Health Promotion Literature Review

In: Other Topics

Submitted By jlgnurse1068
Words 1099
Pages 5
Running head: HEALTH PROMOTION

Health Promotion Literature Review
Jennifer L. Gallo
Grand Canyon University: Family Centered Health Promotion 429V
April 22, 2012
Jennifer L. Cook RN, MSN

Running Head: HEALTH PROMOTION Health Promotion “describes a multifaceted approach to encourage health related lifestyle changes among individuals and communities” and “aims to allow people to increase their control over their health and the factors that affect it with the ultimate aim of enhancing health and its determinants.” (Bennett, Perry & Lawrence, 2009, pg. 49). This essay will discuss the purpose of health promotion, the role and responsibility assumed by nurses in health promotion, implementation of health promotion by nurses, and will identify and define the three levels of health promotion prevention. Until the mid-twentieth century, health care was illness orientated. Main causes of death up to that point were related to infectious disease. Around 1940, chronic illnesses including heart disease, stroke, and cancer became the leading of deaths. (McLeroy & Crump,1994). As the focus of health care changed, the role of nursing changed as well. Historically, nurses provided care to the ill and provided treatment for diseases without necessarily emphasizing health education. As healthcare has evolved, promoting wellness has become a fundamental part of the nursing profession. Nurses are in a position to influence health modification in individuals, families and communities by encouraging healthy lifestyle choices and to provide education that increases health knowledge. The singular purpose of health promotion is to encourage healthy personal habits and lifestyle choices, which in turn reduces health risks and enhances wellbeing. (Smeltzer & Bare,1996) How an individual approaches health will be determined by their personal beliefs…...

Similar Documents

Health Promotion

...Health Promotion Literature Review Rebecca Turner Grand Canyon University: NRS-429V October 28, 2012 Health Promotion Literature Review Health promotion is a well-known term in nursing, with authors arguing that health promotion is central to the philosophy of nursing (Irvine, 2007). After studying three selected articles regarding the primary, secondary and tertiary levels of health promotion, a similar theme referring to the role of the nurse to develop a more holistic understanding of health promotion in all stages of life and refreshing the concept of health promotion in order to advocate for the changing world’s environment, was apparent. Traditional health promotion preventions are defined by preventing disease, restoring health, and containing illness (Irvine, 2007). Today, health promotion is defined not just by focusing on health education, lifestyle and behavioral changes, but has undertaken a new paradigm, empowering clients by taking political and social action to promote health enhancing environments (Irvine, 2007). Nurse practice involves all stages of the lifespan in a variety of settings, ranging from the family home to communities (Whitehead, 2011). In these settings, nurse health promotion practice proposes developing personal skills, building healthy public policy, creating supportive environments, strengthening community action and reorienting health services (Roden & Jarvis, 2012). Nurse roles and responsibilities are evolving......

Words: 926 - Pages: 4

Review of Literature

...Running head: REVIEW OF LITERATURE REVIEW OF LITERATURE NITHIN MATHEW Review of literature According to World Health Organization (WHO), (2004) defined health as ‘ the complete physical , mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity’. Health promotion has an important role to keep people in good health and prevent and treat community and rehabilitate from the diseases. It needs good knowledge about the health risks and reduces the risks in the societies. Definition The World Health Organization defined health promotion as the process which enables people to improve control over the determinants of health and as a result to improve their own health( WHO; 2007). Health promotion encompasses strategies that allow population to be healthy and enable them to make healthy choices. There are two types of strategies, individual and passive or active strategy. Purpose of health promotion Health promotion is cost- effective. The health promotion services are high in demand due to many preventable health problems such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension and other chronic diseases. Health education helps the individual, community and group to advance their health, knowledge and attitude. Educating people about health promotion, physical activity, vaccination, safe driving, smoking and other growing health......

Words: 820 - Pages: 4

Review of Literature

...Review of Literature In today’s society, health promotion has become a fundamental part of nursing care. As nursing has evolved, so has the need to educate the public. Today’s literature gives many examples of health promotion and its importance. In this paper the purpose of health promotion, the roles and responsibilities of nurses in health promotion, and implementation methods will be reviewed while discussing the three levels of health promotion: primary, secondary and tertiary. Health promotion is defined in many ways. By today’s standards, it is a process by which individuals are encouraged to take action in order to enable a healthy and productive lifestyle. Partnership and participation are key factors which empower individuals and communities to take control of their health. This allows for a sense of accountability for their actions which leads to a greater fulfillment with successful outcomes. The purpose of health promotion in nursing is vital because nurses have a responsibility to society. Nurses need not only care for individuals while ill, but also to educate and empower those individuals to improve their health prior to illness itself. Nurses have always begun educating patients on their needs upon admission with an illness and this education was individually tailored and specific to their illness. However, the purpose of health promotion in nursing is not to simply help the ill recover, but to prevent illness from occurring, and educate those with......

