Prison in America

In: Business and Management

Submitted By veneno
Words 2321
Pages 10

Since the beginning of time there has been good and evil, as man developed modern society he found that a need existed to separate the bad from the good. Society needed to find a way to protect the weak and defenseless citizens from the dangers of mankind. The use of confinement to punish offenders began in Europe in the early eighteen century. The concept of incarcerating offenders for long periods of time as a way of punishment for crimes is fairly new development in America. (McShane, Williams 1996) Before 1770’s with a few exceptions serious offenders received fines, corporal punishment, death, and banishment, but they were not incarcerated as a form of punishment. (McShane, Williams 1996) Jails were made to only hold people awaiting trail and minor offenses. This was in accordance with Puritan views that man was born into sin and punishment was God’s way of dealing with sin and evil deeds. This type of thinking was thrown out due to changing ways of criminal behavior. Now enter the modern institution designed to deal with this new breed of criminal behaviors. The first prison in America is supposed to be the Walnut Street Jail in Philadelphia (1790) There is however another, an abandoned copper mine in Connecticut which was converted into a prison. In 1773 Newgate prison accepted its first inmate by the 1820’s it was closed due to rising costs. (McShane, Williams 1996) This was the first institution designed to incarcerate offenders with five categories of serious offenders: robbers, burglars, forgers, counterfeiters and horse thieves. Later on murderers, prisoners of war and political prisoners were housed at Newgate. This was the first prison in America to use confinement as punishment for committed offenses. According to David Rothman “the development of incarceration as a general solution to deviance could be explained…...

Similar Documents


...Jail and Prisons Archie Parks CJA/204 November 27, 2011 Ross Thompson Jail and Prisons Introduction Prisons and Jails play an intricate part in the criminal justice corrections system. They are responsible for housing and rehabilitating some of the United States most dangerous criminals. This paper will explain the different types of prisons explain prison concepts and discuss why jails are important in the criminal justice system. In addition, prison strategies for dealing with violent behavior and the role parole plays in the strategic handling of inmates. Types of prisons There are four types of prisons within the United States Criminal Justice system. Each of the four types are stated below: 1. Local Prison: Local prisons within the United States criminal justice system are commonly referred to as Jails. Jails are used by cities to detain persons who have been accused of committing a crime while awaiting trial when bail has not been granted or cannot be paid. County Jails can detain prisoners for up to 18 months. 2. State Prisons: State Prisons are prisons who maintained by the state and used to house criminals who have been convicted of violating state statutes. State prisons are maintained and managed utilizing funds from the state budget. 3. Federal Prisons: Federal Prisons are used to house criminals who have been convicted of violating federal laws. Federal prisons are maintained by the Federal Government and are maintained and managed......

Words: 1271 - Pages: 6


...Punishment in America America has a unique justice system, like no other in the world. During the creation of the American colonies and the building of a nation, America took ideas of justice from their British heritage. Corporal punishment was the idea of dealing with criminal issues. America has since changed its view on punishment, early responses where considered brutal and today the view is more for rehabilitation of the offender. If a law is broken or a crime committed, the offender should be punished. The question that has lingered for many centuries is how harsh the punishment should be. The early Americans relied on public shaming for punishment. The intent was to teach a lesson to the offender and education would likely prevent recurring criminal activity. Some of the common practices for punishment were public whippings at the towns whipping post, brandings such as an A on the forehead for adulteries, cutting off ears, tongues, or fingers for liars and thieves, and placing offenders on the pillory or a stock for the townspeople to throw rotten vegetables or rocks at. For more severe crimes such as murder or rape, criminals were punished with execution by public hanging. Imprisonment was not as common. Early responses to crime seem to be extremely brutal, but the idea was to give a punishment as closely as possible to the crime. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the English would also send criminals to the new American colonies to remove them from......

Words: 1115 - Pages: 5

America Today in Prisons

...America Today in the Prison’s Melanie Fife American InterContinental University March 17, 2013 Chad Faries ABSTRACT I’m writing a paper that has 5 different sources, that have books, newspaper articles, and Government papers, that has something to deal with America’s prisons today in society. America has a huge problem with our prison system being overcrowded. The crime rate has increased so much and we are just making me people go to jail or prison. The topic I chose was the prison system being over-crowded. I know many people that have been on both sides of the prison's walls, which allows me to see both sides of the prison system. Prison's in American are very over-crowded due to crimes being committed more often than what they were ten years ago due to not being staffed properly, not having enough room for all the inmates, and the system just trying to have you do your time and not trying to get you back to society. Prison Overcrowding has so many issues understaffing can lead to security and control difficulties. It can also cause heath and the well-being of the inmate’s problems. They will have more violence and conflicts because they are understaffed and cannot be watched properly. Not enough security can make it harder to manage the prison. They can increase opportunities for exercise, sports, and church. Active inmates are less likely to feel stressed or hostile. We can also classify offenders due to the level of their risk and their crime. Improve......

