Federative Republic of Brazil

In: Other Topics

Submitted By naii9
Words 1625
Pages 7
Federative Republic of Brazil
My article will be about the Federative Republic of Brazil. First I will give a brief introduction about the history of the country.
Brazil is the only Latin American nation that derives its language and culture from Portugal. The native inhabitants mostly consisted of the nomadic Tupí-Guaraní Indians. Adm. Pedro Alvares Cabral claimed the territory for Portugal in 1500. The early explorers brought back a wood that produced a red dye, pau-brasil, from which the land received its name. Portugal began colonization in 1532 and made the area a royal colony in 1549.
During the Napoleonic Wars, King João VI, fearing the advancing French armies, fled Portugal in 1808 and set up his court in Rio de Janeiro. João was drawn home in 1820 by a revolution, leaving his son as regent. When Portugal tried to reimpose colonial rule, the prince declared Brazil's independence on Sept. 7, 1822, becoming Pedro I, emperor of Brazil. Harassed by his parliament, Pedro I abdicated in 1831 in favor of his five-year-old son, who became emperor in 1840 (Pedro II). The son was a popular monarch, but discontent built up, and in 1889, following a military revolt, he abdicated. Although a republic was proclaimed, Brazil was ruled by military dictatorships until a revolt permitted a gradual return to stability under civilian presidents.
President Wenceslau Braz cooperated with the Allies and declared war on Germany during World War I. In World War II, Brazil again cooperated with the Allies, welcoming Allied air bases, patrolling the South Atlantic, and joining the invasion of Italy after declaring war on the Axis powers.
After a military coup in 1964, Brazil had a series of military governments. Gen. João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo became president in 1979 and pledged a return to democracy in 1985. The election of Tancredo Neves on Jan. 15, 1985, the first…...

Similar Documents

Cultural Aspects of Doing Business in Brazil

...Cultural Aspects of Doing Business in Brazil When doing business in global environment, being aware of impact of cultural differences is one of the keys to international business success. Since cultural differences will affect you and your business success directly. Accordingly, knowing the cultural differences between target country where to startup business and home country is a significance factor to sustain the business. Here are some facts about Brazilian Cultures’ components. Brazil’s official name is Federative Republic of Brazil but even its citizens do not prefer using whole name. According to last research the population is roughly 200 million and estimated to be growing at about 1.6 percent per year. Young population has a significance share over population. Since 62% of Brazilians are under 29 years of age. Brazil has six climatic regions: tropical rainforest, tropical wet and dry, tropical monsoon, hot semiarid, humid subtropical and subtropical highland. Although most of Brazil lies in the tropics, more than 60 percent of the populations live in areas which are cooled either by altitude, sea winds or polar fronts. While the coastal cities of Rio de Janeiro, Recife and Salvador can get extremely hot, plateau cities such as São Paulo, Brasília and Belo Horizonte have mild climates, and the southern cities of Porto Alegre and Curitiba have mild winters. It is extremely important to know for foreign businessman because climate is as important as culture. For......

Words: 1070 - Pages: 5

Brazil Overview

...Brazil-A profile Geography and climate As the largest country in South America and the fifth largest in the world, Federative Republic of Brazil borders the Atlantic Ocean and shares a boundary with almost every country on the continent, except only Chile and Ecuador are not border each other. Brazil owns 8,511,965 square kilometers land area, which is slightly smaller than the U.S. The weather is mostly tropical, but temperate in South. Its terrain is diverse and varies from the rich south to the rainforest of the north; it also has some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt. The basin occupies more than 60% of the entire country and brings plentiful of rain, and summer is Brazil’s rainy season. History By adventurous leader Pedro Cabral, Brazil became a colony of Portuguese in 1550 and last for more than three centuries. Meanwhile, the indigenous native Indian has tapered. Brazil gained its independence on 7th September in 1822 with a constitutional monarchy, and abolished slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military next year. In 1985, populist and military government turned into civilian rulers peacefully. In 1988, Brazil National Congress brought forward and enacted a new constitution that upheld the presidential system while simultaneously spreading around political power. The Constitution is made up with 250 permanent articles and 94 provisional articles. Political and Legal system Brazil is formed of a......

