Gentrification and the Rise of Ghettoes

In: Social Issues

Submitted By maristaughtem
Words 936
Pages 4
Page 1 Soc 3

Throughout the 1900’s, the nature of the city/urban neighborhood has become dramatically different. As the decades went by, many changes have occurred in the racial and wealth aspects of the communities in these cities. Racial aspects include The Great Migration, which was an extreme relocation of many African-Americans from southern states, such as Alabama, Louisiana, and Misssisssippi, to northern cities, such as Cleveland, Boston, Baltimore, and New York City. Gentrification, which is the upscaling of a neighborhood, is another factor, one of which that is fueled by an inflow of investment in a particular area.
The Great Migration took place in the 1900’s, between 1910 to around 1970. An estimated six million African-Americans moved from southern states into the North and Midwest cities. Some historians differentiate between a Great Migration (1910–30), numbering about 1.6 million migrants, and a Second Great Migration (1940 to 1970), in which 5 million or more people moved and to a wider variety of destinations. This was mostly brought on by the continuous violence against blacks in the south. Even though they were free and segregation laws were passed, they were still denied many opportunities that whites were entitled to. For example, the right to vote and own homes. The number of blacks lynched rose significantly due to the passing of the Jim Crow laws. The south was not a place the blacks wanted to raise a 2 family. The North also offered many opportunities, such as better schools and the right of black men to vote. The Northern industries, such as meat-packing, stockyards, and railroads recruited a high number of blacks, making jobs easier to acquire than in the south.
Urban neighborhoods include ghettos, a term originally used for the description of neighborhoods consisting almost entirely of Jewish people.…...

Similar Documents

Gentrification

...concentrating on using gentrification indicators as a framework to examine and analyse changes to predict the gentrification within community neighbourhoods, to find a solution for an investment company to find an area, which has a potential to become gentrified. The objectives of this programme is to establish and point out the factors influencing gentrification within any town in the world, in this case in United Kingdom, that may be going through gentrification process – changes that result when wealthier people acquire or rent property in low income and working class communities (Grant, 2003). The research needs to be carried out to establish what factors cause gentrification, to examine demographic shifts, how to control gentrification etc...There are two wider areas with main issues that we need to be concentrating, when researching gentrification: Production-supply of 'gentrifiable' property; the workings of housing and land markets; spatial flows of capital and the 'rent-gap'; role of public and private finance; 'uneven development' (Slater, 2000). Consumption- The characteristics of the 'pool of gentrifiers'; 'new middle-class' ideology; consumer demand and consumption practices; (counter) cultural politics; the roles of race, gender and sexuality; education, occupational change and household composition (Slater, 2000). This section brought out the objectives of this paper, next I am giving a brief overview on the background and significance of gentrification.......

Words: 2324 - Pages: 10

Rudeness on the Rise

...I remember when people use to say things like: Thank you, your welcome, excuse me, and may I help you. These days, I hear much of nothing from people in this order. Rudeness seems to be everywhere we look. Someone cuts someone else off on the highway, and that is responded by a rude hand gesture. People stand in line for fifteen minutes at the concession stand at the movies, and when a new cash register opens up, people who just got in line rush to beat the people who have been waiting a long time. People jockey for positions in grocery store lines as if they and their grocery carts were in the Indy 500 and you wonder if rudeness is on the rise. The one thing all these incidents have in common is that they have been committed by strangers against other strangers. It is particularly ironic to see a rise in rudeness during the holiday rush. Whether one celebrates Christmas or another holiday at that period of time, most people winter holidays as a time to celebrate the joy of having family and friends around. People often put great effort into finding the right gifts for loved ones, to turn around, push, shove and, talk sharply to the sales clerks trying to help them. We see those looking for ways to share joy with loved ones, lash out at total strangers. Thank God, there still seems to be some limits to rudeness for most people. Some know that if they actually assault someone, they can be arrested for assault. It’s sad to say not all have this understanding and cross the......

Words: 669 - Pages: 3

Gentrification

...Gentrification should be illegal unless all parties owning property, not just land, agree with the organization that is attempting to obtain the area. The laws should be that, any resident living there that cannot afford to pay the increased rent be compensated towards other housing and acceptable living situations. Gentrification should benefit everyone involved, not just the wealthy in sacrifice of the less fortunate. Gentrification has good attentions on paper, but people are willing to hurt others for benefit. Gentrification should be considered illegal if all parties involved do not agree to it. Although the definition of gentrification may seem that this act is good for the targeted community by bring more revenue and money into the area and decreasing the crime rate, it does have a negative effect. Not all homeowners and renters are willing to leave the land and area that that they have resided on for many years. In most cases the people’s voices are not really heard if the local government agrees to gentrify the community. People that own property that has been a part of the neighborhood for years should have more say on the decisions in the process. Once you live somewhere for so long it is unethical to force people out for the benefit of money and more attraction. However, if gentrification cannot be stopped then any resident who cannot afford to live in the area after the cost of rent is raised should be compensated to help them find new and acceptable living.......

