Characteristics of a Democratic Society

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By ccopp
Words 300
Pages 2
Identify and discuss the characteristics of a democratic society. Evaluate the US Government on each of these elements.

Democracy is government in which power and civic responsibility are exercised by all adult citizens, directly, or through their freely elected representatives. It rests upon a well-understood group of values, attitudes, and practices - all of which may take different forms and expressions among cultures and societies around the world. Democracies rest upon fundamental principles, not uniform practices.
Democracies fall into two basic categories, direct and representative. In a direct democracy, citizens, without the intermediary of elected or appointed officials, can participate in making public decisions. Such a system is clearly most practical with relatively small numbers of people - in a community organization, tribal council, or the local unit of a labor union, for example - where members can meet in a single room to discuss issues and arrive at decisions by consensus or majority vote.
Some U.S. states, in addition, place "propositions" and "referenda" - mandated changes of law - or possible recall of elected officials on ballots during state elections. These practices are forms of direct democracy, expressing the will of a large population. Many practices may have elements of direct democracy
As Americans, we are fortunate enough to be living in such a peaceful environment when compared with other countries around the world. However, as a democratic nation, it is important for us to realize that the decisions affecting our people should not be left solely in the hands of our leaders. Although elected by the people, the views and opinions of each politician and decision-maker will remain their own. It is up to us, as the people of this country, to make sure procedural fairness is active within our courts so that it blossoms through…...

Similar Documents

Procedural Fairness in a Democratic Society

...As Canadians, we live in a society that is defined as being free and democratic. The Government of Canada works extensively in order to ensure that the country’s laws are regulated and maintained and eventually followed by society. These rules and regulations arrive from the decisions made by the court systems and the government. Politicians are elected by us, the citizens, in order to represent our views on the regulation of certain laws but also assist in taking care of society and the economy by influencing public policies and making critical decisions. Living in a democratic country, these elected officials are expected by society to be honourable and fair when it comes to making decisions that are in the best interests of the community. Premier Dalton McGuinty, however, overlooked this concept when he decided to hold a private meeting behind closed doors with a stakeholder. In 2007, the Ontario Government announced that it would increase the minimum wage of workers every year until it reached the maximum of $10.25 in March of 2010. McGuinty’s private meeting involved a discussion with the stakeholder about cancelling the remaining increases due to Canada’s economic placement. This unethical decision by Premier McGuinty caused an uproar within communities mainly due to the fact that this action did not represent a democratic society. But is democracy the only issue present in this case? How does procedural fairness play a role in McGuinty’s unethical act? The answer to......

Words: 1408 - Pages: 6

To Understand the Most Important Characteristics of a Society, One Must Study Its Major Cities.

...study main characteristics of a society without study of the cities that are part of that? Sociologist have a wide variety of technics that help them to find main features of a society such as study major cities, study works of literature and study monuments. There can be no doubt that study major cities of a society can make a significant help to understand that society. In my view, study major cities is not necessary for discover important characters of a society. First and foremost reason why study major cites does not make help is that a territories if a society my be spread among many countries and sometimes many continents. For instance, Western society is spread between North America and Europe therefore study a city such as New York City and Paris not help us but also distract sociologist. For example in New York City people always in hurry and usually eat fast foods on the other hand in Paris people pay more attention to their mealtime so eat their food in peace and some times take more than an hour to eat their main course. Thus who only studies these two cities cannot understand whether people in Western society have their meal in a hurry or peace. A second instance in which study a major city is not necessary is that it takes long time for a society to form, so study a city only shows the contemporary situation of that city. For instance, study a current situation of Beijing - capital city of China - does not help us to understand important characteristics......

Words: 474 - Pages: 2

Democratic vs Non-Democratic Government

...Discuss the principal feature of democratic government and non-democratic government. Give an example of each. The principal feature of democratic governments is that the power resides with the people. In a democratic system, governments are established and updated through free and fair electoral processes. Through these processes, the populace elects representatives from competing political parties. The chosen (elected) representatives govern on behalf of the people who elect them. Further, elected representatives, and in turn governments operate under the same rules of law. One example of a democratic nation is Canada. In Canada, the country’s people are represented in the House of Commons by 308 members of parliament (MP). The MPs represent constituencies that are determined based on population density. This system is ideal because large cities, with large populations have many delegates that can represent the many different opinions of the populace. The united states have a similar system whereby the people are represented by elected congress members who act on their behalf in the US government assembly. Although these are important elements in characterizing a democracy, they are obsolete without the active participation of the populace. The citizens of a democracy have an intrinsic responsibility to sustain the democracy. Firstly, people must actively participate in political affairs by staying well-informed about political issues,......

