Social Rhetorical

In: Other Topics

Submitted By redapples
Words 361
Pages 2
Greg,

Many threads are interwoven together in a text to produce multiple textures that together provides a rich three-dimensional understanding of the meaning and impact of the text. (DeSeliva, 2004) In studying the text or words it’s clear that inner texture, intertexture, and ideological texture are used to provide the interpreter with a clear understanding of the author’s original words and meaning.

In 1999, Robbins wrote a research paper on “ Social-Rhetorical Interpretation from its Beginnings to the Present”. (Robbins, 1999) In his paper, he states, “social–rhetorical interpretation began with analysis and interpretation of social and cultural dynamics in written works”. Robbins pointed out several essay and books that were written by him and other authors. These works described social-rhetorical interpretations that were used to show how the multi-textural approach brings insights of various modes of interpretation into practices.

In viewing this from a global perspective, in 2001 at a conference hosted in South Africa. Ted Hiebert, professor of Old Testament at McComick Seminary, presented an interpretation of Genesis 11(“ The Tower of Babel”) that affirms God’s will for cultural diversity on the earth. However, several of the South African scholars attending the conference interpreted the scripture different than the professor. The derive factor was they believed that Genesis teaches that God does not want different cultural and linguistic groups to live together. Although there were two interpretations of this scripture, there were many similarities in the overall interpretation of the scripture. Hiebert concluded that interpreter’s cultural context (American concern for diversity; South African concern for unity) is crucial in making interpretive judgment.

Should global leaders have a “social knowledge” of a region or culture before leading…...

Similar Documents

Rhetorical Theory

...Strategies are guidelines consisting of planned actions and program components. Public relations practitioners have to analyze situations and conceptualize appropriate strategies to better the organization’s public relations position in the eyes of its stakeholders. In order to identify the appropriate strategy to use, public relations practitioners fall back on the four key theories of public relations – discourse, rhetorical, ethical and critical. These theories help in defining the public relations plan and strategy by assisting in evaluating, examining, planning and performing public relations activities such as gaining publicity, providing entertainment, disseminating information and developing national public information campaigns. Depending on the outcome the organization hopes to achieve and its current circumstances, professionals would seek to apply the most appropriate theory applicable to their situation. Rhetorical theory Rhetoric is defined as the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing. (Online Oxford Dictionaries, 2012) Rhetorical theory, examines the various methods in which language, signs or symbols are carefully selected and organized by the practitioner to produce persuasive and meaningful messages in order to better the organization’s position in the eyes of its publics. (Toth, 1992) The practitioner uses persuasion to soften hostile opinions during crisis management; reinforce latent opinions and positive attitudes and behaviors as well......

Words: 1897 - Pages: 8

Rhetorical Criticism

...of the world. Burke developed this theory as a way to attempt to understand the bases of human conduct and motives. Thus, the purpose of a pentadic analysis addresses the content of what is being done and what are the motives of a certain artifact as crafted by a rhetor. Burke believed that ratios interconnect important terms and map out a clearer picture of the underlying intentions or motives in a situation. Act-scene and act-agent are the most commonly used for rhetorical criticism. Act-scene shows that the act can not be fully understood without taking the scene into account as the backdrop against which it happened. Act-agent highlights the importance of the agent on the act and shows their relationship of mutual dependence. The name of the artifact I have chosen is Barack Obama’s speech “A More Perfect Union” in Philadelphia during the election race, published on March 18, 2008 for the purpose of conducting a pentadic analysis. This analysis will attempt to discuss the reasons underlying the rhetorical choices made by the orator in his speech, the motives he was guided by and what he actually said or did. Act The act refers to what is being done and this quite simply incorporates the contents of the speech and the way they are presented. In this speech, Obama was responding to the great attention garnered by the highly sensationalist comments of the Reverend Jeremiah Wright who was, until recently, his pastor and an active member of his campaign team. The......