Words: 1105 - Pages: 5


...Today, prisons all over the world is overpopulated and most of the expenses are paid in account on the taxpayers’ behalf. Some inmates are not necessarily criminals, but prison seems to be the solution to anybody that slightly troubled the law. In Julia Sudbury’s Maroon Abolitionists, anti-prison groups strongly discouraged the Prison-Industrial Complex and worked against it to prevent private corporations from making profits and focused to imply a correctional facility to better the individual. With significant increases in population of inmates yearly, it is crucial to seek improvement in correcting the system and treated with fair access. Prison-Industrial Complex (PIC) is an interaction that shares interest of all who helps expand the prison system for personal profits, from monetary profits, political power, control of resources, ownership of properties, etc… It is a system where the private corporate put their self before others and for personal benefits. Inmates are often discriminated based on their race, gender, or culture so the private prison companies can reach their potential power. In Julia Sudbury, Maroon Abolitionists, she showed that the U.S. currently incarcerates approx. 2.3 million people, similarly 762 per 100,000. There are 167,000 prisoners in all of California. 60% of those incarcerated in prison are an ethnic minority. Statistics showed that three quarters of all inmates for drug related offenses are people of color. 1 in every 8 black males in......

Words: 905 - Pages: 4


...The Current Status of Prison Privatization Research on American Prisons Gerald G. Gaes. Ph. D. Florida State University August 2010 Introduction In many ways, any discussion of prison privatization strikes at the heart of the fundamental goals and purposes of prison and punishment. The discussion elevates such themes as the role of the private sector in administering punishment, the importance of metrics to evaluate and compare how well the privately and publicly operated prisons provide services, the structure and form of oversight and accountability to insure punishment is just and fair, and the measurement of cost and efficiency. To be sure, many of these issues are crucial even in the absence of a privatization debate. However, because there are impassioned proponents and opponents on both sides of the issue, the prison privatization literature has provoked both earnest debate and fractious polemic. One might expect that the importance of this topic would have elevated prison privatization research and encouraged the funding of large scale studies. In fact, there are very few studies comparing privately and publicly operated facilities. Segal and Moore (2002) identified about 23 U.S. cost comparison studies and fewer quality studies. Many of those studies were of questionable value. The most recent review, a meta-analysis by Lundahl et. al. (2009) only identified 12 studies of cost and quality meeting their criteria for sound methodology. Even......

Words: 5026 - Pages: 21


...History of State and Federal Prisons The State and Federal Prison Systems have a lot of similarities with a few differences. Both of these systems are unique in their own kind of way and have a rich history in the United Sates. The following paper will be a short discussion of the history of the state and federal prison systems. The state prison systems of today were founded on the nineteenth-century penitentiary, which was based on the legal reforms of the eighteenth-century Age of Enlightenment. The penitentiary was based on legal reforms where scholars searched for a more humane and reform-oriented alternatives to death and other physical punishments that were all too common in that time. Principles of isolation, work, and compliant attitudes were implanted upon inmates in order to alter the nature of confinement. Maximum security was the norm for the early penitentiaries, which included high walls, guard towers, cell blocks stacked in tiers, and massive concrete and steel construction. Prisoners were controlled with isolation and high levels of intimidation and swift punishment if rules were broken. Security level that have been created over time to separate criminals by the type of crime they have committed and whenever or not they are a risk to themselves or others are maximum security, close-high security, medium security, minimum security, and open security prisons. The federal Bureau of Prisons was created in 1930 by an act of Congress signed into law by......

Words: 368 - Pages: 2

Prison in America

...As I drove to Mission Creek I had no idea what to expect. The closest I have been to a prison is driving down Route 53 in my home town and seeing Statesville maximum security prison for men. I have never been past the barbed wire; I have only seen the stark grey cement walls from afar. However, regardless of never knowing a single one, my opinions and beliefs of the people who live inside are abundant. However, by deciding to visit Mission Creek I decided to face my stereotypes head on, and see where they stood after I got a look for myself. My “observations” of the incarcerated began when I was about eight years old and was granted permission to use the TV remote. For some reason prison shows always interested me, of course not factual ones, just dramas. My personal favorite being Shawshank Redemption. Granted, from time to time I have watched “real” stories on the incarcerated, such as “Pregnant in Prison”, “Women Behind Bars” and various shows about serial killers in prison. I especially took the latter shows to heart, and these were “reality” so I believed this is how prison was. Stark grey walls, people in some color, most often orange, jumpsuits, walking around hand cuffed, steel bars everywhere. Prisoners sit in their cells all day every day, doing nothing but check books out of libraries so they can cut the pages out to smuggle contraband. While they are not doing this they are beating each other up, giving one another tattoos and trying to escape. I carried these......

