How Did the Crusader States Survive? 1100-1144

In: Historical Events

Submitted By kanoakita7
Words 873
Pages 4
Between 1100 and 1143 the ability of their leaders was the main reason why the crusader states survived’. How far do you agree?
During the years 1100 to 1143, there were many factors that helped the crusader states to survive, but I believe that the most important one that guaranteed their survival was indeed the ability of the leaders.

The ability of the leaders was demonstrated a year after the capture of Jerusalem in 1099,they established a feudal system which would devolve them great power in return for their support. Leaders set up having vassals, which helped them to expand their power and allegiances in order to increase their chances of survival. Thereafter, between 1100 and 1110 Baldwin I then focused on consolidating his hold in the Levant through raiding and gaining ransoms and wealth from defeating his enemies: and this was significant since it enabled the crusader states to prosper and develop in their premature years. Furthermore, Tancred’s military and financial stability between 1105 and 1110: bringing security to the principality of Antioch. He only engaged the enemy when he needed to and did his best to prevent defeat, a highlight being the Battle of Artah in 1105 against Ridwan. In addition, Baldwin and Tancred cohesively kept day-to-day affairs in order: They pursued trade pacts, integrated into the Near Eastern World and formed limited-term truces even with cooperative military alliances with their Muslim neighbours.

Leaders were triumphant in appointing successors even in problematic situations: for Baldwin II who had 4 daughters (hence no male heir) strategically married his eldest daughter, Melisende, to the Fulk of Anjou: a powerful ally, one who would protect and safeguard Melisende's inheritance as Queen along with stability in Jerusalem after his own death in 1331.This was crucial in establishing the dynastic line for the future…...

Similar Documents

How to Survive a Job Interview Outline

..."How to Survive a Job Interview" OUTLINE Exact purpose: After listening to my speech, I hope my audience will be better prepared for any potential interviews without the common nervous jitters. INTRODUCTION  Attention-getter: Imagine yourself walking into your first interview, nervous and maybe even a little sweaty; you begin to forget everything you wanted to say.  Audience motivation: Minor key points, for big results.  Credibility: Personal experience because of successful job interview background.  Purpose: To become prepared and ready for any potential job interviews.  Preview: Keys to success: --Preparation --Appearance --Questions --Professionalism [Transition to Body]: Remember, interviews usually only last 20-25 minutes so, what we will go over next, won’t take up hours to have down pack. You’ll learn exactly what to do to, survive your next interview. BODY I. Your first step is to be prepared. A. Start off with your own research: 1. Research small, but important things like, company size and history, products and services, and culture of the company. B. Refresh yourself on your own experience. 1. Think of previous employer scenarios for potential answers during the interview. C. Update/Print Resume. 1. Show them you are prepared. [Transition]: We've identified how you should prepare yourself before attending the interview; so now let’s get ready for the actual......

Words: 510 - Pages: 3

How Far Did World War One Cause the Collapse of the Liberal State in Italy?

...How far did World War One cause the collapse of the liberal state? The liberal state in Italy during the period in the build up to World War One was one of instability an speculation led by Giovanni Giolitti by the rules of trasformismo politics. While Giolitti is seen as successful in some senses, he failed to unite Italy in a way in which other continental countries were, and could not prevent resentment between different groups and classes causing chaotic riots and civil unrest in 1914, the same year that would see him come to pass on power to Antonio Salandra. Only a year later would Italy enter the First World War under Salandra against Giolitti’s will of neutrality. World War one itself perhaps exposed some of the weaknesses in the current political system of which liberal Italy was functioning on. The fact that there was division of opinion on whether Italy should enter the war highlights the unstable and indecisive nature of this system in Italy at this time. Italy’s influence and helpfulness to the allies in the fighting aspect of the war was very minimal, the army seemed relatively weak willed and lacked morale eventually leading to situations such as Caporetto in 1917 when an astonishing 300,000 Italian soldiers surrendered to become POW’s leaving Italy depleted in infantry, while also losing 150km of land. Overall in the war around 600,000 Italian troops were killed, a staggering amount considering Italy’s limited role in the war and perhaps pointed to a......

