Orpheus Orchestra

In: Business and Management

Submitted By actionjackson3
Words 747
Pages 3
The Orpheus Orchestra is unique. It is a full functioning, Grammy winning, 28 base member orchestra, formed in 1972. (Khodyakov, 2007) Orpheus’ membership is comprised of world class musicians, some noted for their solo efforts. What makes the Orpheus Orchestra unique is the fact that it practices and performs without a conductor, making it in some ways when compared with other orchestras, leaderless. But the Orpheus Orchestra has many leaders; in fact all its members are leaders. They each contribute to the creativity and innovation of the musical performances and through rotating leadership for coordination of practices and by sub groups that focus on piece delivery, the groups organizational structure promotes a form of trust and control that is intertwined, ultimately producing an exceptional output, and nurturing members whose creativity is not stifled and unlike most orchestras, have high satisfaction in their jobs.
There are many lessons that large business organizations such as Kraft that can learn from the governance structure in place for the Orpheus Orchestra. Large corporations are constantly looking for ways to light a creative spark in their teams, to be more innovative and more productive. We learned how Electrolux did this in our last case study, by creating cross functional development teams. The structure in the Orpheus Orchestra also promotes creativity. Often organizations exercise control over their employees to ensure that operations run smoothly, goals are reached efficiently, and employees cooperate with managers and each other. (Khodyakov, 2007) Hierarchical control often stifles creativity, fosters dissatisfaction, and de-motivates employees which may negatively influence the quality of the final product in creative organizations. (Khodyakov, 2007) The structure of Orpheus promotes open and honest communication, increased…...

Similar Documents

Managing Partner

...ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR April 29, 2012 Rotating Leaders: Orpheus Orchestra Case study Week 8 What would business organizations such as Kraft Foods gain from observing Orpheus in action? Kraft could see first hand how an organization like Orpheus works in a self governed, collaborative team environment where there is no set leader. Orpheus is committed to excellence and it is a leadership by committee organization. This atmosphere enhances creativity amongst its members but not in a chaotic fashion. This is because they are all committed to the mission of bring fine music to their constituencies. A company like Kraft and others can observe and figure out a way to structure parts of their organizations in order to create the same atmosphere of accountability, teamwork and shared leadership. This would flatten the organization and create a more entrepreneurial spirit in an otherwise traditional organization. Orpheus rotates the concertmaster position among core-group members. What is the logic of rotating the leader? The rationale behind the rotation is that everyone in the group is heard and as they stated, it alleviates some of the pressure of people getting their way all the time. By rotating the core-group members, there is no power base or cliché that is formed that could potentially dominate the course and direction of the group. It also enables different members of the group the opportunity to develop their leadership skills. It is......

Words: 431 - Pages: 2


...Kraft could see firsthand how an organization like Orpheus works in a self-governed, collaborative team environment where there is no set leader. Orpheus is committed to excellence and it is a leadership by committee organization. This atmosphere enhances creativity among its members but not in a chaotic fashion. This is because they are all committed to the mission of bring fine music to their constituencies. A company like Kraft and others can observe and figure out a way to structure parts of their organizations in order to create the same atmosphere of accountability, teamwork and shared leadership. This would flatten the organization and create a more entrepreneurial spirit in an otherwise traditional organization. Orpheus, through time, has come to understand that in to function and perform as a group without a conductor, it is necessary for each member to experience being a leader and being a supporter depending on the individual’s musical expertise. By rotating the leaders, each member will learn how to actually organize rehearsals, moderate and resolve debates and conflicts among members. Also, not being leader all the time, Orpheus believes that it would take the pressure off from wanting to get your way all the time. Musicians who got bored and felt constricted in a regular orchestra decided to create a group where ideas and creativity will flow. Because of that premise, Orpheus was created as the first orchestra without a conductor and a permanent concertmaster....