Words: 500 - Pages: 2

Gentrification

...How do residents from the Brooklyn area survive gentrification? Introduction Neighborhoods can change in many different forms by social polarization, political factors, and integration of new neighbors or departure of long-time folks. These changes around a specific area are sum up as gentrification. The renewal of neighborhood environments that transform and attract middle and upper-class households and investors, creating problems for those who cannot afford rises of rents. However, what cause some dwellers to remain in their homes despite the rise of property values? Or how lower-class populations persist in gentrified zones? With the aid of federal and government institutions, low-income characters would not be able to continue living in their homes. Even though the process of restoration can result in the increase of the cost of life, some dwellers opt to remain in Green Point, Brooklyn because they enforce a number of methods, such as Section 8, Low Interest Rate programs and rent regulation, to fight displacement. Definition Generally speaking, gentrification is a two-edge process that usually pushes long-time dwellers from a neighborhood as the upgrading or improvement of the urban environment takes place around this specific neighborhood. In other words, residents opt to move out of the neighborhood because of the rise of rents, property value, and the renovation of the stock housing, which usually ends up with the replacement of the lower class with the middle......

Words: 1617 - Pages: 7

Gentrification

...1 of 5 ! GENTRIFICATION (What is it ? How does it affect my neighborhood?) 2 of 5 Gentrification is a process associated with the economic and cultural improvement to a formerly distressed and disinvested neighborhood, through the migration of middle and upper class households. This process is not modern but continual. In 1962, gentrification began in Brooklyn Heights, a historical neighborhood located a quick ride across the Brooklyn or Manhattan Bridge with an abundance of rental units housing immigrant families. Aesthetically not a desirable neighborhood but for a young professional working in lower Manhattan, the reasonable real estate prices left something to be desired. Welcoming the middle - class for working - class displacement , as writing in (Lees, L. (2003). Super-gentrification: the case of Brooklyn Heights, New York City. Urban Studies (Routledge), 40(12), 2487-2509.) an interview with an anonymous Gentrifier “D” a young lawyer who purchased a small four story brownstone in Brooklyn Heights for 28,000 dollars. The house was divided into 3 apartments consisting of the Basement Level, Parlor Floor and Second Floor. When the house was purchased there were 2 families renting in the building, one family left voluntarily, while the other family was a working class Irish family, who was later evicted by” Gen D” due to his expanding family, this is an example of the working class displacement, unable to purchase due to lack of sufficient income. Gen D, later in the...

Words: 1218 - Pages: 5

Rise of the West

...Critical Analysis: Rise of the West There are many theories and ideas of how western civilization became the way it is today. While some scholars believe it is in one influence of another region, many others can argue that it is certainly just the way the world is supposed to work out. We, as humans, have no control over how our surrounding civilization will turn out nor would we be able to alter many thing that have happened in the past. Robert Marks provides his own examples and theories to prove that other regions such as India and China have a significant part in the outcome of the west. The ideas of Eurocentrism, contingency, accident theories and conjuncture are all theories that are mentioned throughout the narrative to allow readers to understand the point of view the author is coming from. The narrative points out examples and ideas of many scholars who have their own opinions of the rise of the west and the many influences that surround it. Not only does the author of the narrative explain his own views and opinions, but he uses evidence from scholars such as Karl Marx and Freidrich Engels to support his claim as well. "The Rise of the west" is a narrative that provides many examples of how the west was influenced by many other regions and not solely just on European culture. In the narrative, Marks seeks to expand his ideas on how he believes that the world's western civilization was created and influenced by other cultures rather than just one region, Europe....

Words: 1324 - Pages: 6

The Rise of the Papacy

...CHHI-301-D10 LUO FALL2013 PAPER 2 The Rise of the Papacy INTRO In the void left by the collapse of the Roman Empire, the bishop of Rome grew even more in both power and prestige beginning in the sixth century and continuing to the reformation in the ninth century. It is the aim of this paper to explain how and why the papacy in Rome became the center of power of the medieval world, the factors contributing to this dominance over Western Europe, and the positive and negative ramifications of the position becoming so powerful. Through this paper you will discover how papacy was able to fill the vacuum of power left by the fall of an empire. THE HOW AND WHY When the Roman Empire fell services that it previously provided were left untended. Additionally the political structures and authority of the government were left in ruins. This created a massive void in the culture of the empire. While the government collapsed, the Church survived and even thrived, remaining strong throughout the known world, but especially in Rome. Services previously provided by the government were now being delivered at the hands of the Church under the direction of the Bishop of Rome, which would become the position of Pope. Society turned to the Church for education, monasteries took in war-orphans, and peace and mercy were encouraged in matters involving the former empire and its conquerors. While the Roman Empire was falling, the Church was rising and society churned on......

