Objectivity in Journalism

In: Social Issues

Submitted By lizjamaica
Words 1604
Pages 7
The ratio objectivity/subjectivity varies.
Journalists present the facts as they are, while the public relations practitioners as they want the facts to be.

Defining Objectivity
Objectivity is the reporting of reality, of facts, as nearly as they can be obtained without the injection of prejudice and personal opinion.
(Walter Cronkite, 2005b: 227)

Objectivity is a standard that promotes truth, defined as a ‘correspondence, grounded in correctness, between thought and reality’
(Heidegger, 1943:1)

Objectivity is not the same as impartiality or fairness or balance although all these words are often used as if they were interchangeable.
Impartiality means acting fairly because you are not personally involved or have put to one side your personal views or feelings. The elimination of bias.
Fairness means acting in a reasonable, just or right way.
Balance means arranging things in equal or correct proportions to one another.
But objectivity is different. Objectivity means based on facts or evidence, not feelings or opinion. Objectivity requires evidence and verification. It's more than just attempting to be neutral.
(Richard Sambrook, 2004)

Key Words: Objectivity, Journalism, Facts, Truths, Journalistic Values
Putting facts and truths together

One of the most troublesome aspects of the debates around objectivity and facts in the way that the concept of object is given a dual role: that of a view of the world, but also a way of representing and communicating truths. This gesture treats the word “objectivity” as short-hand for “objective reality” as well as a mode or method of perception of this reality. This fusion of reality and perception narrows the space between facts and truths. It closes down a very important philosophical area that has been explored by many movement and…...

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