Words: 1234 - Pages: 5

How Did the Treblinka Inmates Escape

...How Did the Treblinka Inmates Escape? 2 August 1943 Treblinka was a Nazi extermination camp that was part of Operation Reinhard –the code name given to the Nazi plan to murder Polish Jews. Treblinka was located 90 kilometres northeast of the city  Warsaw and operated from July 1942 to October 1943. It was divided into Camp 1 and Camp 2. In the first camp, the victims were sent to the gas chambers and in the second camp their bodies were burned. Many of the victims, mainly Jews, came from the Warsaw Ghettos, and did not know where or for what reason they were travelling. Soon they found out the horrors they were about to face. As people arrived, men, women and children were separated. They were screamed at, whipped, stripped of their clothing and belongings, their hair was cut, before being sent to gas chambers that could kill several thousand a day. Those who were sick, old and newborns that would not stop crying, were taken away to be shot. Some men were taken as workers, called “Sonderkommandos”. These people had many jobs around Treblinka ranging from having to move the dead bodies and to checking for gold teeth, shaving the heads of those who were to die, rooting through the belongings for valuables, and cleaning the gas chambers. Their day-to-day jobs pushed them toward suicide, which was not uncommon.   Life was unbearable and soon the inmates to realised that their only chance of leaving the camp alive was if they escaped. Zelo Bloch. Dr. Julian Chorazycki, Zev......

Words: 1169 - Pages: 5

Why Did the Tsar Survive the 1905 Revolution?

...of a hostile time between the Tsar and he’s people due to much dissension. The Tsar wanted the autocratic government regime to rebel, however due to liberalist ideas gradually spreading across cities riots, strikes, and protest occurred more frequently. In order for the Tsar to survive he entwined a strategy of repression, and concession to the Russian people, enabling to elongate he’s reign in the dynasty. An extremely significant reason in why the Tsar remained during the 1905 revolution was because there no political alliance between other political groups. This was evident in the Liberal revolutionaries; the Liberals did not represent the people during the revolution as their aims were to share power with the Tsar. They ignored the initial aim of the people which was to overthrow Tsar. Moreover, the Social Democrats wanted a socialist state. However, the people of Russia didn’t understand these revolutionary theories, as majority were illiterate, and all they wanted was better economic livelihood. This lack of central coordination enabled the Tsar to command for so long. Along with the Orthodox Church heavily influencing the people of Russia, so did the political parties. However, the parties did not affiliate; in fact there was friction amongst the parties. Political parties having disagreements meant their priorities will sway away from trying to overthrow the Tsar, this is what enable is long reign. On the contrary, if the political parties were to affiliate/unite......

Words: 1084 - Pages: 5

How to Survive a Job Interview

...create the best impression that you can. 1. Be prepared 2. Dress smartly 3. Shake hands and be polite 4. Listen carefully to the questions 5. Think before you speak 6. Be honest and open 7. Anticipate problems and prepare for them 8. Don't be negative about a previous employer 9. Ask relevant questions, but not about salary 10. Steady your nerves just before you go in 1. Be prepared Preparation is the key to confidence. Read the article ‘Preparing for an interview' on this website about preparation that can be done before the event. Find out about the organisation and the responsibilities of the job. Then you need to minimise stress on the day. Make sure that you: know where to go and how you will get there know how long it will take to get there - and leave more than enough time decide what to wear and make sure it's washed, cleaned, polished and ready to put on. 2. Dress smartly Always dress smartly. Even if you know or suspect that the dress code in the company is ‘smart casual', you can't go wrong with a business suit. It's perfectly appropriate, even if your interviewers are lounging about in shorts and sandals. It reflects the formality of the situation and shows respect. Failing that, be sure to wear a smart jacket (and tie, if you're a man). 3. Shake hands and be polite Shake hands when you're introduced. It's a formal situation (even if you've been asked to ‘come in for an informal chat'!) requiring formal behaviour.......

