Colonialism in Africa

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COLONIALISM IN AFRICA

How does the legacy of colonialism affect contemporary African international relations?

If questioned today about Africa in general the first reactions I would have are poor governance, poverty, conflict, economic instability and hunger. These are the major characteristics that dominate most of the states within the continent as a whole. The question would be has it always been this way? Different debates and differences have been focused on the colonial legacy for post-colonial Africa and the nature of colonialism. Various characterizations and conceptions tend to differ considerably among the international relations and African scholars.

Between 1800 and 1900, majority of the European powers colonized the African continent. Colonialism, a political-economic occurrence whereby the various European nations exploited, took over, explored and settled down in great parts of the world still has a far reaching impact on the African continent. The colonialists; prolonged their ways of living beyond their domestic borders, economically exploited their colonies natural resources and this was done in order to strengthen and develop the colonies of the West and lastly created new markets. The African continent was indirectly impacted on the social, political, economic and cultural way of living.

The colonial legacy is the inheritance of the state that belonged to the colonial administration from this administration by post-colonial rulers in Africa[1]. The legacy prompted racial domination through the native authorities. The colonial systems imposed on the African societies were detrimental towards development and prosperity. The ruling was not based on the choice, consent and will of the African people forcing them to abandon their methods of governance. This paper will analyze on how the colonial experiences have played a key role…...

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