Nutrition Test Review

In: Other Topics

Submitted By rlgeary
Words 1375
Pages 6
Test One Review

Chapter One
1. 10 Reasons for food choices:
a. Personal preferences
b. Habit
c. Ethnic heritage or tradition
d. Social interactions
e. Availability, convenience, economy
f. Positive and negative associations
g. Emotional comfort
h. Values
i. Body weight and image
j. Nutrition and health benefits
2. 6 Classes of nutrients:
a. Carbohydrates: 4 kcals/gram
b. Proteins: 4 Kcals/gram
c. Lipids: 9 kcals/gram
d. Vitamins
e. Minerals
f. Water
3. Define:
a. Essential nutrients: nutrients a person must obtain from food because the body cannot make them for itself in sufficient quantity to meet physiological needs; also called indispensable nutrients. About 40 nutrients are currently known to be essential for human beings.
b. Calorie: units by which energy is measured. Food energy is measured in kilocalories.
c. Kilocalorie: one kcal is the amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water 1 degree C.
d. Nutrient: chemical substances obtained from food and used in the body to provide energy, structural materials, and regulating agents to support growth, maintenance, and repair of the body’s tissues. Nutrients may also reduce the risks of some diseases.
e. Nutrition: the science of foods and the nutrients and other substances they contain, and of their actions within the body (including ingestion, digestion, absorption, transport, metabolism, and excretion). A broader definition includes the social economic, cultural, and psychological implications of food and eating.
f. Acute disease: disease that develops quickly, produces sharp symptoms, and runs a short course.
g. Chronic disease: diseases characterized by a slow progression and long duration. Examples include heart disease, cancer and diabetes.
h. Placebo: an inert, harmless medication given to provide comfort and hope; a sham treatment…...

Similar Documents

World History Test Review

...History Test Review Chapter 1-6 Vikings were the 1st white men to come to America, but not intently Archeological remains were found in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia Christopher Columbus effectively discovered America in 1492 Tried to find a water way to the East Queen gave him 3 ship Spanish completed the Grenada in 1492 “ “ ran the Muslims and Jews out of Spain 3 S’s Silk, Sugar, Spices Conquistadors (Spanish Conquerors)- wanted gold and silver Natives had gold and silver Magellan was the 1st to get around the Cape of Storms 2 Types of Tribes Arawaks Caribe- were cannibals ate arawaks Cortez conquered Aztec- Mexico Pizzaro conquered Incas- Peru 1580s- English made a colony on the outer banks of NC English and Scottish were not merged to British until 1707 Language of ancient Anglos merged with Saxon for Anglo-Saxon Irish- Catholic Scotch/Irish- Protestant Sir Walter Raleigh planted potato in England Leader of Virginia- John White Virginia’s capital was named after the King, Jamestown, in 1607 John Smith found the settlement of Jamestown 1588- Spanish Armada attacked England All colonies were founded with private money John Rolf brought in Tobacco (married Pocahontas) 1st English settlement in America was Virginia 1619 House of Burgesses (1st form of gov’t/ legislature) 1st boat load of women 1st boat load of slaves Grog- half rum and water 1620- Plymouth- settled...

Words: 539 - Pages: 3

Bio Test #2 Review

...fBIOL 3350 Exam 2 Review 1. What is the function of the seminal vesicles? Adds fluid to the ejaculate to propel the sperm forward. The fructose secreted by the seminal vesicles provides the energy for sperm motility. 2. What role does nitric oxide play in erections? It involves increased inflow of blood into the corpora cavernosa due to relaxation of the trabecular smooth muscle that surrounds the sinusoidal spaces and compression of the veins controlling outflow of blood from the venous plexus. 3. What nervous system controls erection? Parasympathetic nervous system 4. What are the major sources of estrogen in premenopausal and menopausal women? Ovaries and adipose tissue 5. What hormones would be used to treat exceptionally tall children by effecting early epiphyseal closure? Estrogen and testosterone 6. What describes herniation of the bladder into the vagina? Cystocele 7. What is testicular torsion and what is it a common consequence of? A Twisting of the spermatic cord that suspends the testis. It is a consequence of cryptorchidism along with infertility and malignancy. 8. What is the most common cause of cancer in males between the ages of 15-35? Testicular cancer 9. What cancer is the most common nonskin cancer in the US affecting men 65 years of age and older? Prostate cancer 10. What condition is characterized by heavy bleeding during and between menstrual cycles? Menometrorrhagia 11. What role does oxytocin and......