Words: 727 - Pages: 3


...Introduction Brazil is the economic leader in South America. It is located in eastern South America bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Almost 85% of South American countries border Brazil. Most of the country is located below the equator and it has a total area of 8,511,965 square kilometers (Brazil Facts) making it the fifth largest country in the world behind the U.S. Brazil has a distinctive topography, in the north and west you can find the Amazon Basin with tropical-like weathers. Brazil is also facing deforestation losing about 52,000 square miles of amazon each year. In the south east of the country you will find its highlands and plateaus. Brazil also has a distinctive climate. The climate is generally classified into five subtypes: equatorial, tropical, semiarid, highland tropical and subtropical but 90% of the country is mostly considered tropical. (Climates of Brazil) Social Economic and Cultural Factors As for being the fifth largest country in the world land wise, Brazil is also the fifth largest country when it comes to population. According to the CIA Brazil’s population in 2012 was over two hundred million. 26.2% of the population in 2011 is between 0-14 years of age, 67% of the population in 2011 is between 15-64 years of age, and 6.7% of the population in 2011 is 65+ years of age.(CIA Fact book) Because Brazil was colonized by the Portuguese the primary language in this country is surprisingly Portuguese! Other slightly common languages you might also hear are...

Words: 1944 - Pages: 8

Brazil – Country Report

...Brazil – Country Report Introduction The country has been expanding its presence in international financial and commodities markets, and is one of a group of four emerging economies called the BRIC countries. Although struggling with social inequality and infrastructural deficits we think that Brazil is already a great world power. Also what attracted us to Brazil as a case study for this report is it’s exotic character. Not many people really know the extent of Brazil’s recent growth and improvements in social security and in overcoming poverty. We expect the labor force and operational costs to be low, like in the other emerging countries like China. However we take in to consideration higher costs involving security and bureaucracy. Chapter 1 – Short presentation of the country The Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest country in both South America and the Latin America Region. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population, with over 193 million people. It is the largest Lusophone country in the world, and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km. It is bordered on the north by Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and the French overseas region of French Guiana; on the northwest by Colombia; on the west by Bolivia and Peru; on the southwest by Argentina and Paraguay and on the south by Uruguay. Numerous archipelagos form part of Brazilian territory, such as......

Words: 8899 - Pages: 36

Mcdonalds Brazil

...Ventakaramany Individual Research Project McDonalds in Brazil November 24th 2013 McDonalds Introduction McDonald's is a company responsible for an international fast-food chain, being the second largest network in the world in the area, just behind Subway network. The term also refers to the brand of this company, which transcends and reveals inserted in contemporary mass culture. The network was founded in April 1955 in Illinois, USA. It currently sells about 190 burgers per second in the world, with a new store being opened every ten hours. Between 1955 and 1993, its 14,000 stores sold 80 billion sandwiches. Alongside brands like Coca-Cola McDonald's is considered one of the most widespread international symbols of capitalism. Its most famous product is the sandwich known as Big Mac. (http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/McDonald's) Arcos Dorados, the largest McDonald's franchise in the world, added profit of nearly $ 20 million in the third quarter of this year. In Brazil, the network operation achieved sales of 444.5 million dollars, similar to that achieved a year earlier amount. The Brazilian market represented, between the months of July to September, 44% of total company revenues, which totaled revenues of $ 1 billion in the period, up 6.2% compared to 2012. Currently, Arcos Dorados has almost 2,000 restaurants, 2,157 dessert centers and 344 McCafé units operating in 20 countries where it operates. In Brazil, the network has 762 units functioning. The company......

Words: 3065 - Pages: 13

Doing Business in Brazil

...oing Business in Brazil * Market Overview * Market Challenges * Market Opportunities * Market Entry Strategy Market Overview The Federative Republic of Brazil is Latin America's biggest economy and is the fifth largest country in the world in terms of land mass and population with about 192 million people. Brazil’s economy, the 6th largest in the world, grew 2.7% in 2011. Growth slowed due to reduced demand for Brazilian exports in Europe and Asia, despite solid domestic demand and a growing middle class. During the past decade, the country has maintained macroeconomic policies that controlled inflation and promoted economic growth. Inflation was at 6.5% in 2011, and urban unemployment reached a historic low of 6.0%. Interest rates, though high compared to the rest of the world, remained historically low at the Central Bank benchmark rate of 8.0% as of July 2012. In 2011, the U.S. was Brazil’s largest source of imports followed by China, Argentina, Germany, and South Korea. U.S. merchandise exports to Brazil in 2011 were US$42.9 billion, and U.S. imports from Brazil were US$31.3 billion. Market Challenges Brazil has a large and diversified economy that offers U.S. companies many opportunities to export their goods and services, and U.S. exports are increasing rapidly. Doing business in Brazil requires intimate knowledge of the local environment, including both the explicit as well as implicit costs of doing business (referred to as the “Custo......

