Margaret Mead Summary

In: People

Submitted By cazimero
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Warfare: An Invention- Not a Biological Necessity In the passage, Mead argues that warfare is something that is invented. Not just something that occurs because of human nature. Now to be clear, she isn’t just talking about War that happens between countries. She’s talking about the race war, class war, nationalistic war, and so on. She defines warfare in the passage as “organized conflict between two groups as groups, in which each group puts an army into the field to fight and kill, if possible, some of the members of the army of the other group.” Mead argues that warfare is more of an invention and not a necessity. She states this because a necessity is something that is needed and therefore would be occurring all over the world. But warfare doesn’t exist throughout the entire world.
Mead feels that the people who believe that warfare is a necessity tend to be more aggressive because they believe this is will help them achieve full human stature. However, she uses some examples of where warfare is irrelevant to certain cultures. Eskimos and the Lepchas of Sikkim are discussed in this passage. She states that “Neither of these peoples understands war, not even the defensive warfare.” The Eskimos are a great example to support her argument though. Just because they aren’t involved in warfare doesn’t mean they aren’t a hostile bunch. There would be fights, thefts of wives, murder, and sometimes even cannibalism that occurred among them. These men are driven to the brink of death trying to survive. They have the personality perfect for war and really have no reason why they shouldn’t be involved in warfare. However, there is no war.
Warfare is a complicated topic. Today, some people agree and support it, while some people strongly disagree with it. Mead makes a solid argument on how warfare is more of an invention than a necessity and I would have to agree with…...

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