Jean Baptiste Say

In: Business and Management

Submitted By andreiptr
Words 4876
Pages 20
Jean Baptiste Say

Economic Doctrines

Agenda 1. Introduction 2.1. J.B.Say in the french Classical Liberalism school of thought 2.2. Mainstream of the Classical Liberalism school of economics 2.3. Specifics of J.B.Say 2.4. Differences regarding the opposition of Classical Liberalism 2. Description of J.B.Say 3. New approach brought by J.B.Say 4. Opinion 5. Summary

1. Introduction 1.1. J.B.Say in the french Classical Liberalism school of thought
Jean Baptiste Say was a French economist and businessman. He had classical liberal views and argued in favor of competition, free trade and lifting restraints on business. He is best known due to Say's Law , which is named after him and at times credited to him, but while he discussed and popularized it, he did not originate it. 1.2. Mainstream of the Classical Liberalism school of economics
Classical liberalism is a political philosophy and ideology belonging to liberalism in which primary emphasis is placed on securing the freedom of the individual by limiting the power of the government. The philosophy emerged as a response to the Industrial Revolution and urbanization in the 19th century in Europe and the United States. It advocates civil liberties with a limited government under the rule of law, private property and belief in the laissez-faire economic policy. Classical liberalism is built on ideas that had already arisen by the end of the 18th century, such as selected ideas of Adam Smith, John Locke, Jean Baptiste Say, Thomas Malthus and David Ricardo. It drew on a psychological understanding of individual liberty, the contradictory theories of natural law and utilitarism, and a belief in progress.
Core beliefs of classical liberals included new ideas - which departed from both the older…...

Similar Documents

Jean

...Jean W Charles 10/22/12 1. How hard must you pull on the third rope to keep the knot from moving? Put the knot at 0,0 and the 3 unit force along the x axis. The 5 unit force goes into the second quadrant 3 units * cos(ᶱ) = + 3 units 5 units * cos(120o) = -2.5 units. Resultant = +3 - 2.5 = 0.5 units. Sum the forces vertically 3*sin(ᶱ) = 0 5*sin(120o) = 4.33 units Resultant + 4.33 vertically Find where you should be. F = sqrt(Fx^2 + Fy^2) F = sqrt(4.33^2 + 0.5^2) F = sqrt(19) F = 4.35 N So you must pull with 4.35 units of force. Now for the angle the angle = 180 + Tan-1(vertical/horizontal) = 180 + tan-1(4.33/0.5) = 263.4 o from the + x axis. 2. A rock is thrown from a bridge at an angle of 30° below horizontal. Immediately after the rock is released, is the magnitude of the acceleration greater than, less than, or equal to g? At the instant of impact, is the rock’s speed greater than, less than, or equal to the speed at which it was thrown? Explain in complete sentences As there is no net force acting on body other than gravity, acceleration is constant= g and as the body is thrown below horizontal, its y component of velocity gets increased where as x- component remains constant, hence overall speed increases . 3. A mosquito collides head-on with a car traveling 60 mph. Is the magnitude of the mosquito's acceleration larger than, smaller than, or equal to the......

Words: 1004 - Pages: 5

Jean Piaget

...Jean Piaget Jean Piaget was an intriguing theorist who provided support that adults and children do not think alike. He dedicated his whole life to answer one single question, and that is “How does human knowledge develop?” He identified himself as a genetic epistemologist. Genetic epistemology is defined as the discovering of the roots of the different varieties of knowledge. Epistemology is a branch of philosophy that is concerned with the origin, nature, extent, and limits of human knowledge. Piaget was interested not only in the nature of thought, but in how it develops and understands how genetics impact this process, (J. P Biography, 2013). This paper will discuss the contributions that Jean Piaget made to the field of learning and cognition. Additionally, it will address the models of cognition development associated with his theories as well as analyzing the relevancy of the models to modern day. Jean Piaget started studying natural science when he was just 11. He was born in 1896 and was a native to Switzerland. He received his PhD in Zoology in 1918. During his early work with Binet's intelligence tests, it had led him to assume that children think differently than adults do. Through this observation it inspired his interest to understand how knowledge continues to grow throughout childhood. He suggested that children sort the knowledge they acquire through their experiences and interactions into groupings known as schemas. When new information is acquired,......

