Louis and the Estates General

In: Historical Events

Submitted By moniqueperks1992
Words 889
Pages 4
Why did Louis call the Estates General in May 1789?

In May 1789 Louis called the Estates General for the first time since 1614 due to a number of different reasons like the financial crisis, the political crisis and the grievances of all three Estates. However, the main reason why the Estate General was called in 1789 was due to the political crisis and the constant change in political officials linked with Necker’s ultimatum. Between 1787-8 there was a political crisis in France which contributed to the calling of the Estates General a year later. The government official Necker was dismissed and replaced by Calonne, who was soon after replaced by Brienne the Archbishop of Toulouse who tried to introduce a number of new reforms to the system like reforming the education system, introducing a new treasury and to introduce religious toleration. However, the Parlement of Paris refused these new reforms and said that only the Estates General could consent to any new reforms. Thus, Brienne resigned. This led to the Estates General being called as the constant change in government didn’t restore confidence in the people of France and they began to doubt the government as each new official brought a different agenda to the table and none were being carried through. As a last resort, Louis brought back Necker as Government official but he came with an ultimatum that was before he made any reforms they would have to be approved by the nation. Necker’s ultimatum spurred on the calling of the Estates General as it gave Louis no other alternative. The political system was already seen to be weak and the stagnation of it would make it seem to be even weaker. On the 16th August 1788 the Crown was declared bankrupt. This had happened over a long period of time due to the fighting in the Seven Years War, The American War of Independence, Louis’ method in ruling of the…...

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