In: Other Topics

Submitted By kingdon
Words 1685
Pages 7


Ns. Muhamad Adam, S.Kp, M.Kep.


asic life support atau bantuan hidup dasar (BHD) sudah sering diperkenalkan dalam situasi kegawatdaruratan. Dalam perkembangannya, metode BHD selalu mengalami penyempurnaan. BHD sangat bermanfaat bagi penyelamatan kehidupan mengingat dengan pemberian sirkulasi dan napas buatan secara sederhana, BHD memberikan asupan oksigen dan sirkulasi darah ke sistem tubuh terutama organ yang sangat vital dan sensitif terhadap kekurangan oksigen seperti otak dan jantung. Berhentinya sirkulasi beberapa detik sampai beberapa menit, asupan oksigen ke dalam otak terhenti, terjadi hipoksia otak yang yang mengakibatkan kemampuan koordinasi otak untuk menggerakkan organ otonom menjadi terganggu, seperti gerakan denyut jantung dan pernapasan. Penyelamatan ini akan sangat bermanfaat jika dilakukan sesegera mungkin dan sebaik mungkin. Lebih baik ditolong, walupun tidak sempurna daripada dibiarkan tanpa pertolongan. Pada saat henti napas, kandungan oksigen dalam darah masih tersedia sedikit, jantung masih mampu mensirkulasikannya ke dalam organ penting, terutama otak, jika pada situasi diberi bantuan pernapasan, kebutuhan jantung akan oksigen untuk metabolisme tersedia dan henti jantung dapat dicegah. Keterlambatan BHD 1 menit 3 menit 10 menit Peluang Keberhasilan (Hidup) 98 dari 100 korban 50 dari 100 korban 1 dari 100 korban

Kasus-kasus penyebab terjadinya henti jantung dan henti napas dapat terjadi kapan saja, dimana saja dan pada siapa saja. Contoh kasusnya antara lain adalah tenggelam, stroke, obstruksi jalan napas, menghirup asap, kercunan obat, tersengat listrik, tercekik, trauma, MCI (myocardial infarction) atau gagal jantung, dan masih banyak lagi. Kondisi diatas, ditandai dengan tidak terabanya denyut nadi karotis dan tidak adanya gerakan napas dada. Ketika American Heart Assocation (AHA) menetapkan…...

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