Personality Theories Matrix

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University of Phoenix Material

Personality Theories Matrix

THEORY |
Psychoanalytic |
Neo-Freudian |
Trait |
Biological |
Humanistic |Behavioral/
Social |
Cognitive | |School of Thought
(List the factors that each school believes influence personality development) |Psychosexual stages:
1.Oral-Focus on mouth and a satisfaction of sucking and biting.
2. Anal-Pleasure of anus and a concern with feces.
3.Phallic-Fear and anxiety of castration from his father because of sexual desires for one’s mother.
4. Latency-Repression of infantile sexuality.
5.Gential-Maturity of sexuality, capable of genuine love.
Concepts of Mental structure:
1. Id-Basic impulses, sexual and aggressive. Impulsive and irrational. This is also known as the pleasure principle when one seeks immediate satisfaction regardless of the consciences.
2. Ego-Test reality, seeks safety and survival, rational, and logic.
3. Super-Ego-Ideal and moral, strives for perfection, dictates, incorporative, imposes limitations on satisfactions.

Unconscious Conflict:
This is when a person may have a fear of certain things and may use other things to describe the fear. Example: If someone was afraid of an animal that they have never been in contact with. This may be a sign of a fear that is revealed as an unconscious conflict with something they know nothing about. |Alfred Adler:
Strive for superiority:
Born with a sense of inferiority. Striving to overcome these deficiencies of weakness and helplessness by being the one superior around one’s self.
Adler disagreed with Freud on some major issues relating to parenting and the long term effect on of improper child rearing. Two parenting styles he disagreed with was,
1. Pampering –
Never allowing the child to see the reality of the world would give them an unhealthy view of the world. Causing the child to not be able to cope with these…...

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