Is Religion and Theology Scientific?

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By apostlekolawole
Words 991
Pages 4
Is Religion and Theology Scientific?

Religion and Theology are two terms that are often confused when it comes to their study. Religion is based on faiths and beliefs when it comes to the acceptance of superhuman powers in the form of God or gods. On the other hand theology is the study of God thought. This is especially true of Christianity. In short it can be said that theology works on religion. Theology is in fact based on religion. It is a system of studying about God especially Christian religion. Religion does not deal with any sort of rational analysis. On the other hand theology deals with the rational analysis of a religious faith. However there is no way we can separate the two.

Theology is not science. Science is not theology. They are simply two different things. They are not even two similar kinds of things. Science is the pursuit of what you can know. Theology is the pursuit of what you, by definition, cannot know. Science can tell you how things in the world work and that can lead to technology: how to manipulate things to achieve a desired result. Theology cannot tell you how God works, nor can you ever manipulate God to achieve a desired result.

Science deals with the study of nature, its forces, processes and development. It is based on the analysis of evidence. It assumes, as a working hypothesis, that processes and events happen due to natural causes, not through divine intervention. It rarely intrudes in matters of morality, the existence and nature of deity, spirituality, etc. Religion deal with matters of faith. Its main basis is often revelation from a deity -orally transmitted from generation to generation, recorded in a sacred text, or revealed to individuals through prayer. Most faith groups teach of the existence of one or more deities who created the universe, and continue to play a major role in managing it.

Science’s…...

Similar Documents

Theology

...notes on Religion and Theology. Name Course Instructor Date Abstract The debate on religion and religious beliefs, doctrines and practices, has preoccupied man’s mind for as long as creation itself. There is an inward urge in to try and penetrate into this topic, gathering as much information as possible. In doing so endless arguments, that sometimes seem to weigh beliefs of one religion against another, often arise. There is also a tendency to look at the similarities in teachings from different religions, their practicability and what they endeavor to achieve in the long run. Religious studies also often find their arguments leaning toward relationship between the whole idea of creation and God’s participation in it. However, in religious circles there is often no doubt of belief in the supreme as far as creation and the existence of the universe is concerned. In view of this, we will seek to understand whether creation is testimony to God’s existence. Introduction Religion is no doubt a subject that has formed and greatly influenced the existence of various theories, cultural behaviors and as well raised a considerable sense of controversy. All religions draw their very own existence from some natural being and this element is well supported by references recorded mostly in books that are used to teach the doctrines of these specific......

Words: 869 - Pages: 4

Theology

...REFLECTION PAPER IN THEOLOGY 12: MAN AND MORALITY SUBMITTED BY: CALIMAG, MARRIELL B. AAT-2A SUBMITTED TO: SIR ANTHONY MERENCIANO Moral theology is a term used by the Roman Catholic Church to describe the study of God from a perspective of how man must live in order to attain the presence or favour of God. While dogmatic theology deals with the teaching or official doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church, moral theology deals with the goal of life and how it is achieved. So, the goal or purpose of moral theology is, simply stated, to determine how man should live. Moral theology examines such things as freedom, conscience, love, responsibility, and law. Moral theology seeks to set forth general principles to help individuals make the right decisions and deal with the details of everyday living in a way that is in accordance with the Church’s dogmatic theology. Moral theology is essentially the Roman Catholic equivalent to what Protestants usually refer to as Christian Ethics. Moral theology deals with the broad questions in life and attempts to define what it means to live as a Roman Catholic Christian. Moral theology addresses the different methods of moral discernment, the definitions of right and wrong, good and evil, sin and virtue, etc. Morality is the differentiation of intentions, decisions, and actions between those that are "good" (or right) and those that are "bad" (or wrong). It is based on human existence that refers to human experience. Human......

Words: 1555 - Pages: 7

Theology

...case from the Bible. I will then show why traditionalists reject this variety of liberation theology. First, however, it is necessary to distinguish evangelical feminism from three other varieties of feminism. VARIETIES OF FEMINISM The different subgroups among feminists have been categorized variously. For my purposes, I have chosen to classify them as secular feminists, New Age feminists, liberal Christian feminists, and evangelical feminists. These subgroups should not be viewed as having clearly defined lines of demarcation; rather, they are more like clusters along the theological-philosophical continuum. Along this continuum, it is possible that a feminist may fall between the clusters, thereby sharing some of the characteristics of two different groups.[8] Secular feminists are humanists who disallow God, revelation, and religion in the discussion of feminism. They view the Bible as a major source of chauvinist ideas and a relic of antiquity that has no relevance to the ongoing debate over the roles of men and women in modern society. New Age feminists are pagans who are typically involved in the worship of a feminine deity or goddess. (The upcoming Fall issue of the CHRISTIAN RESEARCH JOURNAL will feature an article by Norman L. Geisler on neopaganism and feminism.) Liberal Christian feminists operate within a Christian framework but approach feminism (and theology in general) from a very liberal perspective. They believe the Bible writers were simply......

