Public Health and Community Nursing

In: Science

Submitted By miarosas817
Words 1241
Pages 5
Public Health Layers
NUR 408
April 23, 2012
Deborah Nallo

Public Health Layers
The focus of Public Health continues to shift with time because of various social, economic, and political forces. Exploring the public health layers of history in the Los Angeles County, State of California, and the United States, and a comparison between public and community health nursing is the beginning to increasing our knowledge toward resources available.
The history of public health in the county of Los Angeles, California, was established in 1903 when the Board of Supervisors passed an ordinance for the provision of a county health department (Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, 2012). It became a freestanding department in 2006 when it separated from the Department of Health Services. They provide 39 programs, 14 public health centers, and four area health offices in the county of Los Angeles only. Types of services provided are grading restaurants and food markets, inspecting hospitals and nursing homes, monitoring ocean water and providing services through public health centers (Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, 2012). Public health nurses help with preparing residents of Los Angeles for emergencies, providing laboratory services to identify disease, and the collection and analysis of data on the health of the community. Los Angeles County Department of Public health updates the residents regarding the changes with the environment after the recent damage to Japan’s nuclear facility after the earthquake.
Dr. Thomas Logan was a physician that came to California who led legislation for the organization of the California State Board of Public Health. In 1905- 1907, the public health was upheld by Dr. N. K. Foster, who was the secretary of State of Public Health (Halverson, 1949). He helped build, enhance, and maintain the public health in…...

Similar Documents

Community Health Nursing Reflection

...Community Health Nursing Reflection NUR/405 2012 Diane Schlicke RN MSN Community Health Nursing Reflection The role of the community health nurse in the participating family’s community is to focus on the health needs of the aggregate or group. Community health nursing refers to a systematic, comprehensive focus on wellness, health protection, and disease, and injury prevention for the population residing in a specific area. The nurse functions as advocate, case manager, consultant, health care provider, educator, and collaborator with other agencies for healthy outcomes of the entire community. Nurses involved in the health of a specific community such as the family participating will assess the members living in the demographic area, and monitor the environment for potential predisposing factors that may lead to illness. The conclusion of the community assessment by the nurse directs, which types of services required to maintain the health of the population. The nurse may determine that preventive health care will benefit the community, (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2012). The initiation or campaign for infant and children vaccinations may be a priority in this community because the 30 to 50 age range of adults who may be childbearing. The community’s amenities for maintaining a healthy lifestyle are vast. Walking trails, bike paths, ice skating rink, and playing fields offer recreational activities that will appeal to most of the population. Informational sessions......

Words: 943 - Pages: 4

Community Health Nursing Reflection

...Community Health Nursing Reflection NUR/405 August 7, 2012 Community Health Nursing Reflection According to Phyllis Meadows (2009), “Community health nurses are valued for their adaptability and willingness to provide care in many settings, including community health clinics, churches, homeless shelters, and schools,” (p. 19). Community health nurses aim to improve health outcomes and improve the infrastructure used to monitor and manage disease within the community. Healthy People 2020 has established benchmarks and monitored progress over time to improve health outcomes. Each community has unique needs and the role of the community health nurse is to work with and provide comprehensive care to patients within the community. This reflection addresses the role of the community health nurse with the participating family and their community in Spring Mills, Pennsylvania. Community health nurses working in the Spring Mills, PA are faced with numerous challenges in this small rural community. Construction and manufacturing account for 42% of the industry of Spring Mills. With these professions comes increased risk of work related injuries and illnesses. Educational services account for only 3% of the industry, wholesale and retail trade account for 10%, accommodation and food services 15%, and 30% account for a combination of professional, scientific, and technical services. Community health nurses play a role in ensuring safety in the workplace by creating and......

Words: 1262 - Pages: 6

Community and Public Health Nursing Reflection

...Community and Public Health Nursing Reflection Cynthia Clayton NUR/405 January 14, 2012 Sandra Winters Community and Public Health Nursing Reflection Community and public health nursing provide health education, care management and primary care to individuals and families who are members of vulnerable populations and high risk groups. Public health nurse integrate community involvement and knowledge about the entire population with personal clinical understandings of the health and illness experiences of individuals and families within the population. Community and public nurse focus on the prevention of illness, injury or disability, the promotion of health and maintenance of the health of the populations, they work with communities, target health promotion and disease prevention, they act as teachers, counselors and plays an important role in preventing wide spread illness and disease. Community and public health nurses’ goal is to promote, preserve, and maintain the health of populations through the delivery of personal health services to individuals, families, and groups, and also the prevention of disease and disability, to promote and protect the community as a whole. According to Stanhope & Lancaster (2012), nursing has numerous roles including identifying vulnerable individuals and families through outreach and case findings, encouraging vulnerable groups to obtain health services, developing programs that respond to their needs and teaching vulnerable......