Words: 1416 - Pages: 6


...time are housed at these privately run institutions. Of the 1.57 million prisoners under arrest in state and federal prisons as of 2012, 137,220 were housed at private correctional the percentage of the U.S. prison population housed in private institutions increased from 8.2 percent in 2011, to 8.7 percent in 2012. Public prisons are government run institutions and, as such, are area under discussion to the laws of the control in which they are placed. In this organization, problems in such prisons can be addressed by the responsible governmental unit. Data reports pertaining to federal correctional institutions are maintained by the Bureau of Prisons (“BOP”), a component of the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”), as well as Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”), a component of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”) that handles immigration detentions. Both agencies are subject to the Freedom of Information Act (“FOIA”), which provides the public with a method to access these records. State and local government run prisons as well generate records that are subject to the open records laws of the states in which they are to be found. By dissimilarity, private prisons are not issue to the FOIA and normally are not subject to state open records laws. Current efforts to expand state open records laws to private prisons on the theory the prisons are performance as “public agencies” within the sense of the significant state law have had some achievement. State......

Words: 580 - Pages: 3


... This paper provides an analysis of human rights catastrophe in our jails and prisons that people have to confront. And the author points out prisons’ growth can't be isolated from problems of our society, such as racism, poverty and global capitalism. And I want to talk about is the time for the prison approaching an end? Since 1970s, prisons have grown exponentially, because there exist a cycle of joblessness and incarceration. A plenty of people lost their jobs and prospects when corporations and deindustrialization migrate to another area. In the mean time, prisons will provide a lot of jobs and bring economic growth to some specific area that need help. When these depressed area gradually recover the economy. The cycle will set up naturally. Then the prisons offer an opportunity let people have excuse to disassociate from problems in our society, such as racism and economic and societal imbalance. Just like a sentence in the article ”It relieves us of the responsibility of seriously engaging with the problems of our society, especially those produced by racism and, increasingly, global capitalism.”(Are Prisons Obsolete? pg. 16) People most of time used to overlook problem of prison system. Conversely, people would like to regard the prisons as a solution to deal with some problems in society. This behavior not only let people ignore how much of a problem prisons are, but also helps us forget about how much we should be doing about other issues, such...

Words: 544 - Pages: 3


...| A NEW CONCEPT FOR THE MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS | MISSOURI REENTY PROCESs | 1004,433 and counting. The Missouri Department of Corrections continues to grow by leaps and bounds. The Missouri Prison population as of 08-2009 consists of 104,433 inmates. This includes both male and female inmates. Missouri seeks to stem the tide of inmates, by using a new concept called the Missouri Reentry Process. At this time, there are approximately 104,433 inmates being supervised by the Missouri Department Of Corrections. There are 53,437 on Probation, 30,608 incarcerated, 17,663 on Parole, and 2,725 on Interstate compact. There are also many Inmates supervised by Community and Institutional Programs. There are 681 in Community Release Centers, 235 in Residential Facilities, 988 on Electronic Monitoring, 4,328 in Community Treatment Centers, and 2,491 in Drug Court. While the number of Inmates continue to grow in Missouri, there is a solution in site. The solution is a new concept called the Missouri Reentry Process. Prior to the Missouri Reentry Process, inmates were pretty much on their own when they were released. If the inmate was released on Probation or Parole, they were expected to comply with any and all stipulations assigned to them by the Probation and Parole Board. The stipulation were in place to keep track of their progress when returning to society. Some inmates that had been sentenced to short term incarceration, like a 120 day call back or......

Words: 1558 - Pages: 7


...institution or at Valley State Prison, the nation's second-largest women's prison, which recently opened across the street. The compounds occupy the tiny farm town of Chowchilla, where almond and alfalfa groves surround the 50,000-volt electrified fence. To the crop dusters above, the flat gray-and-peach buildings must look like a giant corrections butterfly, shielding up to 8,000 women in the 1,340-acre spread of its cinder-block wings. The predominant types of offenses women tend to commit -- petty theft, check forgery, drug possession -- are nonviolent and low-level, yet women's rates of incarceration have steadily gone up, surpassing men's for the past 14 years. The increases are largely due to changes in sentencing and drug laws, and all the trouble that rides the particular poverty track most of these women are on. Many receive state-prison terms for crimes that previously earned probation. Between 1986 and 1991, the number of women in state prisons for drug offenses increased 433 percent (compared with 283 percent for men). Nationally, at the beginning of this year, there were 69,028 women in state prisons -- more than 9,600 in California alone. What this means is that the days of minivans with matrons escorting serious offenders to reformatory-style prisons are receding as more tractor-trailers pull into view. In the world of corrections, an inmate is an inmate is an inmate. In the nation's imagination, too, all inmates are the same. Yet prison administrators,......

