General Outlook of Iraq

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Qabale2Tari
Words 4790
Pages 20
MASENO UNIVERSITY
School of development and strategic studies

DEPARTMENT: International relations and Diplomacy with IT

COURSE: Middle East in International Relations

COURSE CODE: DIR 307

LECTURER: Ms Cyprine Aduogo

YEAR OF STUDY: 3rd year, 1st semester

TASK: Group Work

DATE OF PRESENTATION: 1st October 2012
QUESTION: DESCRIBE THE GENERAL OUTLOOK OF IRAQ

GROUP MEMBERS

NAMES REG NO SIGNITURE
1. Tari Elizabeth Qabale DS/0002/010
2. Sessia Sammy Kipyegon DS/3005/010

INTRODUCTION

Country formal name: Republic of Iraq and the local long form is (Jamhuriyyat al-Iraq)
Convectional short form: Iraq and the local short form is al-Iraq
Continent: Asia
Country Motto: Allahu-Akbar (God is the Greatest)
National Anthem: Mawtini (My Homeland)
National symbol: Golden Eagle
Terms for citizens: Iraqi(s)
Capital city: Baghdad which lies in the center east of the country and actually the largest city.
Current president: Jalal Talabani
Current Prime Minister: Nouri Al-Maliki

Year of independence: From United Kingdom on 3rd October 1932 and was declared a republic on 14th July 1958.
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Historically, Iraq was known in Europe by the Greek troponin ‘Mesopotamia’ meaning the land between the rivers. Iraq has been home to numerous civilizations since 6th century BC. The ruins of Ur, Babylon and other ancient cities are situated in Iraq as well as the legendary location of the Garden of Eden. The region between Tigris and Euphrates rivers is identified as the cradle of civilization and the birthplace of writing and the wheel. The water from these two rivers as well as the fertility of the soil in the alluvial plain and the delta allowed early agriculture to sustain the population as early as 6 BC. Once known as Mesopotamia, Iraq was the site of…...

Similar Documents

Iraq & Vietnam

...Events in Iraq have prompted some people on the left to make comparisons to the American experience in the Vietnam War. These people argue that the United States has put itself into an in-extractable “quagmire” from which there is no feasible withdrawal. This type of reasoning by historical comparison is not wise because no two historical events are completely alike. In the case of Iraq and Vietnam, extreme caution should be exercised in comparing two wars so far apart in historical circumstances, geography, and time. It becomes pretty obvious that the differences between the two conflicts greatly outnumber the similarities. This is especially true in the strategic and military dimensions of the two wars. There is simply no comparison between the environment, the scale of military presence, losses incurred over time, the quality of enemy resistance, the role and scope of enemy allies, and the duration of open warfare style combat. There are, however, two political parts of the Iraq and Vietnam wars that are similar in nature: our attempts at nation-building in a foreign culture, and our trying to sustaining domestic popular support in a long and drawn out war against insurgents. Policymakers should have an understanding of the reasons for U.S. political failure in South Vietnam, as well as for the Johnson and Nixon administrations’ failure to sustain popular support for the accomplishment of U.S. military objectives in Vietnam. A repeat of those failures in Iraq could......

Words: 3524 - Pages: 15

The Iraq War

...The Iraq War: An Avoidable Situation Introduction Iraq has generally never been a nation at peace, but that did not stop the United States from exacerbating those problems. Following the attacks of September 11 and the invasion of Iraq in 2003 the United States’ actions and counter terrorism strategy created an insurgency that set them up for a long and arduous war. Through what appeared to be a rushed planning process the United States entered Iraq and acted as if they wanted to worsen their situation. This paper will look at how the ordinances passed during the first year in Iraq, due to Paul Bremer’s lack of knowledge concerning counter-insurgency, made the United States government reconsider their strategy in Iraq. These actions combined with a growing resentment towards United States occupancy and Shi’a and Sunni insurgencies caused the United States to change its course of action towards counter-insurgency. The civil war that was beginning only added to the problem. Quickly, they wrote two new field manuals on counter-insurgency and with successful campaigns, led by General Petraeus, regained some stability in the war-torn nation. Background A decade before the War on Terror and the subsequent invasion of Iraq under the Bush regime, there was the Gulf War. Following the Iraqi defeat at the hands of a USA led, United Nations backed force there were strict sanctions placed on weapons, the military, and oil reserves in Iraq. Also, following this conflict, a......