Words: 5956 - Pages: 24

The God-Is-Dead Theology

...GOD-IS-DEAD THEOLOGY A RESEARCH PAPER SUBMITTED TO DOCTOR RICHARD ELLIGSON PROFESSOR OF THEOLOGY IN CANDIDACY FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF CHURCH MINISTRY BY EL-FATIH J. AJALA (25927535) THEO 510 LUO LYNCHBURG, VIRGINIA JULY 21, 2013 Introduction Paul Enns in his book The Moody Handbook of Theology states of theologians who profess this theology, “deny all forms of traditional ontology and allow for no sovereign and unconditioned Being but only a ‘God’ who at some point in the dialectic wills His own self-annihilation” and that, “man must learn to live without God.”[1] The lack of universal truth in our lives in this 21st century can be directly attributed to the lack of morals and moral values begun in the 19th century; and which took root in the 20th century; and might be the death of man in the 22nd century. In stating that God is dead, it has to be shown that: * Is God dead? * Science and technology can solve the world’s problems * God died as a transcendent God when Christ died * The Bible is narrative (i.e. myth) This review of the God-Is-Dead theology focuses on these four questions. Is God Dead? In an article written in the Chicago Tribune in 1963 it is stated that two men (Thomas Altizer and William Hamilton) experienced the death of God. Upon this statement, a “theology”......

Words: 3468 - Pages: 14

Philosophy of Religion

...Introduction Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. It is an ancient discipline, being found in the earliest known manuscripts concerning philosophy, and relates to many other branches of philosophy and general thought, including metaphysics, logic, and history. Philosophy of religion is frequently discussed outside of academia through popular books and debates, mostly regarding the existence of God and problem of evil. The philosophy of religion differs from religious philosophy in that it seeks to discuss questions regarding the nature of religion as a whole, rather than examining the problems brought forth by a particular belief system. It is designed such that it can be carried out dispassionately by those who identify as believers or non-believers. Religion: A Part of Metaphysics Philosophy of religion has classically been regarded as a part of metaphysics. In Aristotle's Metaphysics, the necessarily prior cause of eternal motion was an unmoved mover, who, like the object of desire, or of thought, inspires motion without itself being moved. This, according to Aristotle, is God, the subject of study in theology. Today, however, philosophers have adopted the term philosophy of religion for the subject, and typically it is......

Words: 1759 - Pages: 8

The Abrogation of Organized Religion and the Push for Universal Scientific Literacy

...Organized Religion and the Push for Universal Scientific Literacy Since religion was humankind’s first attempt at trying to understand the chaotic world around them, it was therefore the worst attempt. The fact that organized religion still persists in the modern technologically advanced society is so preposterous that it’s almost beyond comprehension how it has managed to, not only survive, but thrive. Organized religion, in all of its various guises, is an antiquated device of manipulation and control; it’s the root cause of nearly all wars, poverty, bigotry, racism, terrorism, and human suffering. It is also the most fundamental hindrance of scientific progress that mankind faces and should therefore be methodically phased out and replaced by atheism, secular humanism, and most of all, an education focused primarily on scientific literacy. What is the Essence of Religion?: It was once an inconceivable act for a human being to question the existence of some sort of a creator god, or gods. People had all the evidence they needed right in front of them: they were conscious and alive, the world was beautiful, coincidences happened which seemed much like prayer being answered, and the earth was encased inside of a celestial sphere while the heavens appeared to revolve directly around the earth, making man the very center of this profound design; it was almost as if the world was created specifically for humans. Thus, organized religion was......

Words: 4721 - Pages: 19

Religion

...Early on, there was no conflict between religion and medical science because the two were synonymous. Religion provided proto-scientific understandings of illness and death. The role of nurses was to ease suffering where they could and make spiritual meaning of it where they could not. When healing happened, the hand of God got the credit, and when healing failed, faith eased the loss. However, conflict was inevitable. One part of the religious-medical mindset is compassionate service, but another part is passive acceptance of divine will. Consequently, over the centuries as medical science has emerged, first in the rudimentary trials and errors of folk practitioners and then as an actual scientific endeavor, institutional Christianity has had mixed reactions. When push comes to shove, religion is designed to help us transcend our mortal condition in a world to come, not to help us overcome it in this one. Consequently, in religion-based healthcare the ultimate good is actually the health of the soul, as understood by a specific authoritarian tradition and set of practitioners. Suffering, in this view, may be a test, a punishment, or a way of cleansing sin. In any case trying to discern and obey God’s will is supremely important. Our lives belong to God. Contrast this with the worldview of medical science—that human suffering is a natural phenomenon; that our experience in this world is controlled by physical and biological laws; that by understanding these laws we......