Words: 845 - Pages: 4


...Brazil [pic] By:Megan Robinson [pic] Brazil is the 6th largest country in the world in size and the largest country in economy and size on the South American continent. While the country started under Portuguese rule for three centuries, Brazil took over its Independence in 1882. Brazil’s official language is Portuguese and the capital is Brasilia. The country is prodominatly known for the Amazon Rainforest. Brazil follows in size to the largest economy in the world, the United States of America.(The World Factbook) With Brazils growing economy they are doing things progressively more like the United States but still maintain some differences of their own. Families in America and Brazil in this current day are very similar. In Brazil the divorce rate has in the recent years hit and all time high. Divorce rates rose 36.8% in one year from 2009 to 2010. These increases were contributed to the ease of the divorce process that congress approved in 2009.This took their divorce rate to 1.8 per 1000 people.(Divorce Rate) However this number is still lower than that of the United States with a divorce rate of 4.9 per 1000 people.(Cherlin) When looking at fertility in Brazil, it has hit an all time low. According to a census in 2011, fertility fell to 1.94 children per woman. This is concerning because in order for Brazil to maintain their population women need to be conceiving on average of 2.1 children. Many factors are contributing to the decline in birth rate such as...

Words: 2534 - Pages: 11


...|[pic] |Brazil Country Profile |[pic] | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | ...

Words: 896 - Pages: 4

Strategic Implications from the People’s Republic of China’s Influence in the Americas: Potential Consequences Facing the United States, Brazil &Venezuela

...SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF SCIENCE IN BUSINESS MANAGEMENT & INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS J. Sebastian Smith The Bahamas October 2011 Title Strategic Implications from the People’s Republic of China’s Influence in the Americas: Potential Consequences facing the United States, Brazil &Venezuela Abstract This research seeks to examine the strategic implications facing the United States of America’s due to its benign interest in the Caribbean and Latin America (Americas) given the People’s Republic of China (China) increasing economic interest in the region. It is intended to first define the current security environment of the Americas and the relations between Brazil and Venezuela with that of the United States of America (United States) and China. Thereafter, China’s economic and domestic agenda in the Americas will be examined with hypotheses of the emerging global power potential growth success, challenges or possible collapse in her foreign policy. The likely consequences facing Brazil, Venezuela and the United States will also be examined. The assessment will be done across a continuum of China’s realized economic growth, development of hostile relations due to competition for scarce energy sources or possible collapse due to the country’s internal problems. Finally, the research seeks to encourage proactive thinking by the United States on China’s increasing political......

Words: 9457 - Pages: 38

Brazil Analysis

...Brazil, officially known as the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the fifth largest country in the world, in terms of both population and area, and the largest country in the Latin America and South America region. With a population of more than 200 million people, Brazil ranks seventh in the list of the largest economies in the world and is home to a variety of natural resources, natural environments and wildlife.. Brazil is one of the fastest growing markets in South America and the automaker wants to capitalize on the growth with its products. The Brazilian market is very similar to India and Bajaj motorcycles will surely see a demand in the commuter segment space. Brazil, which is hosting the World Cup this year, is slated to host the next Olympic Games in 2016. It has an estimated market of 2 million two-wheelers per annum. “Brazil is not only the largest market in Latin America but also technically different from other markets as it uses ethanol. Initially the company may bring in products from India or utilize the Columbian plant for Brazil. While eventually it plans to build a manufacturing facility in Brazil, Munjal did not give any specific timeline for doing so. “Besides we are also looking for a partner in Brazil,” he added. Cultural, Administrative, Geographic and Economic Analysis of Brazil Culture * Power Distance * Represents how employees with less power view power as being equal or not equal * Brazil ranks average with the majority of Latin......

Words: 851 - Pages: 4

Brazil & Gross Domestic Product

...Brazil & Gross Domestic Product ECON224-1102A-11: Macroeconomics May 22, 2011 Abstract As an employee of the World Bank, I have been asked to research an economic concern in a South American country and write a report on my findings. The country I selected is Brazil. I chose to research data sets for the economic concern, Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In this report I will discuss the relationship between GDP and Brazil’s economy and trends in data sets, which are supported with statistical evidence.   The Federative Republic of Brazil, commonly known as Brazil, is the largest country in South America and the world's fifth largest country by geographical area and by population. With over 190 million people it is the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world and the only one in the Americas. There are only two countries in South America that Brazils borders do not touch, Ecuador and Chile. “Its current Constitution defines Brazil as a Federal Republic,” (Wikipedia, 2011). According to the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank (2011), the Brazilian economy is the world's fastest growing ranking as the eighth largest economy at market exchange rates and the seventh largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). Its current GDP (PPP) per capita is $10,200, putting Brazil in the 64th position according to World Bank data. The gross domestic product (GDP) is one of the measures of national income and input for a given country's economy. GDP is defined as the...

