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A lot of people don’t know what lupus is but it is very common and today I will inform you on what it is, causes, risk factors, symptoms, side effects and complications, test and diagnosing, treatment, and little incite on how someone with lupus feel. Lupus is a long-term autoimmune disorder that may affect the skin, joints, kidneys, brain, and other organs. Lupus is a very hard disease to discover because of it’s on and off symptoms. Lupus has four types: systemic, discoid, drug-induced, and neonatal and systemic is the most common out of the four.
What is Lupus? Lupus is an autoimmune disease, which means the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. Under normal function, the immune system makes proteins called antibodies in order to protect and fight against antigens such as viruses and bacteria. Lupus makes the immune system unable to differentiate between antigens and healthy tissue. This leads the immune system to direct antibodies against the healthy tissue - not just antigens - causing swelling, pain, and tissue damage. An antigen is a substance capable of inducing a specific immune response. This leads to long-term (chronic) inflammation.
Causes and risk factors The underlying cause of autoimmune diseases is not fully, but most believe that lupus results from both genetic and environmental stimuli. Since lupus is known to occur within families, doctors believe that it is possible to inherit a genetic predisposition to lupus. There are no known genes, however, that directly cause the illness. It is probable that having an inherited predisposition for lupus makes the disease more likely only after coming into contact with some environmental trigger. The higher number of lupus cases in females than in males may indicate that the disease can be triggered by certain hormones. Physicians believe that hormones such as estrogen…...

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...that arise from this disease if it’s not nipped in the bud include; cancer, kidney disease, pericarditis, pancreatic, vasculitis and pleurisy. This is as a result of organ failure and damage. Since statistics show that at least 96% of lupus infections are as a result of people having some sought of oral involvement its crucial that doctors should have their mouth covered while treating their patients or else they would be infected. Dental assistants working on their patients should not disregard their own dental care or else they risk being infected. The mouth being a hot bed of various bacterial processes, it is important that doctors ensure it is in proper hygiene even as they treat their patients (Rossenberg, 1988) Doctors working on Lupus patients should ensure that they brush their teeth utmost twice every day using fluoride tooth paste applied on a soft brush. Hammer, Mentadent and Arm in addition to a number of tooth pastes that have baking soda on their fluoride are highly recommended to be of use to doctors who are treating patients infected with Lupus for they ensure the mouth is free from bacteria. In addition these dentists should ensure they go for their own dental check ups after every four months. Patients who suffer from Lupus infection are normally in need of specialized attention and are always on the lookout to ensure they get specialists who will give them value for their money through being given specialized treatment (Rossenberg, 1988). The reason......

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...Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that can cause major damage to any organ or tissue in your body.   Lupus causes your immune system to become unbalanced and is of unknown etiology.   In Lupus the immune system is unable to differentiate between foreign and its own systems cells and tissues.   It then produces antibodies that fight the body’s own tissues. Lupus is diagnosed in 90% of women between the ages of 14-44, this is more than the men, but it can affect children and younger teens.   It is found in non-whites more than Caucasians (Womens Health 2009).   Lupus is not contagious or related to cancer; it is not related to or like HIV (Human Immune Deficiency Virus) or even AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). It’s causes are unknown to researchers. Many researchers think its a over active immune system. The human body has many ways to identify cells. The bodies cells are marked by protein. That the immune system can either defend the body or allow the cell to live. To further understand autoimmune disorders, it is helpful to understand the workings of the immune system. The purpose of the immune system is to defend the body against attack by infectious microbes (e.g., bacteria, viruses, fungi) and foreign materials (e.g., chemicals, poisons). When the immune system attacks a foreign invader, it is very specific—a particular immune system cell will only recognize and target one type of invader. To function properly, the immune system must not only develop this...

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