Imperialism

In: Historical Events

Submitted By missruby18
Words 1907
Pages 8
“However well educated and clever a native maybe, and however brave he may prove himself. I believe that no rank we can bestow on him would cause him to be considered an equal of the British Officer.”(Lord Kitchener) New imperialism, the act of controlling territories under a greater power of greater nations, was popular during the nineteenth century. China and India were two independent nations, so similar, but yet also so different. Their imperialists had motives over raw material, resources, and power. Their thoughts of imperialism were fixed more on controlling and taking, then making relations and building up the country. This inequality led for a struggle of freedom and independence. From the struggles, the culture and the people had been impacted greatly from the foreign influences. Industrialism was halted for India and thrived in China. From the coasts China to the riches of India, imperialism changed the countries vastly.
Across India and China, imperialistic motives of the Europeans ranged from rare materials to the immense voltage of power, however how they forced upon these motives was different. These nations were both imperialized by great European powers. Furthermore, they both had Britain as a strong imperialist. In China, Britain wanted luxury goods, like silk and porcelain. Britain also looked at India for luxury goods. Gems, gold, indigo, and spices were just several of the lustful items. Different Europeans nations, ruled different parts of these nations. For India, Britain was the only critical imperialized. Unlike India, China had Britain, Germany, France, and Japan. Russia also had taken the chance to imperialize China at their weak point. After China’s Opium War in the 1800’s, western influence was crowded all around. Spheres of Influence began to form in China. India always had the British East India Company on their backs until the Sepoy…...

Similar Documents

Imperialism

...HIS 102: Paper # 1 Imperialism There are many different opinions about imperialism and the “Age of Imperialism.” From a variety of people, like economists, writers, soldiers, and senators, all vary in opinion and idea about imperialism. This essay compares and contrasts the views from a J. A. Hobson, Rudyard Kipling, Frederick Lugard, and Albert Beveridge. In J. A. Hobson’s document, “Imperialism,” Hobson argues that the motivation for imperialism was not driven by the well being and advantages for the nation, but by the interests and private gains of different social classes. By reading this document, you can get the impression that Hobson felt that imperialism was a result from demoralization of certain classes. According to Hobson, imperialism was not just inessential for a nation, but obscene as well. This clashes with why Hobson felt that the underdeveloped countries were so desirable to build their economic assets with. He summarizes that these desirable and fortunate investments appealed to the favored classes because it gave these classes more than what was needed in sources of income. Also, Hobson was one hundred percent against imperialism and argued that the impact of imperialism was negative. In the text he states, “It is the besetting sin of all successful States, and its penalty is unalterable in the order of nature” (456). That statement lets the reader know exactly how Hobson felt about imperialism and its impact as a whole. Hobson even mentions in the......

Words: 1149 - Pages: 5

Imperialism

...Imperialism > After the U.S. had expanded across the continent, many in the U.S. wanted to expand our territory to new lands. > Imperialism - to control weaker territories pollitcly, ecinomicly or millitarily. > Europeans nations had carved up Africa and much of Asia. > Three factors fueled American imperialism: The desire for military strenth; and a thirst for new markets; and a belief in our cultural superiority. Sewards Folly > in 1867, Sec. of State William Seward had arranged for the U.S. to buy Alaska from Russia. >Many Americans opposed the sale, called it "Serwards Folly",or "Sewards Ice Box". Hawai'i > Americans had been coming to the island kingdom since the 1820's. >By the 1890's, Anglos controlled over 75% of the exporting wealth through large sugar plantations. >The Queen of Hawai'i wanted to take some of the land back and give it to native Hawaians. >Eventually, the plantation owners hired a private army, overthrew the government and applied for admission as a territory of the U.S. Trouble in Cuba > Just 90 Miles south of Florida, the people had been fighting to become free of spain. > Since Cuba supplied Spain with most of its income, spain didnt want to lose them. > in 1896 the spanish government tried to put down another rebellion. he crowded all the people into concentration camps. > when cubans began to die of starvation and disease in the camps, American newspaper wrote exaggerated stories about the horrors there. Us goes to war with spain >Yellow......