Words: 1873 - Pages: 8

Rhetorical Essay

...Rhetorical analysis ​The article chosen for this analysis is titled " Rescuing Brown v. Board of Education: Profiles of Twelve School Districts Pursuing Socioeconomic School Integration" by Richard Khalenberg who is a senior fellow with the left-of-center Century Foundation This article is addressed to parents with young kids and to the general public. The purpose of this article is to inform people of the importance of why public schools need diversity within their districts. The article focuses on the proponents argument of the impact affirmative action has in creating a more diverse educated society. ​This article starts out by addressing an issue that happened in eastern Louisville, Kentucky and how diversity is not followed by everyone in the world. The Louisville school district was violating the Constitution by assigning students to schools on the basis of their race. The article mentions the court case of Brown v. Board of Education as a reference to segregation among schools and also provides current statistics of minorities in public school districts that give reinforcement to the claim of inequality. The article then explains how after the courts ruled that there be diversity in the public schools, they explain how much it benefits students to be in diverse classes. Richard Khalenberg says, "Providing all students with the chance to attend mixed-income schools can raise overall levels of achievement". The author of the article is trying to express......

Words: 709 - Pages: 3

Rhetorical Precis

...A rhetorical précis is a highly specialized, specific type of summary. It differs from the more general summary in that emphasis is placed upon providing the rhetorical aspects of the work under consideration. Like the summary, the goal is to provide in clear, precise language, the main points of a piece. Essential information within the rhetorical précis include the writer’s name, the genre and name of the piece, the way in which this information is delivered, the main point, how the point is developed, and the relationship between the writer and audience. This information is presented in four very specific sentences as outlined below. 1. Sentence one provides the name of the author, the genre (essay, novel, speech...etc.) and title of the work with the date (in parentheses), a concise appropriate action verb, such as “claims, posits, argues, or asserts” followed by a “that” phrase in which the thesis of the work is stated (either paraphrased or directly quoted). “Paraphrasing” a passage, means putting that passage into your own words (use your own language). When directly “quoting” a passage, you must write the text using the exact words of the original author, and you must encase the select passage in quotation marks. Please remember that whenever you paraphrase or directly quote a passage, you must follow that passage with a parenthetical citation, meaning that within parentheses, you must insert the author’s last name and the page number from which you gathered the......

Words: 645 - Pages: 3

Rhetorical Analysis

...Rhetorical Analysis Revised Name Institute Professor EN1320: Composition I_V2.0 Rhetorical Analysis Feminism is defined as the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes (Merriam-Webster, n.d.). This definition is a good description of Crystal Eastman’s view- points. She was a socialist feminist in the 1920’s. Eastman was a pioneer in her day, pushing for the equal rights of women in the United States. The end of World War l, the unequal treatment towards women, including the lack of voting rights, were a couple of driving forces for Eastman’s speech “Now We Can Begin: What’s Next?”. But maybe there was another, more personal reason Eastman believed women were equal and deserved to be treated as such. In 1889, Eastman’s mother was one of the first women to be ordained as a minister. Eastman recalled, "when my mother preached we hated to miss it. There was never a moment of anxiety or concern; she had that secret of perfect platform ease which takes all strain out of the audience. Her voice was music; she spoke simply, without effort, almost without gestures, standing very still. And what she said seemed to come straight from her heart to yours. Her sermons grew out of her own moral and spiritual struggles. For she had a stormy, troubled soul, capable of black cruelty and then again of the deepest generosities. She was humble, honest, striving, always beginning again to try to be good." (Eastman, 1889) With her mother paving the......