Words: 1631 - Pages: 7

The Gentrification of Los Angeles

...Timothy C. Jemison English 101 Ms. Drawbond 28 May 2013 The Gentrification of Los Angeles In the 1950’s and 1960’s Los Angeles was a booming and thriving city, even though it was separated by the races. The white’s had their part and the black’s had their. This worked because everyone stayed pretty much to their side of town. I remember in the 1960’s when my father brother was trying to buy a house in the Leimert Park area and they would not sell it to him because of his race. They would raise the price of the home with the hope that it would discourage him from moving into a neighborhood that was for whites only. Although it was against the law and not wrote down it was just an unwritten rule of the city. His boss of the company he worked for had to go and buy the house from the real estate agent and then he sold it to him. In 1972 my mother brother and his family became the first black family to live on his street in the city of Gardena. With this there was what is called white flight. This forced the white families to move to what is known as the valley. They moved to get away from the other races that was infiltration their neighborhoods. With them went businesses and jobs. It left the communities they were leaving without revenue to help to keep the community thriving. In the 1970’s the school board came up with a plan to help the children of the inter city and it was busing, where they would send children from the inter city into white schools in the valley......

Words: 1109 - Pages: 5

With Reagard to the Rise and Rise of Virgin Conglomerate!.!.!

...enthusiastic and innovative leadership of the farther figure and founder of the company, Sir Richard Branson, was able to thrive towards success with a current count of around 300 small companies that are spread all over the globe. The awe-inspiring back story of how a budding thought of starting a student magazine turned out to be a massive, ground breaking theme of joy for most employees and solid customer base has always been a follow-up story and an example for a plenty of young entrepreneurs inside and outside USA. This study is aimed at discussing the recital of growth of Virgin brand name and how the welcoming behaviour of its’ leadership changed the manner in how employees and all other stakeholders reacted and worked upon the rise and rise of it. It also talks about the organizational structure of the company in the form of how authority is being given to insert novelty into bringing new ventures in and an adapted business partnership methods called Keiretsu and its’ effect on the sustainability of virgin. After it, this will talk about the theories related to what’s being discussed and an insight to how pros and cons could determine the advantages and disadvantages of a certain organization managing its’ governing of employees when welcoming their talent and input. Furthermore, I’d also like to pick a glance at how Virgin practises the Japanese corporate model called Keiretsu and how and to what length it steers the org: What we learned and observed during the......

Words: 2631 - Pages: 11

Gentrification

...Steven Cardenas SSN 187 Professor Walker Gentrification Response Paper Sharon Zukin is a well known sociologist at Brooklyn College who is well known for her views on gentrification of the lower east side of Manhattan. Her views on gentrification is that she is against it and believes unless the government creates more regulations on rent and zoning, then many neighborhoods will continue to become more stratified. I agree with her because I believe it is a constant cycle of immigrants building houses and culture with in a neighborhood, just so high-class people can visit and then eventually take over the neighborhood has to stop. Many times high class people come to visit these high cultured neighborhoods and are attracted by the artist, restaurants, art galleries, and bars. They then tend to move in these neighborhoods and become residents and eventually when more and more high class residents move in, then that drives the rent of the building so high that it forces the current residents to look for a new home. Zukin believes that it is not the people that give the neighborhood its culture and make it unique, but the buildings itself is what makes it unique. For example, Soho used to be an immigrant’s traditional settlement that was filled with socialist politics and labor movement. The buildings and roads of Soho were hand made from stones and immigrants were known for creating this unique neighborhood and this is what first attracted higher-class people to first......

Words: 651 - Pages: 3

Gentrification on Our Doorstep!

...Gentrification on our doorstep! In this article I will be exploring the term “gentrification” and analysis its real meaning in the real world. I will be also exploring the causes and damages gentrification causes in today's society. The term “gentrification” was coined by British sociologist Ruth Glass in 1964 to describe the influx of the middle class displacing lower class worker residents in urban neighbourhoods.The term was published in Ruth Glass’ book ‘London: aspects of change’ she stated that “One by one, many of the working class neighbourhoods of London have been invaded by the middle-classes—upper and lower” she also claimed that “Once this process of “gentrification” starts in a district it goes on rapidly, until all or most of the original working-class occupiers are displaced and the whole social character of the district is changed.” Many sociologists have tried to explain the causes of gentrification, sociologists Bruce London and J. John Palen came up with a list of five explanations these were: demographic-ecological, socio-cultural, political-economical, community networks, and social movements. These explanations were published in a book in 1984 called ‘Gentrification, Displacement, and Neighborhood Revitalization’. These are seen as the most accurate causes of gentrification. The first cause of gentrification (according to ‘Gentrification, Displacement, and Neighborhood Revitalization’), is demographic-ecological, which endeavors to illustrate......

