Iran

In: Other Topics

Submitted By RaginCajun21
Words 882
Pages 4
IRAN Iran is a Middle Eastern country located south of the Caspian Sea and north of the Persian Gulf. Located in the center of Eurasia and bordering several Middle Eastern states (Iraq, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Armenia, Afghanistan, and Pakistan), Iran is about the size of Arizona Its population is 67,000,000 and the official languages spoken there are persian, turkish, kurdish, luri, balochi, & arabic. Iran has been made up of different cultures and traditions throughout its history. Despite those different influences, Iran remains a conservative Muslim theocracy. Right now Iran is the second biggest oil producer in the world and attracts a lot of investment from all over the world. Any organisation wishing to conduct business with Iran needs to understand the mixture of traditional and modern influences which impact Iranian business and social culture. Approximately 98% of the Iranian population is Muslim. Iran is a conservative society where Islamic traditions and values play an important role in everyday life. Traditions such as these also affect business, so it is important to be aware of them when doing business with Iranian colleagues. Iranians tend to have a very indirect communication style and rely heavily on nonverbal and figurative forms of speech. This is a means of lifestyle when communicating and maintaining individual honour. This aspect of Iranian culture has to be carefully considered when doing business, because a direct refusal, can be interpreted as rude and impolite. In many other Middle Eastern countries, hospitality is a key value in Iranian culture. Generosity and displaying welcoming behaviour is used as a way to measure a person’s reputation and character. It is very important to accept hospitality always when offered, otherwise it can be interpreted as a loss of honour for the person you are doing business with. After the 1978…...

Similar Documents

Iran Oil

...IRAN OIL AND SANCTIONS MGT5A6 Issues in contemporary management Contents Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………………………..3 About Iran oil…………………………………………………………………………………………………3 About Iran Sanctions and problems…………………………………………………………….3-4 Group recommendation………………………………………………………………………………4-5 Bibliography………………………………………………………………………………………………….6 Introduction: This report focuses on Iran national oil company and sanction regarding the atomic energy in Iran and how people in Iran dealing with this problem. About Iran oil: According to OPEC Iran comes second in the world with highest level’s of oil reserves estimated at 150 billion barrels and this is ten percent of total proven reserves in petroleum. Iran is the fourth largest producer of oil in the world and second largest after Saudi Arabia in Middle East but this was all before the sanction. Sanction against Iran and problems: Sanctions against Iran are commonly against nuclear and certain military exports to Iran and this have been affecting all Iranian people around the world. Sanction started five years ago and day by day they make it harder for Iranian people and USA and all the European countries said many times in news that we don’t have anything against Iranian people, we just want to make your government to stop nuclear progress but this didn’t effect Iranian governments but since 2011 the crises start hitting Iranian much more then before, even the price of the product’s and services......

Words: 1245 - Pages: 5

Basseri of Iran

...Basseri of Iran ANT 101 Instructor: Outline 1. Orientation 2. Tribeswomen of Iran (How are they viewed) 3. Tribesmen of Iran (how are they viewed) 4. Kinship 5. Political Organization 6. Beliefs and Values 7. Economy The Basseri of Iran is a nomadic, tent-dwelling people. They are a descendent of Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and gypsy ancestors. They have different views of men and women and different roles within their society. Their beliefs and values are different from our own, and they treat their economy different then we treat our own. This essay will take an in-depth look at the beliefs and values, sickness and healing, and   the political organization of the Basseri of Iran. “The Basseri are traditional pastoral nomads who inhabit the Iranian province of Fārs and migrate along the steppes and mountains near the town of Shīrāz. The Basseri are a clearly delineated group, defined—as are most groups in the area—by political rather than by ethnic or geographical criteria. In the late 1950s there were an estimated 16,000 Basseri living in Iran” (Barth, Fredrik (1961). The Basseri speak a language of Farsi, and most only know this language, but there are a few that can speak Turkish or Arabic. They live in a hot and arid climate and inhabit approximately 18,000 to 21,000 square kilometers. The roles of tribeswomen in Iran are much different from the roles......