Words: 513 - Pages: 3

Critical Thinking and a Democratic Society

...Critical Thinking and a Democratic Society The definition of an informed citizen is having sufficient and sufficiently reliable information or knowledge to be able to understand a subject or situation and make appropriate judgments or decisions regarding it. Meaning, to understand something fully you need to be properly informed. You cannot make an educated guess on most problems or issues. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the concept of Critical thinking and Creative thinking in a Democratic Society .The requirements to become a better critical thinker stems from a realization that complexity, uncertainty, and ambiguity of a person characteristic of their current environment. Most of the material about critical thinking derives from philosophy, education, and psychology. There are, however, competing schools of thought on what critical thinking is and how to best develop it. In most cases a multidisciplinary assessment of a topic leads to a richer body of research, however, in the case of critical thinking it seems to have led to competing and incomplete views of the topic. Critical thinking is the use of those cognitive skills or strategies that increase the probability of a desirable outcome. It is used to describe thinking that is purposeful, reasoned, and goal directed. Critical thinking is a purposeful, directed thought. It is not easy, as it requires explicit mental energy. The great majority of the decisions and issues we face throughout the day do not...

Words: 875 - Pages: 4

Democratics

...generally more inclined toward having the government solve many problems through social programs. Their idea is that citizens send part of their money to government, and government takes care of those who need it. These 2 parties are the end of the policy of the United States as a result they are very strict in their rules and beliefs that is why there are some politicians who are independent, which means that none of the sides is followed. They just follow their own beliefs and rules to fix or improve the problem facing society An independent politician is an individual that is not affiliated to any party. There are numerous reasons why some politics may stand as an independent. Independents has a central viewpoint between those of major political parties. Sometimes they hold a viewpoint more extreme than any major party, have an ideology comprising ideas from both sides of the political party or may have a viewpoint based on the central issues that the society really has. Some independent politicians may be associated with a political party or be former members of it, or have views that align with a political party, but choose not to be under their label. Others may be to support a political party but believe they should not formally represent and thus be subject to its policies. In some countries is illegal to have a political parties that is why all candidates stand as independents for instance in Kuwait In my personal way of thinking, liberalism is a right......

Words: 967 - Pages: 4

Success in a Democratic Iran 2.3

...Success in a Democratic Iran 2 Abstract As Iran transitions into a democratic nation, there are many changes that will take place. Along with the changes occurring in the country, there are also worldwide changes. New trends for success in the 21st century are emerging and it is necessary that Iran understands the trends needed for success in a newly formed democracy. Decentralization and an emphasis on personal growth and community are two such trends. Along with new trends, are needed attributes to obtain success in the 21st century such as the ability to think critically and set goals for the future. To prepare the younger Iranian generation for success in the newly formed democratic nation, these trends and attributes must be addressed in the classroom through meaningful learning experiences. Along with individual classrooms, school systems should also adopt a more holistic approach to education that encourages content knowledge as well as knowledge of the changing world and the attributes for success in this world.Success in a Democratic Iran 3 Life in a Democratic Iran: A Plan for Success Iran as a newly democratic nation must face many changes. The characteristics of a democratic nation include individual rights and freedoms, voting rights, free elections, as well as more gender equality. These are all elements that will be new for the Iranian people. Along with the changes presented by a new democracy, Iran must also prepare for the changes...

Words: 2487 - Pages: 10

Democratic

...Russell (1986) showed that the autocratic style of leadership is appropriate for workplaces such as jails, prisons, the military, and highly structured settings with routinized operations because, in these places, the lives of masses of people completely hinge on workers following very specific orders step by step. In addition, this leadership style is favorable for the completion of simple tasks. Meanwhile, West-Burnham (1997) stated that the democratic leadership style facilitates enhanced participation from subordinate employees in the organization's decision-making process. Even though the democratic leader has the final say, he / she gathers information, ideas and feedback from staff prior to finalizing the very decisions that will affect them. This is a highly effective style of leadership since employees are more likely to put forth outstanding effort when they feel valued. Workers feel valued when their input is an integral part of an organization's decision-making process. Murray and Main (2005) agreed that the democratic leadership thrives in healthcare settings due to the varied skill sets and educational backgrounds of employees. Conversely, this leadership style does have drawbacks. For instance, soliciting everyone's input is time-consuming. Moreover, the aggressive staff members always provide feedback while the timid employees may never get the chance to make suggestions or offer input. Then, the visionary style of leadership involves a charismatic......

