Spread of Islam

In: Other Topics

Submitted By sdorado1
Words 452
Pages 2
The spread of Islam started shortly after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad in 632 AD. During his lifetime, the community of Muhammad, the ummah, was established in the Arabian Peninsula by means of conversion to Islam and conquering of territory, and oftentimes the conquered had to either accept Islam or pay tax (jizyah) for protection if they chose to not convert. Among others, the tax permitted the non-Muslim citizens to practice their faith, and ensure protection from outside aggressors. In the first centuries conversion to Islam followed the rapid growth of the Islamic world under the Rashidun and Umayyad Caliphs.
Muslim dynasties were soon established and subsequent empires such as those of the Abbasids, Fatimids, Almoravids, Seljuk Turks, Mughals in India and Safavids in Persia and Ottomans were among the largest and most powerful in the world. The Islamic world was composed of numerous sophisticated centers of culture and science with far-reaching mercantile networks, travelers, scientists, hunters, mathematicians, doctors and philosophers, all of whom contributed to the Golden Age of Islam.
The activities of this quasi-political early ummah resulted in the spread of Islam as far from Mecca as China and Indonesia, the latter containing the world's largest Muslim population. As of October 2009, there were 1.571 billion Muslims,[1] making Islam the second-largest religion in the world.[2]

THE EXTRAORDINARY SPREAD OF ISLAM AND ITS MAIN DYNAMICS
Islam, in the tenth century, was the main religion, or at least, the religion of the majority of peoples in an area covering more than half of the civilized world stretching over three continents from the Pyrenees and Siberia in West and North Europe to the farthest end of Asia, up to China and New Guinea in the East; from Morocco in North Africa to the southern tip of Africa, covering two-thirds of the…...

Similar Documents

Islam

...Islam: Empire of Faith Joseph Conteh Strayer University Abstract This paper will simply acquaint readers with the basic teachings of Islam. It will serve as an introduction to the basic beliefs, practices and morals in Islam. This paper will certainly not cover every aspect of Islam, but will enable the seeker of truth to understand the basic concepts of Islam. This paper will also discuss some of the contributions of Islam and or Islamic scholars to western civilization, in accordance with the faith. The name Islam is distinctly different from the names of other religions. Christianity, Judaism, and Buddhism are named after their founders. Islam is not classified as “MUHAMMADANISM” because Muslims do not worship Muhammad, nor was Muhammad the founder of Islam. The originator of Islam is no other than the Almighty Himself. The Holy Qur’an states: “Ibrahim was neither a Jew nor Christian, in fact he was an upright Muslim.” The Qur’an further states regarding Prophet Nuh (A.S.): “I have been commanded to be from the Muslims”. Hence a Muslim is not only a believer in the prophet hood of Muhammad exclusively, he also believes in the prophet hood of Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Isa (Jesus) and all the other Prophets. Therefore Islam is not the specific religion of the Arabs, Indians or Malays. It is the religion of mankind. Islam: Empire of Faith. The word Islam is derived from the Arabic word “Salam” which means peace, purity and submission. ...

Words: 2217 - Pages: 9

Islam

...World Outreach Center in Florida as a typical Christian. He burned a copy of the Qur'an. When some Christians think of Islam in the Middle East, they think of Bin Laden or Musab al-Zarqawi, leaders of Al-Qaeda, as typical Muslims. They confuse the beliefs or practices of an individual or a small minority of believers for the entire religion. As one example, in the minds of many Americans, responsibility for 9/11 terrorist attack has spread from 19 radical, violent, fundamentalist Muslims and their Al-Qaida handlers to all 1.6 billion followers of Islam. We ask our visitors to consider two items when reading this section of our website -- and for that matter all of the other 6,000 essays: The irrationality of blaming innocent persons for the sins of a tiny minority within their group. One of this web site's mottos is: "When some people deviate from reality, others are often hurt." When one refers to any religion or faith group/tradition/denomination within a religion, we are generally referring to more than the beliefs and teachings of its founder. The culture in which the religion developed has generally had a major impact as well. So, for example, the four main versions of Sharia law are all based on the Qur'an -- and to a lesser degree on the Hadith. However, they have been profoundly influenced by the cultures in which Islam grew....