Words: 4916 - Pages: 20

Budget Outlook

...CBO The Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2013 to 2023 Percentage of GDP 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 1940 1945 Actual Projected 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 Federal Debt Held by the Public Trillions of 2005 dollars 20 18 16 14 12 10 0 2000 2004 2008 Potential GDP GDP Actual Projected Percent 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2000 Actual Projected 2012 2016 2020 2024 2004 2008 2012 2016 2020 2024 GDP and Potential GDP Unemployment Rate FEBRUARY 2013 Notes Numbers in the text and tables may not add up to totals because of rounding. Unless otherwise indicated, years referred to in describing the budget outlook are federal fiscal years (which run from October 1 to September 30) and years referred to in describing the economic outlook are calendar years. The figures in Chapter 2 have white vertical bars that indicate the duration of recessions. (A recession extends from the peak of a business cycle to its trough.) The economic forecast was completed in mid-January 2013, and the estimates of 2012 values shown in tables and figures in Chapter 2 and Appendix B are based on information available at that time. Supplemental data for this analysis and the historical budget data that are usually included in this report are available on CBO’s Web site (www.cbo.gov). CBO Pub. No. 4649 Contents Summary 1 1 2 A B The Budget Outlook Key Budgetary......

Words: 44343 - Pages: 178

International Business Venture to Iraq

...March 8, 2013 Building a Foreign Business Venture in Iraq Table of Contents Natural resources and Environmental Sustainability 3 Socio – Cultural Forces 6 Economic and Socioeconomic Forces 9 Competitive and Distributive Forces 13 Political Forces 16 Appendix 19 Bibliography 21 Natural Resources and Environmental Sustainability Iraq is located in Western Asia in an area known as the Middle East. It is bordered by six countries as follows; Turkey, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Syria. It doesn’t have a very long coastline but it does border the Persian Gulf for a stretch of thirty-six miles. Iraq consists of 169,235 square miles which is mostly made up of desert but also has mountain regions in the northern part of the country between Iran and Turkey but also has some marsh lands in the southern part of the country along the borders. The climate is fairly similar to that of the high desert region in California where the mountainous regions have colder winters that drop down to 39 degrees and in the summer months the desert averages 111 degrees. The capital city of Iraq which is also the largest city in the country is Baghdad and has a population just exceeding thirty million people. There are really only two major natural resources that are found in Iraq which are petroleum and natural gas. Iraq has the second largest reserve of oil in the Middle East following Saudi Arabia, amounting to 112 billion......

Words: 6184 - Pages: 25

Generals

...Generals had all the financial tools needed to win a non-winnable war in Iraq and Afghanistan. . The United States never told a general that they could not have limitations financially .The so call budget for the War on terrorism rose year every after year from 2003 to 2008 and then leveled off after the surge. The War on terrorism is un winable because there is no way to judge the outcome since it needs a constant security for the United States. You would have to have no threats or acts against the Untied States for they’re to be true success. Over the last 12 years we have had a budget over 6 trillion Dollars to fight the Afghanistan and Iraq War. I group the two campaigns into one War since it is the War on terrorism. The mount is a extraordinary amount in our history of Wars the United States have spent 7 times more than the Vietnam War and a couple trillion and counting over the World War II. The money was spent on many thing to include training , man power, contracting, technology, and expansion with the area of operations. The helped the The Bushies started preparing us for an endless war just days after the 9/11 attack. In his most important policy speech, on September 20, 2001, the president called the war on terrorism "a task that does not end." A few days earlier, Dick Cheney said: "There's not going to be an end date when we're going to say, 'There, it's all over with.''' Donald Rumsfeld agreed that we "surely will not" eliminate terrorism......

