Maori Body Ornaments and Jewelry

In: English and Literature

Submitted By MemeJames
Words 1427
Pages 6
Maori Body Ornaments and Jewelry

New Zealand is an island located in the Pacific Ocean. This island consists of a very interesting group of people called the Maori. The Maori people are Polynesian decent. People who are Polynesian are usually people who come from the islands and have the same morals, values, beliefs and also the same language. The Maori people consist of just that. The Maori believe in many different origins and they have many traditional attributions that flow deeply into their cultural beliefs. One of the Maori’s cultural and traditional activities is creating body ornaments and jewelry. If not some but all of the Maori body ornaments and jewelry have a story, religious meaning or historic attribute towards that item in particular. The Maori make their jewelry with passion and strength, it also lets a strong awareness come about it. Maori designs are very harmonious with its crafters tradition and beliefs.

Body Ornaments and Jewelry The Maori people are a very distinctive and decorative race. They have a very interesting way of expressing themselves. They have very distinctive cultural tattoos, somewhat unusual body piercings, and handcrafted jewelry(Deluxe Templates,2009). The handcrafted body ornaments and jewelry play a very important role in the Maori culture(pp.3). Each piece is made with a lot of time, effort, passion, strength, love, a lot of a detail and precision. During the 10th century, the Maori made spectacular achievements in wood and bone carving, tattooing and other art forms. The Maori jewelry lies in the origin of woodcarving. In order for the Maori people to make jewelry or start to create it. They had begun an art form in carving wood. The famous Maori Pukaki carving represents the 18th century Maori warrior Pukaki chief of the Ngati Whakave tribe (Deluxe Templates,2009). Maori jewelry is very symbolic.…...

Similar Documents

Zauner Ornaments

...CASE 1: ZAUNER ORNAMENTS Table of Contents I. CASE SUMMARY 2 II. POINT OF VIEW 2 III. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 2 IV. FRAMEWORK OF ANALYSIS 2 V. ANALYSIS 2 VI. DISCUSSION OF RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATION 4 VII. APPENDIX 5 VIII. REFERENCES 9 I. CASE SUMMARY Chia-yi Yu, the new controller of Zauner ornaments, decided to research Zauner’s current costing methods. She approached her senior analyst, Yung Chen, to prepare an analysis of unit-product costs for each of Zauner’s products, namely small glass ball ornaments, large glass ball ornaments, and specialty glass ball ornaments. Using information from the sales department, Chen calculated the cost per box using traditional volume-based costing system and as a result, small glass ornaments’ cost is more than twice higher than its selling price, which means the company is losing money. David Metz, the directory of Operations, analyzed the results and suggested to redo the calculations and to try allocating overhead to each product based upon direct materials and direct labor. Chen calculated the cost per box using Metz’ suggested approach and found that product costs are below current sales price. Yet, Chia-Yu was not fully convinced of this approach and realized that activity-based costing (ABC) system might reflect Zauner’s product costs more accurately and serve as a basis for better product-pricing decisions. II. POINT OF VIEW The analysis of Zauner Ornaments’ cost allocation per...

Words: 2201 - Pages: 9

Zauner Ornaments Case Analysis

...can be a result of proper costing methods. Misallocation of costs may lead to incorrect price estimates, continuous production of unprofitable products, and ineffective processing schedules. In this case study, we will discuss the costing methods Zauner Ornaments are currently using and upon conclusion, it will enable us to distinguish the advantages and disadvantages of each costing method. Case Context The case seeks to assist Zauner’s comptroller, Yu Chia-yi, in determining the best costing method for their overhead costs, in addition to understanding the following concepts: 1. differences between traditional costing systems and activity-based costing, and 2. proper allocation of overhead costs with identification of activities and its associated costs. Zauner Ornaments are launching three different products for their expansion. Yu doubts if the selling prices set by the Sales Department are enough to generate profit for each product line. Then, she analyzed the unit costs for their products to see if the selling prices can cover the product costs. Currently, Zauner allocates its factory overhead on the basis of production volume, but there is a significant loss per unit for the small colored glass ornaments. Their Operations Director, David Metz, suggests in contrast that overhead allocation based on prime costs (sum of direct material and direct labor costs) will result to lower product costs and therefore result to profits per product line. Yu is......

