Simulation Study on Service Based Adaptive Qos Framework for Vehicular Adhoc Network- Redem

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By arun009
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Vehicular Adhoc Network (VANET) is an outgrowth of Mobile Adhoc Network (MANET), in which the mobile vehicles on road and the stationary roadside units (RSU) constitutes the nodes and communicate with each other on the fly (Fig. 1); Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V) and Vehicle to Roadside Unit (V2R). VANET can be categorised under hybrid architecture that consists of both infrastructure and infrastructure less features. VANET nodes are capable of self organising and managing the information in a distributed fashion with or without any centralised authority. Road Side Units (RSU) supported by DSRC standard [2] acts as gateways or fixed access points to vehicles in mobility and provides interim connectivity to vehicles. One of the major advantages of VANETs over MANETs is the unlimited battery power generated on the fly. VANET plays a major role in defining safety measures by streaming communication between vehicles, infotainment and telematics.
In any generic network phenomena the concept of routing and its characteristics are highly linked with Quality of Service (QoS). The United Nations Consultative Committee for International Telephony and Telegraphy (CCITT) Recommendation E.800 has defined QoS as: “The collective effect of service performance which determines the degree of satisfaction of a user of the service”. The major concern of VANET routing is that whether the performance can satisfy the throughput and delay requirements of such media streaming applications. Unavailability of efficient routing algorithms for the VANET scenario, force the researchers to use the MANET routing algorithms. An analysis of VANET routing protocols shows that its performance is not acceptable due to the feature of very high mobility in terms of speed[3]. Its adverse effect leads to broken links, with high packet drop and overhead due to missing route repairs or failure. This phenomenon…...

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