Words: 1838 - Pages: 8

Women in Iran

...1. Women's rights in Iran have for many years been a very controversial and heated topic. The way women live and are viewed by men in Iran has changed in so many ways throughout the end of the twentieth century leading into current day. Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was the last Shah of Iran and throughout his attempt to westernize his country he was overthrown by the Iranian Revolution, also known as the Islamic Revolution, on February 11th, 1979.[1] Religious rulers took over and influenced the Sharia Law, which are decisions on how to live life by studying religious texts. Ever since this change women have faced a struggle to survive in harsh conditions every day of their lives. Inequality between Iranian men and women is a major problem, even an issue due to the way women are viewed and through the eye of a man here.[2] The rights of women certainly have changed drastically since the start of the revolution, but still the daily life of an Iranian women without a doubt does not compare to that of a woman living in America.[3] Islamic women have tried to fight these discriminatory conditions, but these prevalent practices are in most cases required by the law. The laws that they are forced to go by are biased and in any outsiders opinion should be changed. After the revolution, Iran took a different turn from being a western influenced country to a being an Islamic fundamental government with strict rules led by the supreme leader Ayatollah Khomeini. Since the overthrow of...

Words: 1814 - Pages: 8

A Glimpse Into Iran

...A Glimpse into Iran Iran’s Reputation Iran is a Middle Eastern country governed by Islamic ideology and is a theocratic government. There are reports that, ‘Iran is one of the worst human trafficking violators in the world’ (Maher, 2013) and ‘is considered an origin, transit, and destination country for human trafficking’ (“Field listing:,” 2013, para. 52). “Iran is a “tier 3″ country in regards to trafficking, a status given to countries “whose governments do not fully comply with the minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so” (Panah, 2013). “The government did not share information on its anti-trafficking efforts with the international community during the reporting period; this impedes the collection of information on the country’s human trafficking problem and the government’s efforts to curb it” (“US report:,” 2013, para. 4). Victims of Trafficking ‘Men, women, and children are all victims of the human trafficking trade’ (“Field listing:,” 2013, para. 52). There are many reasons one may fall prey to human traffickers, but the global influences seem to be “poverty, unemployment, discrimination, a lack of social and economic opportunities, and global financial crises…” (“Iran calls on,” 2013, para. 3). According to Panah (2013) ‘children in Iran are the most exploited source of forced labor in the world.’ Because children are the most vulnerable human beings, they are easy prey for pedophiles as well. Many children who are trafficked......

Words: 847 - Pages: 4

Iran Update

...States and the international community had imposed sanctions against Iran to in order for Iran to engage seriously in discussions with the international community and address concerns over its nuclear program and human rights abuses. Recently, on January 20th 2014, the permanent members of the UN Security Council(and Germany) and Iran came up with an interim nuclear deal, The Joint Plan of Action. It involved Iran diluting its stockpile to a lower lever of enriched uranium gas production or converting it into oxide form, which is more difficult to process into weapon fuel. While Iran has committed not to manufacture or operate new centrifuges during this interim period, none of its 18,000 centrifuges will be dismantled as a result of the deal. Iran has also insisted that the agreement does not restrict research and development of more advanced centrifuges, which it has continued to pursue. To monitor Iran's compliance with the restrictions of the interim agreement, the IAEA is implementing an "enhanced monitoring" arrangement under which inspectors are given daily access to the enrichment plants at Natanz and Fordow. Inspectors have also gained "managed access" to centrifuge production and assembly workshops, which have not previously been inspected regularly. Despite President Obama’s veto threat against any new sanctions legislation, administration officials have emphasized that the interim accord with Iran does not restrict the United States from enforcing most existing......