Words: 338 - Pages: 2

Islam

...Kayla Marshall 2012-09-REL-275-OL009: INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM Semester 1 Enrolled 2012 Islam as a religion started with the teachings of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The word Islam stands for “submission” seen as the total surrender of self to God or Allah. A Muslim is the believer of Islam and means “one who submits to God”. Submission of God is established by following moral standards of everyday life. Muslims trust that God conveyed the Quran to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel and regarded the Quran as the fundamental source of Islam. Muslims do not see Muhammad as the founder of Islam but as the reestablishment of monotheistic faith of Jesus and other prophets. Muhammads revelations held great meaning, “The message Muhammad received in these revelation was a warning that only through devotion to the one and only God and through righteous observance of the revealed law could people attain salvation in their afterlife”, and the revelations accentuated the importance of the devotion to the one and only God. Believers are made to perceive the Five Pillars of Islam, Islamic law has made a custom of rulings that take part in all aspects of society. Muhammad greatest victories could be seen as the conquest of Mecca in 630 C.E. By “Muhammads death in 1632, his community had expanded- more by religious persuasion and political alliance than by force- to include all of western Arabia, and he had made fruitful contact with some groups in the northern Hijaz, Nejd, eastern......

Words: 1048 - Pages: 5

Islam

...context. Civilization is always linked with knowledge, development, progress and refinement that place one region ahead of another. Every religion which emerged on earth always brought with it some new and specific knowledge and refinement on moral values and some direction to life and living which helped in development and advancement of the followers .But civilization primarily evolves on the basis of regions with ethnic viewpoint as the main factor and hardly have any bearing on religion except its moral and ethical components that could perhaps influence the character and quality of the followers. Since the ancient days civilization generally emerged in one region or the other but hardly confined to the same region all the time but spread over to other regions. If history is any indicator one has to agree that the world saw many civilizations emerging in many parts of the world, one eclipsed by the other, one surpassed by another and one overtaken by the other such as Babylonian, Chinese, Persian, Byzantine, Egyptian, Roman, to name but a few. None was ever attached to any religion. That has always remained as the true concept of civilization since long past until the present time and as such any prospect of future conflicts to be seen as the clash of civilizations should be viewed purely as fantasy and nothing more, let alone consider those as real and inevitable. The concept that in the future most conflicts will be between civilizations as put forward by Samuel R......

Words: 5088 - Pages: 21

Islam

...Islam, which is today, one of the greatest religions of the world had its origin in Arabia in the seventh century. The doctrines of this faith were first proclaimed by Proclaimed by Prophet Muhammad under whose banner the scattered tribes of Arabia became a nation. Prophet Muhammad was born in A.D. 570 at Mecca in Arabia. From the beginning, Muhammad was absorbed in religion. He would often withdraw and spend days and night at a cave near Mt. Hira close to Mecca. Here he meditated and prayed. One night, as he was alone in the cave the angle Gabriel appeared to him and proclaimed Muhammad to be the messenger of Allah. He bade Muhammad to spread his faith among the people of Arabia. Muhammad accepted this as a true revelation from heaven and it encouraged him to now announce his mission. He openly announced himself as the prophet of Allah, ‘divinely commissioned to lead the Arab people to a new morality and a monotheistic faith’. Muhammad condemned the worship of many gods and idols, as was then prevalent amongst the Arab tribes. By doing so, he turned the Arabs and also his own tribesmen against himself. He was abused and stoned by them. Some Arabs got together to plan his murder. He took shelter in Medina. His flight to Medina with a group of followers on July 2, A.D. 622 is known as the Hijra and is regarded as the official beginning of the Mohammedan era. In Medina, Muhammad preached his religion and won many flowers. Muhammad said, “Allah is most great” and......

