Premium Essay

Impact of Plessy V. Ferguson

In: Historical Events

Submitted By vicogden
Words 304
Pages 2
The “doctrine” established by the U.S. Supreme Court in Plessy v. Ferguson was that of “separate but equal”. The infamous decision basically concluded that facilities for black Americans which were “separate” from those of white Americans were constitutional as long as they were of “equal” quality. In essence, the Supreme Court was ruling that laws of segregationist states requiring “separation” of public facilities based on the skin color of those using said facilities were fair, legal, and justified. The impact of the 1896 decision had a profoundly negative effect on the lives of black Americans and contradicted the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. This amendment, ratified only 26 years before, was passed by Congress following the Civil War in effort to guarantee equal rights under the law for “all” Americans. The intent in adding it to the Constitution was to aid in reversing the cruel, heartless treatment African-Americans suffered from the day they were forced from their homeland to the shores of the United States. The Plessy v. Ferguson decision basically dismantled the theory of overall equality by granting legitimacy to unfair segregationist policies. As a matter of fact, the Plessy v. Ferguson ruling not only eroded any advances which may have been gained by black Americans in the Reconstruction era following the Civil War, but also provided backing for the so-called Jim Crow Laws which had been enacted by a number of state legislatures. In effect, the Plessy v. Ferguson decision added fuel to the fire of the infamous and ridiculously unfair Jim Crow statutes—a fire which would not be exterminated for the better part of a century when Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, the Civil Rights Act, and the Voting Rights Act were ruled-on and passed in 1954, 1964, and 1965…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Brown V. Board of Education

...Brown v. Board of Education Ronald Still Embry Riddle Aeronautical University Brown v. Board of Education Background The Supreme Court case of Brown v. Board of Education dates back to 1954, the case was centered on the Fourteenth Amendment and challenged the segregation of schools solely on the basis of race. The Brown case was not the only case of its time involving school segregation, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was leading the push to desegregate public schools in the United States (Gold, 2005). Brown v. Board of Education was a consolidation of four cases that had made their way through the court system. It was 1950 and Linda brown was just seven years old, she lived in Topeka, Kansas and was African American descent (she was black). Each mourning Linda traveled 21 blocks and crossed through a dangerous railroad yard to get to school. Her journey to school took an hour and twenty minutes. White children who lived in the same neighborhood only traveled 7 blocks in a considerably less amount of time (Gold, 2005). Linda’s father Oliver filed a lawsuit against the Topeka Board of Education arguing that he wanted the same conditions for his daughter (Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 2009). The case was heard by three judges in Federal District Court, and they ruled against the plaintiffs, the case went to Circuit Court of Appeals and then to the U.S Supreme Court (Topeka, Kansas: Segregation in the Heartland). ...

Words: 1762 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Plessey vs Ferguson

...The case of Plessy vs. Ferguson established the separate but equal doctrine that was prevalent throughout life in the South for over fifty years. The case involved a man by the name of Homer Adolph Plessy, who was a colored shoemaker from New Orleans, Louisiana. He was only 1/8 black and 7/8 white, but under Louisiana law he was considered black. It also involved a white Judge by the name of John Howard Ferguson. In 1892 Plessy was asked by the Citizens Committee which was a political group made up of African Americans and Creoles to help them challenge the Separate Car Act, which by Louisiana law separated blacks and whites in railroad cars. If a black was caught sitting in the white section of the cars, they could get either 20 days in jail or a $25 fine. He agreed to help the Committee. On June 7, 1892, Plessy purchased a first-class ticket at the Press Street Station in New Orleans to go to Covington, Louisiana. The railroad didn’t support the Separate Car Law, because of the expense and trouble involved with it. They chose this station for that reason and the station was in on the test as well. He sat in the white only section and waited for the conductor. When the conductor arrived he told him that he was only 1/8 black and that he refused to move to the colored car of the train. A hired detective told Plessy he was violating the law but he still refused. Since he would not move to the colored car he was arrested and jailed overnight and released on bond the next...

