Jonathan Swift

In: English and Literature

Submitted By tinali
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4. Jonathan Swift (1667—1745) the foremost prose satirist in the English language

His Writing
The Battle of Books (1704)
A Tale of Tub (1704) the Drapier’s Letters (1724)
Gulliver’s Travels (1726)
A Modest Proposal (1729)

Gulliver’s Travels a collection of tales tied together by Gulliver a novel a satire a travel book a children book an allegory

Satire
A common form of the 18th Century, basically the ridiculing of any objects through laughter which will soften the blow

The Structure of Gulliver’s Travels

Book I about Liliputians in Liliput, being morally trivial and full of pride.
Book II about the giants in Brobdingnag in the sense of magnanimity & grandeur, goodness & decency.
※The first two books reflect the kind of political infighting that characterizes the early 18th century.

Book III about pseudo-philosophers & scientists in Laputa.
※ contemporary scientists are held up to ridicule.

Book IV about the country of the Houyhnhnms endowed with reason in the contrast with the Yahoos, beasts in the shape of men.
※ Horses are endowed with reason, unlike the depraved all-too-human Yahoos, but reason is clearly not the only thing that matters in life.
As a political & social satire actually a biting work of political and social satire parodying popular travelogues of his day in creating this story of travels to imaginary foreign lands.

satirizing the political events in England and Ireland in his day, English values and institutions. ridiculing academics, scientists, and Enlightenment thinkers who value rationalism above all else, and finally, he targets the human condition itself.

A Modest Proposal (1729)
A satirical pamphlet ironically recommends cannibalism as the only solution to Ireland’s economic problems. depicts the horrific conditions of Ireland and the lives of the Irish people in 1729.

Swift creates a…...

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