Words: 1224 - Pages: 5

Materials Test 1 Review

...* Production and Construction * Aesthetic Characteristics * Sustainable Design * Material Variability * Error- Variance associated with sampling and testing * Blunder – when an incorrect procedure is identified * Accuracy – the conformity of results to the true value or the absence of bias * Precision – the variability of repeat measurements under carefully controlled conditions * Bias – tendency of an estimate to deviate in one direction from the true value * Sampling * Sample – sufficient amount of the population, must be randomly selected and representative of the entire lot * Population – the entire lot * Arithmetic mean – the average of test results of all specimens tested. The central tendency of the population * Standard Deviation – the dispersion or spread of the results s=∑xi-xmean2n-11/2 n=sample size * Normal Distribution * Control Charts * Decrease inspection frequency * Early detection of troubles * Provide a record of quality * Basis of acceptance * Experimental Error * Laboratory Measuring Devices * Dial Gauge * Linear Variable Differential Transformer (LVDT) * Strain Gauge * Non-Contact Deformation Measurement Technique * Proving Ring * Load Cell Chapter 2 – Nature of Materials * Atoms * Protons * Neutrons ......

Words: 1916 - Pages: 8

Nutrition

...Nutrition and Academic Performance 1 NUTRITION AND ITS EFFECTS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE HOW CAN OUR SCHOOLS IMPROVE? By Amy Ross SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS EDUCATION AT NORTHERN MICHIGAN UNDERSITY July 28, 2010 APPROVED BY: DATE: Derek L. Anderson, Ed.D. August 2, 2010 Nutrition and Academic Performance 2 Table of contents Abstract ...…………………………………………………………………………………………3 Chapter I: Introduction…………………………………………………………………………….…4 Statement of Problems…………………………………………………………………….8 Research Questions…………………………………………………………………….…9 Definition of Terms ……………………………….…………………………………….10 Chapter II: Review of the Literature Nutrition and Cognition ………………………..……………………………………….11 Food Insufficiency …………………………..………………………………………….24 School Food Programs ……………………………...…………………………………..35 Chapter III: Results and Analysis …………………………..…………………………………..51 Chapter IV: Recommendations and Conclusion ……………………...………………………..54 References...………………………………………………………………………………..…...59 Nutrition and Academic Performance 3 Abstract The purpose of this paper was to review existing literature about past research that highlighted studies concerning nutrition and its relationship to brain function, cognition, learning, and social behaviors. There is evidence that school breakfast and lunch programs are not up to par with current United States Department of Agriculture standards and that USDA standards may not be utilizing the latest research...

Words: 16993 - Pages: 68

Mgt 341 Test 3 Review

...environmental demands * Functional (acute) stress * Helps improve performance by challenging and motivating people to meet objectives * Dysfunctional stress * Decreases performance and may result in burnout – a constant lack of interest and motivation to perform one’s job * Workplace Security * Cyber security – the use of tools and processes to protect organizational computer systems and networks * Anger and Violence – created by a toxic physical work environment (uncomfortable space to work, noise, odors, heat, ventilation, and color) * Watch for passive-aggressive behavior in rising steps, related to an unresolved conflict * Screen (perform background checks on) applicants and test them for substance abuse to prevent “negligent hires”...