Words: 778 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Denial of Civil Rights: African Americans and Native Americans Black Codes of Mississippi(1865) Klan Terrorism in South Carolina, a Sharecrop Contract(1882) Plessy V. Ferguson, Century of Dishonor (1881) and the Dawes Act (1877)

...Denial of Civil Rights: African Americans and Native Americans The research for your paper should include information from the videos on line, class discussion, your Text, American, A Narrative History and the primary documents in For the Record. These documents include but are not limited to the following: “Black Codes of Mississippi (1865) p.4, “Klan Terrorism in South Carolina”, p.12, “A Sharecrop Contract (1882)p. 23, “Plessy V. Ferguson” p. 25, “A Century of Dishonor (1881) p.37, and “The Dawes Act” (1877)p.39. The paper must be submitted to the Turnitin site by February 13, 2014. Information on how to set up a Turnitin account is located on the library page. Your enrollment password is history 2 and your class ID is 7613496. The Constitution of the United States clearly states that all persons born in in the United States are citizens and entitled to due process and equal treatment under the law. However, for both African Americans and Native Americans in the post-Civil War era this proved to be an elusive goal. In this paper you are to explain how and why these groups were denied their rights. Make sure that you include specific examples from the sources listed above. I will use the following point system to grade your paper. Clearly stated thesis paragraph (10) points Sufficient support for the thesis with accurate historical examples which are detailed and specific (60 points) Paper is logically organized and uses connecting strategies effectively...

Words: 273 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Ricci V. Destefano

...Ricci v. DeStefano Jennifer Drab Baker College Abstract Ricci v. DeStefano is case based on reverse discrimination. The New Haven firefighters that brought this suit against the city did so on the belief that the city in its efforts to avoid litigation violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. Reverse discrimination is a term that is used widely; however, it is very difficult to move forward with this claim in a court of law. The New Haven firefighters that brought the suit had their case heard before the Supreme Court of the United States. This was not a case that the justices took lightly; they asked many difficult questions, which looked at many different aspects of Title VII. The answer from the high court is that rejecting the test scores in fear of Title VII litigation is not grounds enough to disqualify candidates that qualified for promotion. In the end, the high court upheld the firefighters claim that the city’s rejection of the exam scores violated the rights of those that qualified based on the exam. Introduction Ricci v. DeStefano, is case of reverse discrimination within the fire department of New Haven, Connecticut. This case is an illustration that affirmative action does not always result in fairness. New Haven city officials created a very comprehensive written examination for testing those fire fighters that were looking to be promoted to captain and lieutenant (Epstein, 2009). Unfortunately, the examination showed that there was......

Words: 3478 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Plessy

...Jewaun Rudolph PS1350 Writing A2 Brown v. Board of Education The case started with a third-grader named Linda Brown. She was a black girl who lived just seen blocks away from an elementary school for white children. Despite living so close to that particular school, Linda had to walk more than a mile, and through a dangerous railroad switchyard, to get to the black elementary school in which she was enrolled. Oliver Brown, Linda's father tried to get Linda switched to the white school, but the principal of that school refuse to enroll her. He went to the board of education first and they pretty much laughed in his face. Oliver to this case to court in Kansas but ended up losing the case. He appealed the case and the Supreme Court to on the case. Remember that way back in 1892 in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court ruled that separate facilities for black people and white people were constitutional as long as they were equal. That ruling had never been challenged, so it played an important part of the Brown v. The Board of Education. The NAACP knew that the Plessy v. Ferguson case would be the backbone of Brown's case, so they argued with that in mind. It was their argument that the white and black schools were not equal because the very idea that they were segregated sent a message to black children that they were inferior. The equal Protection Clause of the 14th amendment was another key to the victory of the plaintiff. Chief Earl Warren stated himself......

