Free Essay

Mandatory Services

In: Other Topics

Submitted By rudroff923
Words 1138
Pages 5
Mandatory Service
People are fond of saying that this is a free country. What they are less apt to state is that freedom is not free. There is a cost to maintaining the freedoms we so often take for granted. In furtherance of that cost I would propose a coast amendment that all able-bodied young Americans devote at least two years of their lives in support of their country. That support would be in the form of military or civil duty.
This country was founded by individuals who gave their time, money and sometimes lives to create a society where all have the same opportunity to succeed, or at the very least are not barred from succeeding. That opportunity comes with a cost. Monetary cost in the way of taxes to support this system. Also costs in the way of manpower and intellect. It is my belief that the intellectual support is as important, if not more so, then the physical. Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madison’s work in the federalist papers, can be argued, were as important to the American Revolution as any accomplishment on the battlefield. To that I would define able-bodied as anyone not physically or mentally handicapped that can or does hold a full or part time employment or anyone who is not able to hold a job as determined by the Social Security Administration guidelines.
I would define young as anyone between the ages of eighteen and twenty-six. Therefore the service could be before people begin college, trade school, or a career. The service can be done after school but before most begin families with the associated obligations they bring. We see the effects on so many families with the deployments to support the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. I would try to minimize the damage to families, realizing it can never be totally eliminated.
This is not a novel idea. Israel has had mandatory government service, either military or civil. Germany had mandatory government service, either military or civil, since the end of WWII until recently. They have revised their requirements several times, and recently abolished it entirely. The idea of this amendment is not new to this country. In 2003 Congressman Charles Rangel of New York (D), Congressman John Conyers of Michigan (D), and Senator Ernest Hollings of South Carolina (d) proposed the United Services Act. The act required 2 years’ service between the age of eighteen and twenty six. The service would include military, Peace Corps, Teach for America or AmeriCorps.
Under this proposal the president would determine the number of people required to serve and the means of selection. There would be no exemption for college and grad school, unlike Vietnam. While not truly unusual in that there is a specific number and selection system the basic concepts are the same. There would be an ability to receive college tuition, job training or capital for business startup. In 2010 Representative Rangel again proposed another act, the Universal National Service Act. This act required two years National Service, either as a member of the uniformed service or civilian service in furtherance of national defense and homeland security. It also authorized induction in uniformed service during wartime and for other purposes. This act was more in line with a traditional military draft and authorized at a time when President Obama was calling for a civilian national security force. Representative Rangel strayed from the joint military and civil purpose of the 2003 United Service Act.
Along a similar theme in 1935 President Roosevelt formed the Works Progress Administration, which employed millions of unskilled workers and carry out public works projects. There is probably not a community that was in existence at the time that did not have a park, bridge or school constructed by the agency. It had a youth wing, the National Youth Administration. It was a national program that operated its own projects in cooperation with state and local governments. It also helped millions of unemployed regain their self-esteem at a very bad point in our country’s history.
While a program like this would likely face significant organized union opposition today, as it would be seen as a thruway to political contracts, military and civic service would not face the same obstacles. Yet both would assist the country in different ways.
Those supporting mandatory public service requirements argue that it helps citizens to understand and respect the responsibilities of belonging to a society as well as enjoying its benefits. It allows young people a chance to grow and mature before beginning their academic and work pursuits. Those that are opposed to military service still have the option to serve their country in a non-military role.
Those that are opposed tend to argue that mandatory public service runs contrary to the idea of personal liberty, though our liberties are often abridged in the name of the public good (penal codes, zoning regulations, regulations on drinking and smoking). Moreover, they would argue mandated individuals are less committed then volunteers. Of course most of this country’s wars were fought with the same percentage of conscripts with positive results.
I think that the powers granted in the Constitution Article 1 Section 8 to call for a militia, raise an army and navy would give them the power to enact such an Act. We have had drafts in times of war and peace. The difference now would be that it would not be limited to males and it would provide an avenue of non-military service.
While there were many good suppositions, most notably the balanced budget, in the end. I think mandatory public service best advances the needs of our country. While a balanced budget is paramount, I do not believe congress, republican or democrats will ever be disciplined enough again. At least they have not been in my memory.
Mandatory public service will benefit the military, important civil groups, while building our youths understanding of our duties and responsibilities in a democratic society. We are at a point where we are accepting of a fifty percent turnout of registered voters in elections. Not even consistency, those that are able to vote but are not registered. If something is not done to put future generations to appreciate their duties and obligations as citizens this will be a country run by and for small, motivated special interest groups. It would be argued political primaries are already run this way. That may be the greatest given and threat to our liberties facing us today.
Cornell University-
Library of Congress -
Oklahoma Historical Society -
Open Congress -…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Ending of Mandatory Retirement in Ontario