Words: 1061 - Pages: 5

Rhetorical Analysis

...12 December 2013 Rhetorical Analysis American Psychiatric Association spoke about ADHD and the steps and processes for caring for the disorder. CDC explained how ADHD had increased every year and the average age for a child to diagnose is seven years old. Boys are more affected with ADHD than girls are. Medical treatment for ADHD also increases due to medication and seeing specialist. Social relationship for a child with ADHD has it downfalls. CDC said “Parents report that children with a history of ADHD are almost 10 times as likely to have difficulties that interfere with friendships” (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Also children with ADHD show more injuries and hospital visits than a child without ADHD. Lastly the cost of being diagnosed with ADHD can cost over millions of dollars that will included medication, health care, and treatment. From the high percentage of ADHD being diagnosed in children parents’ income have decreases because of the cost of disorder. ADHD has increased since 2003 till 2011. It states that children between the ages of 4-17 have been diagnosed with ADHD. ADHD has increased numerous times throughout the years. Due to the increase of ADHD study have shown that children are having problems with social skills, parents keeping up with medical bills, the cost of ADHD and how dangerous it can be being diagnosed with ADHD. Social skills average that 7% of children are diagnosed with ADHD. Having mental illnesses and functional impairments...

Words: 647 - Pages: 3

Rhetorical Analysis

...is a good way of not giving the reader a reason to think that you are bias towards a view point. The part of the Rhetorical Triangle that Pollet did the weakest in was pathos. I feel she didn’t do much to hit on our emotions in this article. Yes child prostitution is bad and sex trafficking is bad for the victims in those cases, but she doesn’t do a good job of bringing us in and making us feel what those youth are going through when they are being exploited. In Pollet’s Services and Protection section of her article she talks about how the youth get stuck in a continuous cycle of getting arrested and then being released to the “pimps and johns” to just start back up where they left off. I feel she should have used this more throughout the article to make you feel the compassion towards the youth. A good way of doing this would have been to use a specific example of a youth who has gone through these horrible situations. This would have given the reader a clearer picture of how the youth aren’t criminals but are victims. Also in the Services and Protection section of her article Pollet does describe what these youth need in mental health counseling and medical care. This was another good way to make the reader see what these youth are going through with prostitution and sex trafficking. Now Pollet did the best in the logos part of the Rhetorical Triangle. Pollet did an excellent job in giving good statistics in the Background section of the article. The......

Words: 1025 - Pages: 5

Rhetorical Perspectivism

...factors that play a role in how we view education and it’s motivation. The theory of rhetorical perspectivism was introduced by Hikins and Cherwitz. They formulated this notion in response to a claim that believed that discourse and rhetoric should enjoy epistemic status. Moreover, discourse shouldn’t be used informatively of insights, but rather used to discover such insights (Hikins & Cherwitz, 1983,1986). Rhetorical perspectivism aims to bridge the gap between rhetorical objectivists and rhetorical subjectivism as a work in epistemology. Objectivists think that knowledge exists first, then is discovered through discourse. Subjectivists think that knowledge is constructed by the discourse and does not exist until it is built, that is the search that creates knowledge. Perspectivists, such as Hikins and Cherwitz, come along and say that everything takes place from different contexts- meaning knowledge exists, but we see it from our lens- essentially to reconcile two seemingly contradictory ideas as ‘two sides of the same coin’. Perspectivism says ‘that reality is independent of human attitudes, beliefs, and values’. In essence, Hikins and Cherwitz’s claim says that while an independent knowledge may exist, we all see from our own context and these all contribute to a better understanding of the knowledge that exists independently of us, but is also influenced by us. This essay will illustrated rhetorical perspectivism in my high school and college educational experiences......

Words: 1833 - Pages: 8

Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet

...University of Phoenix Material Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet The following are some common rhetorical strategies: Innuendo: a leading suggestion Stereotype: generalized statements relating to a group of people Loaded questions: questions based on unjustified assumptions Hyperbole: an extreme exaggeration Identify the rhetorical strategy in each of the following statements. I did not say the meat was tough. I said I did not see the horse that is usually outside (W. C. Fields). Innuendo Have you stopped beating your wife? Loaded question The Maserati is the best car in the world! Hyperbole All men love football; all women love the ballet. Stereotype The following are some common rhetorical fallacies: Slippery slope: If A happens, then B–Z will follow. Therefore, to prevent B–Z from happening, do not allow A to occur. Hasty generalization: rushing to form a conclusion based on assumptions; not based on clear evidence Post hoc ergo propter hoc: If A occurs after B, then B caused A. Either/or: looking at a situation from only two sides, or oversimplifying the situation Ad hominem: attacking the person rather than attacking the argument Red herring or smoke screen: introducing an unrelated topic as a diversionary tactic Identify the rhetorical fallacy in each of the following statements. We can either stop using plastic, or destroy the Earth. Either/or I ate tuna for lunch and now I do not feel well, so the tuna made......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