Words: 773 - Pages: 4

Jean

...developing “a habit of care” (p. 127). The nurse would ask himself or herself how to best meet the caring responsibility. Third, Gastmans (2006) and Little (1998) sought to answer the question, “What is the best way to care for this patient at this time?” Both did not consider the ethics of care as a theory, but as a moral orientation from which March-April 2012 • Vol. 21/No. 2 Definition of Caring Caring and nursing are so intertwined that nursing always appeared on the same page in a Google search for the definition of caring. Caring is “a feeling and exhibiting concern and empathy for others; showing or having compassion” (The Free Dictionary, 2002, para. 2). As these definitions show, caring is a feeling that also requires an action. Dr. Jean Watson’s caring theory is well known in nursing. The three major elements of her theory are the carative factors, the transpersonal caring relationship, and the caring occasion/caring moment (Watson, 2001). Her carative factors endeavor to “honor the human dimensions of nursing’s work and the inner life world and subjective experiences of the people we serve” (Watson, 1997, p. 50). Two examples of these carative factors, which were later changed to caritas factors in 2001, in clinical practice are “developing and sustaining a helping-trusting, authentic caring relationship” and “being present to, and supportive of, the expression of positive and negative feelings as a connection with deeper spirit of self and the......

Words: 2916 - Pages: 12

Say No to Ons

...Say No to One Night Stand INTRODUCTION I. Attention Grabber Do you know what does one night stand means? The term ‘one night stand’ means that you have a sexual relationship with a person you meet or possibly a person you never meet before and both of you have no intention to ever meet again or to continue the relationship. It can happen anytime. II. Reveal Topic Today, I would like to talk about some of the harms of one night stand and persuade all of you to stay away from having this kind of action. III. Relevance Statements There are various reason people having a one night stand such as too much of drink, trips away from home, curiosity about one night stand and the likes. Some people who involved in the one night stand are sensible and happy with the situation where no harm is done. Nowadays, this phenomenon is getting more serious than ever. My suggestion is that every human being should prohibit themselves from having one night stand, consider that it could lead to several serious consequences. IV. Preview of Main Points Some of the harms of having one night stand are: (a) infection of virus and disease (b) unexpectedly pregnancy (c) regretting and guilty feeling BODY I. One night stand causes virus and disease (Packerpack, 2010). * This is the most danger risk of having one night stand. i. He or she may enjoy having sex with you without telling you that he or she is infected. ii. The people might leaving you with......

Words: 586 - Pages: 3

Unme Jeans

...benefits and risks to utilizing Web 2.0 media tactics for UNMe? Benefits: 是不是那四个consumer co-creation, social affiliation, digital self-expression, sharing. Consumers can directly contribute to the online conversation. Women of 12 to 24 can create their own design of UNMe jeans on Facebook and share their designs. Web 2.0 makes consumers more like participants with other people than being individual. They can also comment on other people’s design and forward it to more people, which increase the influence of UNMe. It’s an easy way to connect with... Social media is naturally compelling. The proliferation of social media is a natural extension of increasing levels of internet usage and the penetration of always-on broadband access. As more people head online and start weaving the internet seamlessly into the fabric of their daily lives, it’s only natural that they bring the very human need to interact and belong with them. We’re biologically programmed to be social and gregarious creatures. The need to interact with other people is hard-coded into our DNA; it’s part of who and what we are, and that’s as true online as it is off. – Damian Ryan, Understanding Digital Marketing Margaret Foley, brand manager of UnME jeans, has a very important decision to make. The success of her brand management heavily relies on which social media platform she decides to choose. Investing in all three platforms, Facebook, Zwinktopia, and YouTube, would be in her best interest and something......