...The Ending of Mandatory Retirement in Ontario As of December 12, 2006 Ontario residents can decide for themselves whether they want to continue working past the age of 65 or whether they want to terminate their employment and start to enjoy their retirement. In Ontario, a new law, Bill 211 came into effect “Ending of Mandatory Retirement Statue Law Amendment Act of 2005.” The bill was given Royal Assent on December 12, 2005 however in order to allow employers time to make the necessary provisions and adjustments it did not come into effect until one year later.1 This law amends the Ontario Human Rights Code as well as a number of other statutes that prohibit mandatory retirement at age 65, except in cases where it could be justified as a “bona fide occupational requirement” determined under the code. A bona fide occupational requirement compels the employer to show that they cannot accommodate the employee without undue hardship, taking into consideration such factors as cost, health and safety issues. A bona fide occupational requirement is allowed under the Ontario Human Rights Code because of the nature of the employment. They must also establish that the requirement was adopted in good faith and that the requirement is necessary and rationally connected to the performance of the job. The abolishment of mandatory retirement has been under construction for quite some time now. The Ontario Human Rights Commission released the paper: “Time for Action –......

Words: 2245 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Mandatory Reporting of Child Maltreatment

...January 20, 2013 Mandatory Reporting of Child Maltreatment From this assignment I became aware that all states in the United States have statutes identifying anyone who must report child maltreatment under certain circumstances. I have been a resident of Pennsylvania for 20 years. This assignment really opened my eyes to a subject I have no put much attention towards until now. To compare Pennsylvania’s laws with other states, I chose states close to the area. I chose to also look at New Jersey, Delaware, New York and Maryland as well. In Pennsylvania, professionals who are required to report maltreatment are just about anyone working in a medical related field, such as physicians, nurses, medical examiners, interns, podiatrists, chiropractors, and hospital personal. Also, anyone in a school related field, clergy members, mental health professionals and law enforcement officials must report child maltreatment. Also, any other person that might suspect a child being abused or neglected should report this mistreatment. Pennsylvania’s standards for making a report are that reports are required when a person in the course of employment, occupation, or practice of a profession, comes into contact with a child, and has reasonable cause to suspect that the child is a victim of child abuse. Also, the person making this report does not need to provide their name or any personal information. The next state I looked into was New Jersey. In New Jersey, there are no specific......

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Mandatory Pe

...Running Around Physical Education It is no secret that America has become an overweight country, yet having mandatory physical education is still a growing debate in the U.S. Physical education can help the emergent obesity rates, along with many other problems that exercise aids. Most students that are not in a sport are not receiving the exercise that they need to be healthy. P.E. should be a required course for all students that are not participating in a physical school sport already. Physical education classes are necessary in schools because they can help reduce obesity rates in the U.S. and keep children in better shape. According to Time Magazine, one in three U.S. children is overweight or obese (Rochman). With America’s obesity rates continuously increasing, the government should do whatever they can to lower these rates, and mandatory P.E. is a step they can take. Lately, children are becoming lazier, eating worse, and playing too many video games, all things that can contribute to being overweight. Being overweight or obese can lead to serious health issues, like high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke, diabetes, and gallbladder disease. In the article “Va. Senate Approves Requiring Physical Education,” the author claims that doctors are finding more obese-related diseases in young patients, like Type 2 Diabetes and cardiac disease, which were only found in adults before. One doctor even had a patient that weighed 200 pounds at the age of 11, and his obese......

Words: 1248 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Mandatory Military Service

...Mandatory military service is a subject that evokes an immediate knee jerk response without benefit of research or facts. Should the federal government require mandatory service of all citizens between the ages of 18 and 35? Yes, I believe it should since the benefits far outweigh the temporary discomfort. All of society benefits by this mandatory civic duty. This topic was selected because of a personal belief in the requirement and the need for drastic action to “repair” today’s society. Today’s society expects an individual to graduate high school and go on to college or directly into the job force. These two only options force a large number of graduates to search for alternatives. One alternative is military service. Other alternatives include, minimum wage positions which require no training, not working at all which means being dependent on someone else, or turning to crime for a living such as theft or drugs. Politicians and lawmakers prefer not to address this issue and pretend it had been finalized. They understand how unpopular they could be and how much opposition they would get from anti-military segment, young adults that would be affected, and those just looking for a platform to vocalize their views. Most politicians look at the immediate effect on their own careers rather than the expected benefits in the future. Lawmakers look at the probable outcry of violating civil rights. A large number of citizens will oppose mandatory military service......