Words: 1215 - Pages: 5

Health Promotion; Review of Literature

...HEALTH PROMOTION; REVIEW OF LITERATURE Health Promotion. Public health concepts and public health nursing was formed in the mid 18th century in response to communicable diseases, claiming the lives of people in large numbers. Over the years, the leading cause of death has shifted and transitioned from infectious deceases to chronic diseases. In today’s modern world advancement in health care and technology call for quality of life and achievement of optimum health for all people. The face and scope of public health transformed to accommodate this need, originating the idea of health promotion. This paper focuses on the role of nursing in health promotion and levels of health promotion. Definition World Health Organization defined health promotion as the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions (WHO, 1986). Purpose of Health Promotion The central goal of health promotion is to enhance each individual’s ability to improve their own health. This goal can be achieved by creating an environment that supports the health of a person as whole. Nurses have a vital role in creating that environment. This is done by health education and by being the mediator - link between patients and health care resources. The different sectors of health care, that span into the nursing scope of practice, enable nurses to interact with patients......

Words: 1028 - Pages: 5

Health Promotion

...Health Promotion Review of Literature Introduction Optimum health is an important resource for personal, social and economic development. The goal of achieving optimum health for all is only imaginable by the joint effort of not only the health sector but also government and non-governmental organizations, media and for the most part individuals and the community. Health promotion emphases on accomplishing parity in health and its deed targets at dropping variances in present-day health status and safeguarding equal opportunities and resources to empower all individuals to attain their fullest wellbeing. The focus of health promotion has flourished from disease prevention to promoting wellness and improving living standards. According to World Health Organization “health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions”. The chief objective is to increase health awareness among individuals, families and community through providing of information and health education thereby making them responsible for their own health, the health of others in the community and be responsible conserving the natural environment around them. Nurses are involved in promoting health whether in a hospital or in the community. They play an active part in all phases of care, to inspire and aid an increasing state of......

Words: 2241 - Pages: 9

Review of Literature

...Review of Literature Grand Canyon University: Family Centered Health Promotion NRS-429V September 8, 2013 Review of Literature Health Promotion is the concern with physical, social, and mental wellbeing that strives to help people take control over the matters that influence their life. In addition, to enable people to increase control of their health, improve their health, and optimize their quality of life. The concept of health promotion was developed to emphasize the community-based practice of health promotion, community participant and health promotion practice. Health promotion can be encompassed with any disease either acute or chronic. When underlining the definition health promotion in relationship to hypertension it is defined as “effect of anti-hypertensive patient-oriented education and in-home monitoring for medication adherence and management of hypertension, by providing education of healthy lifestyle behaviors and medication adherence”(Hacihasanoglu & Gozum, 2011, p. 692). This means to change the behaviors to one’s lifestyle along with medication compliance an individual can achieve control of and a better well-being while living with hypertension. Nurses’ purpose to health promotion is to assist in education, promotion, planning, implementation, and goal setting to patient, groups, and communities. We are the largest group of health professional, we have the potential to contribute substantially in the area of health promotion. The......

Words: 918 - Pages: 4

Review of Literature in Three Levels of Health Promotion

...Review of Literature in Three Levels of Health Promotion Health Promotion A motivational quote from the Earl of Derby, says it straight forward, “Those who think they have no time for bodily exercise will sooner or later have to find time for illness”(Lavie, C.J. & Milani, R.V., 2011) Illness also referred as disease, is defined as “the failure of a person’s adaptive mechanisms to counteract stimuli and stresses adequately, resulting in functional or structural disturbances” (Edelman & Mandle, C. (2010. p7). Adjacent to disease is health, which requires the accountability of an individual to support their physical, mental, spiritual and social well- being to live a well and meaningful satisfying life. This corresponds with health promotion, when nurses” help people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health” (Edelman & Mandle, C.2010,p.16). Nurses preserve a large portion of health promotion by routinely managing the nursing assessment, while incorporating a nursing diagnosis according to the individual’s necessity of learning. Ideally the goal of health promotion is by empowering individuals, family or communities to develop the ability to conquer daily routines and conditions, reaching a height of health safety. The importance of the nursing roles and responsibility in the revolving healthcare promotion will be discussed with nursing implementation methods that embrace health promotion. A comparison of the three levels of......

