concepcion Power Corp. (PCPC) in Metro Manila to discuss development status of the proposed coal-fired power plant project. A former mayor of Concepcion, Banias was instrumental in helping DM Consunji, Inc. (DMCI) Power Corp., the original proponent of the plant, in getting public acceptance for the power plant. Although the Department of Environment and Natural Resources already issued and environmental compliance certificate (ECC) to the project sometime in 2007, DMCI did not initiate construction after failing to secure power supple agreements with distribution utilities in Western Visayas. In November 2010, A. Brown Co., Inc. (ABCI), through subsidiaries Palm Thermal Consolidated Holdings Corp. and Panay Consolidated Holdings Corp., bought DMCI Power Corp.’s proposed coal-fired power plant in Concepcion. The new owners then formed subsidiary PCPC to spearhead the future construction and operation of the plant. ABCI is the investment arm of businessman Walter Brown which is primarily engaged in the business of real estate development but has interests in power, property development and investments in other companies. In February 2012, A. Brown announced that it has tapped BDO Capital and......

Words: 1387 - Pages: 6


...many different types of plants on the planet earth, but one that stands out to me is the eucalyptus tree. Growing up as a kid, I always wondered how a plant could grow so tall towering over everything else and lasting for years and years through severe weather changes. Eucalyptus is flowering tree with several different types of species. The name is actually derived from the Greek word “eucalyptos,” which means “well covered,” and refers to the cuplike membrane that covers the budding flowers of the tree.2 They are mostly found in the continent of Australia, and few parts in Africa as well. The wood from eucalyptus trees are very hard and they are used to make furniture, fences, canoe boats and picture frames. These trees can grow really tall usually over 80 meters in height towering into the sky with wide spread leaves. Because of its large geographic range the genus exhibits many habits, from tall trees to multistemmed, shrubby species called mallees. The mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans) of Victoria and Tasmania is the tallest hardwood in the world, reaching heights over 330 ft (100 m); only the coast redwoods of California are taller. Having epicormic buds in branches and stems, and lignotubers in the roots, many species are well adapted for surviving fire and drought. Some species have smooth bark, in which case they are referred to as gum-barked, while others have rough bark.1 To begin, the scientific name for the eucalyptus plant is Eucalyptus......

Words: 1534 - Pages: 7


...Hikemeister, While I can’t turn you into a hot botanist, I can explain how C3 and C4 plants are different and suggest how their distribution might be expected to change with altitude. As I will best try to become your “Plants for Dummys” guide as it is crucial that you first have an understanding of the difference between C3 and C4 plants, to even remotely fool your plant lady guru. Firstly, the difference between C3 and C4 plants is that C3 plants form a pair of 3 carbon-atom molecules during CO2 assimilation while C4plants, which account for an abundance on higher regions of the mountain, form 4 carbon-atom molecules. By far the most important difference for rising CO2 levels is that C3 species continue to increase photosynthesis with rising CO2 while C4 does not. As you climb up the mountain, as I’m sure you noticed, the air becomes very dry and thin all due to the change in altitude. This is due to the enzyme used in C4 plants to convert CO2 into organic molecules known as PEP carboxylase, which has a high affinity only for CO2 - making it easier at fixing CO2 than C3 plants. Ultimately, this means that C4 plants don’t have to keep their stomata open as long as C3 plants in order to produce the exact same number of CO2 molecules, which are used to make ATP and glucose in the Calvin Cycle. As a result, as water loss is reduced, C4 plants become a much better fit to arid the “Three Sisters” of Alberta. Hope this peaks both your......

Words: 275 - Pages: 2

Plant Relocation

...Case of the Plant Relocation The chief executive of Electrocorp, an electronics company, which makes the onboard computer components for automobiles, is facing increased production costs. Electrocorp’s production plants, use complex hydrocarbon solvents to clean the chips and other parts that go into the computer components. Some of the solvents used are carcinogens and must be handled with extreme care. Until recently, all of your production plants were located in the United States. However, the cost of production has risen, causing profits to decline. A number of factors have increased production costs. First, the union representing the workers in Electrocorp plants waged a successful strike resulting in increased salary and benefits. The pay and benefits package for beginning employees is around $15/hour. A second factor has been stringent safety regulations. These safety procedures, which apply inside the plant, have been expensive in both time and money. Finally, environmental regulations have made Electrocorp's operations more costly. Electrocorp is required to put its waste through an expensive process before depositing it at a special disposal facility. Shareholders have been complaining about the declining fortunes of the company. Many of Electrocorp's competitors have moved their operations to less-developed countries, where their operating costs are less than in the United States, and you have begun to consider whether to relocate a number of plants to......

