Civics

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Lesson 2 Civics

Civics

A. Define, Describe, or Identify:

1. Civics— study of the rights and duties of citizens Pg. 277

2. Citizens— community members who owe loyalty to the government and are entitled to protection from it Pg. 277

3. Government— the ruling authority for a community Pg. 278

4. Public policy— a course of government action to achieve community goals Pg. 280

5. Budget— a plan for collecting and spending money Pg. 280

6. Dictatorship— a government controlled by one person or a small group of people Pg. 281

7. Democracy— a government in which the people rule Pg. 281

8. Direct democracy— a government in which all the citizens meet to debate government matters and vote firsthand Pg. 281

9. Representative democracy — a government in which the citizens choose a smaller group to represent them, make laws, and govern on their behalf, but the people remain the source of the government’s authority Pg. 281

10. Explain the functions of government.

There are four basic functions of government: keeping order, providing security, providing public services and guiding the community by developing public policy. Keeping order allows our system to run as smoothly as possible. It involves passing and enforcing laws, and establishing courts. Security provides the community and other public or private areas feel safe. Also, our military, policemen, firemen, and all kinds of other jobs helps contribute to our sense of security. Public services are always needed and used whether the people know it or not. They provide our libraries, schools, hospitals, parks, and more. They give the community life and education to build off of. Last but not least is our public policy. It helps guide and manage the communities with their issues and questions. Government is…...

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