Words: 288 - Pages: 2

Symphony Orchestra

...Lauren Love 15 April 2013 Professor Dewey Music 1306 Concert Critique #1 I have never been personally a fan of the romantic orchestra music but going to listen to a concert live is breathtaking. I attended the Fayetteville Symphony Orchestra, Masterpieces concert with music director Fouad Fakhouri performing Igor Stravinsky’s Symphony of Psalms and Gustav Mahler’s Symphony No.1 in D major. There was a full stage of musicians and a complete choir to back it up. The first half of the performance was a complete orchestra of woodwinds, strings, drums, brass, excreta and a four part choir. Overall the performance took no longer than thirty minutes to play the three-part Symphony of Psalms. This Symphony was much shorter than I was expecting. The symphony had the most soft and sweet chords following up with big, bold parts. The tempo would slow down just the slightest bit, the calm before the storm there was a bang of sound ringing from all around you and your almost startled but it is so lovely even at the volume and mixture of instruments you cant help but feel relaxed in the flow of notes. Stravinsky was born into a Russian Orthodox Church but soon left as a young man and though he was this origin he set a Latin text to his music, making it a more inclusive religious statement. Igor used the term “ Symphony” in the broadest sense, reflecting its etymology as the coming together of sounds, said to be why his orchestration is unusual. His melodies are stark and archaic,......

Words: 945 - Pages: 4


...Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Symphony 40 in G minor KV 550 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQVsvDt-KPA This symphony is composed by the well known music composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1788. It is a classical and first movement (Molto allegro) symphony. In this symphony percussions, brass and keyboards are not used. Only strings and woodwind instruments are used to compose this symphony. This symphony is mainly dominated by String instruments. It is a tensed music. The arrangement of this symphony is slow tempo, fast tempo, slow tempo, fast tempo. Instruments Used In This Symphony 1. Violin 2. Oboe 3. Flute 4. Double Bass 5. Cello 6. Bassoon 7. Clarinet My Personal Opinion Regarding This Symphony I personally found this symphony to be relaxing and tensed at the same time as it follows both genres gradually. We can experience soft temp as well as in high tempo, which really catches the attention of the one who is listening to it. This symphony has the capability to change one’s mood. As it is very well composed and the way the musicians have synchronised the instrument sounds, it really makes a good composition, as a listener, I really got involved in the music as it relaxed me. But if I would have been tensed, it would have made me more tensed. I really like the way the Maestro/Conductor was making them play the symphony, as he knew what to do and how to make them follow the rhythm and tone. As the tone in this symphony was really......

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

The 8 Leadership Principles of the Orpheus Chamber Orchestra According to Harvey Seifter

...The 8 Leadership principles of the Orpheus Chamber Orchestra according to Harvey Seifter: 1. Placing the power in the hands of workers. The musicians playing in the Orpheus Chamber Orchestra make their own decisions on their musical program. That is, they decide who leads the group, how the piece will be played and who will be invited to join them (i.e. substitute musicians). They also elect the musicians that will sit on the Board of Trustees and within the management staff. 2. Encouraging individual responsibility for a better product quality . There is a shared responsibility by every musician regarding individual and collective performances. Each musician is welcome to give feedback to a colleague regardless of the instrument they play. In this way, a collective listening approach is encouraged by the common desire to achieve the mission. 3. Creating clearly defined roles. Every musician has a clear understanding of his/her role within the orchestra. Potential roles include:  The Concertmaster, the first violin (among equals) who is in charge of assisting the group during rehearsals and performances.  The trustees on the Board: three musicians are elected to sit on the Board for the length of three years.  Three other musicians are elected to represent the orchestra within the administration staff. 4. Fostering teamwork. 5. Working in shared leadership. Every musician has the opportunity to play leadership roles such as leading rehearsals or......

Words: 374 - Pages: 2

The Baroque Orchestra (Amateur Overview)

...The Baroque Orchestra By Nunana Akoli Music during the Baroque period is known as the foundation for what is classical music, and one extremely important type of music is the Baroque Orchestra. This type of Orchestra was mainly practised from 1600 to 1750, following the death of one of the most influential composers of the time, Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750). During this time period, the Baroque Orchestra was created and developed by other very prominent composers of the time including George Frideric Handel (1685-1759), Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741), Arcangelo Corelli (1653-1713), Claudio Montreverdi (1567-1643), Girolamo Frescobaldi (1583-1643), Alessandro Scarlatti (1660-1725), Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1757), Giovanni Bbattista Pergolesi (1710-1736) and many more. The Baroque period took advantage of the detailed use of polyphony, which is the texture which consists of 2 or more melodic tones that are woven together and played simultaneously, opposed to music that just consists of a single melodic voice or one with a more dominant melodic voice which would then be accompanied by chords. The orchestra itself was carried by a variety of different instruments including: Strings -Violin, The origins of the violin date back to as far as the 9th century and were thought to be first used by the Persian geographer named Ibn Khurradadhibih. JS Bach, Antonio Vivaldi and Arcangelo Corelli were well known for being talented violinists; Violins replaced Viols which were......