Words: 1000 - Pages: 4

Evolution of Community and Public Health Nursing

...Evolution of Community and Public Health Nursing University of Phoenix NUR/405 Sandra Byrd 3/10/14 University of Phoenix Material Evolution of Community and Public Health Nursing Identify a minimum of 3 major events (or influences) in the evolution of community and public health nursing and describe how each event led to advancement of the field. For each event, describe the following: Key health issues at the time Perspectives and goals of community and public health nursing Roles and functions of community and public health nursing Community and public health partnerships at the time |Event or Influence: | |Key health issues | | | |1-Events such as the anthrax attacks on the US soil (GAO, 2014). | |Perspective/goals |1-Protecting the public from unhealthy and unsafe environments. | |Role/functions |1-Evaluating health trends and risk factors of population groups and helping to determine priorities for | | |targeted interventions. | | ...

Words: 548 - Pages: 3

History of Community Health Nursing

...History of Community Health Nursing and Health Promotion/Risk Reduction Cumberland University History of Community Health Nursing and Health Promotion/Risk Reduction For this assignment, I have chosen two articles from the American Journal of Nursing written in October of 1900. Article 1 The first article obtained is titled Work for Nurses in Play-Schools written by Mary Boyle O’Reilly for the first edition of American Journal of Nursing (O'Reilly, 1900). The article discusses how district nurses were trying to impress upon patients in the area that prevention and sanitation were the keys to battling disease. The district nurses were finding that some people were not interested at all in changing the way in which they did things and that those that did show interest often fell back into old ways soon after the nurses giving instruction were gone. Around this same time, the newly formed Guild of Saint Elizabeth was formed and as part of their work of a social settlement, they created play-school which was where children could go during the months of July and August in an attempt to keep these children from the influences of the streets. The nursing corps associated with The Boston City Hospital decided to go to the play-school and instruct the children on basic nursing, sanitation, and disease prevention in hopes of instilling these principles in the children who had yet to have instilled in them the ways of their parents. This proved to be a very popular course at...

Words: 934 - Pages: 4

Public Health Nursing History

...of the community and public health nurse Community and public health care nursing is a different type of nursing than that of a clinical nurse. The patients people in the community that have a specific needs, the focus is on one major population or a health care issue within a community. The role of these nurses is to provide care to populations that may not otherwise receive care, or provide education about certain conditions, and develop strategies on how to treat and prevent complications based on evidenced based practices. In order to deliver this type of care, a community or public health nurse must have an educational background that includes a strong research base regarding public and community health issues, additionally these nurses must have a pulse on the public and what resources are available to fill the needs of the public. Public health nurses must have excellent critical thinking skills, in that if presented with a disease process that is a community based illness, then they must investigate the origination, recognize that there may be multiple factors involved and diagnose and develop a plan of care to treat. A community or public health nurse is an autonomous figure in that they must treat each case as an individual case until or unless there are similar cases. in the case of individual cases, a diagnosis and treatment plan based on evidenced based practices must be put into place, taking into consideration, the patients resources and the community......

Words: 451 - Pages: 2

Community and Public Health Nursing Reflection

...Community and Public Health Nursing Reflection NUR/405 Community and Public Health Nursing Reflection My family lives in Encanto, which is an underserviced community with very little resources for theses lower income diverse families, which have many vulnerabilities. In this paper we are going to identify how community, public health nursing and community partnerships can be of service to this community. We will also take a look at epidemiological influences in Encanto as well as look at some nursing diagnosis that apply to this community. Role of Community and Public Health Nursing and Community Partnerships In Encanto the role of community and public health is not in the forefront of the community. Although services are available though the city of San Diego for those in need at no to little cost depending on your income very few residence are aware. There are other community resources and partnerships that can refer families of my community such as the second chance that helps homeless, ex-drug addicts, felons, adults, veterans, youth (16-18). Second Chance offers programs for reducing unemployment; repeat crimes and homelessness, empowering our clients to make sustainable personal changes that positively impact society. “Second Chance also delivers wrap-around services that include rehabilitation, housing, mental health and financial literacy, to get people off the streets and into the workforce” (Second Chances Program, 2014). Another public health......

