How and Why Did the Nazi Treatment of Jews Change Between the Years 1933 and 1945?

In: Historical Events

Submitted By curran141
Words 3106
Pages 13
| How and why did the Nazi treatment of Jews change between the years 1933 and 1945? | Curran De Braganca |

How and why did the Nazi treatment of Jews change between the years 1933 and 1945?
Most of us have heard of the Nazi party’s horrific, genocidal regime on destroying the Jewish race, but what events led up to their dire judgement? In this study I aim to uncover the events, reasons and changes which led to the Holocaust and the further changes in the treatment of the Jewish race by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party.
In the aftermath of the First World War, Germany is under the Judgment of the Allies as a result of Allied victory Germany is being blamed for most of the war, The Treaty of Versailles stated that they: * Are to pay compensation to the Allies: £6.6 Million, which was well over Germany’s financial capacity at the time. * Portions of Germany’s land has been claimed and will distributed under Allied power to form new nations and also will be given to allied nations who lost land during the war. * Germany’s army will be reduced to only 100,000 men plus their naval vessels have been limited to 6 capital ships. The west of Rhineland had been Demilitarised and occupied by Allied forces. * Germany was not allowed to join with Austria to boost its economy. These were only just a few of the terms of the treaty.
In Germany, many people were ‘pointing fingers’ and putting the blame on others, one group of people however, is taking the most fire: The Jewish Race.
The Jewish Race have been known to be persecuted since ancient times, right from the time when the Egyptians were ruling the Israelites, this was due to hatred towards Jewish Culture and way of life. The Jewish population in Germany was approximately 210,000 in 1918; this was quite small compared to other races in Germany, most notably: The ‘Aryan’ race. In…...

Similar Documents

How Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933

...How Hitler became Chancellor in 1933 Hitler, the very name of the man is no more than a whisper in the new Germany that was born out of the fires and humiliation of WW2 and foreign occupation. Historians such as Ian Kershaw even dare to ask; “Has this been Hitler’s century?” .The very fact that one could even consider a century to be defined by one man is testimony to this man’s lasting effect on not just Germany or Europe, but the world. The common view of history is that Hitler forcibly took power by means of extreme violence, fear and propaganda. There is some truth to this assertion, but the reality is that Adolf Hitler actually came to power by democratic means. The question I am going to answer is how and why a man like Hitler was able to make a mockery of the democratic system we uphold as the pinnacle of government, by getting himself appointed as chancellor of Germany in January of 1933. In understanding how Hitler was able to become chancellor, it is impervious to bring to light the conditions present in 1920s and 1930s Germany. To begin with Germans were deeply bitter about the humiliation they suffered as a result of losing the First World War. The perceived truth believed by most Germans was that they had not started the First World War, or lost it! The resulting blame for this deep embarrassment fell on the shoulders of communists, capitalists, weak politicians and Jews. Finding the NSDAP’s intentions to target these groups with the help of their vicious......

Words: 1052 - Pages: 5

How Far Did the Position of Black Americans Improve in the Years 1945-55?

...How far did the position of black Americans improve in the years 1945-55? (30 marks) The position of black Americans improved to a certain extent in the years 1945-55. The period certainly saw lots of ‘de jure’ improvements in the lives of black Americans, particularly those in the Southern states, but there were limited ‘de facto’ improvements to go with this. Nevertheless, some progress towards equality had been made in the areas of education, transport, public amenities, voting rights, employment and housing. There was a significant move towards equality in education in the period 1945-55. Court cases such as Sweatt v. Painter in 1950 and Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka in 1954 achieved great publicity and initiated the end of segregation in the education system. They also showed black Americans that the Supreme Court was on their side as it ruled in favour of the NAACP in both cases, the former dealing with the rights of students to graduate-level education and the latter dealing with the rights of younger students. This gave black Americans confidence that segregation could be successfully challenged. However, these ‘de jure’ victories led to little ‘de facto’ change. For example, by 1957, only 750 of 6,300 southern school districts had been desegregated. This was true despite the Brown II ruling by the Supreme Court, which stated that the desegregation of education should occur ‘with all deliberate speed’. Nevertheless, the Brown case was highly symbolic,......