Rhetorical Analysis

...Instructors Name Course Date Rhetorical Analysis on Marjane Satrapi's “The complete Persepolis” “The Complete Persepolis” is a memoir and story based on Marjane Satrapi, who is also the author of the memoir. This is a rhetorical analysis on Marjane Satrapi’s story and we’ll see how the writer attempts to change the perception people have on the middle-east countries. The writer tries to prove that those countries are not as bad as depicted and there is still hope for the people living in those countries. She believes that people in the middle-east countries have the power to revolutionize their culture and fight for what they believe in. The writer is able to express the struggles and sufferings of the victims in the middle-east. Marjane Satrapi is shaped by the events in her life to become a rebel and through this, she is able to make the audience understand why people start and join revolutions in the middle-east. The writer is of the opinion that their culture is deeply flawed and in the beginning of the story, she is displeased that she has to wear a veil to school as it is mandatory for girls to wear veils, “Then came 1980: the year it became obligatory to wear the veil at school” (Satrapi, page 4), and the fact that boys and girls are still separated in school and can’t learn together. The writer mentions about her French school which was shut down because it was non-religious. The writer seeks to display the extent of cultural inequity and the social injustices that......

Words: 1733 - Pages: 7

Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet

...University of Phoenix Material Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet The following are some common rhetorical strategies: • Innuendo: a leading suggestion • Stereotype: generalized statements relating to a group of people • Loaded questions: questions based on unjustified assumptions • Hyperbole: an extreme exaggeration Identify the rhetorical strategy in each of the following statements. 1. I did not say the meat was tough. I said I did not see the horse that is usually outside (W. C. Fields). _Innuendo___ 2. Have you stopped beating your wife? __Loaded question___ 3. The Maserati is the best car in the world! __Hyperbole______ 4. All men love football; all women love the ballet. _Stereotype___ The following are some common rhetorical fallacies: • Slippery slope: If A happens, then B–Z will follow. Therefore, to prevent B–Z from happening, do not allow A to occur. • Hasty generalization: rushing to form a conclusion based on assumptions; not based on clear evidence • Post hoc ergo propter hoc: If A occurs after B, then B caused A. • Either/or: looking at a situation from only two sides, or oversimplifying the situation • Ad hominem: attacking the person rather than attacking the argument • Red herring or smoke screen: introducing an unrelated topic as a diversionary tactic Identify the rhetorical fallacy in each of the following statements. 1. We can either stop using plastic, or......

Words: 340 - Pages: 2

Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies

...Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet David Barclay PHL/320 1/25/2016 Jennifer Stephens Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet The following are some common rhetorical strategies: • Innuendo: a leading suggestion • Stereotype: generalized statements relating to a group of people • Loaded questions: questions based on unjustified assumptions • Hyperbole: an extreme exaggeration Identify the rhetorical strategy in each of the following statements. 1. I did not say the meat was tough. I said I did not see the horse that is usually outside (W. C. Fields). Innuendo_________________ 2. Have you stopped beating your wife? Loaded Question_____________ 3. The Maserati is the best car in the world! Hyperbole_________________ 4. All men love football; all women love the ballet. Stereotype______________ The following are some common rhetorical fallacies: • Slippery slope: If A happens, then B–Z will follow. Therefore, to prevent B–Z from happening, do not allow A to occur. • Hasty generalization: rushing to form a conclusion based on assumptions; not based on clear evidence • Post hoc ergo propter hoc: If A occurs after B, then B caused A. • Either/or: looking at a situation from only two sides, or oversimplifying the situation • Ad hominem: attacking the person rather than attacking the argument • Red herring or smoke screen: introducing an unrelated topic as a diversionary tactic Identify the rhetorical...

