Gelatin

In: Business and Management

Submitted By saandeepchandra
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Leather Industry Capability Map

The Australian Industry

The Australian leather industry consists of bovine (cattle), kangaroo and sheepskin tanning industries (either part or fully processed). The overall leather industry employs around 2700 people in Australia and has close to $1 billion in revenue. The vast majority of this is from the export of pre-tanned or raw hides which in 2010 was close to $700 million.

Production

Leather is a textile product made from the skin of animals that has been chemically treated or ‘tanned’ to give it desirable properties such as resilience, flexibility and a whole range of specifications that can be required by end users.

The main raw material for leather, the skins or hides, is essentially a by-product of animals slaughtered for meat. A typical skin in its raw state is worth only a fraction of the total value of an animal, so livestock are slaughtered according to market conditions for meat rather than the demand for leather.

Australia has large herds of cattle and sheep as well as a large wild kangaroo population giving it a natural advantage in the availability, locally, of a naturally recurring raw material resource which constitutes a significant proportion of the total cost of production. Australia produces approximately 8 million cattle, 24 million sheep and 1.5 million kangaroo hides per annum based on available slaughter numbers.

However, Australian finished leather producers must compete with international manufacturers for the raw and semi-processed or wet blue hides. As overseas manufacturers can produce leather cheaper than domestic manufacturers it puts a price pressure on local manufacturers who may find it difficult to match prices for raw hides.

Australian manufacturers are subject to stringent environmental controls, and given the heavy use of chemicals in the…...

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Results/Analysis of Diffusion Lab

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Shortage of Gelatin in India

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The Chemistry of Powder and Explosives

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Microbiology

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Abstract

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.Aaaa

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Observation of Catabolic Ability of Protease in Different Fruit Juice with Gelatin and the Optimal Operational Condition for Protease in Pineapple Juice

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