Words: 1412 - Pages: 6

How Far Do You Agree That the Impact of the Second World War Was the Main Reason Why the Position of African Americans Improved in the Years 1945-55?

...How far do you agree that the impact of the Second World War was the main reason why the position of African Americans improved in the years 1945-55? It is clear that the Second World War played a vital part in improving the lives of African Americans between 1945 and 1955. However, the impact of the war was lessened by other factors that brought about change such as the civil rights groups and President Truman. These factors were able to convert de jure change into de facto change; something the Second World Wars alone was unable to do. World War Two had a dramatic effect on civil rights for Black Americans. Over 1.2 million black men joined the U.S army during the war and the experience radicalised them. Northern blacks were often trained in rural military camps in the Southern states, this was their first experience of formal racial segregation. They were appalled to know they were fighting a racist opponent, yet being treated as a second class citizen and receiving prejudice treatment back home. Consequently, the black soldiers used the ‘Double V’ sign, which meant they were fighting for two victories: victory overseas and victory over racism at home. The war also began to change the racist attitudes of whites. The United States and her allies were fighting a racist opponent, Hitler, who passionately believed in a ‘Master race’. In the past, white supremacy groups such as the Ku Klux Klan had presented racism as something that was both natural and noble, however,......

Words: 1431 - Pages: 6

How Succesful Were the Nazi Economic Policies in the Years 1933 - 1945?

...During the years 1933 – 1945, Hitler and the Nazi party introduced various policies in which impacted the economy, is it necessary to label them all a success? The most successive policy that they announced was those in which was led by Albert Speer, this had a great influence on both the economy and the final stages of war; despite Germany being unsuccessful. The first policy that was introduced was the “New plan” which was created by Hjalmar Schacht in the year 1933. Schacht intended to reduce imports, reduce unemployment, create agreements with other nations and finally channel the government’s spending. In some perspective, the “New plan” was a success; unemployment had decreased significantly, it was reduced from 6 million in 1933 to 300,000 by 1939. Moreover, industrial production had rose considerably in comparison with Weimar Germany before the Wall Street Crash. Due to these factors, it can be interpreted as a great success however, there are features that hinder it. Firstly, Germany were still importing a huge amount of their produce, they failed to produce the same amount of money that they were spending; by 1939 the German government were in debt of 40 million Reichmarks. As a result of this, the new plan cannot be labelled as a great success, however there were aspects that influenced the success of other policies. As the war drew closer, Hitler was aware that the country was not prepared for confrontation therefore he advised his Nazi associate – Goering,......

Words: 994 - Pages: 4

To What Extent Did Support for the Nazi Party Change Between the Years of 1923-33?

...Painter 27/11/13 Nazi Support ‘To what extent did support for the Nazi party change between the years of 1923-33?’ Between the years of 1923 to 1933 support for the Nazi Party grew 37% from 7% share of the votes in 1924 to a much larger 44% in the elections of 1933. The success that the Nazi Party gained over these years was due to many changes and promises that Hitler and the Nazi Party made to the public. As the Nazi party had done so poorly in the 1924 elections, gaining just a 5% share of the votes, Hitler knew that he would have to make some drastic changes in order to gain power. The failure of the Munich Putsch also led Hitler to realise that the only way that he would be able to gain this power was through democratic, legal means. After the Putsch Hitler set about making the changes to the Nazi Party that were required to turn around the parties fortunes. The Nazi Party used propaganda very effectively to gain support. They played on Historic fears and complaints with great effect. Hitler was well aware that the people of Germany felt great animosity towards the Treaty of Versailles. He used this for the Nazi Party’s own political gain by using the Jews as a scapegoat for Germany’s problems during the 1920’s and by promising to the people that if he was in power he would tear up the Treaty of Versailles. By doing......

