Causes of Civil War - Notes

In: Historical Events

Submitted By helloann
Words 2088
Pages 9
King Cotton
It was a slogan used by southerners to support the secession of the South from the North as the money obtained from cotton export would support the Confederacy.
It would also support countries such as Britain and France to support the Confederacy as opposed to the North as the economies of these countries heavily depended on the textile industry.
It was a failure as other countries did not want to get into the conflict.
In foreign affairs, the South had been initially confident of the power and influence of “King Cotton,” the crop that accounted for more than half the value of U.S. exports before the war.
Confederates felt that the importance of cotton would force diplomatic recognition from the Federal government and European countries.
Neither the commissioners sent abroad in 1861 nor the permanent envoys who replaced them were able to secure recognition from Great Britain, France, or any other European power.
The South was able, however, to buy considerable war matériel and several fast ships that destroyed much Federal shipping on the high seas.

South = one crop economy
By 1840 - 50% of US exports was cotton / was providing 50% of the world supply / providing 75% of England’s supply
1/5 of workers tied to the textile industry but cotton also drives northern economy - needs cotton for textiles (supporting abolition and making $ off slavery).

Different economies of the North and South between 1815-1861
North: Industrial
Abolition slavery
No need for slaves
They didn’t need cheap labors like slaves because of the immigrants.
Machines were starting to replace jobs of humans.
Less labor intensive: e.g. clothes free market, protective tariffs,
Zinn said this was the main reason for divide

South: Agricultural economy
Slaves were an integral part of the South’s economy.
King Cotton
Large plantation that held lots of…...

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