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Islam

...The Islam Religion Rel/134 The Islam Religion “There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God” is the basic core belief in the Islamic religion. Islam means “submission (to God)” in Arabic. Islam is a monothetic religion whose followers are known as Muslims. This paper will be clearing common myths in the Islamic religion, explaining the sacred texts, and giving descriptions of common symbolism in Islamic text and religious practices. Also to be found in the paper is the historical foundation of the religion and some of the similarities and differences between Islam and Christianity. Islam traces its roots back to Abraham and his son Ishmael. In 570 AD, a descendant of Abraham named Mohammed was born. He began his life working as a shepherd for his uncle. In 610 AD, the Qur’an begins to be revealed to Mohammed by God. By 650 AD, the complete written text of the Qur’an is established. Only one hundred years after Muhammad’s death, Islam had spread around the Mediterranean. The Golden Age of Islam (750-1258 AD) saw new legal, philosophical, and religious developments. The major Hadith collections were compiled and the four modern Sunni Madh'habs, or schools of law were established. As the Caliphate, or Islamic Empire expanded, the Muslim culture became enriched by the scholars, poets, and scientists that they conquered. For example, many Muslim thinkers pursued humanistic, rational and scientific discourses in seeking knowledge, meaning and......

Words: 1721 - Pages: 7

Islam

...Medina (Saudi Arabia). The Prophet Muhammed started reciting the Quran. Allah (God) created the heavens and the earth. Allah too, created the various ethnicities. Allah put order and purpose in his creations. Everything in creation depends on Allah for his grace and mercy. The question of identity deals with a “way of life”. Muslim beliefs, practices, and concepts are derived from the Quran. It’s a mean of attempting to understand ourselves, the world, and granting meaning or perspective to our lives. Islam defines identity based on the relationship with Allah due to full submission. In Islam it’s not the question of meaning or purpose, but what is the meaning or purpose of life? To Islam everything in nature has a purpose, and because of that the whole universe is Muslim because it surrenders. “Allah’s guidance is the only guidance, and we have been directed to submit ourselves to the Lord of the worlds.” (Sura 6:71, The Holy Quran) There are three moral standards of Islam : a) commanding self: is the self that incites human beings and evil. “Yet I do not hold to myself to be free from weakness, for the Commanding self (the animal self) is surely prone to enjoin evil, except on whom my Lord has mercy.” (Sura 12:53, The Holy Quran) b) The Self-Accusing Spirit, and c) Love and Faith in the All-Mighty. Faith in Allah is the core foundation of Quranic code, because our faith in God strengthens the heart to achieve good and shun evil. If the evil is shunned, then the......

Words: 624 - Pages: 3

Islam

...Medina (Saudi Arabia). The Prophet Muhammed started reciting the Quran. Allah (God) created the heavens and the earth. Allah too, created the various ethnicities. Allah put order and purpose in his creations. Everything in creation depends on Allah for his grace and mercy. The question of identity deals with a “way of life”. Muslim beliefs, practices, and concepts are derived from the Quran. It’s a mean of attempting to understand ourselves, the world, and granting meaning or perspective to our lives. Islam defines identity based on the relationship with Allah due to full submission. In Islam it’s not the question of meaning or purpose, but what is the meaning or purpose of life? To Islam everything in nature has a purpose, and because of that the whole universe is Muslim because it surrenders. “Allah’s guidance is the only guidance, and we have been directed to submit ourselves to the Lord of the worlds.” (Sura 6:71, The Holy Quran) There are three moral standards of Islam : a) commanding self: is the self that incites human beings and evil. “Yet I do not hold to myself to be free from weakness, for the Commanding self (the animal self) is surely prone to enjoin evil, except on whom my Lord has mercy.” (Sura 12:53, The Holy Quran) b) The Self-Accusing Spirit, and c) Love and Faith in the All-Mighty. Faith in Allah is the core foundation of Quranic code, because our faith in God strengthens the heart to achieve good and shun evil. If the evil is shunned, then the......

Words: 624 - Pages: 3

Islam

...9-11 tragedies. While I like to think that I think for myself, I must admit to being a sheep during that time. I did not know anything about Muslims or their faith. I also confess to believing that is was only practiced in the Middle East. The Central Asian Arabian desert saw birth to the Islamic religion around 600 AD. The religion started with the teachings of Prophet Muhammad who is considered to be the messenger of the one and only, formless, all-powerful God, Allah. Islam spread rapidly from the Arabian Peninsula in less than 30 years and managed to defeat the Persian and Roman Empires. Over the next several centuries, Islam reached as far east as India and westward to Spain. Through traveling traders, Islam spread to Southeast Asia; where today Indonesia is the largest Muslim country. Today, Islam is considered to be the fastest growing religion in the world. According to ncccusa.org, “there are about 1.2 billion Muslims and about 2 billion Christians in the world. By 2025, it is expected that Islam will grow by 50%, and Christianity will grow by 31%. Indonesia has the greatest number of Muslims with over 170 million adherents. Pakistan is next with 136 million”. If one follows the Islamic faith, women and men are equal in rights and life. They are not seen as equal in physical attributes therefore it is the man’s duty to be the physical laborer and be the main financial supporter of the family. The woman is seen as more nurturing and loving and is responsible for......