Words: 2845 - Pages: 12

They Say I Say

...The “They say, I say” essay If you have been keeping up with the show “30 Rock” as of late then you probably have very similar views as those who have adopted a rather negative opinion of the character Liz Lemon. However Liz lemon has been judged wrongly and should be seen in higher regard. Her character has evolved into what I can only commend for being phenomenally satisfactory, despite the growing dislike for the direction in which her character seems to be headed. I think it would be nice if the fans of the show could see the subtle life lessons that are being conveyed through the show. 30 rock is a comedy series about the workings of a variety show dubbed “The Girlie Show with Tracy Jordan” told through the voice of its producer Liz lemon. “In defense of Liz Lemon” by Emily Nussbaum strives to shed light on an aspect of the show that not many individuals have realized. After a slew of negative response to the Character Liz Lemon the author aimed to clarify why Liz is not only better than when she first started out but also why her audience find her so repulsive now. Nussbaum explains how in the first season of the show, Liz Lemon was very relatable especially to women of the same age group. She was unlike other female characters at the time which was refreshing. This new take on a female lead attracted countless die-hard fans which could be credited for the shows long run. The author however points out the inconsistency in the belief that Liz lemon...

Words: 794 - Pages: 4

Jean Watson

...Watson's Theory of Human Caring Dr. Jean Watson, a native of West Virginia, began her career in 1961 where she graduated from the Lewis Gale School of Nursing in Roanoke, Virginia. She then moved to Colorado, where she now lives, to further her education. She attended the University of Colorado and received her Bachelor of Science in Nursing in 1964, then further pursued her Master’s degree in psychiatric-mental health nursing in 1966 and then on to obtain her Ph.D. in educational psychology and counseling in 1973. Today she serves as a legendary Professor of Nursing and holds an endowed Chair in Caring Science at the University of Colorado and is a Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing (Watson,2007). She is the author/co-author of more than 14 books on caring and holds six honorary doctorates. Recently she founded Watson Caring Science Institute, a non-profit organization developed to help spread her nursing theory and ideas. Dr. Jean Watson goal is to have nurses come together, regardless of specialty, and share a common definition that embraces science and philosophical perspective. The common goal has become known as caring-healing consciousness. Watson begins her theory by identifying 10 carative factors of care. Theory Concepts Watson bases her theory of nursing on 10 carative factors: 1. Formation of humanistic-altruistic systems of values: This begins in early development and is molded by life experiences, exposure, learning, and culture. 2.......

Words: 2483 - Pages: 10

Levi's Jeans

...Levi’s main goal is to be a long-lasting company, as it’s written in their mission statement. The company has been around for quite some time; almost everyone can recognize the name Levi’s. But when someone purchases a pair of Levi’s jeans, they probably don’t think about what goes on behind-the-scenes, or how the jeans were actually made. The following paragraphs will cover Levi’s raw materials, modes of transportation, marketing strategy, and their operations. Jeans were invented shortly after the California Gold rush. Levis Strauss then began making miners’ denim work pants with copper rivets. The denim pant had already existed for a while at the time, but Mr. Strauss’ addition of the metal rivets at pocket corners and other points of strain made regular denim pants a “Levi”. In the year 1873, Levi Strauss and his business partner Jacob Davis received a patent for what would soon become the most popular denim brand ever made. (“Levi Strauss”). Because Levi’s is a well-known, international brand, it has suppliers all over the world. There are many different routes through which a pair of Levi’s jeans can be made, throughout the Americas, Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. One of the many routes taken in the production of a pair of Levi jeans is one located right here in the United States, operating from the San Francisco headquarters. In this route, the cotton is grown in the Mississippi Delta, the fabric is woven North Carolina, and finished in the Dominican......

Words: 1735 - Pages: 7

Jean Piaget

...This essay attempts to analyse, using appropriate illustrations, the extent to which gender stereotyping conforms to Jean Piaget’s four stages of development, which he elaborated in his Theory of Cognitive Development. It will first begin by clearly defining the terms; ‘gender,’ ‘stereotype,’ and hence the term ‘gender stereotyping.’ It will thereafter define cognitive development and will furthermore discuss in depth the stages of cognitive development, which are sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational respectively. A critical assessment will then be made on the extent to which gender stereotyping acts in accordance to Piaget’s stages of development, to aid one have a final opinion of his Theory of Cognitive Development. Gender was a word used by Ann Oakley and others in the 1970s to describe the characteristics of men and women that are socially determined, in contrast to the ones that are biologically determined. Gender is therefore a term referring to the social and cultural construction of men and women. The word stereotype is defined as an organised set of beliefs concerning the characteristics of all members of a defined group (Golombok, 1995). Therefore, gender stereotyping is the overgeneralisation about the characteristics of an entire group of people based on their gender. It is the perception of people on how others should behave. According to Piaget (1952), cognitive development was a progressive reorganisation of mental......