Words: 408 - Pages: 2

Imperialism

...In the 19th and 20th century, European nations, such as the Great Britain, France, Italy, and Germany, expanded their empire building globally with their extremely superior military forces. They could very easily take over other “undeveloped” nations, since they had newly discovered quinine, which was effective in controlling attacks of malaria, and they had developed steamship and international telegraph. Imperialism is a term that refers to the economic and political domination or control of one country or nation by another one which is technologically and economically more advanced. The economic factors of Africa lured European Powers to its potential money making land that it has to offer.  Due to the Industrial Revolution in Europe, production with the help of machines increased. European demand for raw materials such as oil, copper, rubber, cocoa, and gold increased (Document 3). Africa was seen as being capable of supplying the needed raw materials. As a result, European powers partitioned Africa in order to secure some territories in order to provide a constant supply of raw materials to their industries in Europe. As they secured land in Africa, many countries stumbled upon huge diamond mines that increased the value of the land. With the help of machines during the Industrial Revolution, more goods were produced in the European industries but the local consumption was the same. This meant that not all the goods produced in Europe were locally sold and used in......

Words: 898 - Pages: 4

Imperialism

...Imperial America EDGE Fall Quarter 2003 Tim Chueh Ambert Ho 12/5/03 What Is Imperialism? “Imperialism is the highest stage of capitalism…characterized by monopoly corporations and the compulsion to export capital abroad for higher profits. Unlike capitalism in the earlier stages, in the imperialist stage, capitalism has no more progress to bring the world…the cause of contemporary militarism” – Lenin “The policy, practice, or advocacy of seeking, or acquiescing in, the extension of the control, dominion, or empire of a nation, as by the acquirement of new, esp. distant, territory or dependencies, or by the closer union of parts more or less independent of each other for operations of war, copyright, internal commerce, etc.” – Oxford dictionary The word imperialism derives from “empire.” As such, it is useful to spend a bit of time to define the word. In working towards a minimal definition, Stanford Professor of Archaeology J. Manning in his first lecture on Ancient Empires starts with: “An empire is a territorially extensive hierarchically political organization.” Unfortunately this definition is too vague. All states encountered in human history are by definition hierarchical, and many nations today are vast compared to......

Words: 10655 - Pages: 43

Imperialism

...____________________________________________ Date ________ Period _____ Primary Documents: Imperialism Directions: Read the three documents related to imperialism and answer the questions on a separate sheet of paper. Stanley Searches for Livingstone in Africa – Henry M. Stanley (1871) 1. Traveling through Africa (often called “going on safari”) was often seen as a big adventure by Europeans. As Stanley’s journey was coming to an end and he marched toward the village in which he believed he would find Dr. Livingstone how did he seem to feel? Explain. 2. Why do you suppose Stanley made such a dramatic entrance as he approached the village? 3. Henry Stanley’s entire trip was paid for by the New York Herald. Why do you think the New York Herald was willing to fund Stanley’s trip? The White Man’s Burden – Rudyard Kipling (1899) 4. How does Kipling describe the people of the Philippines in the first stanza? 5. In the third stanza Kipling writes “Watch sloth and heathen folly bring all your hopes to nought.” What does this mean? How do you think the White Man’s Burden would remedy this situation? 6. The forth stanza outlines some of the difficulties that Europeans face when imperializing a nation; none of these problems were unknown to Europeans. How does this emphasize the importance of the White Man’s Burden in the eyes of Europeans? 7. Some people argue that Kipling and other Europeans during the Age of Imperialism believed that the......