Words: 2003 - Pages: 9

Islam

...RLG204H5 S – Exam Review Week 3B: Denny CHAPTER 8 - Muslim creeds and theologies: Their purposes and varieties * Islamic Theology * Creed in Islam = Shahāda: simply proclaims the essential nature of God and the relation to him of his prophet, and thus implicitly all humans (if it is a creed, it is very laconic) * Kalām = theology in Islam = words, discussion, discourse * Ilm al-kalām = “science of discourse” or il al-tawhīd = “the science of (the divine) unity” * Theology only legitimate when subservient to the religious law, sharī’a * Fiqh = science of Muslim jurisprudence (‘Understanding’) is the chief Islamic science, in light of which all others are judged * Kalām is subordinate to fiqh * Majority of Muslims have given their allegiance in analysis and interpretation of doctrinal matters to the ‘ulamā’ = ‘the scholar jurists’ * THEOLOGICAL ISSUES * Khārijites = faction that seceded from Alī’s Shī’a * Had very high ideal of what Muslim community should be * Called themselves “the people of paradise” * Abandoned their leader Alī after his arbitration with Umayyad challenger, Mu’āwiya * Later also rejected the Umayyads * Now Khārijites = outlaw Muslims who zealously persisted trying to force their vision of Islam on their brothers * Strictest faction = Azraqites – Moderate faction = Najdite * Murji’ite = position that no human can discern whether sinners were...

Words: 5436 - Pages: 22

The Creation and Spread of Islam

...The Creation and Spread of Islam Paper The creation and spread of Islam came from the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. It was believed that a merchant called Muhammad began to have religious experiences, and by the time he died, most of Arabia had accepted his belief. The spread of Islam came about a century later, after Muhammad’s followers control other countries around the Arabian Peninsula. The spread of Islam continued for centuries and was influenced throughout the Eastern and Western civilizations. The early years of Muhammad’s life was based from oral tradition. There is no current evidence or any materials that shows us who Muhammad really was. Everything about Muhammad was passed down from one generation to another which was the only biography of Muhammad. The biography became a model of Muhammad, and was an example that Muslims believer would emulate. Muhammad’s story is similar to the sources of information about Jesus. Information about Muhammad’s existence came after his death. Muhammad was an orphan at age six who was brought up by his uncle, and as he grew older became a merchant in the caravan trade. Muhammad was very religious, self-disciplined, and he dedicated himself to meditation. He was able to admire things and think about it for a long period of time. Muhammad had a deep religious experience at or around the age of forty, as he spent some time in the cave in the hills near Mecca where he was adapted himself to praying. After his religious...

Words: 963 - Pages: 4

The Creation and Spread of Islam Paper

...Islam is considered an Arab religion because in the beginning it emerged on the Arabian Peninsula in the town of Mecca. The creation of Islam came about from the prophet Muhammad brought unity, power, and cultural and economic growth. Islam means submission to God, otherwise known as Allah to the Islamic people. Islam gave Arabians a form of monotheism, which shared Christian and Jewish scripture and adapted the traditions of those religions to Muslim needs. The Arabian Peninsula is mostly desert dotted with oases where cities were established surrounding them and the coastal areas of the peninsula. Much of the remaining peninsula comprises of camel nomads that are organized in tribes and clans. The Bedouin culture was similar to that of other nomads; they were herders that lived in clan groups living mobile lifestyles. “The Bedouin’s also believed that all members of a tribe were descended from a common ancestor.” (McKay et al, 2007.) This was in direct conflict with Islamic beliefs. Clans were clustered into larger tribal groupings that came together usually only in times of crisis or war. The survival of a group depended on each person’s loyalty and contribution to their family. Due to the harsh environment, a case of exile or abandonment would be fatal. Taking its roots from the Arab Peninsula, the Islamic civilization was spread by merchants. Cities in the north of the peninsula provided increased trade over the empire and outside of the empire. Islam spanned from......