Words: 630 - Pages: 3


...There are two types of facilities that incarcerate offenders. Prisons tend to be the long term placement of an offender who is serving more than a year for their sentence. There are different security levels for prisons as well as gender specific locations. Jails are limited to those who are sentenced to less than a year. They also house those waiting transportation as well as witnesses to ensure they attend a court hearing. There are a few levels of security within prisons. They include minimum and medium security, close security, maximum security, supermax, and federal prisons. Minimum and medium security prisons have multiple inmates sleeping in a locked dormitory style setting with communal showers and toilets. The minimum security prison will have a single fence, watched by guards, while the medium security facility is equipped with a double fence which is patrolled. A close security prison is controlled from a remote control station and has one or two person cells, which include their own toilet and sink. Correction programs and work assignments will allow the prisoners to leave their cell, as well as the common area or exercise yard. The boundary is patrolled by a watchtower as well as two fences with an electric fence dividing the two. Depending on the location, some maximum security prisons force prisoners in their cells for 23 hours a day with no contact between the prisoners. The cells are controlled with sliding doors controlled......

Words: 1287 - Pages: 6


...s t i t u t e Table of Contents Introduction: The national and local problem of drug imprisonment 3 Methodology 4 Finding 1: Treatment can be less expensive than a term of imprisonment 5 Finding 2: Treatment can be cost effective 6 Finding 3: Treatment can reduce substance abuse and recidivism while building communities 9 Finding 4: Promising treatment models exist in Maryland and around the country 11 Maryland: Break The Cycle The Correctional Options Program (COP) Drug Courts: Maryland and the National Perspective California’s Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act (SACPA) 11 12 13 14 Conclusion: Drug treatment can be more effective than cycling people in and out of prison 18 Endnotes 20 About the Authors Treatment or Incarceration? was primarily authored by Doug McVay, former research director for Common Sense for Drug Policy, a non-profit dedicated to expanding discussion on drug policy by educating the public about alternatives to current policies. He is the author and editor of Drug War Facts, an annual compendium of reliable information on the impact of the drug policy on criminal justice and public health issues. This brief was co-authored by Vincent Schiraldi and Jason Ziedenberg, who are, respectively, Executive Director and Director of Policy and Research of the Justice Policy Institute, a Washington DC-based public policy organization dedicated to ending society’s reliance......

Words: 8236 - Pages: 33

Prison Reform in America

...Mcevoy 1 Brandon Mcevoy ENG 105 Malory Klocke April, 27, 2016 Prison reform in America For the entirety of our lives in America we all know of certain taboos, the no no’s of American culture. Examples being drugs, assault, theft, drug distribution. What needs to be discussed are how these infractions are handled in America, how our justice system operates, how mandatory minimum sentences are discerned, parole and probation are handled as well as their violations, and punishment for violations are handled. Dating back to Sweden around 1746 coffee was made illegal on the basis of public safety without any evidence. King Gustav the 3rd was fighting for prohibition of coffee for 20 years and citizens suffered because of the ignorance of the peoples in power (Gustav III of Sweden's coffee experiment). Alcohol was banned just the same, and the end result? Legalization and the realization that the governing bodies were essentially harassing people unjustly without truly understanding the substance in question. Yet it is common knowledge that using substances may be addictive and harmful. As well the sale of drugs could be considered tax evasion. These non-regulated drugs may be impure and even more damaging by way of containing harmful chemicals. The real issue is your brain gets used to operating on synthetic versions of natural chemicals or large quantities of the synthetic version. (“What drugs do to the brain”) Early prohibition of marijuana originated after the......

Words: 2621 - Pages: 11


...he purpose of prisons has been changing throughout history. He went from being a mere means for retaining a sentence I expected to be a sentence in itself. In some countries (mostly democratic), a medium that had as objective the protection of society from that which could be dangerous to her while trying to reintegration, but also could be used as a means of political pressure in difficult times. Michel Foucault in his "Surveiller et punish" ( Discipline and Punish ) notes that its use as punitive punishment of crime, is a recent phenomenon that was instituted during the nineteenth century . Earlier, jail, only used to hold prisoners who were waiting to be sentenced (or not) effectively (punishment, execution or rejection). The prisoners were held in the same space, regardless of their offense and had to pay child support. The disruption was such that the same crime suspects could, with ease, change the version of events before processing. The application of justice at the time was in the public domain. It showed the torture to which they were subjected defendants and their executions. Michel Foucault mentions the large venues or the ship of fools, as particular examples of detention prior to the modern era. Contrary to the conviction that establishes a prison sentence on the offense, the prisons of the time served as a means of exclusion for all marginalized people (criminals, crazy, sick, orphaned, homeless, prostitutes, etc..) All were imprisoned, haphazardly, to......

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Scream 2.Sezon izle | Life - Origine Inconnue FRENCH HDRiP MD 2017 | DVDRIP/MD