Words: 854 - Pages: 4


...Inquiry Research Paper Every plant is different. There are no two plants that are the same, nor are there two that grow the same way. Some plants grow in hot, dry environments while others grow in cold, damp environments. Some plants grow in the tropical rain forests while others grow in prairies. Even plants that are in the same family can grow in different climates and environments. Plants can be as similar as they are different. Plants need certain factors to be able to thrive in an environment. They need certain levels of water and sunlight. They need a certain type of soil and certain amount of shade. Plants are very picky on how, when and where they grow. The Beavertail Cactus, African Lilly, and Boston fern are three plants that are very different in many ways. They all grow in different regions and require different levels of abiotic factors. They are each unique in their own way and are ever different then the species in their families. The Beavertail Cactus is a part of the cactaceae, cactus family. It has a scientific name of Opuntia basilaris. The cactus is the state cactus of Texas. The lifespan of it is over twenty years. Another name that the Beavertail Cactus is referred to is “Prickly Pear.” It is referred by that name because of the fruit that grows on it. Spanish-American culture influenced a nickname for the fruit, “tuna.” The Beavertail Cactus is flat and pancake like with no leafs. It is a dull green color. The cactus can reach up to seven......

Words: 1236 - Pages: 5


...into the 20th century, species were divided into two kingdoms: animals and plants. Driven by DNA characterizations and other modern analysis, fungi and bacteria have now been removed to separate kingdoms; in particular, fungi have cell walls that contain chitin rather than cellulose. Lichens, which are a symbiotic association of a fungal and photosynthetic organism, are generally not considered plants in the purest sense of taxonomy, although earlier classification schemes viewed them as plants. Viruses are also not considered to be plants, since they do not have a cell of their own, but inhabit a host cell of another organism; moreover, in many classifications they are not considered a living organism at all. Myxomycetes, or slime molds, are also not considered plants, but rather are heterotrophs that can ingest bacteria, fungal spores, and other items. The scientific study of plants, known as botany, has identified about 350,000 extant taxa of plants, defined as seed plants, bryophytes, ferns and fern allies. As of 2008, approximately 400,000 plant species have been described,[2] of which roughly ninety percent are flowering plants. Vascular plants have lignified tissue and specialized structures termed xylem and phloem, which transport water, minerals, and nutrients upward from the roots and return sugars and other photosynthetic products. Vascular plants include ferns, club mosses, flowering plants, conifers and other gymnosperms. A scientific name for this......

Words: 1295 - Pages: 6

Plant Pets many areas of the United States. The plant can reach a height of 5 feet and produces small pinkish-purple flowers. As long as you live in a climate with adequate moisture, you can grow this plant by planting the seeds directly in the ground. Fireweed can become dormant during hot summer weather. The plant will require some care to promote health and growth. 1.) Select an area with full to partial sunlight. Ideal locations include areas near drainage ditches or near bodies of water in full sunlight. These areas will be high in humidity, which is ideal for fireweed. Make sure the soil is moist to slightly soggy. 2.) Pull up any weeds in the area before planting the seeds. Mix an all-purpose fertilizer in the soil according to the package directions. Use a small tiller or shovel to mix the soil and fertilizer about 5 inches in depth. 3.) Smooth out the top of the soil without packing it down firmly. Spread the fireweed seeds over the soil. You can place the seeds about 3 feet apart, as the plants will grow fast and fill in the bare spots. The optimum time to plant fireweed seeds is during the fall season. Cover the seeds with 1/2 inch of soil. Due to fireweed’s rapid reproduction rate, only plant a few seeds at a time, as stated by the University of Washington, until you determine how many plants you will need. 4.) Water the seeds after planting, then only water when the soil feels dry or when drought occurs. After the plant is established, little to no water......