Words: 1404 - Pages: 6

Islam

...Islam, along with Christianity and Judaism is a major monotheistic religion of the world. It was founded by Prophet Muhammad in Arabia, in the 7th century CE. According to Encyclopedia Britannica Online, “the Arabic term Islam, literally ‘surrender,’ illuminates the fundamental religious idea of Islam—that the believer, called a Muslim, accepts surrender to the will of Allah (God)” (Mahdi, Rahman, Schimmel). In Islam, Allah is considered the only God, and it is believed that humans must submit to his will. The Prophet Muhammad is considered the last Islamic Prophet, and the one to whom Allah had revealed sacred scriptures known as Qur’an. Although Muhammad started with a small group of followers, they quickly grew in number and his teachings started spreading rapidly “through the Middle East to Africa, Europe, the Indian subcontinent, the Malay Peninsula, and China”(Mahdi, Rahman, Schimmel). Today, there are about 1.6 billion Muslims in the world which makes it 2nd largest religion of the world. However, Islam is perceived to be radical and contradictory religion by many non-Muslims. Moreover, due to the terrorist attacks which had been associated with this “religion of peace,” Muslims call it, Islam had been viewed as a “bad” religion. Since America is the “melting pot” of different cultures and religions, non-Muslims should strive to learn about the Islamic religion, its teachings and interpretations, its differences and similarities with Christianity and Judaism, and how......

Words: 3021 - Pages: 13

Islam

...revelation by the angel Gabriel (so 40 years and was the first revelation came when the prophet). In the year 622, Islam becomes uninhabitable in Mecca, the pressures of the Meccans against Muslims, the Prophet of Medina. Muhammad (pbuh) Prophet reasons like to invite. Muhammad and his Companions emigrated from Mecca to Medina.EMIGRATION called this event in Islamic history. Hijrah, the Prophet. Omar was considered the beginning of time Hijri calendar. HZ. MUHAMMAD (s.a.v.) IN THE TRIPS Battle of Badr (624) Causes; Muslims further away from the desired strength to be removed, to follow the caravan to Mecca, Muslims, seek to prevent the Muslims of Mecca trade. Muslims won the battle. Results; Islam and Muslims gained strength, the Meccans seized a large amount of booty and prisoners. Battle of Badr, the first major war between Muslims and Meccans. Muslims they won the first battle against the Meccans. Battle of Uhud (625) Causes; Meccans, they want to avenge the Battle of Badr, Damascus wants to take to secure trade routes, they want to conquer the Muslims of Mecca caravan trade.Meccans won the battle. Trench War (627) Reason; Meccans they want to blow an end to Muslims. Muslims won the battle. Results; Meccans they understand you can not beat the Muslims, the Meccans defense, Muslims were attacked, has accelerated the spread of Islam. Hudeybiye Peace (628) was among the Muslims with the Meccans. This treaty with the Meccans Muslims......

Words: 487 - Pages: 2

Islam

...Islam Change over time ! The spread of Islam throughout the world was among the most significant worldwide movements in history. Beginning as the faith of a small community of believers in Arabia in the seventh century, Islam rapidly became one of the major world religions. The core of this faith is the belief that Muhammad (570-632), a respected businessman in Mecca, a commercial and religious center in western Arabia, received revelations from God that have been preserved in the Qur'an. The core of Islam remains the same today after 1396 years. Islam still translates to “submission” and Muslims still live by the Qur’an and follow the 5 Pillars of Islam. However, throughout the Pre-Islamic, Umayyad, and Abbasid eras, the political structure that governed the societies that followed Islam differed over the years with some minor continuity. The pre-Islamic era lasted from 400 B.C until the revelation of the Prophet Mohammad in 610 C.E. The lack of Islam evidently created a lack of true unity. The basic social unit of the Bedouin was the kin-related clan. The struggle to survive in the unrelenting Arabian environment led to strong dependence in one’s family and clan. Clans could never rest to maintain everyday lives with their necessities met. Clans were also linked to larger tribal groupings, however these tribal units seldom met together. Additionally, clans would often feud over water rights, animals, or even perceived sights to clan members’ honor, all of which often......

Words: 1273 - Pages: 6

Film streaming gratuit | Rethinking Special Education Due Process | Comments 0