Prison Comparison

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Submitted By pmccar9
Words 1387
Pages 6
Prison System Comparison
Patricia A. McCart
CJA/234
October 18, 2010
Justin Smith

Prison System Comparison
Individual Assignment: Prison System Comparison Paper Prepare a 1,050 to 1,400-word paper in which you
Introduction
History of the state prison
The state prisons today were founded on the basis of the 1700s to 1800’s during the Age of Enlightenment. The English correctional facility referred to as a “gaol,” commonly known as a jail. They housed men, women, children, the mentally ill along with the civil and criminals. The individuals suffered from idleness, diseases, despair and malnutrition. The gaols were maintained by local authorities, classification did not exist, and the purpose of gaol was to detain or hold people for court (Foster, 2003). The “Department of Corrections,” houses all adult felons throughout the state. The adult felons include those on probation as well as on parole, including juveniles who are on a work release program, in halfway house facilities, group homes, training schools, or from a special facility. The state operates jails and juvenile detention facilities holding pretrial prisoners in smaller populations and promotes “Community Corrections Act.” This approach combines state, local and private correctional agencies with a non-secure correction service.
History of federal prison, (describe and analyze both systems) Prisons today are maximum security prisons. Federal prisons confining individuals convicted of a federal offense such as drug smuggling across state lines or non-payment of taxes. These prisons are operated [Passive voice] by the Department of Justice and within the system are layers of correctional institutions for gender segregation and sentencing classification. For example penitentiaries are for male inmates with long-term sentences; low security - correctional…...

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