Words: 2182 - Pages: 9

Review of Literature

...Review of Literature Brittany M. Warnke Grand Canyon University: NRS- 429V May 12, 2014 Review of Literature According to the World Health Organization, “Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health” (2014). It is no surprise that a large cause of death in the United States is often a combination of genetic and environmental factors, as well as lifestyle choices (Chiverton, Votava,& Tortoretti, 2003). Health promotion has always been apart of the nursing profession, but the push toward health promotion is larger now than ever before. In regards to health promotion, this essay will examine the purpose of health promotion in nursing, the evolving roles nurses will take on and how nurses can effectively implement teaching of health promotion in patients. Purpose of Health Promotion In light of the new health care reforms, preventative care is becoming the new gold standard of health care. Community-based care has much more emphasis than it ever has in the past. As patient acuity continues to rise, the need for better community-based care and health prevention education has never been clearer. Promotion of wellness is one of the main curriculum taught in nursing education and is also built into the job description of the nursing profession. Nurses are able to have more interactions with patients than any other health care discipline, which helps provide the opportunity of forming a trusting relationship......

Words: 1247 - Pages: 5

Health Promotion

...423: HEALTH PROMOTION COURSE MODULE Course Coordinator: Damaris Nelima Email:damarisnelima@yahoo.com Course facilitator:Dr. Rose Olayo Email:rose_olayo@yahoo.com 1 . What is Health Promotion? Health Promotion occurs upstream with the aim of preventing people falling in or being pushed. Downstream we have secondary (aim to detect disease early so that treatment can be started before irreversible damage occurs e.g. screening), and tertiary prevention and health care (management of established disease e.g. to minimise disability and prevent complications e.g. foot care for people with diabetes). Mid-stream we have primary prevention and health care, usually individual, for example attempts to reduce risk of contracting disease (educating smokers, vaccinating). And upstream we have health promotion including social policies and health promotion programmes, such as taxes on tobacco, smoke free legislation and advertising bans. This may include health education, which aims to reduce ill-health and increase positive health influencing people’s beliefs, attitudes and behaviour. Health Promotion has a dual role to prevent ill health and promote positive health. “Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment. Health is,......

Words: 10676 - Pages: 43

Review of Literature

...Health promotion is an essential health care issue that should be implemented by all members of the health care team (Hosseini, Torab, Taghdisi, & Vardanjani, 2013). Nurses play a critical role in health promotion for patients, family, and community because we provide direct patient care and are able to see the whole picture of the client’s situation. The population of people with chronic illness is increasing and the health care needs of clients is trending in an upward fashion (Jadelhack, 2012). As members of the health care field, it is critical that nurses take a proactive approach in preventing the increasing trend of chronic, complex illnesses by promoting health for our patients, family, and the community. There are three levels of health promotion that nurses can focus on including primary, secondary, and tertiary which will improve the health care system and the health of our society (Godwin, 2010). Implementing health promotion process gives people the opportunity to take control over actions and gives them the tools to improve lifestyle behaviors in order to optimize health (Jadelhack, 2012). The framework for health promotion is comprised of theories that include behavior, social sciences, and evidence based research (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). Health promotion includes proactive participation at all levels of society and requires a multi-faceted approach by health care team members (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). By providing effective health......

Words: 1283 - Pages: 6

Health Promotion

...Running head: Health Promotion Health Promotion Sandra Hendrickson Grand Canyon University Professional Dynamics NRS 429V Nichelle Bogan October 11, 2009 Competencies of ASN Versus BSN Introduction: Health Promotion is defined in the in the American Journal of Health Promotion (AJHP) as the art and science that helps people discover their core passions and optimal health. Supporting them in their lifestyle changes that move them toward a state of optimal health. The optimal health being the balance of physical, emotional, social, spiritual, and intellectual health. (AJHP Sept/Oct 2009) Purpose: The purpose of health promotion in nursing is increase the knowledge of not only our patients but of the general public in prevention of diseases and increase in awareness of optimal health. The emergence of the computer age allows for more access to knowledge. The resources are endless. It is the job of the nurse to be as much up-to-date as possible. The General Theory implies that health nursing General Systems Theory supports community health nursing practices and primary prevention interventions. "General Systems Theory states that a change in any one part of the health care system, no matter how small, will create a change of some degree in the total system. This theory also stresses the importance of reciprocal feedback within the system and outside the system" (Harris, 2007, para. 5). This is similar concept to the movie “Pay it Forward. “ We...

