Ecology & the Environment

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Submitted By LexiD
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Abstract In the original Greek “oikos” means, “house”. So ecology is “the study of the house” the place where you live, or the environment which technically includes all those factors, both nonliving and living, that affect an organism. Ecology then is the study of the interactions of organisms in their environment includes both the living (biotic) and physical (abiotic) factors of the environment. It is also the science, which formulates and test hypotheses about environment.
Keywords: ecology, environment, organisms, science, interaction, affects, temperate deciduous forest

Ecology is the relationship, identification and analysis of problems common to all areas. Ecology studies the relationships between organisms and their environments and its responses to environmental change ( Aug. 2011). Ecology encompasses a wide range of considerations, such as the position of organisms in the food chain and the ability of organisms to survive and reproduce. There is a variety of environmental issues that impact ecosystems and the organisms that live within them.
Biomes are large, distinctive complex of plant communities created and maintained by climate, also known as ecoregions. A study published in 1999 concluded that there are 150 different "ecoregions" in North America alone ( August 2011). The temperate deciduous forest biome occupies most of the eastern part of the United States, including Ohio and a small strip of southern Ontario. The temperate deciduous forest is most notable because it has 4 seasons; winter, spring, summer and fall. Precipitation varies from 28 inches per year in the northwestern section of the biome to 60 inches per year in the southeastern part. In most areas the precipitation is distributed evenly throughout the year. Many well known animals live in this kind of forest; included, Eastern Gray Squirrel, bears,…...

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