Words: 1000 - Pages: 4

How Will Astronomy Archives Survive the Data Tsunami

...Astronomy of the Cosmos – the last frontier, and the data that supports our incessant desire to obtain knowledge about the universe is causing a surge in data storage, replication, and the need for more. How will this community of scientists and engineers deal with what to keep, what not to keep, and how to keep it when it comes to the vast array of data required our use? An Astronomical Surge of Data Degradation in performance should not be the expected course when saving such data. One cannot simply expect that by adding infrastructure as usage increases (common in commercial business enterprises) the problem will be solved. Because astronomy archives generally operate on limited budgets that are fixed for several years, any changes in computer architecture would have to be foreseen and budgeted years early. More so, who do you plan for new discoveries? The current data-access and computing model used in astronomy will be insufficient for future use at the rate it is being collected. Currently, data is downloaded from archives to a local machine to be analyzed. This is done on a very large scale in order to be made accessible to end users. Data discovery, access, and processing are likely to be distributed across several archives (an archive of data warehousing). Given that the maximum that science return will yield from this “federation of data” i.e. multiple archives, a broad wavelength range will be required. Astronomy data is collected and archived in......

Words: 1535 - Pages: 7

How to Survive a Job Interview

...societies. There are five police enforcement goals, which include Preventive Control- The backbone of police, also the dominant operational strategy of police; Routine Incident Response- How long it takes for an officer to respond to call by a citizen; Emergency Response- Used for crimes in progress, such as, traffic accidents, natural disasters, anything with a human life in jeopardy. Criminal Investigation is the process of discovering, collecting, preparing, identifying, and presenting evidence. Support services were also discussed. There are three policing styles officers use (1) the watchmen style (2) the legalistic style, and (3) the service. Watchmen-style, keeps order through informal police, the watchmen style was typified by LAPD, who took part in the Rodney King beating. The Legalistic style, enforces the letter of the law, legalistic departments try to avoid community disputes arising from violations that do not break the law. The service style of policing, strives to meet the needs of the community and serve its members. This type of department works with social services to provide counseling for minor offenders and to assist community groups, in efforts to prevent crime, and solve problems. In conclusion, this chapter touch basis on the different forms of policing, and the background of how they operate....

Words: 275 - Pages: 2

How to Survive a Job Interview

...How to Survive a Job Interview Be prepared, do some research, dress smartly, shake hands and be polite, listen carefully to the questions, think before you speak, be honest and open, bring an extra resume, use good quality supplies for your portfolio, ask relevant questions, but not about salary, and finally steady your nerves as you go in. Surviving a job interview ultimately depends on the amount of work you put into preparing for it. The more prepared you are, the more likely you are to have a successful interview. Before you even apply for a job, you should do some research into the company or business advertising. Before your interview, you should have a clear idea about the size of the company/business, the kind of work or clients they have and what role they would expect you to work in. Knowing a bit about the company or business that is interviewing you will always come in handy. Try to dress a little bit better than what's expected from the staff, this way you will show that you're putting in some effort, but also that you're not a bad match for the workplace. Always arrive at the interview on time. Sometimes it's all that separates you from the other applicants and every little bit helps. Keep eye contact, shake hands and be polite. Listen carefully to everything the interviewer says and be prepared to give an answer. Try not to speak over the person who's interviewing you and listen to what they have to say. Coming across as arrogant or overbearing can......

Words: 506 - Pages: 3

How Did the Indians Survive on the Great Plains?

...How did the Indians survive on the Great Plains? There were many factors that contributed to the way in which the Native Indians were able to survive on the Great Plains. In the 1840’s to late 19th century the Great Plains were known as one of the hardest place for people to be able to survive on. One of the main problems on the Plains was the extreme weather conditions. In the summer it would be extremely hot and then in the winter it was extremely cold. However the Indian fought against this adapting their lifestyles to be able to build stronger and survive. Firstly the Indians homes were made to be well adapted to suit the extreme conditions of the Great Plains. For example all year round there were hazardous winds. In the winter there was blizzards and freezing temperatures and in the summer it was extremely hot causing both the land and rivers to dry up. Buy creating the tipi it helped the Indians to survive on the tipis because it was designed to be able to withstand the different temperatures and weather of the West. The tipis conical shape meant that it was strong enough to be able to resist the strong winds. Also due to the dramatic temperature the tipi was created with ears that could be moved to direct the wind in the summer the tipis bottom could be rolled up to let the air in to cool the tipi down and in the winter it could be banked with earth to keep the heat in. Secondly family life was very important to the Indians because every person had a role that......

