Haitian Revolution

In: Historical Events

Submitted By sashalee1
Words 8437
Pages 34
Fighting for freedom



Major slave revolts


OBJECTIVES At the end of the lesson, students should be able to: a) Identify the key figures in the Berbice (1763), Barbados (1816), Demerara (1823) and Jamaica (1831) revolts. b) Explain the causes of any three major slave revolts. c) Describe the nature and consequences of any three major slave revolts.

CAUSES a) Inhumane treatment by white personnel (such as managers, overseers, bookkeepers) of the enslaved population. b) Inadequate provisions for daily existences supplied on the estates – the enslaved population had meagre rations and whenever there were shortages they would be adversely affected. NATURE & CONSEQUENCES a) The revolt began on Plantation Magdalenburg on the Conje River on February 23, 1763. b) By March 1763, the revolt had spread to the Berbice River. The enslaved peoples were able to capture several plantations along the river and Coffy played an instrumental role in this area. c) Coffy committed suicide in May 1763 – the fight for freedom, however, still continued. d) The colony was controlled by blacks for 10 months, showing the active thrust by blacks to end the system of chattel slavery.

John and St George. b) By April 15, 1816 there was the declaration of martial law - Bussa was killed during the fighting. More than 170 slaves were killed and more than 200 were excuted; another 100 enslaved peoples were exiled to Sierra Leone. c) There was severe damage to the sugar industry as over 20 per cent of the country’s sugar crop was destroyed.

estate in St James, it escalated into an open revolt. Spread to several parishes such as Trelawny, Hanover, Westmoreland and St Elizabeth. b) Last major revolt in British Caribbean before emancipation; 100 slaves…...

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