Klein Levin Disease

In: Science

Submitted By tapan13
Words 897
Pages 4
Kleine Levin Syndrome
BY: Tapan Patel & Mark Shihata
Kleine-Levin Syndrome (KLS) is a rare and neurological disorder characterized by periods of excessive amounts of sleep and altered behavior. The disorder affects adolescents primarily, the disorder also strikes mostly in males with a shocking 70 percent of cases occurring in men. At the onset of an episode the patient becomes progressively drowsy and sleeps for most of the day and night, waking only to eat or go to the bathroom. When awake, the patient’s whole attitude is changed, often appearing “spacey” or childlike. When awake the person experiences confusion, disorientation, complete lack of energy and lack of emotions. Most patients report that everything seems out of focus, and that they are hypersensitive to noise and light. In some cases, food cravings are exhibited. Instances of no sexual drive and lack of any form of emotion during an episode have also been reported.
Kleine-Levin Syndrome episodes are cyclical. When present, KLS symptoms persist for days, weeks or even months, during which time all normal daily activities stop. Individuals are not able to attend school, work or care for themselves. Most are bedridden, tired and uncommunicative even when awake.
Affected individuals may go for a period of weeks, months or even years without experiencing any symptoms, and then they reappear with little warning. In between episodes those diagnosed with KLS appear to be in perfect health with no evidence of behavioral or physical dysfunction. However they function daily with the frightful reality that they could become sick again at any moment. KLS episodes may continue to reoccur for a decade or longer with devastating effects on the adolescent’s life and family. KLS steals children and young adults of big pieces of their lives, one long and painful episode at a time.
One of the few cases of this…...

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