Words: 2057 - Pages: 9

Democratic Theory

...Democratic Theory and Contemporary Governance The place of democracy as a system of governance in the modern world seems to be the only means of governance that appeals to all and sundry in both the advanced countries as well as the underdeveloped ones. This could be because of the room it gives for people’s participation in the restoration, operation and sustenance of government. According to Nnoli, 1986, the concept of democracy has become part of the propaganda arsenal in the contemporary world. This propaganda role of democracy rose because of the positive sentiments it invokes in all the people. It is particularly appearing to the oppressed people of the world especially in Africa and whose yearning for freedom, equality and justice are daily frustrated. In fact , the propaganda value of democracy is so high that practically , every regime in the world even the most brutal ,oppressive and unjust ,wishes to justify its actions on democratic ground. Under these circumstances, it becomes difficult to fully understand the meaning of the concept democracy. It is in this light that Heater (1964) regards democracy as a form of government , a way of life or an attitude of mind which is essentially a method or organizing society politically .And that there are five basic elements without which no community can call itself truly democratic namely :equality, sovereignty of the people , respect for human life, the rule of law and liberty of the individual....

Words: 349 - Pages: 2

Characteristic

...If one examines predialectic appropriation, one is faced with a choice: either accept textual neocultural theory or conclude that the goal of the reader is deconstruction, given that neomodern cultural theory is valid. Lacan promotes the use of predialectic appropriation to challenge capitalism. In a sense, the premise of neomodern cultural theory states that class has significance. “Society is impossible,” says Derrida. The characteristic theme of Porter’s[1] essay on Debordist situation is the role of the observer as writer. However, if predialectic appropriation holds, the works of Burroughs are postmodern. The main theme of the works of Burroughs is the futility, and eventually the paradigm, of capitalist sexual identity. The subject is contextualised into a neomodern cultural theory that includes culture as a totality. Thus, Lacan uses the term ‘constructivism’ to denote the role of the observer as artist. The characteristic theme of Cameron’s[2] analysis of neomodern cultural theory is not, in fact, theory, but posttheory. It could be said that the opening/closing distinction depicted in Eco’s The Name of the Rose is also evident in The Limits of Interpretation (Advances in Semiotics). The subject is interpolated into a pretextual constructivist theory that includes consciousness as a reality. Thus, Sontag’s model of predialectic appropriation holds that the significance of the observer is social comment. Lacan uses the term ‘neomodern......

Words: 304 - Pages: 2

Characteristics of a Dystopian Society

...Among the Hidden by Margaret Peterson Haddix, suited this characteristic the most. People wouldn't risk themselves to do anything which might cause them trouble. The Government had spread news all over the community that every computer and television was monitored. They knew, with the news around, people would always be wary. But Jane, the daughter of a prominent governor said that it was just a lie. They couldn't actually afford to pay for it to happen. In The Giver, there are also quotes which exhibit how the figurehead use propaganda to control people's action. “He killed it! My father killed it! Jonas said to himself, stunned at what he was realising” (Lowry 150). People in this community were given false information about what release meant. They all thought it was a good thing when really, it meant being killed. Propaganda is used in dystopian societies very commonly. The quotes exhibited how the Government used propaganda to control the actions of the whole community. Given misleading information also relates to the fact of how the outer world was being banished and driven away. When what is given to them is limited, people know nothing about the outside world. Consequently, they wouldn't refuse or create any conflict amongst the society when they are given misleading information, they are controlled and paranoid. So, these quotes are associated with the use of misleading information in the two dystopian societies....

Words: 285 - Pages: 2

Democratic

...What is 'Leadership' Leadership is the ability of a company's management to make sound decisions and inspire others to perform well Democratic leadership it is also known as participative leadership. In this process every member of an organization or association can take part to select their leader. This is the best process to select a leader. Democratic leadership: Often called participative leadership Democratic leaders make the final decisions, but they include team members in the decision-making process. They encourage creativity, and people are often highly engaged in projects and decisions. As a result, team members tend to have high job satisfaction and high productivity. This is not always an effective style to use, though, when you need to make a quick decision. When is it used? When situations change frequently, democratic leadership offers a great deal of flexibility to adapt to better ways of doing things. Democratic leadership style can bring the best out of an experienced and professional team. It capitalizes on their skills and talents by letting them share their views, rather than simply expecting them to conform. organization fits for Democratic Leadership: To sum it all up, a democratic leadership style has its advantages and drawbacks. It is quite effective for manufacturing industries, professional organizations, non-profit companies and creative fields such as advertising where everyone’s opinion can make a difference while in organizations......