Words: 1128 - Pages: 5

Qa Test Review

...QA-7 Test Review 1) What is quality? * The degree to which a component, System or process meets specified requirements and/or user/customer needs and expectations. * Software Quality the totality of functionality and features of a software product that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs. | 2) What are STLC phases? * Software Testing Life Cycle defines the steps/stages/phases in testing of software. However, there is no fixed standard of STLC in the world and it basically varies. | * Requirements/Design Review | * Review the software requirements/design * Review Defect Reports | * Test Planning | * Gather a general idea of what needs to be tested, and plan for the tests. * Test plan * Test Estimation * Test Schedule | * Test Designing | * You design/detail your test on the basis of detailed requirements/design of the software. * Test Cases/ Test Scripts/ Test Data * Requirements Traceability Matrix | * Test Environment Setup | * You setup the test environment (server/client/network,) with the goal of replicating the end-users’ environment. | * Test Execution | * You execute your Test Cases/Scripts in the Test Environment to see whether they pass. * Test Results (Incremental) * Defect Reports | * Test Reporting | * You prepare various reports for various stakeholders. * Test Results * Test/Defect Metrics * Test closure Report | 3) Name the main Task of each...

Words: 3598 - Pages: 15

Microeconomics Test Review Questions

...Diff: 1 Type: F 48) If the average variable cost curve is above the marginal cost curve, then A) marginal costs must be decreasing. B) average variable costs must be increasing. C) marginal costs must be increasing. D) marginal costs can be either increasing or decreasing. Answer: D Diff: 1 Type: F 49) The marginal cost curve intersects the average variable cost curve at the _______ value of the average variable cost curve. A) maximum B) minimum C) zero D) average Answer: B Diff: 1 Type: C 50) Twenty-five students in a class take a test for which the average grade is 75. Then a twenty-sixth student enters the class, takes the test, and scores 80. The test average calculated with 26 students will _______. A) rise above 75 B) fall below 75 C) change from 75 but the direction is unclear D) still equal 75 Answer: A Diff: 1 Type: C 51) If a firm's total costs are $80 when 10 units of output are produced and $90 when 11 units of output are produced, the marginal cost of the 11th unit is A) $1. B) $5. C) $8.09. D) $10. Answer: D Diff: 2 Type: A 52) If a firm's total costs are $100 when 10 units of output are produced and $103 when 11 units of output are produced, the marginal cost of the 11th unit......

Words: 15962 - Pages: 64

Nutrition

...PART 1 NUTRITION AND ATHLETE HEALTH The sport of athletics includes a wide range of events whose requirements range from speed to endurance, from a light physique to explosive power, and from multiple events lasting less than a minute to a single race lasting more than 2–3 hours. Despite the extreme contrast in these characteristics, all athletes share some common nutrition goals (see Table 6-1). This chapter will briefly explore these goals. Table 6-1. The athlete’s nutrition goals. Characteristic Everyday eating or training diet The athlete’s nutrition-related goals • Achieve and maintain a physique that is suited to the event • Eat to stay healthy and injury-free • Train hard and promote optimal adaptations and recovery from the training programme • Practice competition eating in training to fine tune strategies • Prepare adequate fuel stores for the event • Eat and drink well on competition day to prepare for an event and to recover between multiple events • During prolonged events (> 1 hour), replace fluid and carbohydrate to enhance performance • Achieve competition strategies when traveling • Make use of specialised sports foods to meet nutritional goals when it is impractical to eat everyday foods • Make wise decisions about the use of nutritional ergogenic aids based on cost: benefit analysis Competition eating Sports foods and dietary supplements A. The Training Diet 1. Achieving Energy Needs Energy needs vary according to body size, the energy cost of......