Words: 542 - Pages: 3

Iran

...Swot analysis (4 pages) Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats Strengths: Iran is located between the Middle East and Central Asia, with an access to two maritime frontages, the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. This geographical situation provides economic, politic and military advantages (easiness to exchange with the rest of the world, access to international resources and the sovereignty of Iran is extended to its territorial waters). Iran is the eighteenth largest country in the world. It has a surface of 1 648 000 km² (3 times the size of France). The economy of the Islamic Republic Iran is the twenty-eight largest in the world by GDP (nominal) and the nineteenth largest economy in the world by Purchasing Power Parity (PPP). Iran is the world’s second largest proven oil and gas reserves after Saudi Arabia and Russia. It is the first exporter of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Oil and gas aside, Iran is rich in other resources and has a important agricultural sector with the culture of cereals (wheat, corn, barley, rice), fruits (dates, figs, pomegranates, grapes, melons and watermelons) and vegetables, cotton, pistachios, olives, spices (saffron), tobacco and tea. Thanks to its location, Iran has an easy access to markets of neighboring countries Furthermore, Iran has one of the highest urban growth rates in the world. From 1950 to 2002, the urban proportion of the population increased from 27% to 60%. TSE......

Words: 730 - Pages: 3

Iran Essay

...In the light of the developing Iranian nuclear capability, assess the continuity and change in contemporary American foreign policy towards Iran’s quest to become a regional hegemon. This study begins with the premise that Iran and Iraq were, following the end of the Cold War, seen as the two obstacles to American hegemony in the Middle East. America has always had strong strategic interest in the area. During the Cold War, the Middle East was one of the battlegrounds from which to contain the Soviet Union, and therefore all policy was generally in line with preventing Soviet domination of the area through containment and deterrence, thereby protecting American strategic interests. With the Soviet threat confined to history, America found itself without a global competitor in what has been called The Unipolar Moment (Krauthammer 1990). This dissertation seeks to understand and analyse how the administrations in power in America during the unipolar moment have adapted their thinking towards the Middle East beyond Cold War paradigms, chiefly in reference to the rise of Iran as a possible regional hegemon bolstered by its nuclear ambitions. In order to understand this question, the analysis will examine changing ideological perspectives and the effects of those perspectives on the exercise of foreign policy. The study will focus primarily on the policies of the William J. Clinton (Clinton) and George W. Bush (Bush II) administrations. The reasoning for this is one of......

Words: 743 - Pages: 3

Iran Issue

...Iran: A Concise Look at Current Political and Economic Situation Yousef Langroodi - Translation by RF, Revolutionary Flowerpot Society March 12, 2011 Translation of an article from Raah-e Kargar/Workers' Path. A Concise Look at Current Political and Economic Situation  by: Yousef Langroodi / March 11, 2011 A look at the current conditions in Iran makes it clear that the Islamic Republic continues to face unprecedented economic and political crises. It has not only not been able to take a step toward solving any of the problems it faces but has been spreading and deepening the dimensions of the crises with the policies it has pursued. The Islamic regime, which in previous months had been using all its capabilities to portray the anti-dictatorial movement as defeated, suddenly -- and with the advent of the protests and demonstrations on February 14 and then 20th and then the Protest Tuesdays that ensued -- saw the reality of people confronting it. On this year's Char-shanbeh-soori [ceremonies held for the last Wednesday of the year], the Islamic Republic will find out well and truly where it stands, and to what extent it has been able to control people's movement and their struggles. This Char-shanbeh-soori, which is to be held off on the last of the Protest Tuesdays of the current year [Iranian calendar, which ends March 19], will be another occasion for a nationwide opportunity for the people to shout, Death to Dictatro!, and to show this regime of......