Words: 1766 - Pages: 8

German Public Opinion of the Jews 1933-1939

...German Public Opinion of the Jews 1933-1939 Historian Marc Bloch describes history as something that is “progressive which constantly transforms and perfects itself.” There are many different opinions that persist in pre-war Nazi Germany. There is the opinion of the Jewish people living in Germany, the opinion of the Nazis living in Germany under the command of Adolf Hitler, and there is the opinion of the German people who were not Nazis which this paper is focused on. Events such as Kristallnacht positively affected the opinion of the Jewish people to the German public during pre-war Nazi Germany. The Chancellor of Germany from 1933-1945 was Adolf Hitler, an outspoken anti-Semitic man who was an accomplished mimic, an excellent actor, and “used language in a way that was untranslatably funny.” Hitler believed that the Jewish people were inferior to his Aryan race. Hitler believed that race was not only defined by skin color or heritage, it was defined by an elitist set of criteria that had to be met such as a person’s religion, or ideals. As a result, any intermingling or marriage or offspring made by an Aryan and any other race was downright wrong in Hitler’s eyes. He says of intermingling of the races that, “If Nature does not wish that weaker individuals should mate with the stronger, she wishes even less that a superior race should intermingle with an inferior one; because in such a case all her efforts, throughout hundreds of thousands of years, to establish an......

Words: 2838 - Pages: 12

The Nazi Regime Depended More on Broad Popularity Than on Terror in the Years 1933

...It could be argued that from the very beginning, the Nazi regime utilised terror in order to keep control and order within Germany. However, it is equally arguable that the Nazi party only gained control in 1933, because they were the most popular party within the Reichstag with 43.9% of the votes, and so depended upon maintaining this popularity throughout their regime. Source 4, from Robert Gellately argues that the vast majority of ordinary German citizens had ‘no direct confrontation’ with agents of the terror, such as the Gestapo, and rumours of the terror were merely gossip spread by word of mouth and therefore this contributed to the Nazi regime maintaining a high level of popularity on which it could depend. On the other hand, source 5 by Richard Evans, completely contradicts this claim, and argues that the terror was experienced by everyone and was the means on which the Nazis depended to retain absolute control. To Evans, the Nazi regime was a ‘pervasive atmosphere of fear and terror’ by which control was maintained over the German population. However, due to the terrifying extent of cooperation with agents of the terror- post office workers, social services and even doctors and nurses all informed on those who did not fit in- it is arguable that perhaps there was a large amount of popularity for the regime as ordinary German citizens wanted to contribute. It is possible that the people were informing on each other for self-preservation from the terror, but it is......

Words: 1604 - Pages: 7

To What Extent Did the Changes in Government Benefit Women and Young People in Germany Between 1918 and 1945?

...To what extent did the changes in government benefit women and young people in Germany between 1918 and 1945? Historians can agree to a certain extent that changes in government had advantages and disadvantages for women and young people in many different ways. The war had just ended in 1918, causing a lot of damage. This resulted in weak government as Germany was blamed for the war in which they had to sign the Treaty of Versailles causing decrease in money and low public morale. From Weimar republic to Nazi Germany there were many changes that government made which benefited women and young people. Weimar Republic was a democratic government formed after Germany's defeat in World War I, the Weimar Republic lasted from 1918 until 1933. It was named after Weimar, the city where the constitutional assembly took place. Life in Germany was positive for some women. Women during this time period in Weimar Germany had freedom and were even offered jobs that were considered ‘masculine’ for example teachers, doctors, lawyers, judges and even politicians. The reasons why women were given opportunities to work in powerful roles was because of changes in government policy during the war when men were drafted for war. In Germany, women were entitled to vote from the age of 20. In contrast, during this time period it was a rarity for women to have the right to vote in European countries. During this time period very few women were entitled to vote in European countries. However, in......

Words: 772 - Pages: 4

How Far Did the Position of African Americans Improve in the Years 1945-1955

...How far did the position of Black Americans improve in the years 1945-1955? The position of Black Americans from 1945-1955 changed a lot throughout these years, and mainly for the better, particularly in social and economical areas. Although there were occasional setbacks in some areas, such as politically, overall their position was vastly improved. In this essay I’ll be discussing the different areas in which Black Americans improved their position in and some areas in which they continued to struggle in. Firstly the economic improvements made by Black Americans were hugely significant, many African Americans had exceptionally low paying farming jobs that barely supported a decent standard of living. However when The Second World War involved America in 1945 things began to change in the employment area, masses of new jobs were created both in the North and South of America. In the South, $4.5 billion was spent on setting up factories to produce items for The Second World War. Unfortunately, at first African Americans were unable to get jobs in these factories, Philip Randolf was appalled at the racism of this and threatened to lead a march of African Americans to Washington unless the racism from the employers was resolved. In recognition of this, Franklin Roosevelt made an executive order that made sure that industries involved in the production of war goods could not discriminate against people by their race, creed, colour or national origin. After this executive......