Words: 804 - Pages: 4

Chao Feng Chinese Orchestra

...Chao Feng Chinese Orchestra’s 31st Anniversary Concert was held on Sunday, 25th August 2013 from 4-6pm at Ivanhoe Girls’ Grammar School Performing Arts Centre. Traditional Chinese instruments - Gaohu, Erhu, Zonghu, Jinghu, Guqin, Dizi (flute), Sheng (mouth organ), Suona, Yangqin, Liuqin, Pipa, Zhongruan, Sanxian, Daruan and Guzheng, joined together to perform several Chinese pieces as in ensemble conducted by Mr. Yat Ping Chan. The performance included pieces played by the whole ensemble as well as solo and duet performances. Instruments that had the chance to perform in solo performances without accompaniment included Guzheng and Guqin. Guzheng and Guqin is both plucked zither, but Guzheng has more strings and movable bridges. These instruments produce a very clear and soothing sound with a hint of sadness. However, when they are played in a faster tempo, they can sound quite cheerful and energetic. The 2 songs performed by Guzheng and Guqin were “Jackdaws frolicking in the Water” and “Phoenix Tree Leaves dancing in the Autumn Breeze” respectively. Both songs depicts a scene of birds dancing and enjoying themselves in the nature. Due to the nature of the zithers to produce slightly melancholic sound, it felt as though the happiness won’t last long. The most interesting duet of the performance was the duet by Sheng. Sheng, the Chinese mouthorgan, is always used to harmonise the song in ensembles. Thus, it is quite different to hear the instruments playing a melody......

Words: 548 - Pages: 3


...more attention to the music. One of his first operas, Orfeo ed Euridice, is a prime example. Although Gluck’s 1762 production of Orfeo ed Euridice in Vienna is his greatest success, it was an opera previously used by Monteverdi, titled L’Orfeo. (Boyden, 79) Orfeo ed Euridice is somewhat similar to L’Orfeo, seeing as the two follow the Greek myth of Orpheus. Though there were similarities between the two, no evidence was found stating that Gluck was influenced by the previous production, or if he was even familiar with Monteverdi’s work. The myth describes a young shepherd, Orpheus, whose music had the power to tame the animals and win the affection of others. (Boyden, 79) On his wedding day, while walking through the fields of Thrace, he receives word that his wife, Eurydice, has died. (Boyden, 79) Through the underworld he travels, retrieving his bride, only for her to be lost again. (Boyden, 79) Returning to the fields of Thrace, Orpheus mourns the loss of his bride. At that moment, Apollo, Orpheus’s father, descends from the sky. (Boyden, 80) He raises Orpheus into the heavens where “Orpheus will once again see Eurydice in the sun and the stars.” (Boyden, 80) With libretto by Raniero da Calzabigi, Gluck keeps to the myth while making some revisions to the plot. (Boyden, 80) There are some differences between the work of Monteverdi and Gluck. While Monteverdi stretched his opera into five acts to accommodate the soloists and the lengths of their......