Words: 2697 - Pages: 11


...| Anthocyanin Present (Purple) | Anthocyanin Absent (Green) | Observed Value (o) | 2,401 | 1,479 | Expected Value (e) | 2,910 | 970 | Deviation (o-e) or d | -509 | 509 | Deviation2 (d2) | 259,081 | 259,081 | d2/e | 89 | 267.1 | Chi-square, X2 = Σd2/e | 356.1 | Approximate Day | Date | Activity | Initials | Day 1 | 08/24/2015 | Plant F1 hybrid seeds. Regularly check water. | L.M. | Day 4 or 5 | | Observe Seedlings and record numbers of each phenotype in Table 3. Thin plants to one per cell. | L.M. | Day 14,16,18 | | Pollinate on 3 days; pollinate at least 6-8 flowers. | L.M. | Days 20 to 39 | | Remove buds and shoots. | L.M. | Day 39 | | Harvest F2 seeds and germinate petri dishes. | L.M. | Day 42 | | Count and record numbers of each phenotype in Table 4. | L.M. | F1 Generation of Brassica Rapa | A | A | a | Aa | Aa | a | Aa | Aa | F2 Generation of Brassica Rapa | A | a | A | AA | Aa | a | Aa | aa | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Section | Purple | Green | Total | 1 | 39 | 24 | 63 | 2 | 78 | 46 | 124 | 1h | 119 | 46 | 165 | 2h | 413 | 191 | 604 | 3 | 174 | 102 | 276 | 4 | 108 |......

Words: 273 - Pages: 2


...Plants, also called green plants, are multicellular eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae. They form an unranked clade Viridiplantae(Latin for green plants) that includes the flowering plants, conifers and other gymnosperms, ferns, clubmosses, hornworts, liverworts,mosses and the green algae. Green plants excludes the red and brown algae, the fungi, archaea, bacteria and animals. Green plants have cell walls with cellulose and obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts, derived from endosymbiosis with cyanobacteria. Their chloroplasts contain chlorophylls a and b, which gives them their green color. Some plants are parasitic and have lost the ability to produce normal amounts of chlorophyll or to photosynthesize. Plants are also characterized by sexual reproduction, modular[clarification needed] and indeterminate growth, and an alternation of generations, althoughasexual reproduction is also common. Precise numbers are difficult to determine, but as of 2010, there are thought to be 300–315 thousand species of plants, of which the great majority, some 260–290 thousand, are seed plants (see the table below).[1] Green plants provide most of the world's molecular oxygen[2] and are the basis of most of the earth's ecologies, especially on land. Plants that produce grains, fruits and vegetables form mankind's basic foodstuffs, and have been domesticated for millennia. Plants are used as ornaments and, until recently and in great variety, they...

Words: 373 - Pages: 2


...Plant Classification Four major groups 1. Nonvascular plants-represents the transition from the aquatic environment of their ancestors-charophytes- to the terrestrial environment about 475 million years ago- some possess water-conducting tubesWater-conducting tubes- prototypes of vascular tissues that fully developed in the next group | | 2. Seedless Vascular plants-evolved about 400 million years ago-they reproduce through spores-structures with vascular tissues eventually diversified and allowed a wider range of sizes for plants wherein the vascular tissues permit transport of water and nutrients across longer distances | | 3. Seeds-provided a natural advantage for colonizing drier lands as they protect plant embryos from harsh environment factorsCone- earliest seed plants bear naked seeds on reproductive structures -they gave rise to the group of cone-bearing plants (gymnosperms) about 200 million years ago | | 4. Flower- Bearing Plants * They emerged about 130 million years agoFlowers- complex reproductive structures that bear seeds within chambers called Ovaries. | | Additional notes: Mosses -the first group of land plants are the mosses and their allies, the liverworts and hornworts. Together, they are called the bryophytes. -they are land plants, but do not have seeds or flowers. -lack vessels, so they are restricted to smaller sizes and more moist environments than other land plants. Gametophyte generation- is the one that......