Words: 2626 - Pages: 11

Literature Review

...Health Promotion 1 Literature Review Bressy Thomas Grand Canyon University Health Promotion 2 Health promotion involves motivation and improvement in someone’s health and identifies their potential health problems. From the literature reviews, Health promotion defined in different ways. Literature, Worldviews on Evidence-base nursing, explains health promotion as, Etiologically –driven socio-political-economic determinants of health are addressed. This serves to counter social inaction and social division/inequality. It is an inherently political process…that leads to community coalitions through shared radical consciousness. Health promotion looks to develop and reform social structures…between representative stakeholders in different sectors and agencies. (Whitehead 2004b) Looking after community, looking after their lifestyles and advising them really on their needs and......

Words: 1227 - Pages: 5

Review of Literature

... Review Of Literature Christine Clerizier Grand Canyon University Family-Centered Health Promotion NRS-429V Pat King April 15, 2012 To compare and contrast my search in the library database, I observe there was plenty to learn when it comes to healthcare and health promotion in the three journal articles I have read. The articles stress the evolution of health promotion from primary, secondary and tertiary level of care in the healthcare field. Before this evolution, we were just treating the individual as they become sick; but with the health promotion in the horizon, the individual is being treated as a whole, mentally, socially, culturally, psychologically and most of all, the environment. Since health promotion put the power in the healthcare system to educate, prevent and treat, let us review the different level of the health promotion of coronary artery patient as discuss in these articles. The article chosen cover the impact of prevention research on coronary heart disease. Let us look at the objective that talk about framework and allows the potential of the results and effectiveness of health promotion and prevention. Health promotion is the provision of information and/or education to individuals, families, and communities that encourage family unity. Community commitment, and traditional spirituality, that make positive contribution to their health status. Health promotion is also the promotion of health, ideas and concepts to motivate individuals to adopt......

Words: 858 - Pages: 4

Review of the Literature

...Running head: RIVIEW OF LITERATURE REVIEW OF LITERATURE SOON TAYLOR GCU: NRS 429 JUNE 8, 2012 PROF. MELANIE ESCOBAR REVIEW OF LITERATURE Introduction We are facing the revolutionary era of shifting health concept and promoting health behavior through multi-influencing factors includes technological advancement and media. More people are aware of the benefits of physical fitness, good nutrition, stress management, and avoidance of health hazards such as smoking and are striving for the optimal health while this world becomes more inter-connected and inevitably each individual is influenced by health-environments of all individuals worldwide (Edelman, 2010). Definition of Health Promotion Americans are acutely aware of the importance of health promotion achieved by positive health behavior and attempt to improve the health status traditionally focused on reducing disease such as communicable disease. The change is affecting all levels; individuals, groups, community, institutions and government. Our challenge lies to improve access to the care and reduce cost of health services and to improve the quality of life to maintain optimum state of healthy life style for everyone which signifies for the new definition of health promotion. Purpose of Health Promotion The purpose of health promotion is to positively influence the health behavior of individuals and communities to increase the span of healthy life for Americans, reduce health disparities among Americans,......

Words: 1163 - Pages: 5

Review of Literature

...Running head: REVIEW OF LITERATURE Review of Literature Shauna Robbins-Bagby Grand Canyon University NRS 429V August 27, 2012 Review of Literature Health promotion involves the whole person who includes person, family, community, and population. “Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behaviour towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions.” (World Health Organization [WHO], 2012) Health involves physical, mental, spiritual, and social functioning. Promotion involves encouraging, teaching, and educating patients, families, and communities in order for them to make healthier lifestyle choices thus improving their quality of life and increasing their lifespan. Health promotion in nursing practice is extremely important with nursing roles and responsibilities evolving to accommodate the ever changing diversity of today’s population and also with the promotion of preventive care as opposed to acute care. Health promotion encompasses preventive care and contains three levels of prevention: primary, secondary, and tertiary. It is the role and responsibility of the nurse to promote health to the patient. In order for this to occur, the nurse must talk with the patient and family and develop a trusting relationship with them. The nurse must find out what language they prefer to use when learning new things. The nurse must also......

Words: 882 - Pages: 4

Tenali Rama | Fastening Days | RSS-Feed dieses Forums anzeigen