Words: 1948 - Pages: 8

Iran

...Stärken: 1. Lage zwischen dem Nahen Osten und in Zentralasien, mit Zugang zum Persischen Golf und am Kaspischen Meer 2. Iran ist der achtzehnte größte Land in der Welt 3. Die Wirtschaft des Iran ist der fünfundzwanzigsten größten in der Welt durch GDP (nominal) und der achtzehnten größte Volkswirtschaft der Welt, die von Kaufkraftparität (PPP) 4. weltweit zweitgrößten nachgewiesenen Ölreserven, nach Saudi-Arabien, 5. weltweit zweitgrößten nachgewiesenen Gasreserven nach Russland 6. Es ist der OPEC (Organisation Erdöl exportierender Länder) 2. größte Ölexporteur und eine Energie-Supermacht. 7. Subventionsreform hat den inländischen Verbrauch von Öl und Gas geschnitten und bietet mehr für den Export 8. Öl und Gas abgesehen, ist Iran reich an anderen Ressourcen und hat einen starken Agrarsektor 9. Einfacher Zugang zu den Märkten der Nachbarländer 10. Iran hat eine der höchsten städtischen Wachstumsraten in der Welt. Von 1950 bis 2002 wurde die städtische Bevölkerungsanteil erhöhte sich von 27% bis 60% 11. TSE (Tehran Stock Exchange) ist in den letzten Jahren einer der leistungsfähigsten Börsen der Welt. 12. Das Foreign Investment Promotion und Schutzgesetzes (FIPPA) verursacht einen gewissen Schutz für ausländische Investoren und eine relativ gute Bedingungen für die Rückführung von Gewinnen 13. Obwohl in den Jahren seit der Revolution erstickt werden Iraner für ihre unternehmerischen Fähigkeiten, die potenziell eine starke Anziehungskraft für......

Words: 292 - Pages: 2

Iran

...see in the Asia–Pacific and Middle East, are with some allies than more of a mix of shared and divergent interests with the United States than before. Claims that before. the United States is “The Leader” play into freerider incentives for allies trying to cajole the United States to take actions and bear risks they aren’t willing to run themselves. This is not to say that the United States should not provide any global leadership. On issues such as Israel/Palestine, the United States remains T THE WASHINGTON QUARTERLY & SPRING 2014 121 Bruce W. Jentleson uniquely positioned to play the lead broker role. The P5 + 1 process is the official mechanism for the nuclear nonproliferation talks with Iran, but the bilateral U.S.–Iran channel is key. When the international community has broadly shared interests but needs an impetus for collective action, the United States remains best able, as former U.S. policy planning director Anne-Marie Slaughter has put it, “to convene, to catalyze, and to connect.”17 Libya 2011 fit this. On Syria, though, the United States has not been able and/or willing (plenty of debate over which has been more the problem) to provide leadership. In particular, the United States needs to do more to help build international institutions and other mechanisms that provide global governance capacity. This doesn’t mean just the United Nations or any other particular entity. Global governance is a cumulative and only......

Words: 9655 - Pages: 39

Iran Revolution

...The Modernization of Women in Revolutionary Iran The Quran, Sura 4, verse 38 states, “Men are the managers of the affairs of women for that God has preferred in bounty one of them over another…and those you fear may be rebellious admonish; banish them to their couches, and beat them”. To develop and understand social change, it is crucial to examine the central structures and organizations within a given society. Through examining family structure, the state, and religion, geared with a specific focus on gender, a basic set of followed societal governing rules and values become apparent. Each of these societal structures are interrelated, working together to permit as well as restrict the agency of women in revolutionary Iranian society. For the development of successful social change to take place, it must arise through gender conflict, class conflict, and political action. Each social structure such as, family structure, state relations, and religion, is located within the larger context of a national structure, meaning the examples previously mentioned are subject to larger regional and global influences and changes. Due to this reasoning, it is important to examine evolving economic development and political change to understand women’s status within Iranian revolutionary societies and furthermore, their changing roles within the traditional family structure, Islam, education, and the work force. Through an analysis of class location, policy restructuring, and......

Words: 3506 - Pages: 15

Iran

...Iran is a country that is located in the Persian Gulf, Iran has a population of around 80 million, the large majority of whom (89%) are adherents of the Shi’a branch of Islam – the official religion which takes a predominant place even in politics. The real name of the country is Islamic republic of Iran and his capital Teheran. Geographically, Iran is taller than both France and Germany. Who has already heard about Iran recently? (levage de mains), why?? Good, as you may know, Iran is focus of actuality economic and politic. Through this presentation, we will answer two questions, First of all, we’ll see if Iran is key country and secondly, we’ll see the point of Iran as a threat to the peace of the world. Conflit interne Complex political strucure At the apex of the Islamic Republic’s power structure is a “Supreme Leader” who has vast formal powers and no term limits. Today it’s Ayatola Ali Khomeni. He is chosen by an elected body “the Assembly of Experts” which also has the constitutional power to remove bhim. He is responsible for “general policies of the Islamic Republic of Iran”, which include all aspects of domestic and foreign policy. He exercises considerable authority. He controls all of the armed forces and the Islamic Republic’s intelligence and security operations. He alone can declare war and peace. Throughout (au cours) career, has consistently taken hardline stances on regional issues, particularly toward Israel, often calling it a cancerous tumor that......