Words: 397 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mandatory Vaccinations

...Upon first glance, immunizations look like a terrific solution to a horrific problem. But what if these immunizations were causing horrific problems of their own? What if the ingredients of the injections were just as bad as the disease they were meant to prevent? A staggering 77% of American kindergarteners are up to date with their vaccinations. (Park, 2008) This percentage makes Americans the most vaccinated group of people in the world. The number of shots required for school age children has doubled since 1980; today’s children will receive up to 28 injections for 11 to 15 diseases by the time they go to kindergarten. Many of these mandatory vaccinations are not safe because of the toxic chemicals, the multiple doses that they are administered in, and the neurological disorders, such as autism, that the immunizations may be causing. One main concern for many parents is the amount of injections that infants and young children are receiving at once. It is very common for the doctor’s office to administer three or even four different vaccinations in one visit. Many doctors and nurses share the concern that it is unhealthy for our children to receive so many shots at one time. One survey taken in Minnesota found that between 60 and 70 percent of the pediatricians, nurses, and parents they asked, felt uncomfortable giving a child more than two vaccinations in one office visit. (Madlon-Kay & Harper, 1994) The simultaneous injections can cause more severe side......

Words: 1314 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Mandatory Recycling

...Mandatory Recycling “So easy a caveman can do it” is the motto attached to Geico car insurance ads, and now scientific evidence proves this motto is actually true of recycling. The roots of recycling can be traced all the way back to the prehistoric era of the caveman now. The Origins of Recycling conference revealed that they believe our ancestors from the Paleolithic Era practiced recycling. Research has been found that the earliest cavemen reused their tools over and over and transformed them into new objects. It says a great deal that even our early ancestors could see the value in recycling and reusing objects, that even over four hundred and twenty million years ago cavemen could see the benefits to mankind (Ross, 2013, p.1). I want to prove that recycling should be adopted in a smart, efficient, cost-effective manner in both residential and commercial aspects of our city and all others. I will show from prehistoric times to today that recycling always has been and always will be beneficial to people, animals, and our planet. It is a given fact that our population is growing, resources are scarce, more animals are going extinct, and our planet is slowly dying. This is evident by the thinning ozone layer, deforestation, and greenhouse gases. If it’s not recycled, it gets burned or buried, neither of which is good for the environment. The EPA released a stunning statistic on greenhouse gases stating, “ In 2005, recycling was projected to avoid—through a......

Words: 2381 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Mandatory Vaccinations

...Mandatory Vaccinations As each year passes, and a new one quickly approaches, our world gets more advanced in every way. Our technology becomes faster, smarter, and quicker and with that, our medical strides become bigger and better. Currently, with the help of technology and years of prior research, our medical resources have flourished and with it, the debate over mandatory vaccinations and how they may or may not affect our children. We've been so caught up in the action of being able to choose for ourselves what course we take for our children when it comes to vaccinations, that we have made secondary the consequences of what this choice actually entails. Vaccinations help to protect and prevent the innocent young and the surrounding vulnerable community members from infection, while helping to significantly reduce the risk of outbreaks to people who may be exposed to these potentially deadly illnesses and therefore should be mandatory. Vaccinations should be mandatory because they help keep our school age children safe. Currently, the requirement for entering all public schools is that your child must be vaccinated first. This is a requirement within all fifty states, as marked by the Center for Disease Control. If your child doesn't get vaccinated, they can't start their first day of school. The Food and Drug Administration regulates and licenses all of the vaccines required for children to ensure both "safety and effectiveness." Given our history before vaccines,......