Words: 2117 - Pages: 9

Imperialism

...Name ____________________________________________ Date ________ Period _____ Primary Documents: Imperialism Directions: Read the three documents related to imperialism and answer the questions on a separate sheet of paper. Stanley Searches for Livingstone in Africa – Henry M. Stanley (1871) 1. Traveling through Africa (often called “going on safari”) was often seen as a big adventure by Europeans. As Stanley’s journey was coming to an end and he marched toward the village in which he believed he would find Dr. Livingstone how did he seem to feel? Explain. 2. Why do you suppose Stanley made such a dramatic entrance as he approached the village? 3. Henry Stanley’s entire trip was paid for by the New York Herald. Why do you think the New York Herald was willing to fund Stanley’s trip? The White Man’s Burden – Rudyard Kipling (1899) 4. How does Kipling describe the people of the Philippines in the first stanza? 5. The forth stanza outlines some of the difficulties that Europeans face when imperializing a nation; none of these problems were unknown to Europeans. How does this emphasize the importance of the White Man’s Burden in the eyes of Europeans? 6. Some people argue that Kipling and other Europeans during the Age of Imperialism believed that the people being colonized recognized that there were in fact benefits to colonization. How do the final stanzas of Kipling’s poem outline the benefits of colonization for the colonized? The Black......

Words: 1993 - Pages: 8

Imperialism

...Imperialism There is one particular figure whose name looms large, and whose spectre lingers, in indigenous discussions of encounters with the West: Christopher Columbus. It is not simply that Columbus is identified as the one who started it all, but rather that he has come to represent a huge legacy of suffering and destruction. Columbus ‘names’ that legacy more than any other individual.2 He sets its modern time frame (500 years) and defines the outer limits of that legacy, that is, total destruction.3 But there are other significant figures who symbolize and frame indigenous experiences in other places. In the imperial literature these are the ‘heroes’, the discoverers and adventurers, the ‘fathers’ of colonialism. In the indigenous literature these figures are not so admired; their deeds are definitely not the deeds of wonderful discoverers and conquering heroes. In the South Pacific, for example it is the British explorer James Cook, whose expeditions had a very clear scientific purpose and whose first encounters with indigenous peoples were fastidiously recorded. Hawai’ian academic Haunani Kay Trask’s list of what Cook brought to the Pacific includes: ‘capitalism, Western political ideas (such as predatory individualism) and Christianity. Most destructive of all he brought diseases that ravaged my people until we were but a remnant of what we had been on contact with his pestilent crew.’4 The French are remembered by Tasmanian Aborigine Greg Lehman, ‘not [for] the......

Words: 2036 - Pages: 9

Imperialism

...argued that the turn to imperialism by the United States in the late nineteenth century was of a piece with expansionist policy that dated back to the founding of the nation. Many of the justifications were similar, including a civilizing mission, expanding economic opportunities, competition with foreign powers, and others. Additionally, the anxieties that resulted from the closing of the frontier (most famously expressed in Frederick Jackson Turner's 1893 essay The Significance of the Frontier in American History) are often cited as driving forces for continued expansion as a way of maintaining American vitality in a modern world. Yet imperialism marked a major departure from previous US policy. For more than a century, political leaders had emphasized American isolation from the problems of the world. By mid-century, however, the desire for new markets for United States manufactured goods had resulted in increasing involvement in foreign affairs. The United States became an imperialist power for reasons of wealth, land, and power in the late eighteenth century. Though ideologically convincing, the imperialist policies that the US followed proved to be unsuccessful in a number of instances. From 1890 to about 1911, many Americans held the strongest of reservation either in favor or against United States imperialism. Thus, the debate over imperialism is split into two categories: Imperialists and anti-imperialists. The debate surrounding imperialism was indeed one of the......