Words: 6154 - Pages: 25

Acctg 435 Test 1 Review

...ATR/(1-MTR) Chapter 3: Tax Determination, Exemptions Basic Model: Standard Deduction vs. Itemized Deduction: taxpayer can deduct, from AGI, greater of itemized deductions or standard deductions. Standard Deduction: Married Joint (surviving spouse)-$12,400, HOH-$9,100, Single-$6,200, Not married: 65 and over $1550, legally blind $1550 Married: 65 and over $1200, legally blind (for each taxpayer)- $1200 Personal & Dependency Exemptions: $3950 deduction for each exemption, personal = taxpayer & spouse, if spouse dies during year, taxpayer still receives an exemption for spouse that year, if divorce or legal separation, no exemption for spouse. Dependency exemption for qualifying child or relative – for both tests, must meet citizenship test (Mexico & Canada too) & if married, can only file to get a refund * Qualifying child: must be taxpayers child, step, grand or foster child, sibling, or niece/nephew, must live with taxpayer for more than half the year, must be under age 19 or under 24 (if full-time student (college 5 mo/yr)), child must provide less than ½ of their own support (scholarships excluded) * Qualifying Relative: must be relative (parent, uncle/aunt, in law) or live with taxpayer, provided over ½ support, multiple-support agreement if contribute more than 10% of total support , gross income must be less than amnt of exemption (only taxable scholarship, and not SS payments) Married Filing Joint: if married at end of year or spouse......

Words: 1154 - Pages: 5

Test 2 Review

...Test 2 Review References and Works Cited Pages • References and works cited pages are both bibliographies, are both listed in alphabetical order, and are each used in a style guide for a different discipline (APA used references; Turabian uses works cited). • If you only cite 1 source in your paper, be sure to label your bibliography page accordingly (i.e., reference or work cited instead of references or works cited). • You must only include the sources that you actually cited in your references or works cited page. If you read other materials while writing your paper, but you did not actually cite them, you may want to include them on a separate page; since they are not actually cited, they must not appear on the works cited or reference page. • You must list all sources that you cited in your paper, including dictionary and encyclopedia entries. • Attention to detail in a works cited or references page is important because it can help you to avoid plagiarism, it demonstrates academic integrity, and it helps your reader to find and use the same sources that you did. • Regardless of whether you use a references or works cited page, your entries must be listed in alphabetical order based on the first word of the entry (usually the author’s last name, but sometimes a piece may not have an author, so you will have to use a different piece of information. Check the Prentice Hall Reference Guide for more information. Summaries,......

Words: 970 - Pages: 4

Rmi Basic Test Review

...diversifiable risk different activities w/ different levels of risk non diversifiable risk no way of getting rid of the risk. Ex: natural disaster Fundamental risk effects many exposure units at the same time particular risk effects one exposure unit at a time 9 major duties of risk managers buy insurance, identify risk, loss prevention, loss control, contract review, gov't compliance w/ safety issues, risk finance, claims management and litigation support, employee benefits 5 steps of Risk management process mission identification (goal), risk identification, risk analysis, consider alternatives, implement and monitor hazard increases likelihood of losses/bad event. Applies to pure risks. risk factor effects the likelihood/severity of a gain or loss peril actual cause of loss exposure item that's subject to loss. difficulties w/ risk identification (world is changing) new laws, new discoveries, and changing societal attitudes property exposures buildings, vehicles, $. They have a direct and indirect result liability exposure someone else has experienced a loss and now they're suing the person who's fault it was Human Resource Exposures costs relating to employees Bailed property Non-owned: repair shop. Give them your computer. Leased Property Non-owned: things you rent Property on Consignment Non-owned: property someone owns and another person is trying to sell it for them Employee's property Non-owned:......

Words: 808 - Pages: 4

Nutrition Review

...Nutrition MIDTERM Review #1 1. The RDAs for most nutrients are 63 units 2. Dietary recommendations to prevent disease include all of the following except: 3. Which of the following is characteristic of an essential nutrient? Nutrients a person must obtain from food because the body cannot make them for itself in insufficient quantity to meet physiological needs; also called indispensable nutrients 4. Nutrient dense refers to foods that rich in nutrients compared to their calorie content 5. During digestion, protein is broken down to amino acids, carbohydrate to glucose and fat to fatty acids and monoglycerides 6. The form of sugar important to the body as blood sugar is Glucose 7. Dietary Guidelines recommend that carbohydrate intake continue approximately what percent of the total caloric intake? 8. All of the following are benefits of fiber except: 9. What is the function of bile? Is produced by the liver, stored in the gall bladder, and acts as an emulsifier to suspend fat 10. You have once again just finished a light breakfast of pancakes, syrup and orange juice. Which of the following series of events proceeds upon digestion/absorption of the meal until it is near time for lunch? 1. Blood Glucose rises 2. High blood glucose stimulates the pancreas to release insulin 3. Insulin stimulates glucose into cells & storage as glycogen in the liver and muscles 4. The body’s cells use glucose; blood levels decline 5.Low blood glucose......