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Economic Outlook

...12 FIGURE S1.13 Model-based pass-through rate: lag structure and dispersion of country estimates Pass-through rate higher in developing countries, more limited for inflation targeters Correlation of pass-through rates with inflation/currency trends across developing countries Estimated effect of currency developments on regional inflation Exchange rate impact on current inflation (April 2014) across developing countries Inflation change from 2012 to 2013: actual and model predictions Outlook for inflation in developing country (exc. China) and main contributing factors Currency-related pressures still building up in 2014 across most regions Monetary policy, inflation and recent currency trends across developing countries 91 92 92 93 93 93 94 94 94 TABLE 1.1 TABLE 1.2 TABLE B1.5.1 TABLE B1.6.1 TABLE 2.1 TABLE 2.2 TABLE 2.3 TABLE 2.4 TABLE 2.5 TABLE 2.6 TABLE 2.7 TABLE 2.8 TABLE 2.9 TABLE 2.10 TABLE 2.11 TABLE 2.12 TABLE 2.13 TABLE 2.14 TABLE 2.15 TABLE 2.16 TABLE 2.17 The global outlook in summary Net financial flows to developing countries ($ billions) Estimated impact of recent improvements in global financing conditions on capital flows to developing countries (percentage point difference from January 2014 GEP explained by updated financial market assumptions) Baseline impacts from the Ukraine crisis on the global economy Net capital flows to East Asia and the Pacific ($billions) East Asia and the Pacific forecast summary East Asia and the Pacific country......

Words: 103843 - Pages: 416

Iraq

...Introduction Hassig and Al Adely argue in their book known as Iraq: Culture of the world, that Iraq has been a major discussion featured in news all over the world in the last ten years of the 20th century and in the early years of the 21st century. Its ancient history has fascinated and owed many though triggering the international community to have many negative reactions. In ancient days, Iraq was known as Mesopotamia meaning “land between two rivers-the Euphrates and the Tigris” with Arabs, Sumerians, Turks and Babylonians contributing to the prosperity of the country. This has made Iraq to be known as “the cradle of civilization.” They later discuss Iraq's climate, geography, fauna, governance, economy, flora and the country's history as discussed below. Geography Iraq's geography is made of mountains in the north, marshland on river banks and deserts in the south. The Iraq terrain is rugged seen in the citizens who live in poverty and war though still holding to their religion, beliefs, customs and interests. The country's geographical location is in the south western region of Asia. Iraq's fertile land is found between the two rivers which has supported agriculture for many years. Although besides the lands fertility, the country's topography and vegetation is changing drastically with west and southern parts changing into deserts and the north transforming into cold mountainous regions. There are steppe desert plains towards the west. This makes the place to......

Words: 1009 - Pages: 5

Iraq

...To be successful in Iraq, and in any war for that matter, our use of force must be tied to a political objective more complete than the ouster of a regime. To date, that has not happened in Iraq. It is time it did. In the past week the situation in Iraq has taken a dramatic turn for the worse. While we may have differed on how we went to war, Americans of all political persuasions are united in our determination to succeed. The extremists attacking our forces should know they will not succeed in dividing America, or in sapping American resolve, or in forcing the premature withdrawal of U.S. troops. Our country is committed to help the Iraqis build a stable, peaceful and pluralistic society. No matter who is elected president in November, we will persevere in that mission. But to maximize our chances for success, and to minimize the risk of failure, we must make full use of the assets we have. If our military commanders request more troops, we should deploy them. Progress is not possible in Iraq if people lack the security to go about the business of daily life. Yet the military alone cannot win the peace in Iraq. We need a political strategy that will work. Over the past year the Bush administration has advanced several plans for a transition to democratic rule in Iraq. Each of those plans, after proving to be unworkable, was abandoned. The administration has set a date (June 30) for returning authority to an Iraqi entity to run the country, but there is......

Words: 720 - Pages: 3

Outlook

...Quick Start Guide Microsoft Outlook 2013 looks different from previous versions, so we created this guide to help you minimize the learning curve. Make it yours Customize Outlook. Choose different color schemes and different backgrounds, and synchronize them with your other computers. Search You can search a folder, subfolders, even other mailboxes. Manage message tasks in the Message List Categorize, Flag, or Delete messages right where they live—in the Message List. Backstage view Click the File tab to open the Backstage view, where you add account and change settings. Do more in the To-Do Bar The To-Do Bar displays the date navigator, your appointments, people, and your task list. Reply from the reading pane Reply and Forward right from the reading pane. Write a reply in the reading pane, too. Peek See a quick view of your Calendar, People, and Tasks. Even see upcoming appointments. People pane See details about everyone in the To, From, or Cc lines for each message. First things first: Add your account Before you can send or receive messages, you have to connect your email account. If your company uses Microsoft Exchange, Outlook 2013 will attempt to set up your email account for you. If you use Internet-based email (such as Hotmail, Gmail, or Yahoo!), enter your name, email address, and password to set up your account. Change the Office Theme We’ve redesigned Office 2013 to provide a clean, uncluttered experience — like a blank piece of paper.......