Words: 2195 - Pages: 9

Democratic Policing

...Democratic Policing S N Md Nazrul Islam Policing is surrounded by many myths and stereotypes but one of the most common ideas may be reflected in a thin blue line, “FIGHTING A WAR OF CRIME”, though it is not an accurate description of what the police do. Only a portion of police officers are devoted in crime fighting. Many police officers rarely make a felony arrest and almost never fire a weapon in their entire career. In reality Police play an extremely complex role in today’s society as because of their necessity and availability in 7/24 hours. People can reach them over telephone easily to inform the unwanted situation though it can be manned in other ways. As for example, if someone found a Lunatic in the street they prefer to inform police rather than to Social Welfare Department. In this scenario it is very difficult to sum up the roles and responsibilities of police, even though if we go through various acts, laws, rules and order like The Constitution of Bangladesh, The Police Act 1861, Police Regulation of Bengal 1943 and other major & minor acts, then we might be able to find some core functions are as follows: 1. Protect constitutional guarantees that’s are given to the citizenry 2. Create and maintain a sense of security in the community 3. Promote and Preserve Law & Order situation 4. Identify criminal offenders and criminal activity and when appropriate, apprehend offenders and participate in subsequent court proceedings. 5....

Words: 1152 - Pages: 5

Characteristics

...Characteristics of Service Quality to Delight Customers A customer of The Container Store completed her purchase and headed for her car, children in tow. She placed her package on the ground as she put the children in the car and then drove off forgetting the package. Realizing her mistake just a few minutes late, she returned to the parking lot, but the package was gone. She re-entered the store hoping that someone had turned in her package, but no one had. Salesperson James Castleberry remembered the customer and asked her what she had bought. He then proceeded to gather up the products, handed them to the customer without charge, and said “Your day will get better”. And it did, starting that moment. Special Expeditions market offer is wondrous nature in its most authentic and - weather permitting – most glorious state. It provides total experience rather than only entertainment. Travellers interact with nature so closely that their experience often changes their lives. Special Expeditions ship The Sea Lion, was suffering a problem with the steering controls. The Engineers worked through the night but the ship would be late getting to Vancouver to pick up the passengers. The company owner, Mr. Sven-Olof Lindblad, called an old friend, the renowned wildlife artist Robert Bateman, who has a home overlooking the water at Fulford Harbour. Passengers were ferried from Vancouver to Fulford Harbour, fed dinner, and entertained at the Mr. Bateman home. The Sea......

Words: 1803 - Pages: 8

Voter Information and the Democratic Citizen

...Political Knowledge: Voter Information and the Democratic Citizen Many Americans proudly assert that the “American Experiment” has been a success. The optimistic and patriotic American will point to the “stability” and strength of the country's democratic institutions upheld by the United States Constitution as proof that the democratic notions and principles that were envisioned by the Founding Fathers continue to flourish to this day. A pessimistic individual on the other hand may easily point out that the current political climate exemplifies the decline of civic responsibility, and ultimately, the decline of democratic rule. In Washington, politicians are split along partisan lines, battling one another on decisive and controversial issues such as raising the debt limit, balancing the budget, and health care reform. While politicians carefully calculate the potential consequences of their decisions, the same battles are being waged ferociously on other fronts by the media and other self-interested groups. Ultimately, the results of these policy decisions depend on which party could convince the American public of what is in their best collective interest. This is precisely the nature of politics and democracy, and neither one is always fair. In a world where interest groups and lobbies have tremendous sway and influence over those in power, and when media reporting of the issues lacks fairness and accuracy, it should be the citizen's duty and responsibility to ensure......

Words: 2854 - Pages: 12

Characteristic

...“Arabs are an ethnic group and Muslims are a religious group.” Other differences’ between the two are that they hail from different geographical and ancestral backgrounds, and they arrived to the United States at different times.” One policy change that has occurred in the past few years (post 9/11) is that there is a close surveillance of Muslims charity organizations. Another change is that it has been a decrease in the number of visas being given to people coming from Muslims countries (Voices of America News.com, 2006). Orientalism is defining by our text as the simplistic view of the people and history of the Orient with no recognition of change over time or the diversity within its many cultures (Schaefer, 2006). A couple of characteristics of orientalism are that it is an outdated way of looking at Muslim and Arab people without taking into account changes over the years and how they live currently. Also it is a blanket concept that does not look at all of the different cultures within these groups (Schaefer, 2006, p. 286). Orientalism is an ignorant concept and ignorance often leads to meaningless violence hence this uneducated state of mind can directly relate to hate crimes. The best way to promote tolerance and reduce prejudice is by educating people to whom and what Arabs and Muslims really are. Usually, prejudice is caused by a fear of something. If that fear is taken away, by learning about Arabs and Muslims, then there will be no need for prejudice. Another......

Words: 329 - Pages: 2

Rare Old natural lapis lazuli stone Snuff Bottle pendant netsuke Art noble gift | Abraham as the Ideal Man of Faith in The Holy Bible | 30.11.1805:28 Uhr Euro Truck Simulator 2 - Beyond the Baltic Sea*inklusive deutschem Untertitel* Simulation0 / 0364 Hits VID P2P DDL 0 Kommentare