Words: 975 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Making Hiv Testing Mandatory

...Making HIV Testing Mandatory Imagine meeting your soul mate, falling in love, getting married, buying a house, having children and then finding out your soul mate is HIV positive. Would you scream, would you die from fright or would you run out and get tested? Most people would run out and get tested, praying the whole time that they would not join the millions of people already afflicted by this disease. In order to gain some control of this epidemic something must be done. Mandatory testing of HIV would allow people to know their status and decrease chances of transmission. Many people, such as lawmakers, politicians and even some doctors, do not believe that testing for HIV should be mandatory, whether it be for a marriage license, a routine physical or for life insurance. Some believe it is an infringement of their personal health privacy and that they should not be made to take the test. There is a widespread stigma surrounding HIV and HIV testing and the only way to combat it is through education ( Many people base their knowledge of HIV on what they have heard or seen without finding out the actual facts. HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is the virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). The virus attacks the immune system, which decreases the body’s chances to fight infections. HIV cannot live outside the body for very long; therefore, it cannot be transmitted through simple activities such as, shaking hands,......

Words: 1512 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Should Military Service Be Mandatory

...Should Military Service Be Mandatory in the United States? Angela R. Jewell Non Commissioned Officer Academy – Advance Leader Course # 13-003 Should Military Service be Mandatory in the United States? In the world today, there is approximately fifty percent of countries that mandate their citizens to serve in their military for an extended period of time. Those countries that do require their citizens to serve base it on the simple fact that they need to be ready for war AT a moments notice and if all their citizens know how to fight they will succeed in any battle in which they are placed. Israel, Brazil, South Korea, Mexico, Germany, and Russia are some examples of democratic countries that require their citizens to serve the national government, not just in the military, in order to mold a better-quality adult in today’s world. With any serious subject that is being considered for implementation, there are those who believe that such an action would be beneficial to any country and those that deem it would do nothing but tear down a society and what a country stands for. As this topic is debated in the United States, both sides need to seriously consider if the implementation of national service helps build the patriotism of its young, if it helps in solving some of the social ills that plague society, and how it develops the character of the individuals that serves. After the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, the United States of America came together......

Words: 1471 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Mandatory Minimums

...Mandatory Minimum Sentencing Katie Miller ENG/130 January 12, 2014 Timothy Resh University of Phoenix Mandatory Minimum Sentencing Mandatory minimum sentencing has led to many unintended results. It has triggered unwarranted disparity in sentencing and contributed greatly to the overcrowding epidemic now facing our prison system. In this paper, the author will explore some of the negative consequences incurred due to mandatory minimum sentencing. Furthermore, the author will examine the effect this has had on non-violent offenders and the burden it has put on both the taxpayers and our prison system. Finally, the author will discuss the overwhelming affect it has had on our judicial system. An Overview Mandatory minimum sentences require a judge to impose a statutorily fixed sentence on offenders convicted of certain crimes, regardless of other mitigating factors. Discussions on mandatory minimum sentencing indicate the purpose to be multifaceted. Using mandatory minimum sentencing reduces crime, especially drug use, controls judicial discretion over certain sentencing decisions, increases prison sentences for serious and violent offenders; and lets everyone know that action is being taken to fight criminal activity. However, it is widely acknowledged that mandatory minimum sentencing laws have not always achieved their objectives and have often resulted in unintended consequences such as sentencing inequities and unduly harsh......

Words: 917 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Mandatory Sentencing

...“A mandatory sentence is a court decision setting where judicial discretion is limited by law. Typically, people convicted of certain crimes must be punished with at least a minimum number of years in prison”. ( I am against mandatory sentencing as a mechanism for controlling social deviance for several reasons. In author John Macionis’ Sociology textbook, he refers to sociologist Edwin Sutherland’s “Differential Association Theory”, a theory that states that a person’s propensity toward deviance or conformity is strongly influenced by the amount of association with others who encourage or reject the norms and rules of society. In other words, if you lock up criminals together, they will tend to encourage each other to commit crime. The text also talks about the high rate of recidivism,”3/4s of prisoners in prison have been jailed before, and 2/3s released from prison are arrested again with 3years.” Therefore, the facts seem to support the idea that mandatory sentencing only temporarily gets the criminals off the streets. The problem being, prisons do not succeed at rehabilitating or changing the mindset of a criminal while they’re behind bars, instead, and often times, a more dangerous, and disillusioned person is released back into society. My final argument is in regards to the long term damages done to the criminal and community by these sentences. In most cases, the criminal’s record is permanently......