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5

How Did the Tsar Survive the 1905 Revolution?

...How did the Tsar survive the 1905 Revolution? The Russian revolution of 1905 was triggered by the event of “Bloody Sunday” and continued to escalate with various protests against the Tsar’s refusal to make political concessions and an accumulation of economic factors like poor working conditions, high taxes and famine. There were numerous aspects which contributed to Tsar Nicholas II surviving the 1905 Revolution. Collectively these enabled the Tsar to survive, however the most significant of these was the loyalty of the Russian army during the period. Without the reliance he had upon the Army, the Tsar may not have been ultimately successful in surviving the revolution. The army remaining loyal to Tsar Nicholas was indeed crucial to him keeping his power, as they were able to majorly control the opposing threats; the disturbances throughout Russia were crushed by the army. For example December saw an armed uprising in Moscow, largely involving the Bolsheviks; this revolt resulted in over 1000 people being killed as Tsarist soldiers controlled the situation. Loyal units identified in the army were used to close down the St Petersburg Soviet that represented 96 factories, while mutinies within the army were met with brutal suppression. Through the use of the army, over the next year the Tsarist Government were able to overpower all revolutionary activity. Their actions included the killing and exportation of thousands of workers, beating up children, arrest of thousands......

Words: 1048 - Pages: 5

How Did the Arts Serve the Soviet State?

...How did the arts serve the Soviet State? The arts had had a different purpose throughout the era of the Soviet State. Nevertheless the Soviet State was wholly under the control of the Soviet System, which Stalin used as an ideology and as a tool to disseminate state polemics. The system was required to suppress the opposition and create social consciousness of an obedient Soviet person. However first it is important to mention that the Soviet State had officially been formed in 1922 and lasted until 1991. And thus the debate concerning the service that the arts had acted upon should start from 1922. The Soviet Art in the early 1920s was relatively pluralistic due to the fact that there were many different schools of thoughts present. There was the avant-garde art, which was considered bourgeois but could not be gotten rid of, due to the fact that the country was still in a state of anarchy. Artists like Salvatore Dali or Pablo Picasso were very popular among soviet artists. (need more info). There was a bigger freedom of expression during the twenties that the artists had not experienced later on. Indeed Anna Akhmatova, a famous Russian author and a poet had said once "To think that the best years of our lives were during the war, when so many people were being killed, when we were starving and my son was doing forced labour.” That patently signifies the extent of control that the artists were under. Moreover her very close friend Boris Pasternak confirmed the...

Words: 1500 - Pages: 6

How Did Change Excellerate?

...How Did Change Excellerate? In the last 500 years humans have controlled the biosphere. We have increased the population from 1.6 million in the 1900’s to almost 7 billion people in the 21st centuary. The first change was in the breakdown of the barriers of the four world zones. This made it to where the exchage trade grew more with ideas, goods, plants, animals, and customs. More information started to travel about new lands and good etc… The 2nd curcial chage was the increasing of commerce. Elites and Rulers were extrating resources by the treat of force. People started selling goods or labor and competitive markets, just to get more. Where more competitive markets flourised the people started to get more renivation. Governements started to realize there was revenue in commerce, so they began to supporting merchants. The 3rd crucial change was from the discovery of energy from fossil fuels. The main sorce of energy was from wood in the world. James Watt invented the steam engine that started the beginning of an energy revolution that would revolutionize our world. In the late 1900’s and the earliest 20th centuary, new inavations such as the combustion engine made it possible to harnest the power of natural gas and oil. These 3 changes over time, started to transform society in some parts of the world. The places that were being transformed were growing rapidly from the wealth and power. Since some many people were becoming wage earners, the higher class people had to......