Words: 1907 - Pages: 8

The Mighty Maori

...Running Head: MAORI Page 1 The Mighty Maori Ericka Silva ANT101 Intro to Cultural Anthropology Katie Custer Mar. 4, 2013 Running Head: MAORI Page 2 The Mighty Maori The Maori were people that were said to have come from Tahiti and arrived in New Zealand in the 14th Century time frame. They came in what was called “the seven canoes of the great fleet”. (Latham, C; 1996) They are considered to be Polynesians and originally had found their home in the top parts of New Zealand. They are what we call “foragers” in the Anthropology world. Foragers are those cultures that hunt and gather from the land in which they live on. (Nowak, B/Laird, P; 2010) In the following pages I will describe how this culture lived and survived. I will describe how their ways of life were and events that came about. In 1350 they were a tribe that migrated from the Polynesian islands and had made their way to New Zealand. These foragers came in a mass group and were mostly hunters and fishermen. When they migrated they had brought their own plants and animals that they had domesticated themselves. Unfortunately most of it did not make it through the travel because the climates were too different and the animals and plants were not used to the new land. For many centuries these people survived and flourished in their new land. The Maori have a unique way of believing that there are supernatural ways that help them. They believed in the spiritual aspect of things......

Words: 2505 - Pages: 11

Maori Culture

...MAORI ANT 101 Introduction There are many theories as to where the Maori culture originated. As all Polynesian descendants, they were thought to have derived from islands in the central and southern Pacific. The Maori are now the indigenous people of New Zealand. This composition will disclose facts on the history of the Maori and concentrating on revealing the spiritual beliefs and values, their kinship, and political organization. Additionally, information will include, what makes the Maori a resilient culture that adapted to foreign lands, learned various modes of survival, and accomplished the threshold of a new civilization. In conclusion, facts will consist of the present change of the cultural dynamics of the Maori. Outline I. Introduction II. The Maori History A. Origins of the Maori Culture B. Early Settlement C. Horticulturists-(rare) Foragers III. Beliefs and values A. Supernatural rituals B. Religious rites C. Communal ceremonies IV. Kinship A. Kin Groups/Tribes B. Extensive Family ties to Kinsfolks C. Marriage V. Political organization A. Chiefdom B. Statuses of various tribes Maori Culture Initially, the crews of canoes or rafts from the parts of eastern Polynesia had sailed thousands of miles to the southwest and unplanned discovered two large islands that presently make up New Zealand. Over the centuries, other bands of sea travelers reached the islands, where they embarked on a......

Words: 1472 - Pages: 6

Body Art

...Body Art: Tattoo Tattooing is a form of body art that allows people to express various forms of meanings and messages. Body art, in general, is a “visual language” that can demonstrate accomplishments, display desires and memories, and serve as an identity to exhibit a person’s status in society (Schildkrout 107). However, tattooing can often be misinterpreted and misunderstood, leaving either negative or positive perspectives upon the person that is tattooed. According to Enid Schildkrout, an anthropologist who examined the diverse cultural meanings of body art, body art is “not just the latest fashion”. Rather it is a way of expressing “individuality, social status, and cultural identity”. Tattooing is used in different groups and cultures, and is also processed using different techniques. In Body Art as Visual Language, it is stated that the Japanese would work by hand by using a collection of needles set in a wooden handle. In Polynesian culture, tattooist would pierce the skin with a hammer-like instrument to mark the body. Steve Gilbert published a collection of historical records of tattooing throughout the world from ancient to present times. He states that in New Zealand, people practice Moko, which was a unique form of decorating the face with “intricate spirals that were incised into the skin to make scars in the form of parallel ridges and grooves” (67). Creating these marked ridges and groove features required the instrument to “penetrate deeply into the......