Words: 1430 - Pages: 6

Causes of Imperialism

...Causes of Imperialism Due to a need/want for raw materials, political power, and a greater expanse of industrially civil societies, imperialism was prominent in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Imperialism was a direct result of industrialization. Industrialized countries had a greater political power (military), more money, and a high standard of living for it's people, and with this came an influential power over other weaker, underdeveloped countries. In document 6, Rudyard Kipling (in his poem, “The White Man's Burden”) described imperialism from a social standpoint, saying that it was the duty of the white race to send their best men (“send forth the best ye breed”) to teach the weak countries/people to become a better society (“to serve your captives' need”). This idea of a stronger country helping a weaker one is shown again in document 7, where president McKinley explained that the US took over the Philippines because they were not fit to govern themselves, and that by taking them over, they would ultimately become a better civilization. Document 8 shows a political reason for imperialism, showing that the french were able to acquire more land through powerful military force. They had much more advanced weapons than those they intended to overpower, and thus could do as they pleased without great difficulty. Document 3 goes along with this idea of power, saying that imperialism originated in a country's political ambitions, such as the......

Words: 364 - Pages: 2

Imperialism

...Imperialism by Robin Hathorn Cultural imperialism is the practice of promoting, distinguishing, separating, and artificially injecting the culture or language of one nation in another. It is usually the case that the former is a large, economically or militarily powerful nation and the latter is a smaller, less affluent nation. Cultural imperialism can take the form of an active, formal policy or a general attitude. Cultural imperialism is a form of cultural influence distinguished from other forms by the use of force, such as military or economic force. Cultural influence is a process that goes on at all times between all cultures that have contact with each other. Cultural imperialism is also very different from other imperialistic ways, in the sense that no military or economic intervention is needed to be able to influence countries. When discussing cultural imperialism involving the United States, one often refers to the U.S. as the "American Empire". The American Empire is a term sometimes used to describe the historical domination and the current political, economic, and cultural influence of the United States on a global scale. Cultural imperialism involves much more than simple consumer goods; however, it involves the teaching and implementation American principles, such as freedom and democracy on to other nations. However, it is in popular culture that the mutual relationship between America and the rest of the world is demonstrated best. Cultural......

Words: 552 - Pages: 3

Imperialism

...Imperialism is a type of advocacy of empire. Its name originated from the Latin word "imperium", meaning to rule over large territories. Imperialism is "a policy of extending a country's power and influence through colonization, use of military force, or other means".[2] Imperialism has greatly shaped the contemporary world.[3] The term imperialism has been applied to Western political and economic dominance in the 19th and 20th centuries, however its precise meaning continues to be debated by scholars. For example, cartographers of the nineteenth century used cartography to further fuel imperialism. As scholar Bassett notes, "Maps were used in various ways to extend European hegemony over foreign and often unknown territory."[4] It is better to use terms such as cultural or economic imperialism to describe some of these less formal types of domination.[5] Some writers, such as Edward Said, use the term more broadly to describe any system of domination and subordination organised with an imperial center and a periphery.[6] From a Marxist perspective, imperialism is a natural feature of a developed capitalist nation state as it matures into monopoly capitalism. In Lenin's work Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism, he observed that as capitalism matured in the Western world, economies shifted away from manufacturing towards banking, finance, and capital markets, as production was outsourced to the empires' colonies. Lenin concluded that competition between Empire and...

Words: 498 - Pages: 2

Imperialism

...The Era of Imperialism During the late 1900’s Europe decided it was in the nation’s best interest to expand their territory and bring inferior race’s under its control. The Europeans would not be the first to expand however they did go one step further, choosing occupied areas. Africa, Asia and the Pacific were three of the first areas to be conquered and permanently occupied. Industrial Revolution empowered Europeans in a way they hadn’t been empowered before; industrialization and technology changed the very nature of imperialism. The European’s possessed knowledge of technology and fire power that no one else could compare to. The Europeans felt that it was their duty as well as their right to progress the rest of human civilization by teaching them their own western ways. Because the Europeans reaped the benefits of profit and global power they felt as if they were justified in their actions. Regardless of how powerful the Europeans were, not everyone shared their views. People questioned their motives and claims of everyone benefiting from the European-style colonization. Eventually those who became subject to the Europeans, became aware of the own lost culture and ways, this began the protest of anti-colonial nationalist. Justifications of Imperialism “Something else is needed for France: that she cannot merely be a free country, that she must also be a great country, exercising all of her rightful influence over the destiny of Europe; that she ought...

