Spina Bifida

In: Science

Submitted By veegee
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Pages 2
In a year as many as 3,000 or more newborn babies out of 4 million in the United States are diagnosed with a birth defect called Spina Bifida. The term spina means spine, and bifida means split or open. This birth defect occurs in the first trimester during pregnancy, it involves poor development of the spinal cord. It begins when the two sides of the embryos spine fail to join together, leaving an opening area. The condtion is detected before the baby is born and is treated right away.

As I began to read more about Spina Bifida I learned that January is the month of birth defect prevention and immediately I wanted to know what caused the incomplete development of a fetus. Luckily it wasn't hard for me to find something recent, and interesting that caught my attention. The Dallas Weekly newspaper website had an article in which the title said it all, "Parkland prenatal care helps prevent birth defects". According to the providers at Parkland Health & Hospital System, if women who are expecting take certain amounts of folic acid, it can prevent serious birth defects to their baby’s brain and spine, abnormalities known as neural tube defect that occur in the first few weeks of gestation.

Since 1992 the U.S Public Health Service has been recommending pregnant women to take 400 micrograms of folic acid per day. Folic acid is a B vitamin that everybody needs for normal growth and development, it is easily known as a prenatal pill but not all women know the importance of the pill during pregnancy. As all mothers know, during the childbearing it is hard for us to resist the temptation to eat a lot of foods that are high in sodium and sugar. Many of us eat so much junk food that we forget about all the nutrients our babies need.

The providers at Parkland's WISH (Women and Infants' Specialty Health)…...

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