Words: 1849 - Pages: 8

They Say I Say

...They Say/I Say Journal 1 Subject: Freakonomics Chapter 1 “School Teachers and Sumo Wrestlers” They Say: In this chapter the author, Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner, define the economic as root to pursue of incentives. The author define an incentive as “a means of urging people to do more of a good thing of a bad thing”. Sometimes these incentives are so irresistible that people are driven to obtain them through a bad behavior. In addition the authors describe some circumstances of cheating. There is an analysis of data to detect some cheating patterns. The most prominent cases are included the Chicago public schools teacher who changed answers on their students’ test, and Japanese sumo wrestlers who conspired to discard certain high stakes matches. Basically the main point of this chapter analyzed different scenarios to explain that humans always are looking for incentives. These incentive are categorized as economic, social, and moral. All of this, are explained in a different scenarios starting with the situation of the day care and finalized with the business man who run a bagel business. The author focused at the end explaining that humans are honest even when no one is watching them. I say: I am completely agreed with the ideas described by the author in this chapter related how human behavior depends of the incentives. To better understanding of these behavior the author states that: “economists love incentives....The typical economist believes the world...

Words: 434 - Pages: 2

Unme Jeans

...UnME Jeans: Branding in Web 2.0 - Midterm Exam ID: 20092039 Name: Bae, Yong-gook O K. KR Date: Oct. 25, 2009 In general, Foley is in a problem which media plan she goes in a new environment called Web 2.0. Online media development results in new trends in customers' media habit and the new values. The case describes basic information about UnME Jeans, new trends and values in media and advertisement industry, then shows three possible media plan. 1. Which, if any, of the three social media plans should Foley pursue? Why? In my opinion, Facebook is the best choice of among three suggested plans. The next table shows -G O simply new media plans suggested by agency. Unique Visitor Budget Description Zwinktopia No Info 200,000+100/yr Virtual Jeans ↔ Real Products Facebook 14,196,000 350,000+600/yr Brand profile page targeted banner ads through profile page Widget: design and share YouTube 48,152,000 300,000 + 40CPM NG User created contents → Contest In-Video Ads Each plan has advantage in some parts and disadvantages in other parts. I make a table to compare three plans in the Foley's view. Left column is fulfilled the important factors for Foley regarding YO the new media plan and evaluation is done by myself. Zwinktopia Facebook YouTube Talking with △ O X Brand story X O O Constructive Dialogue △ O X Existing media plan △ △ O Impact......

Words: 2699 - Pages: 11

Jean Watson

...Watson's Theory of Caring Alice Bennett NUR 403 June 28th 2011 Vicki Grosdidier, MSN Watson's Theory of Caring In this paper I will describe Jean Watson’s background of her theory, and provide concepts of her theory. In addition, I will relate her theory to person, health, nursing, and environment of the caring moment and provide a transpersonal relationship and relate the factors within my experience. Background and concepts of Watson’s Theory Dr. Jean Watson was born in West Virginia and moved to Boulder, Colorado in 1962. She earned a bachelor of science in nursing and psychology while attending the University of Colorado. Jean continued her education and received her master’s degree in psychiatric-mental health nursing. In addition, she earned her Ph.D. in education psychology and counseling. She taught at the University of Colorado School of Nursing and is the founder of the Center for Human Caring in Colorado. She has written many books discussing her philosophy and theory of human caring. Watson calls caring the ethical principle or standard by which curing interventions are measured (Alligood, 2006). Watson’s caring theory evolves in a global state no longer limited to facility settings. Watson’s theory is the development of a caring fluid experience expanding from the person to the community onward to society. The three major elements of Watson’s theory are the carative factors, the transpersonal caring...