Words: 1494 - Pages: 6

Imperialism

...Force Behind European Imperialism in Africa? During the 19th century, King Leopold II of Belgium compared Africa to a cake. At the Berlin Conference in 1885, seven European nations took slices of Africa for themselves without discussing any details with Africans. From a 21st century perspective, this seems like a selfish thing to have done, so why did Europeans engage in imperialism? Certainly, political factors, cultural causes, and technological advancements were important. But the primary cause was economic. European nations competed to exploit the rich resources of Africa for financial and commercial gain. Much of European imperialism in Africa came as a result of political causes. There were seven different European countries with colonies in Africa (Doc A). This probably created an intense atmosphere of competition. Each of these countries wanted to "keep up" with their neighbors and did not want to be surpassed in riches or glory ... Many in England believed they had to take colonies "or perish." Germany believed it needed to "prove and maintain its newly won position" by taking more colonies (Doc B). National pride created competition among nations that accelerated European movement into Africa. European imperialism in Africa also resulted from cultural causes. One example of this is that at The Berlin Conference, Europeans stated that the "moral and material well being" of the African peoples would be improved by European imperialism (BGE). Another......

Words: 650 - Pages: 3

Imperialism

...America Revolutions Napoleon Bonaparte Revolutions in Haiti, Mexico, and Gran Columbia The impact of educated creoles in Latin American Revolutions The French Revolution Changes in government from feudalism up to republics Human migration patters during the Industrial Revolution The cause of the Industrial Revolution in England The impact of the second agricultural revolution Problems with industrialization in cities/slums Workers wages at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution Positive long terms impacts of the Industrial Revolution The goals of socialism & communism Russia’s lack of industrial revolution Russian tsars response to reform The Crimean War The impact of European Imperialism in Africa and Asia Social Darwinism Christian Missionaries during Imperialism The Mahdi and his resistance to European influence in Sudan The Ottoman empires factors of decline Young Turks and Muhammad Ali’s western inspired reform goals The importance of the Suez Canal The British East India Company success in India The Sepoy Mutiny The Opium Wars in China The Taiping Rebellion in China The Boxer Rebellion in China Matthew Perry’s impact in Japan Japans response to westernization and industrialization The Meiji Restoration impact on the Shogun and Emperor...

Words: 253 - Pages: 2

Imperialism

...n Africa Melissa B5 Imperialism in Africa In the late 1800’s Europeans took over Africa, took their resources,enslaving the Africans, and changed the course of history. The Europeans took over Africa, which is called The Scramble For Africa, in 1884-1914. The Europeans took over because Africa was rich in raw materials, they wanted power, and they thought their culture was superior. The driving force behind imperialism was need for resources, political competition, and technological advances. One driving force behind imperialism was need for natural resources. Document E uses a bar graph to show imports and exports in 1854, and 1900 between Great Britain and South Saharan Africa. Great Britain made 3 million British pounds in 1854, and 21 million British pounds in 1900 just from exports. The graph show that both imports and exports increased from 1854 to 1900 , but the exports boosted up way more than the imports did. Document E explains the important cause of European imperialism in Africa by showing that they earned money from taking Africa’s resources and exporting it to make their empire bigger. Economic factors are more of a driving force behind European imperialism than national pride and improved technology because they needed more resources to have the ability to improve their technology plus they added more land for national pride. Another driving force behind imperialism was political competition. Document A is a map of Africa that shows where each European......

Words: 503 - Pages: 3

Kaspersky Anti-virus 2017 17 0 0 611 (b) Final + Trial Resetter 1 torrent | Psy-Changeling series | Prawo ulicy (The Wire)