Words: 1227 - Pages: 5

Why & How Did England Lose the 100 Years War

...The Treaty of Troyes (1420) looked to have all but secured English victory in the Hundred Years War. England was undefeated in open battle and decisive victories at Crecy (1346), Poitiers (1356) and Agincourt (1415) further reinforced their apparent invincibility in the field. Furthermore the victorious King Henry V had become both the heir and regent of France, a kingdom ruled by a crazed king and crippled by civil war. Yet ultimately the English were defeated and this essay shall explore how the emergence of Joan of Arc, fiscal crises in England and the defection of Burgundy contributed to such a dramatic change of fortunes within the Hundred Years War. From the outset of the war it was political turmoil within France which drove English success. King Edward III compensated for England’s comparatively small army by capitalising on ‘provincial grievances and provincial separatism’ to acquire the support of key nobles within both Brittany and Normandy by 1354. Faced with the superior military technology and tactics of the English, and occupied on too many fronts by both the English and her own subjects, France simply could not sustain the war effort. Consequently France was forced into ratifying the Treaty of Brétigny (1360) which saw provinces such as Ponthieu and Aquitaine ceded to England in full sovereignty. Within fifty years history was repeating itself, as the bouts of madness suffered by King Charles VI meant that the French government was all but completely......

Words: 2709 - Pages: 11

The Effect of the Nsdap on German Society (1933 – 1945)

... The Effect of the NSDAP on German Society (1933 – 1945) “The Nazis had a sweeping set of aims which involved a totally new German society. All they in fact achieved was chaos and ruin for Germany. This was not just due to the war in Europe, but also before the war.” – Richard Overy Hitler and the Nazi party had many beliefs about what German society should be like and different aims to create the perfect Germany. The main goal was the complete reshaping of German society into the Aryan community, or the creation of Volksgemeinschaft. The only way that the Nazis could achieve this was through discrimination, eradication, and ultimately by killing or those who did not fit into the Aryan society. Hitler only wanted the ‘perfect’ Germans to be part of his people’s community. He introduced benefits for those who he believed to be of the perfect race and punishments for those who weren’t. One policy he put into place was Strength through Joy (KdF), though which workers received a free holiday or event. The idea was to keep the workers happy and refreshed and therefore working longer and harder. Hitler also wanted his Volksgemeinschaft to be completely self-sufficient – he wanted only German goods produced by German shops. In an attempt to achieve this he shut down all Jewish and foreign owned shops and businesses. Then on 2ndMay 1933 he stopped all Trade unions to prevent future strikes and hence ensuring a peaceful people’s......

Words: 933 - Pages: 4

How Far Did the Position of Black Americans Improve in the Years 1945-55?

...Point- The position of Black Americans improved in the years 1945-55 politically Evidence- Morgan vs Virginia case, the vote, President Truman, Explanation- Irene Morgan refused to give up her seat on an interstate bus and was fined $100 inevitably led to the Supreme Court prohibiting segregation on interstate transport with the help on NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall. The Morgan vs. Virginia case did not lead to a change in practice however. The situation with many rulings was still very much de jure and de facto. Black people were given the vote so they were able to vote in more sympathetic political figures. This meant that someone who sympathised black people would be able to do something about it rather than ignore the racial inequality. President Truman established a committee to investigate race relations and to safeguard the rights of minorities. The report of this committee was published in 1947 was called ‘To Secure These Rights’. It called for many drastic changes to be made to the law including changes to black voting rights, reduce lynching by introducing new legislation and to end segregated facilities such as schools and public toilets. Link- This shows that the position of Black Americans did improve in the years 1945-55 politically. Analysis- Despite black people being able to vote, most Southern blacks could not and the possession of the vote did not bring Nothern blacks great gains. Also, poll taxed was introduced to further put off black people voting...