Words: 399 - Pages: 2

The Entwistle 4mat Review Theology Religion Essay

...The Entwistle 4mat Review Theology Religion Essay Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity allowed me to understand the past occurrences of psychology and theology. The book displayed the religion and confidence that psychology and Christianity should combine for it to possess a higher understanding and permitting the client a higher probability of healing. So as to do this there should be an entire understanding of every element in and of itself. Entwistle’s (2010) book presented all the facts from history as it has formed society these days. As he mentioned these historic events, it shows simply how the knowledge today may be a reflection or reaction of what happened then. Christianity has invariably had an enormous impact on world history and the way the planet is viewed. The author makes it clear that God offers humans reality and honesty in His Word. When consideration of his works is given his Word has begun to demonstrate an impact on the planet. The Word of God is the Bible that God created as a guide to living life in the way that God designed to be the best for humankind. Theology and Psychology do not appear to be to be compatible however they are similar when it involves the appreciation and comprehension that enables a person's life to be meaningful. The planet is filled with individuals that have many abilities to share. God created us in his image therefore that makes each of us distinctive in our own sense. We all have things of our own to......

Words: 1259 - Pages: 6

Religion and Theology

...Name Institution Course Instructor Date Interpretation of Revelation 3: 14-22 Introduction Laodicea is one of the seven churches listed in Revelation. The church became one of the main churches following the end of 20th century. The church of Laodicea was located a wealthy business place. This resulted in a materialistic church that started to boast for its success as well as tapping into God’s power. Jesus Christ condemned the church of Laodicea due to its lack of awareness of the spiritual wealth need. The church was located in a wealthy city and this resulted in the believers being immature, self satisfied and lacking vision. The present essay gives an interpretation of Revelation 13: 14-22. Socio-historical context Laodicea city was located in South-western Asia Minor on one of the ancient highways that was connecting Ephesus and Syria. At the time the letter to Laodicea was being written, the city of Laodicea already existed and had lasted for some hundred years. The city of Laodicea was founded by King Antiochus II during (261-246BC).The city of Laodicea was famous for its riches and wealth. This wealth was as a result of black wool garments’ production that took place in the city. Under the rule of Roman, Laodicea was made a banking center, and its residents mainly associated themselves with black wool production. The city was associated with black wool production, which was the raw material for making garments. Due to its riches and wealth, the city became a......

Words: 1732 - Pages: 7

Theology

...THEO 100 Midterm Study Guide Theology What is the difference between a ‘Big T’ and ‘little t’ theologian? * Big T means academic theology and little t means the thinking process. What does it mean to ‘do theology’ from a Christian perspective? * With explicit assumption of reality * Have faith of seeking understanding * Fulfill the human design of loving relationship * Ask questions about Jesus What are the goals of Christian theology? With explicit assumption of reality * Have faith of seeking understanding * Fulfill the human design of loving relationship * Ask questions about Jesus What does Christian theology have to do with orthodoxy, orthopraxy, the Bible’s Story? * Orthodoxy means the right idea of reality * Orthopraxy means the right practice of loving people of reality * The reason why they are important is Christian should explicit assumption about the reality if they want to do theology. * Spirituality What can we add to the above definition of spirituality to make it distinctively Christian? * Live a fully and truly human life What is the relationship between spirituality and theology? * Christian spirituality focuses on living fully and truly human life as most filled lived and seen in the life of Jesus Christ. Revelation (揭示) What are the different types of general and special revelation? * General—creation everything that is not creator. *......

Words: 2107 - Pages: 9

Liberation Theology

...Christian Church in the modern day is to distance itself from its past wrongs. Only by doing so will it survive in the modern world. The Christian Church, more specifically, the Catholic Church has always been regarded as a strongly patriarchal institution. This can be seen in the overwhelming use of words such as “Father”, “Son”, “man”, and “He”. The fact that only males are allowed to become priests only compounds to this overwhelming sense of a favoritism towards men. However, on the other hand, the view of the feminist presence in the modern world also appears to be a very one-sided issue. From the average outsider’s point of view, male and female, the idea of feminism appears to be too radical to relate to. When dealing with religion, many unfamiliar with true feminist beliefs believe that these women don’t want anything to do with Christianity because it is too male oriented and instead prefer the worship of some Amazonian warrior goddess or an ancient Greek temptress. Just as some misunderstood Catholics truly believe that men are favored by their God, there are also some women who look to worship such figures. However, both of these examples are the minority. Most Catholics do not really envision God as a man just as most feminists, who desire to do so, can find comfort with the Christian faith. This idea is one of the main points addressed in Woman Spirit Rising. The majority of writings don’t attempt to push women away from the Christian faith, they......

