Henry James

In: English and Literature

Submitted By roxxypys
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HENRY JAMES ( 1843 - 1916 )

Henry James was born an American and Joseph Conrad a Pole. Each chose to settle in England to become a British subject and for each, the collision of different cultures was an important themes. The relation of America to Europe is a central concern in James’ fiction : in major novels such as “ The Portrait Of A Lady “(1881), “ The Wings Of The Dove” ( 1902 ),or “ Daisy Miller” (1879) the moral consequences of the meeting of American innocence and enthusiasm with a sophisticated but corrupt European culture are explored by means of irony , a sustained attention to the nuances of individual CONSCIOUSNESS , and a prose style of increasing subtlety and complexity . But in their technique James and Conrad are most revolutionary .Modernist novelists sought radical redefinition of the REAL. Since the individual always perceives reality through his or her own consciousness , the contents and structure of consciousness represent the only accessible reality .A number of philosophical influences are relevant here : William James ‘ Henry James’ brother ‘ a psychologist and philosopher elaborated the notion of “pure experience”, all reality being described in terms of SUBJECTIVE HUMAN EXPERIENCE ( and he also named the new trend “ stream of consciousness”). Sigmund Freud (1856- 1939) had had an enormous influence upon modern literature as a result of his idea that “ all mental phenomena have meaning .” This assumption help to validate new ways of structuring narrative based on dreams, fantasies and chains of associations. Henry Bergson (1859- 1941), the French philosopher of evolution distinguished between SCIENTIFIC TIME ( mathematical, abstract, homogeneous ) and REAL DURATION ( our direct experience of time as a flowing , irreversible succession of concrete states ). The…...

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...and make indecent jokes. They make foul comparisons when they are speaking regarding the English ‘carrion’ (IV.2.38), meaning dead meat. King Henry speaks in prose when he is in disguise and talking to the soldiers as he is presenting himself as a regular man. He also uses prose when he is speaking to Katherine, on the contrary this is to emphasis that he is a plain-spoken soldier and lacks fancy and extravagant words with which to court her. Speaking in blank verse and elevated language would have made Henry appear like a gratified conqueror somewhat than a suitor, exceptionally when the princess has little English. The verse is normally in lines of ten syllables. These are acknowledged as iambic pentameters and are based on a pattern of five pairs of syllables, each pair being made up of an unstressed followed by a stressed syllable. An example of this verse is; ‘For he today that sheds his blood with me shall be my brother; be he ne’er bile,’ (IV.3.61-2) This is the fundamental pattern however Shakespeare does not stick severely to this as it would become obvious and monotonous. Occasionally he uses a pair of rhyming lines; this is recognized as a rhyming couplet. This feature is often used to mark and signal the end of a scene. We consider prose to be our everyday speech. This can fluctuate a great deal. When Henry is in disguise and is speaking to the soldiers, he talks in prose but still it is rich and well-structured. Fluellen speaks in humorous......

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