Words: 2144 - Pages: 9

Jeans for Curves

...520’s...Jeans for Curves Hasani Gorden Keller Graduate School of Management Market Summary Fashion is today incomplete without denim. Denim comes in all forms, looks and washes to match with every dress. It would be difficult to believe that the same denim was originally employed in clothing for the pants and overalls worn by miners on the west coast (US). A number of technological factors have contributed to making denim the fashion icon that it is today including vast improvements in spinning, weaving, and finishing. One of the most important parts of creation of the beautiful denim jeans is the washing. Washing plays such an important part in the denim chain because of the effects that the consumers are looking for on their jeans. Denim jeans have almost become a necessity in the present scenario. By age, jeans wear sales have increased significantly in the 13-17 and 25-34 age groups. By volume men's/boys jeans shipment market is more than that of women's/girls jeans shipments in US. Denim jeans make up one of the most fragmented, but also one of the most lucrative sectors of the apparel industry, with products aimed at men, women, teens and infants.(In Text Cit) Denim jeans accounted for US$5.2bn of the US$15bn bottoms market in 2006, according to report author Koncept Analytics, but a decline in the market in 2007 is seen as the start of a downward trend that is likely to continue in coming years. Sales of women's jeans among 25 to 34 year-olds fell a sizeable......

Words: 1280 - Pages: 6

Jeans

...keep original hem on jeans December 17, 2011 // 117 I am short. There is no other way to put it. I’m barely 5′ tall. I think I’ve only bought two pairs of used jeans in my life that were already hemmed to my length…ever…in my life! My mom always hemmed my pants, even as I got older. Then, I started taking them in to a shop for alterations to keep the original hem which cost me $20/pair. I love how the original hem looks so I paid it. Well, recently I’ve tried a few different techniques and I’ve found one I really like. This is the tutorial I followed How to hem jeans I started with a pair of new (used) jeans that fit great everywhere but in length. I measured and pinned the jeans to the length I wanted them. I needed to take off 4″ from the hem so I measured just over 2″ and pinned, measuring before pinning each time. Do not include the original hem when measuring. You’ll need to decide how much you want to take off then divide it in half and pin all the way around. Now, sew very closely to the original hem, sewing to the right side of the hem. I reinforced this stitch and sewed around the hem twice because I wear jeans every day and need them durable. Next, I cut off the excess. You can choose to keep it, especially if you’re hemming children’s jeans who may later need the length. I haven’t grown since 7th grade so I opted to cut off the excess material. . After, I ironed the hem to help it lay smoothly. And now i have a great pair of jeans that aren’t......

Words: 387 - Pages: 2

Jean Piaget

...Jean Piaget Jean Piaget was born in Switzerland on August 9th, 1896. He was the oldest of three children, and the only boy. His father was Arthur Piaget, a professor of medieval literature. His mother was Rebecca Jackson, and his godfather was the Swiss scholar Samuel Cornut. In 1923, he married Valentine Chatenay. The couple had three children, Jacqueline, Lucienne, and Laurent. Piaget died in Geneva on September 16, 1980, after a brilliant scientific career made of over sixty books and several hundred articles (Papert, 1999). Piaget’s greatest contribution was to found the field of cognitive development. He believed children are the biggest manufacturers of their own development, as man’s capacity for logical thought is not learned but embedded along with hair color and sex, in his genes. In other words, a child cannot be forced to develop understanding any faster than the rate at which his powers mature to their full potential, so there is a limit to what overeager parents and teachers can achieve. On the flip side, a child who does not get the chance to apply his developing abilities and test limitations may never reach his full intellectual capacity (Pramling, 2006). According to Jurczak (1997), Piaget believed in four stages of cognitive development: • Stage 1: Sensorimotor – Newborn to Age 2 The child’s primary concern is mastering his own innate physical reflexes and extending them into interesting or pleasurable actions. During this time, the child......

Words: 1869 - Pages: 8

Chicago PD HDTV | Combat Hospital | Скачать APK