Words: 2170 - Pages: 9

The Layout of the Orchestra

...The Orchestra The orchestra is made up of 4 sections: the strings, the woodwinds, brass and percussion. The Strings Family The strings consist of the violins, the violas, the cellos and the double basses. All string instruments are made of wood and glued together instead of nailed as that will change the sound of the instruments. Strings of different lengths and thickness are then attached to the instrument and stretched to a specific length in order to sound the proper pitch. Strings are typically made of synthetic materials, sheep gut or metal, depending on the player’s preference. The Woodwind Family The woodwind section is made up of piccolos, flutes, oboes, English horns, clarinets, E-flat clarinets, bass clarinets, bassoons and contrabassoons. The name “woodwind” is sometimes misleading as about half the woodwind section is made of some sort of metal, for example, flutes are made of silver or gold, piccolos are sometimes made of silver and saxophones are made of brass. The Brass Family The brass family is composed of trumpets, French horns, trombones, baritones, euphoniums and tubas/sousaphones. Brass instruments are made of brass tubes that flare out into a bell at one end of the instrument. The bell, like a megaphone, helps to amplify the sound of the instrument, which helps make brass instruments the loudest of all the orchestral instruments. To make a sound on a brass instrument, you have to put your lips together and make a “buzz” sound into a metal......

Words: 420 - Pages: 2

Pluto in Orpheus Versus Pluto in Sir Orfeo

...The author of Sir Orfeo changes the character Pluto because the original representation on Orpheus poem contradicts his Christian believes. If we look in the definition of Pluto, it means Rich Father), in Roman religion, god of the infernal regions, the equivalent of the Greek Hades (q.v.), or Pluto (Rich One). Also known to the Romans as Orcus, he was believed to be the brother of Jupiter and was greatly feared. (Encyclopedia Britannica) In the original poem of Orpheus Pluto is presented as the god of the underworld. For the Christianity is only one god. The following paper will point some of the significant contradiction that we can find in the character Pluto in the two poems. There are too many things in the original character of Pluto that contradict the Christian believes. One of these aspects is the representation of Pluto as all-powerful god. When Orpheus travel to the underworld to rescue his wife He tells Pluto and Proserpine: “ oh deities of the underworld, to whom all we must live must come, hear my words, for they are true” (Orpheus)this is a contradiction for the Christianity that believes that Jesus Christ is the one who all living thing must come. In the same speech Orpheus Said that: “we all are destined to you, and sooner or later will pass to your domain” (Orpheus) This statement is a clear contradiction to the Christian believes that all thing are made for the glory of one almighty God and all living thing will be judge by Jesus Christ the son of God....

Words: 513 - Pages: 3

Orpheus Descending

...Orpheus Descending has been known as a tragedy due to the unfortunate faith of Lady and Val. It is a play centered on unanswered questions that make it quite impossible for the main characters, like Lady, to start a new life. Once Lady and Val declare their love for one another, it seems as if the play will have a happy ending. However, the evil in the world of the play sets out to destroy Lady one final time. Both the play script and the film adaptation of Orpheus Descending are similar. Although the ending of the film version is slightly altered compared to the play script, the plot and overall meaning of Tennessee Williams’ play remain intact. Lady has been living an unsatisfying life next to Jabe. The love and passion is clearly not there between them. When Jabe returns to town from his cancer treatment, Lady shows no real signs of compassion for him. In fact, in both the movie and play script, Lady is portrayed as more of a nurse or caretaker instead of Jabe’s wife. For instance, Jabe knocks his cane from the upstairs bedroom each time he needs her. This infers Lady’s lack of empathy and love for Jabe; she sees no other alternative than to succumb to take care of him until he dies. Jabe, too, shows no consideration towards Lady. While he has been away for treatment, Lady has taken full responsibility of the store. Jabe gets mad at her for putting the shoe department in the back of the store and responds to her decision in a cold, sarcastic manner (Orpheus Descending 1...

Words: 864 - Pages: 4

Johannes Brahms’ Variations on a Theme by Haydn in B-Flat Major, Op. 56a Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra at Carnegie Hall

...Johannes Brahms’ Variations on a Theme by Haydn in B-flat Major, Op. 56a Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra at Carnegie Hall Johannes Brahms himself directed the debut of his Variations on a Theme by Haydn with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra in Bavaria in 1873, making our experience of attending a performance by the same ensemble in Carnegie Hall more than 140 years later all the more special. The program directed by Latvian Andris Nelsons also included, besides the aforesaid work, Joseph Haydn’s Symphony No.90 in C Minor, Johannes Brahm’s Symphony No. 3 in F Major, Op.90 and Johann Strauss’s waltz Seid Umschlungen, Millionen (“Be Embraced, You Millions”) –which was actually dedicated to Brahms- as a surprise encore. Also known as Saint Anthony Variations, Brahms composed his Variations during a summer stay in Lake Starnberg near Münich during a time where he had finally, after the premiere of A German Requiem in 1868, achieved recognition throughout Europe. He based his work on a theme in Chorale Saint Antoni originally attributed to Haydn, although in the nineteenth century this was questioned and the piece remains unattributed to this day. Brahms composed two versions of this work –one for two pianos, the other for orchestraboth of which consist on a theme on B-flat major, eight variations and a finale in passacaglia form. The night started with Joseph Haydn’s Symphony No.90 in C Major, a piece in sonata form composed for one flute, timpani, viola, cello, bass and two......

