Rhubarb Pie Is a Dessert. Therefore, Whoever Eats Rhubarb Pie Eats a Dessert.

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Fallacy Exercises, part 3

I. Identify the fallacies committed by the following arguments, giving a brief explanation for your answer. If no fallacy is committed, write "no fallacy."[1] NOTE: If an argument is followed by “IGNORE” it is an eample that we didn’t cover and you are not responsible for it.

1. Either we require forced sterilization of Third World peoples or world population will explode and all of us will die. We certainly don't want to die, so we must require forced sterilization. False Dichotomy. These aren’t the only two possibilities. People could control the population by other means. 2. James said that he saw a picture of a beautiful girl stashed in Stephen's locker. We can only conclude that Stephen has broken the rules, because girls are not allowed in the locker room.

Accident – the rule applies to real girls, not pictures of girls.

3. Why is it so difficult for you to reach a decision? Complex Question. The thing being assumed is that it is difficult for the person to reach a decision. 4. People who lack humility have no sense of beauty because everyone who has a sense of beauty also has humility. Circular argument. The conclusion says nothing different than the premise. 5. Butane is combustible. Therefore, it burns. Circular argument. “Combustible” means “burns”. 6. Honey, this postcard just arrived, and it says we have won a free airline trip. All we have to do is call the toll-free number to claim it. If we call the number, we can go to Paris in June! Suppressed Evidence. There are a lot of conditions in this kind of an ad – it’s not what it seems like at first. 7. Alex, I heard your testimony in court earlier today. Tell me, why did you lie on the witness stand?

Complex Question. The thing assumed is that the person did lie on the witness stand.

8.…...

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