Words: 1003 - Pages: 5

Maori Values

...what the central components of a Maori worldview are ensuring that you fully explain at least four values. The four values that will be explained in this essay are Tapu, Whakapapa, and Tikanga. Worldview is the perspective of the world in which we live in (Ka'ai, 2004). The purpose of this essay is to discuss and provide a strong understanding of the central components and to fully explain four values pertaining to the Maori worldview. Firstly, this essay will define the terminology “Maori worldview”. Secondly, it will discuss the value of tapu and its importance in the Maori worldview. Thirdly, it will illustrate the value whakapapa and how it is one of many primary values in the Maori worldview. Lastly, it will provide an understanding of the value tikanaga and how it encompasses all Maori values. To understand a Maori worldview is by understanding these key indicators tribal identity, land and landscape, spirituality, language, culture, diversity, kinship structure, self-determination, concept of time, cultural knowledge and reciprocity these indicate the importance of Maori values each being a central component in the Maori worldview (Ka'ai, 2004). Therefore, this Maori worldview is considers the holism approach; meaning that all these values impact individually and collectively work together in creating a Maori worldview. Tikanga has been described as Maori customary values and practices. According, to Williams ‘Dictionary of Maori Language’ who provides many......

Words: 792 - Pages: 4


...the demonstrated benefit of higher 25(OH)D concentrations, vitamin D supplementation should become a public health priority to combat these common and costly chronic diseases. The review was planned by HAB-F, B D-H, and WCW. All authors evaluated the review and contributed their comments. HAB-F wrote the manuscript; EG contributed the section on colon cancer. None of the authors reported a personal or financial conflict of interest. REFERENCES 1. Freaney R, McBrinn Y, McKenna MJ. Secondary hyperparathyroidism in elderly people: combined effect of renal insufficiency and vitamin D deficiency. Am J Clin Nutr 1993;58:187–91. 2. Dawson-Hughes B, Stern DT, Shipp CC, Rasmussen HM. Effect of lowering dietary calcium intake on fractional whole body calcium retention. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1988;67:62– 8. 3. Kitamura N, Shigeno C, Shiomi K, et al. Episodic fluctuation in serum intact parathyroid hormone concentration in men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1990;70:252– 63. 4. Bischoff H, Stahelin HB, Vogt P, et al. Immobility as a major cause of bone remodeling in residents of a long-stay geriatric ward. Calcif Tissue Int 1999;64:485–9. 5. Lips P, Wiersinga A, van Ginkel FC, et al. The effect of vitamin D supplementation on vitamin D status and parathyroid function in elderly subjects. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1988;67:644 –50. 6. Malabanan A, Veronikis IE, Holick MF. Redefining vitamin D insufficiency. Lancet 1998;351:805– 6. 7. Peacock M. Effects of calcium and vitamin D insufficiency......

Words: 12046 - Pages: 49

Maori Health

...This essay analyzes Hauora issues of Maori people in New Zealand, providing the most fundamental and crucial elements and moments of its continuous effects from the colonial era until now. In this essay I mainly discuss about the issues of the Maori health before colonization, during colonization, and after colonization. I had used the different methods of research to analyze the data for the issues of Maori health. The research methods used are complete online research method text, course resources and reading and analyzing data from different books as literary review. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to locate relevant information on Maori health. The review formed the body of work on which this essay was based. The literature search was limited to work published between 1900 and 2010 in six subject areas: Maori health in early 1900 till present day, Maori concepts and models, Maori health models, Maori and disability, Treaty of Waitangi and Maori health. The databases searched included all of the New Zealand university library catalogues, the City Library and Google Scholar. Sources that appeared to be relevant were entered into the Reference. In 1769 James Cook concluded that Maori were healthy race .Prior to settlement by Europeans, Maori had been protected from many illnesses because of New Zealand’s Isolation from the large population centers of the world. Now a day’s Maori are recognized as being over represented statistically in poor health......

Words: 3505 - Pages: 15

Body Art and Ornementation

...Civilization of Chhatisgarh & New Research in Indian Archaeology.Raipur,C.G. p.227 to 244 CULTURAL ASPECTS OF THE TRIBAL ART IN CENTRAL INDIA: A CASE OF THE BODY DECORATION OF THE BAIGA TRIBE Dr. Basanta Kumar Mohanta1 Dr. Mohan Lal Chadhar2 Abstract The tribal arts, crafts and architectures are one of the most fascinating parts of their culture. The knowledge of this art is a hereditary one which transmits from generation to generation through oral tradition. The art of tattooing or body decoration is widely found among the tribal of India in general and the tribals of Central India in particular, which is treated as an integral part of their life and culture. Baiga is one of the Particularly Venerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) of Central India, known for their traditional method of treatment and shifting cultivation. They live in a particular forested area of Dindori district of Madhya Pradesh, identified as “Baigachawk” and its neighbouring area. Both the male and female Baigas are very fond of body decoration. Besides, the female members like to decorate their body with different kinds of tattoos, known as Godna. Each of these tattoos has a specific cultural significance and tattooed at a particular age and a specific location of the body. It is related to their religion, belief system, health care practice, body decoration, social status, wealth etc. In this present paper an emphasis has been given on the importance of tattoo in the tribal life; symbols used in......