Words: 1118 - Pages: 5

Progress in Community and Public Health Nursing

...Progression in community and public health nursing Kristine Porritt NUR/405 April 5, 2014 Karen Wilson Progression in community and public health nursing There has been much advancement in the nursing profession over the centuries but three key points in time stand out; The Marine Hospital Service Act of 1798, The Port Quarantine Act of 1878 and the National Health Department establishment in 1879. These three separate acts improved our medical and nursing system to what it is today; the introduction of pre-paid medical plans, isolation/quarantine for those that are infected and the beginning of medical research. These have been an influential part of how the community and public health nurse can provide the best care for the public. Event or Influence: Quasi War 1798; Marine Hospital Service Act 1798 | Key health issues | Navy seamen fighting in the Quasi War against the French were coming back with injuries, diseases and disabilities. How would these men be treated? What should the procedure or protocol be? There needed to be a way for Naval personnel to be treated medically for wounds, sickness, disease and other ailments. | Perspective/goals | The goal of this act was to provide medical treatment to seamen that had been injured, sick or become disabled. | Role/functions | Hospital services were provided to marine personnel. This hospital became a component of the Treasury Department. The service provided to the seamen had a price tag, 20 cents was......

Words: 1060 - Pages: 5

Comparison of Public and Community Health

...COMPARISON OF PUBLIC AND COMMUNITY HEALTH Comparison of Public and Community Health University of Phoenix NUR/408 Michelle Hogsed July 7, 2014 . Comparison of Public and Community Health Public and community health work simultaneously as well as separately to protect the populations of the world. Public health focuses on the health of an entire nation and community health focuses on health and wellness of various communities. The World Health Organization (WHO) believes that the primary health care setting within communities should be the first point of contact when looking at the health of the world (2014). This paper will research information about county, state, and national public health resources, describe the history of public health, discuss the differences between public and community health. Information about county, state, and national public resources County, state, and national resources play an important role in the resources available to the public health system.   It is crucial for these agencies to work together for all areas to have access to the resources, financial, and personnel, and to address the health of populations (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2012).       Resources at the national level operate under the supervision of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS).   The USDHHS supervises the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), the......

Words: 980 - Pages: 4

History of Community Health Nursing

...History of Community Nursing Matrix As long as people have existed, they needed to look after their health. As a result, the healthcare industry was born. Nurses were a vital part of that growing community. This paper will approach three different historical periods in the United States, discuss the nurse’s role in the community in regards to the major health issues of that period, how they partnered with the community to create new programs and finish with an intellectual discussion on how Jean Watson’s theory of Caring can be applied to the nurse’s role for each historical period. Period 1-- 1800s: In the early year of American settlement , female head of the family provided the care for sick in the family (Stanhope, Lancaster, 2008). In the early 1800s increased number of urban residents have changed the traditional caring system (Stanhope, Lancaster, 2008). After the American Revolution, increased urbanization and beginning industrialization contributed to epidemical diseases (Stanhope, Lancaster, 2008). In 1800, the first Marine Hospital was opened in Norfolk, Virginia (). In early 1800s, nursing care mainly focused on moral issues than illness intervention (Stanhope, Lancaster, 2008). “The public was interested in limiting disease among all classes of people for religious reasons as a form of charity” (Stanhope, Lancaster, 2008, p. 27). The Ladies’s Benevolent Society of Charleston, South Carolina for the sick and poor provided charitable......

Words: 1459 - Pages: 6

Community and Public Health Care

...nd, 2015 Community and Public health care is the best avenue in promoting health and prevention of illness in a community based setting. Usability of Pender’s Health Model and Health Belief Model in a community or public health program is Pender’s research focus on health care activities that will promote wellness of people. Health promotion, disease prevention can be more easily established and practice through community mobilization. People in rural areas practice holistic medicine, this may be due to socio-economic, culture and demographic where access to health care is limited or too expensive. Health Belief Model is a cognitively based model that focus health promotion, etiology of the identification of the disease process as it affects the community. This was one of the first health care theories, developed by Public Health Nurses to improved community health programs, in order to improved community participations in health and wellness programs. Healthy behaviors maybe identified by a person perception and behavioral modifications. For example high risk sexual behaviors and the possibility of acquiring the disease process.( Croyle RT, 2005 ) They differences between these two Model – a. Pender’s Health Promotion Model aimed to educate Public Health Nurses, in order for these nurses to become professional patient advocate in the disease process to educate their clients. Through education it will promote healthy behaviors, Pender’s (1987) saw health promotion......