Words: 349 - Pages: 2

Rhetorical Analysis

...Crystal Hawthorne Psonak ENGL 1102 5 March 2016 How is Language and Media a Controversy? Is social media and technology a good resource, or have we turned it into something else? Recent discussions have brought up the controversy of language and media, and how there are ways media uses language to control and destroy. Can media really obtain the power to manipulate people and destroy languages? Kerby Anderson and Juliet Giraso use fallacies, such as appeal to emotion and cause and effect, as well as logos, ethos and pathos to support their arguments in order to persuade the reader into choosing their side of the controversy. Kerby Anderson, who wrote the article “Violent Media Do Not Teach Christian Worldview,” believes media has become a dangerous resource. Anderson is President of Probe Ministries, holding master’s degrees from Yale and Georgetown University. Juliet Giraso, who wrote the article "Social Media - A Disastrous Distraction [opinion],” believes media has become a dangerous distraction. Giraso is a student at the Gashora Girls Academy. These authors use ethos by having credibility. Anderson argues how violent images and vulgar language in media have a negative effect on young people and don’t teach a Christian worldview. He is able to support his argument by using the rhetorical device logos. He uses Leonard Eron's long-term study to persuade his readers. The study consisted of Eron studying children at the age of eight, then again at eighteen, and he......

Words: 994 - Pages: 4

Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet

...University of Phoenix Material Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet The following are some common rhetorical strategies: • Innuendo: a leading suggestion • Stereotype: generalized statements relating to a group of people • Loaded questions: questions based on unjustified assumptions • Hyperbole: an extreme exaggeration Identify the rhetorical strategy in each of the following statements. 1. I did not say the meat was tough. I said I did not see the horse that is usually outside (W. C. Fields). _______Innuendo__________ 2. Have you stopped beating your wife? ___loaded question__________ 3. The Maserati is the best car in the world! ___hyperbole_______ 4. All men love football; all women love the ballet. _____stereotype_________ The following are some common rhetorical fallacies: • Slippery slope: If A happens, then B–Z will follow. Therefore, to prevent B–Z from happening, do not allow A to occur. • Hasty generalization: rushing to form a conclusion based on assumptions; not based on clear evidence • Post hoc ergo propter hoc: If A occurs after B, then B caused A. • Either/or: looking at a situation from only two sides, or oversimplifying the situation • Ad hominem: attacking the person rather than attacking the argument • Red herring or smoke screen: introducing an unrelated topic as a diversionary tactic Identify the rhetorical fallacy in each of the following statements. 1. We can......

Words: 337 - Pages: 2

Rhetorical Critique

...Kimberly Huerta Frey English 102-167 January 25, 2012 A Rhetorical Critique of David Brooks “People Like Us” In David Brooks’ “People Like Us” passage on the issue of diversity, Brooks takes a personally emotional perspective of the way in which Americans don’t appreciate how diverse our nation is while “relatively homogeneous” (Brooks 136). His argument is weakened, however, through a bias and hypocrisy that his diction conveys. He claims that grouping ourselves with those who we are most alike is in our nature to, and in doing so, we separate ourselves from those who are different. Using certain statistics as evidence, Brooks points out that the social segmentation created by society will always exist. He argues that no matter where we go, we cannot find a neighborhood that is diverse in which no one is alike. Brooks utilizes the idea of human nature as support to his claim, by stating that those who come to America are naturally driven to live near those who they have the similarities as they do, whether it’d be their race, beliefs or educational level. Reasons such as racism or “psychological comfort” can aspect in this occurrence, however Brooks argues that we act this way subconsciously (Brooks 133). Brooks makes the point that we connect diversity with racial integration and that we are happiest when surrounded by the people we have most in common with. The majority of Brooks’ claim is reinforced by his utilization of his researched statistics. For instance,......

Words: 1179 - Pages: 5

Meisten gebote | Latest Update Games | Modern Texts Slideshow 21103289 After Effects Template