Words: 983 - Pages: 4

Psyc 354 Review Test Exam 4

...PSYC 354 Review Test Exam 4 Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/psyc-354-review-test-exam-4/ Attempt Score 97.5 points scored Instructions Time limit: 1 hour and 30 minutes 40 multiple¬choice questions Open¬book/open¬notes Results Displayed Submitted Answers Question 2.5 out of 2.5 points 1 Imagine that the confidence interval around a group's mean is [980, 1160], what is the mean? Question 2.5 out of 2.5 points 2 A negatively skewed distribution would most likely violate which assumption? Question 0 out of 2.5 points 3 A researcher conducts a single¬sample t test and finds statistical significance at the 0.01 level. Question 4 The formula “ ” is used to represent the: Question 5 Cohen's d is one measure of: Question 2.5 out of 2.5 points 2.5 out of 2.5 points 2.5 out of 2.5 points 6 The single¬sample t test compares a sample mean to a population mean when: Question 2.5 out of 2.5 points do we use to compare a sample to the population? Question 2.5 out of 2.5 points 8 Why are effect sizes rather than...

Words: 999 - Pages: 4

Art Test Review

...Art Test Review Chiaroscuro – Shading from light and dark Visual elements – Color, value, texture, shape, form, space & line Line – basic means for recording and symbolizing ideas, observations and feelings. Extension of a point. Shapes are also known as mass and form Space – the interval or measureable distance between points Value – or tone refers to the relative lightness and darkness of surfaces Hue and intensity – refers to a particular wavelength of spectral color to what we give name purity of a huge – intensity/saturation What we call “color” is the effect on our eyes of light waves of differing wavelengths and frequencies. White light is composed of all the colors in the spectrum When all of the wavelengths are absorbed it appears black Primary colors – red, yellow and blue Secondary colors – orange, green, violet (any mixture of 2 primaries) Intermediate colors are made mixing primary and secondary such as red-orange, yellow-orange, etc. Monochromatic – variations in the value and intensity of a single hue (usually black and white) Analogous – colors adjacent to one another on the color wheel Complementary – colors opposite each other on the color wheel Abstract – no reference at all or depict natural objects Form – what we see, color, shape, line and design Content – we get from what we see Iconography – symbolic meaning of signs, subjects and images. Principles of art – unity & variety, balance, emphasis, directional forces,......

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

Psyc 354 Review Test Exam 4

...PSYC 354 Review Test Exam 4 Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/psyc-354-review-test-exam-4/ Attempt Score 97.5 points scored Instructions Time limit: 1 hour and 30 minutes 40 multiple¬choice questions Open¬book/open¬notes Results Displayed Submitted Answers Question 2.5 out of 2.5 points 1 Imagine that the confidence interval around a group's mean is [980, 1160], what is the mean? Question 2.5 out of 2.5 points 2 A negatively skewed distribution would most likely violate which assumption? Question 0 out of 2.5 points 3 A researcher conducts a single¬sample t test and finds statistical significance at the 0.01 level. Question 4 The formula “ ” is used to represent the: Question 5 Cohen's d is one measure of: Question 2.5 out of 2.5 points 2.5 out of 2.5 points 2.5 out of 2.5 points 6 The single¬sample t test compares a sample mean to a population mean when: Question 2.5 out of 2.5 points do we use to compare a sample to the population? Question 2.5 out of 2.5 points 8 Why are effect sizes rather than...

Words: 999 - Pages: 4

[Golumpa] Tada Never Falls in Love - 05 (Tada-kun wa Koi wo Shinai) [HIDIVE 1080p x264 AAC] [2DEDE447] | Flashpoint - Das Spezialkommando | حللا والسروال القصير