Words: 5368 - Pages: 22

Discuss How Far Society Should Allow Religion to Control Scientific and Technological Developments.

...should allow religion to control scientific and technological developments. The development of science and technology, comes hand in hand with the debate whether society should allow and use religion to control the research and development that is happening. Many see the involvement of religion in the development of science and technology as a positive thing, believing that it helps us to reach the most moral and safest outcome, however others would disagree with this and argue that allowing religion to control the development of both scientific and technology, will not allow people to think rationally and look at each situation independently and could lead to people making the wrong decision in life, but the right decision in the eyes of religion, which may not always be best. Those who would be in favour of society allowing religion to control scientific and technological developments, would argue that in history, religion has always had a great involvement in the development of science and technology and society used to turn to religion to help them make moral decisions. When considering embryo research, Doctor Jarmulowitz – 1999 said “it has always been accepted in British law that the earliest human embryo should be treated with respect and accorded a special status.” Although there is no law against embryonic research in the UK, each experimentation has to follow certain ethical guidelines, some say that this in a way is allowing religion to control scientific and......

Words: 1087 - Pages: 5

The Higgs Boson’s Conflict with Theology

...The Higgs Boson’s conflict with Theology Klynton Rhodes Georgia Southern University The Higgs Boson’s conflict with Theology A scientific discovery is also a religious discovery. There is no conflict between science and religion. Our knowledge of God is made larger with every discovery we make about the world. –Joseph H. Taylor Jr, God Evidence According to Steve Paulson (2010) “The debate over science and religion is like catnip for anyone wanting to spout off about the improbability of God or the arrogance of scientists”(p.1). Since I was young I remember being told that no matter what I learned in science class about evolution, or the big bang, that God was real. According to Dr. Agustin Fuentes of Psychology today “There are some factions of Christianity whose leaders (and thus their followers) express adamant opposition to “evolution” and this is often used as the key example in the science vs. religion conflict.” Examples of controversial scientific discoveries such as cloning, and genetic manipulation, are considered to be inhumane. In my opinion God created science for humans to better understand the world he created, and according to Steve Paulson (2010) Albert Einstein shared my belief demonstrated when he stated “ Science without religion is lame; religion without science is blind” (p.3). It is well known that some people believe that the universe was started with the big bang as well as the subsequent reactions that followed. This brings into the......

Words: 736 - Pages: 3

Religion

...Exam focus Exemplar answers for question 1a): Candidate A Science is usually associated with things like physics and chemistry and is usually carried out in a laboratory, often by men in white coats. Scientific knowledge often comes in the form of laws. A good example would be Newton’s laws of motion. It is also claimed that science produces knowledge which is objective. This means it is true regardless of who believes it. It does not depend on any form of personal opinion or belief. Finally science produces knowledge which can be tested. This is because all the facts are clearly laid out and can be seen by anyone. Candidate B Firstly scientific knowledge produces law-like statements. These are things which hold true over time and place. For example water always boils at 100 degrees. Secondly the knowledge is in a form which is testable. Popper called this the ‘principle of falsification’. Others can test the knowledge in an attempt to disprove it. If they fail it remains valid. Thirdly it is objective. Exemplar answers for question 1b): Candidate A Secularisation means society is less religious. Some sociologists think this a fact but others are not convinced. Maybe it’s just religion is changing and people are finding different ways to be religious. Figures for the number of people attending church show there has been a big decline over the years. In Victorian times almost everyone went to church as it was......

Words: 3968 - Pages: 16

Theology

...Explain the role of reason within theology as it seeks to deepen its understanding of the mysteries of faith. By: Carolyn Curry Rel: 123 Christian Spiritual Vision Jesus Christ – is the embodied Lord. However there are people who do not believe that he exist. Some people will say he is not even real. This must be found through context of the Bible and the understandings of theology, Scripture, God, Christ, man, sin and the Holy Spirit. This we know “Theology without experience is empty Experience without theology is blind.”(Kant’s) Let’s say theology would have had specific theological methods of demonstrations of scientific developments of growth in one’s Faith. Aristotle saw, many fields he inquired using a similar method for it. However it would be foolish to use other methods to try and disapprove the existence of God, for God must not be used for an experiment, however he is considered the first cause of all things. When demonstrating God’s existence there are two things there are needed in Philosophical and empirical methods. Having those two methods and combining faith and philosophical reason one can penetrate everything into the Revelation of God. Theology, is a simple science which is based on the Revelation of God, which uses reason to know what exactly God’s revealed. Empirical science and philosophy are both a different method of theology. In today’s society there are Christians and non-Christians that think theology is only used for rigorous or......

Words: 1630 - Pages: 7

Sin: Nanatsu no Taizai | Rick e Morty | Watch movie