How Stress Can Affect Health and Wellbeing and the Maintenance of Homeostasis Using an Intergrated Biopsychosical Approach

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Submitted By loststudent
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The example of stress I would like to give is care giver stress.

Care Giver Stress

Homeostasis – the tendancy of biological systems to maintain relatively constant conditions in the internal environment while continuously interacting with and adjusting to changes originating within or outside the system. (
The composition of the internal environment is maintained within narrow limits, and this fairly constant state is called homeostasis. Literally, this term means 'unchanging', but in practice it describes a dynamic, ever-changing situation kept within narrow limits. When this balance is threatened or lost, there is a serious risk to the well-being of the individual. There are many factors in the internal environment which must be maintained within narrowlimits and some of these are listed in Box 1.1.Homeostasis is maintained by control systems which detect and respond to changes in the internal environment. A control system (Fig. 1.3) has three basic components: detector, control centre and effector. The control centre determines the limits within which the variablefactor should be maintained. It receives an input from thedetector or sensor, and integrates the incoming information. When the incoming signal indicatesthat an adjustment is needed the control centre responds and its outpu to the effector is changed. This is a dynamic process that maintains homeostasis. (Ross and Wilson) page 5Adrenaline and noradrenaline
Noradrenaline is the postganglionic neurotransmitter of

Waugh, A., Grant, A., & Ross, J. S. (2001). Ross and Wilson Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Illness. Churchill the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system (see Fig. 7.9, p. 146). Adrenaline and some noradrenaline are released into the blood from the adrenal medulla during stimulation of the sympathetic…...

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