Words: 289 - Pages: 2

How to Survive a Nuclear Attack

...KFM Dear Reader, At the time I developed the Kearny Fallout Meter with help from U.S. Department of Energy scientists and engineers, we did not address the issue of nuclear terrorism. We were so concerned back then in the 1970's with the danger of all-out nuclear war that we neglected to instruct users of the KFM of its advantages in a terrorist attack with few and smaller nuclear weapons. Fear of life-threatening fallout from massive Soviet attacks carried over to exaggerated fears of all radiation, including that from terrorists' few weapons. In Oak Ridge National Laboratory publications to be read by the public we did not even mention hormesis, for to have done so at that time probably would have prevented my most influential book, "Nuclear War Survival Skills," from being purchased and used by government agencies to instruct civil defense professionals. When Hitler first bombed London the panic the bombs caused did far more damage than the bombs themselves. After the citizens of London lost their exaggerated fears of the bombings, life went on much as normal. And so it would be with a nuclear terrorist attack on the U.S. One nuclear bomb exploded in a U.S. city would likely be very small. And though it could do catastrophic damage in a small area, its relative impact on the physical infrastructure of the whole United States would be extremely small. However, because of the irrational, universal fear people have of any radioactivity, the panic that......

Words: 39667 - Pages: 159

To What Extent Had the Crusader States Overcome Their Problems by the End of 1144?

...what extent had the crusader states overcome their problems by the end of 1144? Having succeeded in taking Jerusalem in 1099 the crusaders’ problems were just beginning. Despite some turning back home, many stayed facing problems such as geographical situation, climate, unification under Zengi, internal divisions, military threats, lack of manpower and a different culture. However the period 1097 to late 1144 was, in general, a successful time for the Franks. They consolidated the achievements of the First Crusade and founded four fully viable Latin States, although the loss of Edessa to Zengi in December 1144 was a most serious setback. Two particular features stand out when reading contemporary narratives of this time. First, the huge energy and effort required to establish the Frankish hold on the Holy Land is immediately apparent. The need for almost ceaseless campaigning – against a series of enemies – and exhausting marches and counter – marches is striking; the energy of King Baldwin II is especially worthy of note. Secondly, there were only four appeals to the West for the crusades compared to at least fifteen for the period 1149 – 1186. This emphasises the Franks strength in this first phase of settlement and also reflects the relative weaknesses of their enemies. One of the main problems that the crusaders had to face up was the difficulty of terrain and climate as well as their new geographical location. The region settled by the crusaders, which soon......

Words: 1399 - Pages: 6

How Did the Nazi’s Influence Wwii

...How did the Nazis influence WWII? More like how didn’t they. They started World War II. Adolf Hitler didn’t start it himself though. It was the whole Nazi party. The whole thing started because Hitler started going against the Treaty of Versailles. The Nazis did a lot before England and France reacted. They were still suffering from the effects of WWI, so they just stood back and watched. That was until the Nazis invaded Poland, that is when Churchill declared war on Germany. The Germans were also upset by the loss of World War I, but the thing that made them the maddest, is the punishment enforced on them as a result of the Treaty of Versailles. Such as redistribution of territory, reduction of Germany's fighting power and imposition of harsh conditions, which meant Germany, had to pay 6600 million-pound to the Allies in 1921. Germany thought that the punishment was too harsh. Hitler’s rule started on a night in 1932. Then German President Paul von Hindenburg was awoken with the news that he had defeated Adolf Hitler, and was reelected as president of Germany. In January of 1933 Hindenburg made Hitler Chancellor, thinking that it would keep him quiet. A year later Hindenburg died and Hitler took over Germany. Hitler proclaimed that his reign would last for a thousand years. Hitler attained power on January 30, 1933 as the result of a complex set of factors. He was...

Words: 1632 - Pages: 7

11 - 12 Episódio 12 | vidaXL Büroschrank Aktenschrank Metallschrank mit 2 Türen Stahl 90x40x180cm Grau | Real Car Parking 2 APK