South African

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Submitted By kemery33
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The Stellenbosch, Paarl and Franschhoek valleys form the Cape Winelands, the larger of the two main wine growing regions in South Africa. The South African wine industry produces about 1,000,000,000 litres of wine annually. Stellenbosch is the primary location for viticulture and viticulture research. Professor Perold was the first Professor of Viticulture at Stellenbosch University. The Stellenbosch wine route, established in 1971 by Frans Malan from Simonsig, Spatz Sperling from Delheim and Neil Joubert from Spier is a world renowned and popular tourist destination.Stellenbosch consists of a Mediterranean climate, with warm and dry growing seasons, along with a variety of soils – ranging from dark, alluvial, well-draining soils in the valley to decomposed granites on the hillsides. This combination results in the production of high-quality wines, mostly reds. Cabernet Sauvignon performs exceptionally well here and produces some of the best examples in South Africa. Merlot, Pinotage and Shiraz are other notable reds. Chenin Blanc, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc are the prominent whites. The South African Wine & Spirit Board operates a voluntary program that allows South African wines to be "certified" for quality and accuracy in labelling. Under this certification process, vintage dated wine must be composed of at least 85% grapes that were harvested that vintage year. Varietal wines must also be composed of at least 85% of the listed varietal. Blends, such as a Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinotage blend, can have both varietals listed on the label provided that the two wines were vinified separately. The fertile green valleys of the Cape Winelands are surrounded by proud mountain ranges. Towns and villages have many historic homesteads and monuments, and every so often fruit orchards are to be seen, whose produce may be found in all corners of the world. It is the…...

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