Words: 1756 - Pages: 8

Gentrification

...Gentrification is the process of upper or middle class people moving into previously  lower class areas which increases in taxes and property value, as well as changing a district’s  culture.   Wealthier people moving into a poorer region increases property value and small  community stores, as well as removing former residents due to them not being able to afford the  sudden new taxes. Small cultural dime stores or restaurants are replaced by fast food or malls to  please this new rich population, who would rather have something quick.   This is such a controversial topic because on one hand schools, roads, crime rate, people  who have been living in this community for generations are suddenly reduced to living on the  streets because their once reasonable rent, increasing drastically. Rare cultural businesses are  replaced by a common McDonald's or Starbucks for production rather than quality.  Gentrification will lead to poverty in many families and independent people because  families who live in low priced apartments, once gentrification takes place those people and  families won’t be able to afford their households. Gentrification also leads to poverty by taking  money from taxing in order to have the money to rebuild those complexes which many people  can’t afford to do because they need to provide for themselves and their families if they have  one. ​ Because of gentrification people lose a lot of money that could be used for their personal  lives in...

Words: 1982 - Pages: 8

Gentrification

...Non-whites were also forbidden to live there except for those who consisted of maids and servants. The Supreme Court ruled in the case of Barrows v. Jackson that the practice of “restrictive covenants” was unconstitutional as it violated the Fourteenth amendment . It turns out, segregating a group of individuals based on race, sex, religion, and sexual orientation is indeed illegal; so why is it so apparent in today’s society? This is the product of something called “gentrification.” According to geographer James H. Johnson, gentrification is the process where predominately white, middle-class individuals move into older, urban neighborhoods in an attempt to reverse the deterioration process. Indeed, gentrification does have many positive virtues. Crime rates would steadily drop. A major impact it has on a community is that it increased property values, and with increasing property values come the interest of new business as well as development . Aside from all the positive effects and virtues that gentrification brings to a community, it also comes with repercussions. USC has had and impact in and around its neighboring community, either directly with its expansion of the University Park Campus, or indirectly with the influx of students moving into the neighborhood. USC’s most recent project, its new University Village, has stirred up a lot of controversy among local residents as well as small businesses. Local residents are concerned that USC’s new village will bring......

Words: 2099 - Pages: 9

The Rise

...outweigh the losses, and indeed, that is the standard prediction of economic theory regarding free trade. Retailers and the country where they are working are the ones who get thebenefits. Retailers are producing garments for a much lower prices meaning theyare making more profit or selling for a lower price and beating the competition. The country they are manufacturing out of, in this case Bangladesh, is getting benefits because it is supplying the country with job opportunities that pay better than most. The low income countries benefit in job creation and in economic growth when retailers in the United States source textiles from low-wage countries such as Bangladesh. 3) What international trade theory, or theories, best explain the rise of Bangladesh as a textile exporting powerhouse? 4) How secure is Bangladesh’s textile industry from foreign competition? What factors could ultimately lead to a decline?...

Words: 707 - Pages: 3

The Fight Against Gentrification in Portland, Oregon

...The Fight Against Gentrification in Portland, Oregon Chanel J Wick George Fox University Sociology 150 ZP1 May 1, 2016 ** I affirm that I have adhered to GFU’s expectations for integrity in the completion of this paper. This work is my own, which I have created specifically for this assignment. ** I affirm that I have adhered to GFU’s expectations for integrity in the completion of this paper. This work is my own, which I have created specifically for this assignment. The Fight Against Gentrification in Portland, Oregon Gentrification is a way of middle and upper class families buying homes and businesses of those in a low-income, unrefined urban neighborhood, making renovations to increase the value of the neighborhood. Although it sounds promising for the neighborhood, gentrification often comes at the expense of the original low-income residents by causing displacement due to the inability to afford increased property taxes and rent. Portland, OR has been named as the most gentrified city in the last 100 years (Wile, 2015). There are several local groups in Portland who aim to help those in need such as The Oregon community Alliance of Tenants and The Portland Tenants Union. I had the pleasure of interviewing a volunteer of both groups, Carlos Covarrubias, a native to Portland and a social activist that believes strongly in the fight to stop gentrification in Portland. Carlos and I grew up together in the North East part of Portland, one of the first areas......

Words: 1367 - Pages: 6

Historical | Leprechaun Returns | Darkwing Duck (89)