Words: 791 - Pages: 4

How Effectively Did the Occupying Powers Deal with the Nazi Legacy in the Years 1945-1949?

...In 1945 Germany had been defeated and WWII was over, the allies were in control of Germany each taking up there different occupation zones. The allies consisted of Russia, America, Britain and France. They were tasked with dealing with the legacy that Nazism had left behind as well as dealing with the legacy of the war itself. When focusing on the Nazi legacy the allies faced the issues of the political vacuum of power now that the leading party of the nation for the last 12 years, also the systems and culture created by this. Their main ways of tackling the Nazi legacy boiled down to several major areas; denazification, democratisation and the Nuremberg trials. The success of dealing with the Nazi legacy was fairly limited especially with the division of germany, also in such a short time period the ally powers struggled to find their feet. The Nuremberg trials which took place from the 20 november1945 -1 october 1946, were the trials of the leading Nazi war criminals or what was left of them. There were 13 trials in total over this time period and was the most tangible form of dealing with the Nazi legacy and holding those who were responsible. The prisoners were tried for; crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity and conspiracy, most of the evidence only came to light at the trials and are now what we consider most of the Nazi plans and actions. By the end of the trials 3 were acquitted and 12 were sentenced to death including Goring. The trials were able...

Words: 529 - Pages: 3

How Effective Was Nazi Propaganda 1933

...How effective was Nazi propaganda 1933-1938? One of the main tools of Hitler’s rising Nazi regime was the scrupulous propaganda which enabled the Nazi party to keep the German people in check and under their control, exposing them to only what they saw necessary and vital for Nazi prosper. This helped raise the ideal race that the Nazis strived so wholeheartedly to create. But, how can we determine whether it was effective? To do this, we must look at the various techniques that were used by the ministry of propaganda, and to what extent they worked and helped the Nazi prosper. However, we can only speculate. We will never fully know statistics about how effective Nazi propaganda was, since there was no market research, very few non-Gestapo conducted opinion polls to look at, and even if there were many others, the information would not be accurate and the opinions affected.  If there had been polls conducted, the results would have shown exactly what Goebbels and Hitler wanted people to think - this was achieved by making sure that only certain things were safe to think - and more importantly safe to say. Hitler was able to gain more and more followers and appeal to the people due to the severe state of the German economy and the critical state of the people that had no savings, no assets and practically no food. The Versailles treaty had simply been a recipe for destruction for the Weimar Republic and the crisis was the last straw leading to its demise. Hitler was the......

Words: 3015 - Pages: 13

How Far Did the Position of Black Americans Improve in the Years 1945-1955?

...Progression of black rights during 1945-1955 can be clearly seen but was a long and slow process, although the awareness of racial equality dramatically increased. Various factors were involved. Factors such as: presidential involvement and the use of media post WW2.We also see improvements in education and NAACP. More importantly how the NAACP and southern states responded to these factors, later shaping the result to black civil rights. During this time America saw two presidents come to power: Harry S. Truman (1945-1953) and Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953-1961). Both of which affected the civil rights movements in different ways. Truman who was vice president to Roosevelt was elected officially in 1948, Born in Missouri in the late 19th century he had been brought up in an area that saw racism towards coloured people as a natural occurrence, and this was also the case for Truman. Truman had first encountered blacks as family servants with his ancestors previously owning slaves. Truman had told his sweet heart Bess that: “One man is as good as another, “So long as he is honest, decent and not a Nigger or a Chinaman”. (Sanders, 2003, p60) So he is an unlikely candidate to eventually be bringing the lack of rights of the blacks to light and standing behind the civil rights movement later in his career. With the number of racial murders on the rise in the south, Truman set up and implemented a civil rights committee to produce a report “Secure These Rights” brought attention to......

Words: 1798 - Pages: 8

25.03.1420:22 Uhr Keinohrhasen und Zweiohrkuecken - Das Original Hörspiel Zum Kinofilm Hörspiel256 kbit/s 8 / 314.720 Hits VID P2P DDL 0 Kommentare | Telecharger Uncharted Gratuit 1.2K | 22.11.1817:22 Uhr Planeta Mix Hits 2019 (Winter Edition) House320 kbit/s 0 / 01.461 Hits VID P2P DDL 0 Kommentare