Words: 356 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Mandatory Release be recharged. 3. Has a built-in virus prtection Con's: This computer is heavy and does not have the stong hinges on the top vs. the Dell7310 The following is a breakdown of your needs and possible solutions: Budget is on the top of your list and this computer is in the mid price range and please feel free to check out other options. I will breakdown the costs for all the needed hardware at the end so it not to confuse you. Security is also high on your list and I fully understand your desire to have your files secure. There are two programs that are good and reliable. I have the Cloud storage on my computer and I am very happy with it, and haven't any security breaches. Flicker is another service you might want to look into. It would be good for your storage of pictures. I would suggest you read more about Cloud at The Hardware: Includes the general product information for the computer, mobile phone, printer. So lets start with the computer: As I noted earlier, the Dell 13 is an excellent choice. Its operating system is a Google Chrome OS and was first introduced in September 2015. The Processor/Chip set: CPU (central processing system) is an Intel Electron 3205/1.5 GHz. It has a Dual-Core cache of 2 MB. It is a 64-bit computing system. The Memory: the RAM (random access memory) is 4 GB and the technology is DDR3L SDRAM (double line memory 3rd ...

Words: 553 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Vaccine Should Be Mandatory

...ago in Mongolia. Then, I had reasoned him that disease comes all of a sudden and it is more serious than he thinks. As reported on CDC, Centers for Disease Control, 40 percent of all American parents were refusing one or more vaccines for their children (Willrich 3). So it is clearly one of the most significant public health issues today. There are lots of people who hold the belief against vaccination because of several reasons. Even though there is a public notion that vaccine has bad effects on human body, I strongly believe that vaccinating is the most crucial and effective way to keep people healthy by preventing future diseases and it also helps people to avoid spreading out the infectious diseases. Therefore, vaccination should be mandatory. First of all, I believe that the precaution of future disease should be imposed. People need to get vaccinated to improve their immune system to avoid future diseases and they need to be responsible for their safety. According to Michael Willrich, an internationally recognized historian, the contagious disease called smallpox spread out across the country at the turn of the 20th century. It is one of the deadliest diseases in human history that killed twenty five to thirty percent of all those whom it infected and most survivors were permanently disfigured with the dreaded pitted scars (Willrich 6). In my opinion, if the government had a vast majority of population vaccinated before the smallpox outbreak, it would have been a......

Words: 1094 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Mandatory Drug Sentences Reasonable or Not

... This site Talks about how Most Americans are for Mandatory sentences Got the introduction information from : Topic: Are the current mandatory sentences for possession of illegal substances reasonable? Possession of illegal drugs is a crime with severe penalties in both the state and federal level. Possession of illegal substances garners harsher penalties than other heinous crimes like rape and murder. The typical felony drug possession sentence may be one-to-three years in prison. Simple possession of one specific illegal drug may mandate automatic incarceration, which is very unreasonable. While most Americans are for mandatory drug sentencing, the current sentence for the possessions of illegal substances are not reasonable compared to harsher crimes. The severity of drug possession penalties depends on various factors including quantity, type of drug, intent, age of the offender, and location of the crime, among other factors. For example, simple possession of an ounce of marijuana discovered in your car is a misdemeanor and will not have as severe a penalty as felony possession of five pounds of cocaine with intent to distribute near a public school. Penalties are proportionate to the crime and related mitigating factors. According to the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), an estimated......

Words: 389 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mandatory Audit Firm Rotation

...Mandatory Audit Firm Rotation Mandatory audit firm rotation has been discussed by different accounting boards numerous times since the 1970s. Mandatory audit firm rotation would cause auditing firms to change clients after a certain amount of years with the client. The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) has recently opened a discussion on audit firm rotation because the Board is concerned about the many problems that have come up on different auditing reports made by top auditing firms. PCAOB is concerned with auditor independence because they feel that it is being compromised as different firms continue to stay with particular clients for extended periods of time. This paper is going to discuss auditor independence and its effect on audit opinion, the history of audit firm rotation, and the advantages and disadvantages of audit firm rotation because it is a solution that is being considered. According to the PCAOB auditor independence is a description of the relationship between auditor and client and the mindset with which the auditor must approach his or her work. A measure for the mindset is the auditor’s ability to exercise professional skepticism, which is an attitude that includes a questioning mind and a critical assessment of audit evidence. For the last eight years the Board conducted annual inspections of the largest audit firms and found that more than 2,800 of the firm’s engagements were audit failures. An audit failure is a failure to obtain......

Words: 1585 - Pages: 7

MP3 / Players | Various CRYSTAL EYES with METAL BACKS for Teddy Bear Making Soft Toy Doll EN71 | Fitness Gym Bijoux Force De Remise En Forme Haltère Collier Mode Sport Figure Musculation Gym Haltères Haltère Collier Pour Hommes