Words: 770 - Pages: 4

General Outlook for Managerial Challenges

...The problems now a day for manager to deal with issues, implementing changes has to be boil down to their management skills in tackling with issues. Such Things occurs will have minor or major impact on employees and these issues can be a huge factors leading to employees dissatisfaction. These can also cause employees that maybe resist to changes come into conflict with management. All these can be boil down to These changes when it happen: New management taking over, new Join Venture, removing current and adding new rules Implement, company not going the right directions for making money economy crisis. What are the impacts? Downsizing of employees, Cutting wages, Cutting Bonus, Cutting Benefits. All these can lead into strikes. Some of the common problems that happen to these are lack of planning, lack of understanding of staff’s needs ,lack of understanding the cultural and miscommunications etc. The some of the best solutions to solve these issue are looking some examples of theories like, The abraham maslow theories. Employees need these to supports their needs .Till today, the hierarchy of Needs theory remains valid today for understanding human motivation, management training, and personal development. Indeed, Maslow's ideas surrounding the Hierarchy of Needs concerning the responsibility of employers to provide a workplace environment that encourages and enables employees to fulfil their own unique potential (self-actualization) are today more relevant......

Words: 372 - Pages: 2

Iraq

...A moment for truth as Britain exits Iraq Gordon Brown says British troops will leave Iraq by July. But after six years of occupation, 178 British deaths, as well as countless Iraqi casualties, there is growing pressure for an independent inquiry into the causes, conduct and cost of war By Andrew Grice, Political Editor Thursday, 18 December 2008 [pic] PA Prime Minister Gordon Brown lays a wreath at the Basra Airbase war memorial in southern Iraq Politicians from across the political divide will today demand an inquiry into the cost, causes and conduct of Britain's operations in Iraq as Gordon Brown returns home after announcing the final withdrawal of troops from the country by July. Opposition parties believe Mr Brown may allow the long-delayed inquiry to begin next summer but that it will not report until after the next general election, which could be as late as June 2010. Mr Brown will make a statement on Iraq to Parliament today. The Ministry of Defence (MoD) told The Independent that the cost of British operations in Iraq since the 2003 invasion has been £7.836bn – the equivalent of £3.7m a day. Critics say that would be enough to fund 25,200 teachers for 10 years and to build 107 new hospitals. The final bill will increase before the pullout of the remaining 4,100 troops. Some defence experts also say the Government's figure understates the true cost of the Iraq operation. The MoD admits that it does not include payments to the families of the 178 servicemen...

Words: 825 - Pages: 4

Iraq

...Alqosh, Iraq—The 800-year-old synagogue believed to house the tomb of thebiblical prophet Nahum could become the next victim of Iraq's ancient and modern conflicts. The crumbling stone walls, weakened by weeds sprouting from cracks, tilt precariously over a sidewalk; the decorative buttresses that prop up the pockmarked roof appear ready to cave in. To keep the historic structure from collapsing, authorities have erected a makeshift metal awning to shield it from the fierce winds that whip across the storied Nineveh Plains. They have strung rusty coils of barbed wire around its perimeter to discourage worship in the synagogue for fear of falling masonry, and they have tried to plug some holes with gravel and sand. But with no active preservation effort, the tomb seems condemned to a slow, weather-induced death. It's an unexceptional plight in Iraq, where more than 12 years of near-unbroken violence have inflicted irreparable damage on many cultural sitesand compromised the government's limited attempts to safeguard the country's heritage. But the circumstances that have conspired against what is believed by many to be the resting place of Nahum, a holy man from the seventh century B.C., illustrate the challenges that conservationists face in salvaging architectural riches in conflict zones. Even by ancient standards, Nahum's life is poorly documented—it's not even certain where he's buried (a village south of Jerusalem also lays claim to him). His supposed prediction of......