Words: 3531 - Pages: 15

Jewelry: a Brief History and Utilisations

...Of all the creatures in the animal kingdom, only humans seek to adorn themselves. Even as far in the past as the primitive man, jewelry took on this role in a variety of forms. Throughout human history, jewelry has existed as an integral form of expression, wealth and social status. Evolving Functions of Jewelry Closely related to the human need of ornamentation, was the use of jewelry as amulets gifted with magical powers, or jewelry used as gifts for the maintenance of religious worship. The first jeweler was the metal worker, who later in time introduced small stones in his metal ornaments to make jewels more beautiful. Soon jewelry advanced from a simple ornamental or amulet stance to a more practical one. Jewels became used as a symbol of rank, wealth and social standing. That is when they became an investment of marketable value. The three basic roles that jewelry has played, the ornament, the amulet and the symbol of wealth, have remained constant to the present time. Egyptian Jewelry Many consider the period of Egyptian jewelry as the beginning of our modern form of jewelry. It was during this time that the manufacturing of jewelry became a profession and techniques and skills evolved. The primary purpose of jewelry for Egyptian was to act as amulets and talismans; their first known use was to wrap them in with mummies as guardians or protectors of the dead. This then spread to the protection of the living. They used gemstones, metal and gold because of......

Words: 1828 - Pages: 8

Dynamic Jewelry

...area of the jewelry industry is similar to a constantly developing dynamic live organism. Every day you can see new rings, earrings, chains and other precious things on the shelves of jewelry stores. There are a lot of interesting ideas due to the invention of cheaper and more attractive metal alloys, synthetic gems and visual solutions. New variations of different gems in a combination with precious metals are a feast for a consumer eye. That is why it is so important to stay afloat in this rather interesting and fascinating area of Jewelry. Ideas can be directed to the development of the forms of, for example, dangles, hoops, studs and other jewelry as well as to the search for new shades of gems and alloys, which are already known or which are to be discovered. The search and the creation of new synthetic gems and alloys are necessary both for the increase of the attractiveness of jewelry, and for the improvement of the durability and the resistance of alloys to the oxidation in the air. It is also important to create cheaper analogues of gems and metals, which are almost equal to the natural ones in their properties, for the market expansion of diamond jewelry, pearl jewelry and others. After all, it is much more pleasant to have more durable jewelry for lower prices, which will significantly increase the number of customers and, accordingly, sales proceeds. The one, who will capture the minds and draw attention by his or her innovative ideas of the jewelry art,......

Words: 481 - Pages: 2

Maori Development

...Kaysha Whakarau 12004012 179.330: Maori development and the social sevices Paper Coordinator: Paul’e Ruwhiu Assignment 1: Essay ‘My identityt and relationship with tangata whenua’. Kia ora koutou katoa. Ko Ngati Raukawa raua ko Ngati Tuwharetoa te iwi Ko Parereukawa raua ko Ngararu te hapu Ko Ngatokuwaru raua ko Waioturi te marae Ko Hokio raua ko Patea te awa Ko Taranaki te maunga Ko Aotea te waka Ko Corina Whakarau toku mama Ko Sonny Whakarau toku papa Ko Ryan Twigge Toku tane Ko Kaysha Whakarau-Twigge toku ingoa Describing one’s identity is not an easy task. Having an opinion or position towards a culture and worldview is part of human nature (Ministry of Justice, 2001). As we develop, these views and positions we thought we were once in, can change and alter. In other words, as people adapt and learn, so too does their views (Houhamau, & Sibley, 2014). In this essay I will be describing my worldview and cultural positioning of when I was growing up and contrasting this to how I feel now. I will also discuss this in relation to things Māori and who changed or influenced these views. I will finally critically analyse my relationship of tangata whenua. My mihimihi does not just describe who I am and here I come from. It describes my identity, my own conception and expression of myself and my affiliations both culturally and physically. My mihimihi establishes the links I share and have. As a Māori, sharing my whakapapa it is about knowing yourself......