Words: 554 - Pages: 3


...Plants are vital to the survival of all life on Earth--plants transform the light of the sun into energy that is usable to other life on Earth. Without plants, animals would not be able to use the energy of the Sun that reaches the Earth. The removal of one plant from the ecosystem can cause many unforeseen changes, sometimes irreversibly damaging an ecosystem. However, some plants are more important than others, either for biological or cultural reasons. In my country, Korea, I would say that the grass that produces rice has come to be the most important plant, not just because rice is a staple food, but also for other cultural reasons. Virtually every Korean eats rice at least twice a day. I, for example, had rice at breakfast, lunch, and dinner yesterday. For most Koreans, rice is an integral part of a meal, as expected in a meal as ink is to a pen or wheels are to a car--a meal without rice is not a meal. In fact, if I have dinner with my American friends and do not eat rice, I actually feel hungry even if I have filled myself with potatoes or other food while eating with them. Many of my friends have made similar comments to me. So, I believe that rice is as much a part of our daily lives as work or talking on the telephone is. However, rice is much more than just a staple food to most Koreans--it represents the very sustenance of much of our culture. Our history teachers tell us that the development of rice as an agricultural product was largely responsible for the......

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

The Plant

...evolutionary relationships among organisms and the diversity of life on earth. Biological science is classified into various branches, which depend upon the organisms to be studied. These are some main branches of biology Botany, Entomology, Ecology, Anatomy, Immunology, Limnology, Genetics, Histology, Biomechanics and Embryology. The study of plant life or phytology is known as botany. It's studies the life and development of fungi, algae and plants. Botany also probes into the structure growth, diseases, chemical and physical properties of the plant species. Also it implies the importance of study of plant life on earth because they generated food, fibers, medicines, fuel and oxygen. A person who is working in the study of botany is called a botanist. As a botanist, you study plants and apply you knowledge to teaching and research in agriculture, horticulture, and land use planning and medicine. Usually they investigate the effects of environmental factors such as rainfall, temperature and disease on plant growth, they grow plants under controlled conditions to assess the significance of environmental variables and prepare handbooks for plant identification. Entomology is the study of insects. Insects are one of the most successful and diverse groups of living organisms in world today. It concentrates on studying the taxonomy, features, adaptations, roles and behavior of insects. If you're interested about insects and their behavior you might consider yourself to be an......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2


...potential energy sources from the farthest reaches of the world. Dr. Strobel found that an endophtic fungus called Gliocladium roseum that shows the same essence as Diesel fuel. The same diesel that is produced by man from crude oil. He found that the endophtic fungus was produced to protect the plant from other endophtic fungus. It was interesting to find out plants have natural abilities to protect themselves from the smallest organisms. The production of an energy source from an micro organism shows the vastness of alternative energy. However, the example of his work with the Dutch Elm disease shows the up hill battle it takes to push forth a new idea. It makes me think about the influence of oil and our reliance on it and how little we know about alternative energy. I know for a fact that I personally don't really trust alternative energy and my point of view comes from lack of knowledge. But I also realize the impact on the future if we don't change our reliance on fossil fuels for energy. Hopefully with new discoveries like this we can change public perception. It was interesting that old growth forests have no sick plants and it made me think about the impact society has had on plants negatively. As we continue to search for new energy sources, what will be our impact on these forest be? In my opinion, we need to be careful how we attain new sources of energy. Fracking is one argument that comes to mind when i think of social impact. We need to be careful and......

Words: 277 - Pages: 2


...Plants General Characteristics: * Multicellular, primarily terrestrial eukaryotes with well developed tissues * Autotrophic by photosynthesis * Chlorophyl a and b , carotenoids etc. * Store starch in chloroplast * Cell wall – cellulose * Protect the embryo from drying out by providing it with water and nutrients within the female reproductive structure * Alternation of generation’s life cycle ( sporophyte and gametophyte phase) Main Division: 1. Non Vascular * Lack vascular tissues * No true roots, stems and leaves * Rootlike, stemlike, and leaflike structures * Usually small * Found in moist habitat * Example: hornwort, liverwort, mosses 2. Vascular * Seedless * Include the ferns * With vascular tissues * With true roots, stems and leaves * Seed * Gymnosperm (naked seed) and Angiosperm (enclosed seed) * With vascular tissue * With true roots, stems and leaves * Gymnosperms * Cone bearing plants * Conifers * Cycads * Ginkgo * Gnetophytes * Angiosperms (Flowering Plants) A. Dicot (class Magniliopsida) * More primitive than monocots * Embryo has two cotyledon * Floral part’s in 4’s or 5’s or multiples of 4’s or 5’s * Mostly woody, some herbaceous stems * Oval or palmate leaves with netlike venation * Taproot system A. Monocot (class......

Words: 1417 - Pages: 6

中文(简体) | 桃花運 | Possessivpronomen - mein, dein