Disparities in Women’s Health in Usa

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Disparities in Women’s Health in USA
José Francisco Pereira
AKA Frank Pereira
COH 601
Prof. GinaMarie Piane, MPH, DrPH, CHES

The United States of America still have a long way to go until able to reduce the country disparities related to maternal and infant mortality. With a population distributed in an uneven geographic area that requires specific healthcare delivery related to ethnicity, lack of education, lack of primary care provider and prejudice, it becomes a difficult task. As reported by The Office of Minority Health of the U.S. Department of Health& Human Services (HHS) the largest population concentration of Hispanic/Latino is in San Jose, California, and African American is in Michigan. The City of San Jose or the state of California has not provide specific vital/healthcare information to the HHS and Michigan reported Infant Death Rates as fallow: White – 1997= 6.1 (±0.5), 2007 5.8 (±0.5) whit a decline of 0.3 (±0.5); African American – 1997= 17.6 (±1.7), 2007 16.5 (±1.7) whit a decline of 1.1 (±1.7); Others – 1997= 4.7 (±2.2), 2007 10.7 (±2.2) whit a increase of 6 (±0.5). The HHS reported a total infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births in the United States shows for 2005, still showing a relative disparity between African Americas (13.6), White (5.8) and Hispanic/Latino (5.6). HHS showed that Hispanic/Latino had the lowest rate and the Afro American the highest rate (afro American/ white ratio = 2.3). The report shows a radial infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births higher for African Americans than any other ethnic group in the United States with Low-Birthweight (304.9) being the leading cause fallowed by congenital malformation (167.5), maternal complications (106) and Sudden infant death syndrome (99.4). Also that African American and Hispanic/Latino had the a low percentage of mother receiving prenatal care starting in the…...

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