Words: 2405 - Pages: 10

Social Constructivism of Identity Maori

...about Nga Taumata Whakahirahira in links to Durie’s Tapawha Model and the main ideas in concepts and values through Maori social and tribal structures which may further enhance through possibilities of a Maori way of life, this also provides us with the outlines of how my resource or piece of artwork links to my views and that of the articles and the social constructivism of identity. BODY Every person, or group of people, has an identity and a culture. An identity is the image that one projects out into the rest of the world, and culture is the image which one has on themselves. It is impossible to truly understand New Zealand without understanding the influence of the tangata whenua, from language and the arts to politics, natural history and the law. Maori are engaged in art of making meaning and creating our world through the unique process of human learning, My rauemi or composition has been created for Kohanga Reo and is drawn upon the identity of my daughter and her whanau, this rauemi is called Nga Taumata Whakahirahira and it also links to Durie’s Tapawha model in MacFarlane’s article “The Value of Maori Ecologies in the Study of Human Development. The model of wholeness. My Daughter Rangiwhakawaitau has been a former tamaiti at Te Kohanga Reo o Kokohinau we as parents wanted her to grow up as a competent and confident learner, healthy in mind, body and spirit, secure in the sense of belonging and in the knowledge of who she is and where she comes......

Words: 699 - Pages: 3

Historical Body of Art

...Historical Body of Art "Tattooing" James M. McDermott COM/150 March 21, 2010 Comfort Ugwuh Historical Body of Art "Tattooing" In 1936, Life Magazine provided information from an independent study showing approximately 6% of the nation's population had a tattoo; the Harris Poll conducted in 2003 showed that approximately 15% of the population had acquired tattoos (Swan, 2006). A similar study in 2005 revealed approximately 24% of the population then had at least one tattoo (Ford, 2010). Those two studies revealed statistics that illustrate the number of people in the United States with tattoos increasing astronomically. In 67 years the number of people with tattoos increased 9%, in just two years between 2003 and 2005 the United Stated witnessed the number of individuals with tattoos increase another 9%. Tattoos are still gaining acknowledgment in society today; the number of people with tattoos is increasing exponentially with athletes, musicians, and actors ushering a wave of acceptance. Figure 1 Tattoos have been evident in societies and the human race for thousands of years. Scientists have uncovered Egyptian mummies evidently preserved in the period as early as 2000 BC, analysis revealed evidence of tattooing and other forms of body art on their mummified bodies. The Egyptian tattooing thought to be one of the earliest appearances of tattoos came into question in 1991 with the discovery of Iceman (Lineberry, 2007). A pair of hikers in the Austrian Otztal Alps......

Words: 1881 - Pages: 8

Maori Health

...There are many factors which contribute to the state of Maori health in the 21st century. This essay focuses on the decline of the pre-European Maori health methods of diet and communal living as well as the impact this has had on the Maori race today. Maori health today is considerably different to Maori health of the 18th century. Obesity, cancer, heart disease and diabetes are significant health issues surrounding Maori people today. (Otago,2007). There are many factors which contribute to these health problems, it is assumed that these health issues have arisen due to drastic changes in diet and loss of culture due to westernisation Maori people of today are eating a predominantly western diet which consists of fatty sugary and salty foods which are covenant, cheap and have been proven to have ill effects on health and wellbeing. If we examine the pre-European diet of the Maori race which consisted of the kiore (native rat, now extinct) birdlife, seafood, seals and whales (coastal areas) as the main source of protein, the principal vegetable foods were taro, kumara, also pikopiko, and puha when available. Many berries in the forest were eaten raw, others were boiled and eaten. From the evidence of Hohepa Te rake (Ettie A. Rout, 1926) “food was regarded not only as the body’s natural sustenance but also as a natural corrective”. Maori believed that to the overall health of the body was maintained by the digestive system and ate foods that regulated the......

Words: 512 - Pages: 3

This Way of Life Essay | Sol a Pino (Zvizdan) 2016 | Hayate no Gotoku 3nd Season – Todos os Episódios