Words: 512 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ferguson

...119 03/12/14 THE CURRENT CRISIS IN FERGUSON Racism is one of the biggest threats to the human society. It has led to various acts of violence, deaths and near extinction of certain communities if we go back to times of King Leopold ,may i even add pyramids with corpses of Congolese people. In recent times racism and discrimination have been used as an excuse to discredit people from getting jobs, leading to the arrests of innocent individuals amongst other things. Black people and Hispanics have always been subject to harassment by law enforcement officials due to prejudice based on the high levels of violence caused by people from these backgrounds.Prejudice is a positive or negative cultural attitude directed toward members of a group or social category. It joins beliefs and value judgments with positive or negative emotional predispositions. Prejudice is a thought of racial or other form of inequality, not to be mixed up with discrimination, which is the action, or practice, of inequality based on prejudice.However that doesn't justify the victimization of innocent individuals who have ended up dead or in jail due to this stereotypical view. Therefore there is a need to constantly educate people about how detrimental these stereotypes are to the community is very important. this paper intend to discuss the current crisis in Ferguson which stemmed from the killing of Michael Brown and explore the elements of racial......

Words: 1090 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Impact of Law on Business Decisions

...The Impact of Law on Business Decisions Elaine Staples Southern New Hampshire University Abstract Laws are necessary for a society to ‘run smoothly and efficiently’ (Twomey and Jennings 2014). Every aspect of our life is directed by our individual ethical and moral belief and laws that, society as a whole, has enacted to guide our conduct with each other. Businesses also have rules of conduct for every decision, from organizational structure to employee pay. Businesses often rely on legal experts in various fields of law to advise them on decisions in order to maintain compliance within the law. Laws of employment have had the greatest impact on the relationship between a business and its employees. Today, the EEOC enforces laws prohibiting discrimination in employment. The Impact of Law on Business Decisions The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces the illegality of discrimination in employment due to race, color, religion, national origin or sex and retaliation against a person who claims discrimination. It encompasses pregnancy, conditions caused by pregnancy or childbirth, disability and genetic tests of individuals or their family. Affirmative Action was later added, which required businesses to prove employment of women and minorities. A Timeline of Civil Rights One only needs a brief history review to understand why some laws exist today. After the Civil War, state and local laws forced a separation of the races. This was......

Words: 1849 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Plessy vs Ferguson

...Plessy v. Ferguson and Brown v. the Topeka Board of Education In the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson the Supreme Court decided that having ”separate but equal” accommodations for Whites and Colored did not violate the 14th Amendment (Wolff, 1997). This allowed states to continue segregation as they saw fit. The Plessy v. Ferguson case was centered on the segregation of railroad cars but the final ruling supported that all “separate but equal” accommodations were allowed by the constitution and was therefore allowed in restaurants, busses, and even schools. In 1954 the Supreme Court decided that “separate but equal” was not acceptable in the case of Brown v. the Topeka Board of Education. They determined that segregation went against the 14th Amendment (Wolff, 1997). This class action suit was filed by 13 parents for their 20 children. The plaintiff named was Oliver L. Brown, the father of third grader Linda who had walk six blocks to get to her school bus stop for her segregated school one mile away even though there was a school only seven blocks away from her home ("Brown V. Board Of Education", ). Although there were several cases fighting for similar things at the time this case is the most well-known. This class action suit was originally filed in 1951 even though the final decision was not made until 1954. The Supreme Court heard the case several times in 1953, paying special attention to the Fourteenth Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause and whether or not it......

Words: 671 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Focus on Plessy V. Ferguson, a Very Important Supreme Court Decision in 1896. What Effect Did It Have on the Jim Crow Laws?

...Chapter 19 Focus on Plessy v. Ferguson, a very important Supreme Court decision in 1896. What effect did it have on the Jim Crow laws? The African Americans was not treated equally within society. Many of their problems went to court to be fought for but it would be very hard for them to accomplish this because they whites did not want to give them much power. They fought to receive equal voting rights and equal protection for the African Americans within the south. The whites would murder them just so that they could keep control and not the African Americans. There was the civil war that was lead to equal right between the both races but the Jim Crow laws was not for this but racial segregation. However, the Plessy V. Ferguson a court decision is 1896 lead to separate but equal rights for towards both races. The Jim Crow laws was very specific on what African American could do with and around white they were not able to play any form of games together. They were not able to attend parties of one eight or more individuals of different races. They were not able to go to schools together so free African Americans schools was created so that they would not have to mix the races together, they could not go to schools of the other races. All railroad carrying passengers was also divided in to either by having separate passengers car or dividing one amongst them. Any female that has a child for a African American they would be sent for no less than eighteen months in...