Words: 1584 - Pages: 7

Iran

...Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 99 (2013) 886 – 892 9th International Strategic Management Conference Using SWOT analysis and SEM to prioritize strategies in Foreign exchange market in Iran Mohammad Shariatmadaria, Amir Homayoun Sarfarazb , Pegah Hedayatc, Kiyan Vadoudid,b a,b,c Islamic Azad University - Tehran, Iran, d Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy Abstract Recently, due to international prohibition on Iran, foreign exchange market of Iran is facing with a severe crisis. In this situation adopting best strategy is vital for Iran. One of the best ways to select strategy is SWOT analysis. SWOT analysis is a powerful tool to identify strategies by strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Consequently, it is very important to prioritize strategies for organizations. Thus there are various methods presented for determining the priority of the strategies. This paper offers a new and statistical method that using the structural equations model, creates a second-order factor analysis model for each of the strategies SO, ST, WO and WT and the best model is chosen according to the AIC criterion. Comparing this approach to ANP reveals that ANP method is very complex and time wasting while the mentioned method is very easy and simple. Keywords:Foreign exchange market, SWOT analysis, second order factor analysis, criterion AIC, structural equations model, the......

Words: 3394 - Pages: 14

Iran Culture

...important before talking about the art in Iran. Qajar Dynasty was an Iranian royal dynasty of Turkic origin, which ruled Persia (Iran) from 1785 to 1925. The state ruled by the dynasty was officially known as the Sublime State of Iran. This period of time has a great impact for the art in Iran especially for painting and carpet. The painting at that period of time was influenced by the European painter and made the Iranian painter to start using oil to paint. Different tribes at that period of time would make their own type of carpet but the general type is that the pattern will be in parallel and there will have many different image put on the carpet. The material used at that period of time was mostly cotton. There is a type of carpet called Suzani, Suzani usually were made of cotton or silk fabric base which is used usually in wedding day as part of the bride’s dowry. Moreover, music is also a very important factor for the art development in Iran. The most popular music in Iran before the Islamic revolution is mainly classical or pop. During the Pahlavi Dynasty, which is the dynasty after Qajar Dynasty. The government at that time supported many people to become a singer. Especially during the 1970s, it’s called the golden age of Persian pop music when the singer started to add electrical guitar to their music. It did not last for a long period of time because the government banned it after the Islamic revolution. At last, food in Iran also have a great impact to......

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

The Law of Iran

...The law of the Islamic Republic of Iran hinges on the state constitution called the Qanun-e Asasi which received approval after a national referendum in December 1979. As expressed in Article four of that body of law, the standards for Islamic judgment or decisions must be in accordance with the Qanun-e Assai. The Iranian House of parliament, or the Islamic Consultative Assembly, a body of law makers charged with the responsibility of drafting Islamic laws for the Islamic Republic, must only draft laws compatible with Islamic standards. Arguably, the Council of Guardians, as an Islamic watch group, has ultimate control over the Islamic laws the assembly passes. Because of the complex nature of the law that governs the Islamic Republic of Iran, it is necessary for criminal justice professionals in the United States to understand the principles of justice as related to Islamic law, its basic concepts, and the foundation on which such body of law rests. According to Mehran (2001) “Muslims agree that the establishment of an Islamic state requires the implementation of Islamic principles and laws” (p. 1). In the Islamic Republic of Iran, the supreme leader, Ayatollah Khomeini, and his followers made clear doctrinal justifications for unchallenged Islamic rules to guarantee strict political command and with many specified standard of authority. ‘By emphasizing communal interest in legislation and establishing an extensive institutional mechanism of legal control, the clerics......

Words: 416 - Pages: 2

Suits Season 3 Complete 480p MKVTV MKV | AnimeDLR 2.8.0 APK Free | Yellow Dog Linux 6.0.