Words: 1200 - Pages: 5

Assignment Week 6

...1- What would business organizations such as Kraft Foods gain from observing Orpheus in action? There are common factors between Kraft Foods as a business and the Orpheus as an Orchestra. Kraft Foods is a traditional company that contains a usual board of directors’ chief executive officer, and it also has a host of other executives. Moreover, every officer has his own subtle role in the company. On the other hand, Orpheus also contains many musicians who are capable to participate in the decision-making process. That is to say, each musician is able to use his leadership skills by becoming the concertmaster at one point. Kraft Foods’ leaders could take a cue on new ways of managing and leading as they allow their executive to observe how Orpheus can function without a conductor. In other words, Kraft Foods can learn to build a core group that is responsible for each project of the company, and these core groups should contain executives and ordinary employees who are going to be in charge of researching the primary plan to the company’s investors. In addition, by allowing and inviting other employees sometimes to the core groups, new ideas of managing and leading will be born. Moreover, by being able to see the relationship between running an orchestra and running a business, Kraft Foods can gain new framework of values and approaches that can help the company to reassess their management and leadership ways. In other words, while allowing new employees to join the......

Words: 627 - Pages: 3

Case Study 15.1

...Case Study 15.1: Rotating Leaders: Orpheus Orchestra This week’s case study is look into what makes the Orpheus Orchestra and the leadership methods are so unique. This group of musicians are unique in the fact that they do not have a conductor to lead them. They lead themselves. With this method being so unique a lot of top companies have hired them to go into their organization and how they accomplish what they do with no one leader. This group came about by a few professional musicians that were looking for something different then the standard conductor lead symphony The founder of Orpheus that the musicians needed to be able to express themselves where in traditional settings they are only doing as they were told. So he selected a few people in the beginning to try his idea out. The biggest key to being successful is having members that know how to give and take with ideas and criticism. The dynamics of making this group work took a lot of work. In fact it took twice as many rehearsals to work out all the particulars that a conductor would normal dictate. The one risk the group had using a method of anyone giving ideas how to play the piece was that they would never land on a clear set direction for playing the piece. So the founder came up with the idea of coming up with small groups, which the members changed often. This group’s members would change often, but they would practice together to work out the particulars then present them to the group......

Words: 645 - Pages: 3

Boston Symphony Orchestra

...Boston Symphony Orchestra Problem Formulation The Boston Symphony Orchestra was founded in 1981 by Major Henry Lee Higginson. Higginson was the only manager of the Orchestra, so with his wealth he used one million of his own money to develop and expand. Shortly after World War I, he retired and developed the board of trustees. These trustees were Boston’s most powerful financial, corporate, legal, political, religious, and social communities. The organizational structure of the Orchestra included: the board of trustees, the management staff, the orchestra players, and the music director. Each of the personnel in these groups had different decision making for the Orchestra. The Orchestra first started off with just a winter season for their concerts. Since they were becoming more famous and more people wanted to attend their concerts, they expanded to six different musical activities. These concerts include the Boston Pops, the Esplanade Concerts, the Berkshire Music Festival, the Berkshire Music Center, and the Boston Symphony Chamber Players. They traveled around the world performing concerts. During this 31-week period, the BSO played 22 weeks at Symphony hall, three weeks in Europe, and five weeks in New York, with a one-week Christmas vacation. The Orchestra also did broadcast live for radio stations and television stations and they also recorded albums there were known world-wide. The concert schedule for a particular season was quite complex,......

Words: 1673 - Pages: 7

Akame ga Kiru! 78 | For Girls | Mund- & Zahnpflege