Words: 661 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Ferguson

...Protest Continue In Ferguson After Police Officers Are Shot. Phil Helsel, 12 Mar. 2015. Web. 1. Demonstators briefly blocked a road during the protest. About 100 protestors and 20 officers, NBC affiliate KSDK reported. 2. St. Louis Regional Crime stoppers offered a $10,000 reward for information leading to the arrest of the shooter or shooters. 3. President Barrack Obama also condemned the violence, and said on twitter that the “path to justice is one all of us must travel together.” I plan to use this source to further demonstrate to show evidence towards the shooting of the two police officers that were shot in Missouri. This shows how protestors and also president Obama reacted to this chaos. Also, shows that the Micheal Brown shooting led to this. Gallagher, Jim. “St. Louis Post.” In Ferguson, Optimism about the City’s Revival Turns around to Ferguson Police Shooting 12 Aug. 2014. Web. 1. Micheal Brown, unarmed teen, was shot to death by Ferguson Police Officer. 2. On Sunday night, looting and arson broke out West Florissant Avenue, leaving neighbors and business owners to wonder what comes next. This newspaper article will be a helpful source because it gives information about things that were going on in the City that could have led to the shooting of Micheal Brown. It explains the population rate before and after the shooting and how they spruced up the town a little. “China Daily.” 2 Police Officers Shot in Ferguson 3 Mar. 2015.......

Words: 554 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Plessy V. Ferguson

... 2. What issues is the court addressing? What is the legal problem? 3. What law is the court applying? 4. What is the court’s decision, analysis, and rationale? For this week, you need to find a case that deals with Due Process, the Equal Protection Clause or Delegation. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) What are the important and relevant faces of the case? The Case is based upon The Equal Protection Clause, in which, this case occurred one hundred and nineteen years ago, but it was very interesting as to see what has changed during the century. In 1890, Louisiana State passed laws prohibited races to sit together on railroads; something in common with segregation in the south in the 1950’s and buses. Trains were required to have seating for different races and were divided by curtains or some form of barricade to prevent the races from sitting beside one another. Homer Adolph Plessy, a Louisiana businessman, who lived a society of whites and blacks, happen to have a black grandparent, in which Louisiana law defined him as an “octaroon”, one eight of black heritage. Plessy did not consider himself black, but Louisiana did and therefore made him sit in the segregated area for blacks. Plessy did not agree and challenged the Jim Crow laws by breaking the law intentionally and sitting in an area of the train that Louisiana law said he was prohibited to sit in, in which case caused him to be arrested and charged with criminal violation of the state law. What issues is......

Words: 969 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Plessy V Fergusson

...Plessy v. Ferguson Case Brief Diego Yanez Arizona State University In the case of Plessy v. Ferguson, Homer Adolph Plessy made the decision of suing the city of Ferguson when he, a 7/8th's Caucasian man, was arrested for sitting in a "whites only" car and for refusing to move to the "blacks" section of the train, something fairly familiar in the late 1800’s where “separate but equal” was enforced not only in trains and other forms of transportation, but in schools and even something as small as bathrooms and drinking fountains. In this case, Plessy argued that his Thirteenth and Fourteenth amendments had been broken. The question throughout the case is if Louisiana’s law requiring racial segregation on public transportation was infringing upon the constitutional rights of African Americans. In a seven to one vote, the supreme court decided for Ferguson where Justice Henry Brown wrote a majority opinion and Justice John Marshall Harlan wrote a dissenting opinion. Justice Henry Brown pointed out that the Fourteenth Amendment did not have anything to do with social equality, the Amendment was referring to equality in the form of law. The seven Justices who decided to vote in favor of Ferguson, did not believe that the separation of race by law “stamps the colored race with a badge of inferiority”. (Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896) The Justices firmly believed that one case would not change racial prejudice throughout the city or state,......