Words: 993 - Pages: 4


...Beauty of Business in Brazil Unknown to so many, South America is a very robust and expanding region with a population reaching close to 200 million native people as well as foreign population. South America has a very tropical climate, and the primary language in South America is Portuguese. Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world, and the largest country in Latin America. Brazil is an economically growing country located in northeastern part of South America. Brazil gained its independence from Portugal in 1822. Years later, in 1888 slavery was abolished in the nation. The next year in 1889, The Brazilian Republic was established. Brazil is well-known as the world’s leader in coffee production and exportation. Brazil produces one third of the world’s total coffee production. The country has held this position in the coffee market for 150 years. In 1982, Brazil held the world’s largest debt at the time. In 1986, the country put forth a plan to control inflation (BBC News. 2012). The country has come a long way since last century. Brazil’s economy is now ranked seventh in the world related to nominal GDP and the seventh largest in terms of purchasing power and value of the Brazil’s currency. In 2012, the country’s gross domestic product was 2.253 trillion US dollars. According to BBC News, Brazil’s economy growth has doubled from the expected rate in the final quarter of 2013. This growth was surprising considering the Countries economy declined......

Words: 1240 - Pages: 5

Doing Business with Brazil

...Doing Business in Brazil Transfer Paper: International Management Project: Investing in Real Estate Florent Carayon 1 1 – What is the Business Environment in Brazil? a) Over all idea about the country: The word "Brazil" comes from Brazil wood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast. * Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population. • • • • • • • • • • • • Capital: Brasília Dialling code: +55 Currency: Brazilian real President: Dilma Rousseff Official language: Portuguese Life expectancy: 74 Over All Idea about the Country Currency: Brazilian real (BRL, R$) Population Total: 200.4 Million Fiscal year: Calendar year Trade organisations: Unasul, WTO, Mercosur, G-20 and others GDP: $ 2.246 Trillion (2013), rank: 7th GDP growth: 2.3%. b) Business environment: The Federal Republic of Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world in terms of population (196 million) and size. It is the 8th largest economy (by GDP – purchasing power parity) in the world. Already the 8th largest economy in the world, Brazil has undoubtedly arrived at an important crossroads. Not only is its population rising by approximately two million people a year, but the inexorable shift towards mass urbanisation continues unabated. UN estimates predict that by 2015, 33...

Words: 3203 - Pages: 13


...APRIL 2007 Doing Business in Brazil ERNST & YOUNG DOING BUSINESS IN BRAZIL CONTENT SUMMARY B7 - Essential Industries .................................................. 13 B8 - Energy and Natural Resources ............................. 13 A B9 - Foreign Trade ............................................................... 13 Trade Balance ............................................................... 13 Exports and Imports ..................................................... 13 Trading Partners ........................................................... 14 A1 - Regulatory Constraints and Relief ........................ 6 Regional and International Trading Associations ........ 14 Exchange Background ................................................... 6 Exchange Controls ........................................................ 6 Foreign Ownership of Business .................................... 6 Foreign Ownership of Real State .................................. 6 A2 - Government Attitude and Incentives ................... 7 C Government Attitude to Foreign Investment ................. 7 Foreign Investment Government Financial Incentives .................................. 7 A3 - Tax System ..................................................................... 7 C1 - Exchange Controls .................................................... 14 Remittance of Dividends and Profits ........................... 14 Corporate Income......

Words: 37093 - Pages: 149

Bershka in Brazil

...Nuova Accademia di Belli Arti Milano BERSHKA IN BRAZIL José Contreras Julia Avancini Maria José Gonzales Marina Gallati Fashion Marketing Communication Milano/2012 THE BRAND Bershka is one of the brands from the Inditex Group (which the sales represents 10% of the company), focus in the young public which like street style, music and art. The brand was created in April 1998 with a new conception of fast fashion and store, selling clothes just for women. In 2002 the company started to produce men collection too. The brand can be a reference point for fashion targeting because in just 2 years has consolidated its brand image with 100 shops. Nowadays the brand has 785 stores in 54 countries, and shopping at Bershka offeres the newest and hippest 21st century trends to their clients. MISSION The reason why Bershka exist is to offer to their consumers the best trends of the fast fashion world with an urban style, bringing new products to the stores in a short time. Therefore, the brand wakes the desire of buy in their clients, because is updating frequently and offering new products with different design all week. ENVIRONMENT Brazil is a country that is growing in a lot of aspects, especially economic facts. With a World Cup in 2014 and the Oplympics in 2016, all world are paying attention and thinking in ways to invest there. Not only have that, but the media (movie and television) focused attention in the country in the last years too.......

Words: 4020 - Pages: 17

Devil Hunter Yohko OVA | ROGAINE MEN'S FOAM (3 MONTH SUPPLY) 5% minoxidil topical 3 6 9 for men regaine | Minecraft - PS4