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Phological Differences Between English and Mandarin

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Submitted By sibo89
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For this assessment I have been required to compare English with another language. I have decided to choose Mandarin as my language of choice. A major elements of languages will be compared in this essay. That being phonology. Phonology is defined as being “the study of the way speech sounds form patterns”.(Victoria Fromkin 2009). As (Hammond 1999) describes, every spoken language has a unique system whereby sounds are organised. This unique pattern of pattern can be termed phonology and varies widely in geographical and social differences.
English is the most widely spoken language in the world with up to a total of up to 1.8 billion speakers in the world.(Lewis 2009) It is generally regarded as being the international language or lingua-franca of the world. English is the official language for Australia, New Zealand, England, America and Canada. It is also the joint or semi-official language for many other countries. Each of these countries English differs slightly in phonology and there even exists regional differences inside these countries but in this essay Australian English will be used as the standard.
Australian English consists of 24 consonants and 20 vowels, 12 being monophthongs and 8 being diphthongs. Below are charts with the list of consonants and vowels.

(http://elc.polyu.edu.hk/CILL/ipa.htm)

All these sounds are called phonemes, which are the simplest form of a sound and all these sounds make up the English language.

Stress is very important in English language because English is a stress language and at least one syllable is stressed in an English word.(Victoria Fromkin 2009) In general stress is made by pronouncing the syllable more forcefully with a higher pitch. Stress in English can also be…...

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