Words: 555 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ferguson

...Introduction: Ferguson thesis is basically that the 20th century was a period of outrageous violence. This was due to an ethnic conflict, economic volatility and empires in decline. In terms of ethnic conflict, biologically distinct races was the cause of destruction. Goring called it “the great racial war”. The author calls it the race meme. His main assumption in the book is that, although historians seem to deny “Anti Semitism” as a general phenomenon, it is. Hitler and other Socialist ideologues were not the first ones to be repelled by the Jews, they were simply the only ones that had the ways to annihilate them. The holocaust is just a proof of that. Facts: 1) Despite the differences in outside characteristics, in terms of DNA we are all alike, one species. So we can conclude that races do not exit, only people have different physiognomies because they formed groups as they became geographically dispersed. contradiction : But the new studies, some of which come from Stanford University in Stanford, Calif., suggest that the way people classify themselves by race reflects real and clear genetic differences among them. What the they said is that people of different races have different ancestries. This means different genes, since genes are inherited from ancestors. ...

Words: 691 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Brown V. Board of Ed

...Brown V Board Of Education May 17, 1954 was a date that had an impact on the board of education and our lives. There was an African American girl named Linda Brown, she was a normal girl in the third grade. Linda went to a school that was a mile away even though there was an all white elementary school, seven blocks away. Her father, Oliver Brown, tried to enroll her in the white elementary school, but the principal of the school refused to let her in due to her race. Mr. Brown then took this problem to the NAACP ( National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), they agreed to help him. As this case became more known it was then later brought up to supreme court. Other cases have led up to this case, these cases included, Sweat v. Painter (1950) and McLaurin v. Oklahoma Board of Regents of Higher Education (1950). The cases leading up to Brown Vs Board of Education featured African American people dealing with segregation problems. Brown argued segregation is seen as antithetical to our whole culture. If a particular class of people are forced to stay in their own neighborhoods, have their own schools, parks, stores, restaurants, movie theaters, and not welcome in 'mainstream' places, they are not equal as citizens. This is a violation of the 'equality' provisions of the 14th amendment. One of the most basic founding principles of the US is that we have only one class of citizenship, every citizen is entitled to exactly the same rights and privileges of......

Words: 494 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Alex Ferguson

...Alex Ferguson’s leadership style Case study Introduction Alexander Chapman Ferguson, known as Alex Ferguson, was born in 1941, in Govan Glasgow Scotland. As a teenager he was working as a tool’s apprentice in his father shipyard then in his 19, he became a labor union activist and an active member of the “Labor Party”. As far as Ferguson’s “the football player” career is concerned, actually, he did not achieve a successful career. In fact, as a player Ferguson started with a small local football team the “Queens Park and St Johnston” club. Afterward, he got the chance to join the “Glasgow Ranger” club, yet this union did not last since he resigned after being responsible for the defeat of his team against its fierce rival the “Glasgow Celtic” club. So determined, Alex Ferguson joined the “East Stirling” football club but this time as a manager rather than as a player. His first management period lasted for three seasons and then was recruited by the Scottish football team “Aberdeen”. With limited resources, Ferguson achieved the unthinkable, he won with his club the “European Winners’ Cup” during the 1982-3 season. This achievement with “Aberdeen” was a milestone in his career and made him “THE” coach that many big names in the European football scene like Real Madrid, Barcelona, Arsenal, and Tottenham, wanted to engage him. Ultimately, Ferguson chose to join Manchester United (MU). During his reign, Manchester United advanced from an ordinary local team to a top-class......

Words: 3271 - Pages: 14

Aake (2018) Kannada Movie WEBHD 720p 1.1GB 350MB AVC AAC ESub | 666 Park Avenue - Saison 1 | JL Comfurni Gaming Racing Chair Office Executive Recliner Adjustable Fx Leather