Words: 383 - Pages: 2

Nursing 427 Concepts in Community and Public Health

...Substance Abuse in Adolescents Seana Benham Grand Canyon University Nursing 427 Concepts in Community and Public Health November5, 2015 Prevalence of substance abuse among youth In 2013, the Healthy Kids Colorado Survey revealed than an estimated 16.6 percent of Colorado high school youth reported binge drinking, 10.7 percent reported cigarette smoking, and 19.7 percent reported marijuana use in the 30 days prior to the survey. As many as 13.6 percent abused prescription drugs at some point in their lives. Of note, the 2013 prevalence of Colorado high school youth ever having used other illicit drugs ranged between 2.7 percent for heroin and 7.3 percent for inhalants. Methamphetamine use was reported as 3.2 percent; cocaine, 5.8 percent; and Ecstasy, 6.7 percent. (Maternal and Child Health Issue Brief, 2014). According to Maternal Health and Child Health issue brief (2014), the prevalence of binge drinking, cigarette smoking, and marijuana use are substantially lower among middle school youth compared to high school youth. What contributes to substance abuse among youth? Substance abuse among youth is a complex issue with many potentially contributing factors that might include an individual’s peer influence, an individual’s biology, family and peer influence, and the social context in which use occurs (Newcomb; M et al. 2009). Family and peer influences can be influential towards substance use or abuse; familial risk factors that influence substance abuse......

Words: 1678 - Pages: 7

Community Health Nursing

...wrote that nursing is a passionate profession and is akin to a fever in the blood[1], with the hard work and long hours fading in importance against the vocational rewards. But community nursing has shown how the nursing profession is no longer viewed as merely hard work and long hours, it has illustrated nursing is a skill, a crucial facet of government health strategy, and a social and medical science. This passion extends from hard work and includes the profession shifting its core functions providing a flexible service that meets the changing health and social needs of society. The rewards to the profession and the community include personalized and case specific localized care, health program implementation, and guiding improved social trends at the ‘coal face’. Community based nursing is now at the forefront of social awareness and this important benefit is discussed throughout this essay. This essay focuses on the importance of community based nursing to the profession looking at aspects such as the role’s expanded influence on social trends, analysis, palliative care, outreach to vulnerable groups, and program implementation to the wider community. These functions in combination play a key role in ensuring this aspect of the nursing profession is effective in prevention and in tune with society’s needs. Community based nursing comprises several fields of expertise, including community health, public health, home health, and community mental health nursing.......

Words: 1651 - Pages: 7

Public Health Nursing History

...Visiting home health nurses are a well-known profession and becoming more popular as time grows. The service of public health nursing was carried out on the frontier by nurses under the name of “Visiting nurse services” which were part of the late 19th century health reform out of ‘The Henry Street House’ in 1893, as discussed in the film “Nursing in America – A History of Social Reform”. They held many roles outside of nursing, those roles and missions and struggles will be discussed. The Henry Street House was opened in 1893 by Lilian Wald who established the phrase ‘public health nurse’, as discussed in the film “Nursing in America – A History of Social Reform”. She believed that bedside care should be provided to the public sick poor as well as treating the social and economic problems they faced and providing them with health education (Buhler-Wilkerson). She sent out nurses who traveled door to door to the families of the community of which they served. They were the major health educators to the people of the cities, many of whom could be considered for lack of a better work, ignorant. They knew not of the power of purpose of their own bodies, how to keep themselves healthy, or of their own sex organ functions. The messages of the public health nurse included education on child rearing, why immunizations were important, and information on sanitation and nutrition. They provided many services to the families they visited. In the beginning of public health nursing,......

Words: 1162 - Pages: 5

Community Health Nursing Reflection

...Community Health Nursing Reflection NUR/405 Cynthia Januale Community Health Nursing Reflection This assignment was very interesting and unique compared to other assignments that I have had in the past. Visiting and studying the community that I chose gave me quite the insight on various issues that, had it not been for this assignment, I may not have picked up on before. “In any setting, the role of public health nurses focuses on the prevention of illness, injury or disability, the promotion of health, and maintenance of the health of population” (The Role Of Public Health Nurses, 2012, para. 2). In the community I chose to survey, as with any community, the role of community nursing focuses on the items listed above and in addition, I believe that because of the lower to middle income level of this community, focus should also be on better health care accessibility to the residents. Community Nursing Diagnosis’ and Interventions Three possible community nursing diagnoses for the community that I observed were as follows. Risk for accidents related to the poor vision by oncoming traffic as evidenced by the multiple cars lining the streets. Children and others are walking to and from the store and through the neighborhood to the park where they play and oncoming traffic may have difficulty seeing pedestrians because of the amount of cars parked on the side of the road. Possible interventions for this problem include wearing reflective clothing so that......

Words: 823 - Pages: 4

Black Clover زيرنويس فصل دو قسمت يک | Paraso perdido - Mejor Pelicula de Drama y Romance Alemana | [18+] Sex and Zen 2