Words: 1421 - Pages: 6

Iraq

...June 4, 2007,  9:30 pm What a Way to Come Home By Michael Jernigan My name is Mike Jernigan. I am a United States Marine Corps corporal who was medically retired in December of 2005. I served in Iraq for six months out of a seven month deployment. I was blinded by a roadside bomb on August 22, 2004 during a patrol near the town of Mahmudiya. Coming home was wild ride. I was medevac’d to the 31st Combat Support Hospital in Baghdad. A few hours after I was airlifted my godfather, an Army colonel who was in Iraq, came to my bedside to sit with me for as long as he could. Upon hearing the news of my injury, my mother had immediately called his home in the states. She reached his wife and was told he was out of the country. But he quickly got the message over in Iraq and a few hours later drove over to the hospital. From there he became my mother’s eyes and ears. He held his satellite phone up to my ear while I was lying in a medically induced coma so that my mother could talk to me. I learned later that during these times my blood pressure would rise. The doctor had said that was a good sign; it meant I still had some brain activity. I was later transferred to Landstuhl, Germany where I was met by my father. At the time he was working in Stuttgart, just a few hours away. I was there for two days receiving more surgeries to stabilize me. It was a very touch-and-go situation. I was told I flatlined a few times on the operating table, which was a very stressful time......

Words: 902 - Pages: 4

Iraq & Vietnam

...Iraq & Vietnam: A comparison and contrast Kirkland Young HUMN 410 Professor Harris 11/17/09 Introduction Many pundits who opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq now compare it to the invasion of Vietnam by viewing the daily attacks on U.S. soldiers as indications of repeating mistakes that were made in Vietnam. In their view, “the United States has yet again stumbled into a foreign quagmire – a protracted and indecisive political and military struggle from which they are not likely to remove themselves without considerable loss of life and currency.” (Terrill, p. 1) However, profound differences separate the domestic and international objectives of the Vietnam and Iraq wars even though there are many similarities these similarities can be misleading. The Vietnam War was over the spread of communism in the Indochina region of the world. The French and the Japanese had been thoroughly conquered by the Vietnamese led by a Ho Chi Minh who had an overwhelming amount of support from his compatriots. In 1954 the president of the U.S.A. attempted to divide the country of Vietnam into two opposing governments. Selecting a former Vietnamese official named Ngo Dinh Diem and planting him in South Vietnam to oppose the elections that would unite the country. This was done because an intelligence estimate showed that the election would be won by Ho Chi Minh and thus would give “control of the associated states (Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam) in the region – the three......

Words: 1515 - Pages: 7

Iraq Project

...Iraq Monica Brown History January 23, 2012 Mr. Fitzsimmons Fact sheet National name: Al Jumhuriyah al Iraqiyah Current government officials Languages: Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian Ethnicity/race: Arab 75%–80%, Kurdish 15%–20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5% Religions: Islam 97% (Shiite 60%–65%, Sunni 32%–37%), Christian or other 3% National Holiday: Revolution Day, July 17 Literacy rate: 74% (2003 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $112 billion; per capita $3,600. Real growth rate: 4.3%. Inflation: 6.8%. Unemployment: 15.2%. Arable land: 13%. Agriculture: wheat, barley, rice, vegetables, dates, cotton; cattle, sheep, poultry. Labor force: 7.4 million; agriculture n.a., industry n.a., services n.a. Industries: petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur. Exports: $38 billion (2009): crude oil (83.9%), crude materials excluding fuels (8.0%), food and live animals (5.0%). Imports: $55.4 billion (2009): food, medicine, manufactures. Major trading partners: U.S., Spain, Italy, Canada, Syria, Turkey, Jordan (2006). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.547 million (2005); mobile cellular: 10.9 million (2007). Radio broadcast stations: after 17 months of unregulated media growth, there are approximately 80 radio stations on the air inside...

Words: 3933 - Pages: 16

TAPPETI TAPPETINI GOMMA Spacetourer / Traveller / ProAce Verso II dal 2016 | The Room 1.07 Cracked APK | Download Now